h:liechtenstein

18th century con woman Barbara Erni, The Golden Boos

One of the most notorious con artists of the 18th century, Barbara Erni was born in Liechtenstein in 1743 and spent most of her life relieving people of their hard earned cash through trickery and downright thievery. She was often known as “The Golden Boos” because of her striking red-blonde hair.  One of her most lucrative schemes was to travel around Europe with a large chest.  Whenever she would rest at an inn, she requested that the chest be locked up with the inn’s valuables so that it would be safe.  Little did the inn keeper know, hidden inside the chest was Erni’s assistant, a very small man.  In the middle of the night, the man would come out of hiding and unlock the door from the inside, at which point him and Erni would clean out the room of cash and valuables, then disappear into the night.

Barbara Erni was caught in Eschen in 1784.  She confessed to being the Golden Boos and confessed to 17 thefts using her scheme.  She sentenced to death and executed by beheading, becoming the last person executed in Liechtenstein.  The fate of her assistant is unknown.

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From Vaduz to Triesenberg, Part II

Triesenberg is the largest municipality in Liechtenstein, an approximately hour long walk along the mountain roadside - there were few cars, generally safe. It offers some of the most spectacular views of Liechtenstein framed by the Swiss Alps, like a fairytale town.

flickr

Vaduz Castle, Liechtenstein by Aymeric Gouin

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Principality of Liechtenstein
Fürstentum Liechtenstein

General information

Liechtenstein is a small landlocked country situated on the border of Switzerland and Austria. The small principality is only roughly 62 square miles (160 square kilometres) and has a population of not much more than 37,000 people.

Government

Liechtenstein is a sovereign principality, one of only two (the other being Monaco). The Prince has a great deal of constitutional power, and strong support of the people of Liechtenstein. The legislature is a unicameral body known as the Landtag, which has only 25 elected members, and the current President of which is Albert Frick. The head of government is the Prime Minister, who is currently Adrian Hasler.

Since November 13, 1989, the Prince of Liechtenstein has been Hans-Adam II. Though he turned over most of his day-to-day powers to his son, Alois, in 2004, he remains legal head of state.

The small country has possessed no military since 1868 when the German Confederation collapsed and Liechtenstein had no reason to maintain a military.

Economy

The small principality is a very free country in terms of the economy and possess relatively lax taxes compared to other European nations. A majority of the economy is dedicated to services and possesses a large banking sector.

Liechtenstein is in a customs union with Switzerland and thus uses the Swiss Franc as the national currency.

Demographics

The official language of Liechtenstein is German. A majority of Liechtensteiners practice Christianity, with 75% practicing Roman Catholicism.

The capital is Vaduz and the largest municipality is Schaan.

History

The history of Liechtenstein is long. During Roman times, there was a road leading through the land that now makes up the country. During the 30 Years’ War, the principality was invaded by both Swedish and Austrian forces. In 1699 and 1712, Johann Adam Andreas of Liechtenstein (the name of a castle now in Austria, and from which the name of the current country derives) purchased Schellenberg and Vaduz, respectively, allowing him to become a prince on the Council of Princes of the Holy Roman Empire. During the later years of the Napoleonic Empire, Liechtenstein was briefly under French control, but retained independence after 1815, and soon afterwards joined the German Confederation.

In 1818, Prince Johann I Josef granted the principality its first constitution, limited though it was. Further constitutions would be granted in 1862 and finally in 1921.

During the First World War, Liechtenstein remained neutral, though maintained close ties with Austria. For this reason, the allied powers issued embargoes against the Principality. After the war, Liechtenstein was left economically disadvantaged and in 1919 joined a customs union with Switzerland.

During the Second World War, the small country again remained neutral. However, before the war, there was a growing Nazi movement. Again before the war, Liechtenstein family land in Czechoslovakia and Poland were seized because those countries considered them to be German lands. After the war, Liechtenstein briefly gave refuge to Russian collaborationists. They had a hard time providing for these refugees and Argentina eventually offered to permanently resettle the collaborationists, as they would have been harshly treated if they had been sent back to Soviet Russia.

Following the war and the seizure of Liechtensteiner lands, the country was left in economic turmoil. To help fix this, Liechtenstein enacted the laws that would allow Liechtenstein to become the economic haven it now is. Since then, Liechtenstein has been an international centre for business.

vimeo

Bonus item from the vaults. We miss Liechtenstein!

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Ruhe in Frieden, Hans Erni.  A Swiss graphic designer and artist, Erni designed (among other things) about 90 postage stamps in his career, including the above beauties.  He died on this date in 2015 at the whopping age of 106.

Stamp details:
Stamps on top:
Issued on: August 28, 1969
From: Vaduz, Liechtenstein
SC #454-457

Middle stamp:
Issued on: March 9, 1964
From: Bern, Switzerland
SC #435

Stamps on bottom:
Issued on: May 29, 2984
From: United Nations Office, New York
SC #423-424

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From Vaduz to Triesenberg, Part I

Triesenberg is the largest municipality in Liechtenstein, an approximately hour long walk along the mountain roadside - there were few cars, generally safe. It offers some of the most spectacular views of Liechtenstein framed by the Swiss Alps, like a fairytale town.

anonymous asked:

do you know what tiaras the liechtenstein family owns?

The only two tiaras that currently belong to the mainline of the princely family are the Kinsky Honeysuckle Tiara and the Habsburg Fringe Tiara.  The Liechtenstein princely family has very few tiara events and therefore not that many tiaras.  If I was that’s wealthy I would be buying all of the tiaras I wanted and wearing them around the house but tiaras are clearly not a priority for the family.  On the upside, the family is quite large and has married into many European noble and royal families so there are a lot of what I would call Liechtenstein adjacent tiaras.  For example, Princess Margaretha of Liechtenstein was born a princess of Luxembourg so she has worn many of their tiaras and even inherited her mother’s Sapphire Bracelet Tiara and Hereditary Princess Sophie of Liechtenstein was born a Duchess of Bavaria so she has worn several of her family’s tiaras.  You can always go to the Liechtenstein tag here to see any tiaras related to Liechtenstein.