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June 1943. “Turkey Pond, near Concord, New Hampshire. Women workers employed by U.S. Department of Agriculture timber salvage sawmill. Ruth DeRoche and Norma Webber, 18-year-old ‘pit-women,’ relaxing after lunch.” Photo by John Collier for the Office of War Information.
Gynaecocracy Day in Serres, Northern Greece

The gynaecocracy custom was revived today in Serres, northern Greece, in the villages of Monoklisia and Nea Petra. Gynaecocracy Day, also called the custom of “Babo,” has its roots in ancient Greece while it is also a distant recall of the primitive period’s matriarchal spirit, which was obvious in the religion of people from Asia Minor since the Prehistoric period.

The custom used to take place in Thrace, it was transferred however to Serres when Thracians moved in the region. Every year, on January 8, women assume a dominant role. They receive the town keys, they have fun, dance and drink all day, while the men remain in their homes and take on the housewife role.

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Edwardian-Bohemian New York circa 1909. “Bacchus Dance – Miss Grace Walters, Mrs. A.S. Burden, Miss M.R. White, Alfred Hester, Mrs. James B. Eustis, Miss Martha White.” 8x10 glass negative, Bain News Service.