gurdwaras

8

Vaisakhi and Khalsa Sirjana Divas

Vaisakhi is a Punjabi harvest festival. This day is observed as a thanksgiving day by farmers, whereby they pay their tribute, thanking God for the abundant harvest and praying for future prosperity.

A tradition associated with harvesting is Aawat pauni, which involves people getting together to harvest the wheat; drums are played whilst people work. At the end of the day, people sing doha to the tunes of the drums, and perform different folk dances, including Bhangra, which traditionally is a harvest dance.

According to the Nanakshahi calendar, Vaisakhi represents also the Punjabi New Year (occurring on the first day of the solar month of Vaisakh). Fairs are held in many parts of Punjab, and even in other regions, to mark the new year and the harvesting season.

Vaisakhi is one of the three festivals chosen by Guru Amar Das to be celebrated by Sikhs. The festival bears a great significance for Sikhism, because on the Vaisakhi Day, in 1699, the 10th Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh laid down the foundation of the Khalsa. 

To mark the celebrations for Khalsa Sirjana Divas, Sikh devotees generally attend the Gurdwara before dawn with flowers and offerings. Processions through towns are also common. The main celebrations take place at Takht Sri Damdama Sahib, in Talwandi Sabo (where Guru Gobind Singh stayed for nine months and completed the recompilation of the Guru Granth Sahib), as well as in the Gurudwara Anandpur Sahib from Rupnagar (the birthplace of the Khalsa), and at the Golden Temple (Harmandir Sahib) in Amritsar.

(New) Index of Religions

Okay, this is a NEW post showing the complete list of everything I have included on this blog so far. Additions, editions, and new content will be listed on this page.

Abrahamic Religions:

  1. Judaism
    -Orthodox (Yeshivah, Hasidic/Haredim, Breslov, Chabad)
    -Conservative
    -Reform
    -Reconstructionist
    -Humanistic
    -Kabbalah (Mysticism)
    -Karaism (Lithuanian)
    -Shabbetaianism
    -Misc.: Abayudaya, Afghani, Amazigh, Ashkenazi, Bebe, Bukharian, Bulgarian, Cochin, Eritrean, Ethiopian, Igbo, Iranian, Iraqi, Japanese, Kaifeng, Libyan, Moroccan, Sephardi, Tunisian, Yemeni
  2. Christianity
    -Eastern Orthodox (Armenian, Coptic, Ethiopian, Eritrean, Greek, Oriental, Romanian, Russian, Serbian)
    -Catholicism (Ambrosian, Chaldean, Chinese, Coptic, Croatian, Ge’ez, Greek, Japanese, Korean, Latin, Maronite, Melkite, Syro-Malabar; Nueva Jerusalen “cult”)
    -Protestantism (Amish, Anglican, Christadelphian, Disciples of Christ, Episcopalian, Holy Ghost People, Hutterite, Lutheran, Mennonite, Moravian, Pentecostal)
    -Adamites
    -Bardaisanites
    -Brethren of the Free Spirit
    -Christadelphianism
    -Christopaganism
    -Christian Science
    -Ebionites
    -Jehovah’s Witnesses
    -Millerites
    -Mormonism (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)
    -Nestorianism
    -Quakers (Religious Society of Friends)
  3. Islam
    -Sunni (Hanabali, Hanafi, Maliki, Shafai’i)
    -Shi’a (Alawites, Alevism, Ismaili, Twelver, Zaidi)
    -Ahmadi Muslims
    -Ibadi Muslims
    -Khajirite
    -Moorish Science Temple of America
    -Mourid
    -Quranist
    -Sufism (Mysticism- Bosnian, Chinese, Cuban, Japanese, Macedonian, Mexican)
    -Wahhabism 
  4. Druze
  5. Babism
  6. Baha’i
  7. Samaritanism
  8. Marian Religions: Collyridianism, Ebionism, Helvidianism, Nestorianism, Valentinianism

Dharmic/Indian Religions:

  1. Hinduism
    -Shaivism
    -Vaishnavism (ISKCON)
    -Shaktism
    -ISKCON (Hare Krishna)
    -Samkhya
    -Mimamsa
    -Misc.: Bali, Cham (Vietnam), South Africa, Thailand
  2. Buddhism
    -Mahayana (Huayan School, Nyingma School, Pure Land, Sakya School, Tibetan Buddhism, True Buddha School)
    -Theravada
    -Vajrayana (Tantra, Tibetan)
    -Zen/Chan (Chinese, Japanese)
    -Falun Dafa/Falun Gong “cult”
  3. Jainism
    -Digambara
    -Svetambara
  4. Sikhi (Sikhism)
    -Akhand Kirtani Jatha
    -Brahm Bunga Trust
    -Dam Dami Taksal
    -Gurdwara Tapoban Ontario
    -Happy Healthy Holy
    -International Institute of Gurmat Studies
    -Kes Dhari
    -Namdhari
    -Neeldhari Panth
    -Nihang Akali
    -Nirankari
    -Nirmala
    -Radha Soami
    -Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee
    -Sikh Dharma International
    -Sindhi
    -Udasi
  5. Mahima Dharma

African/African Diaspora Spiritual Traditions & People:

  1. Akan (West African- Ghana & Ivory Coast)
  2. Ancient Egyptian
  3. Atenism (Ancient Egyptian monotheism)
  4. Berber (Moroccan- Amazigh)
  5. Bori (Nigerian)
  6. Bororo (Cameroon)
  7. Candomble (Brazilian- diaspora)
  8. Galla (Ethiopian)
  9. Hoodoo
  10. Kemeticism (Egyptian revivalist)
  11. Moorish Science Temple of America
  12. Obeah (Caribbean- diaspora)
  13. Quimbanda (diaspora)
  14. Rastafarianism (Jamaican)
  15. Santeria (Cuban- diaspora)
  16. Suri (Ethiopian)
  17. Tuareg
  18. Umbanda (Brazilian- diaspora)
  19. Voodoo/Vodoun (Haitian, Benin)
  20. Yoruba (Nigerian)
  21. Misc.: Efe, Ibibi, Luba, Yaka, Zulu

Asian Religions & People:

  1. Bon Po (Indigenous Tibetan religion)
  2. Caodaism (Vietnamese)
  3. Chinese Popular(Folk) Religion
  4. Confucianism (Chinese, Korean)
  5. Dao Mau (Vietnamese)
  6. Hmong (China, Laos, Vietnam)
  7. Ifugao (Philippines)
  8. Juche (North Korean ideology/”cult”)
  9. Kejawen (Javanese)
  10. Muism (Korean)
  11. Onmyodo (Japanese)
  12. Phillipines: Indigenous
  13. Ryukyuan (Okinawan)
  14. Sanshin (Korean)
  15. Sarnaism (Indian)
  16. Shinto (Japanese)
    -Jinja
    -Konkokyo
  17. Shugendo (Japanese indigenous- syncretic)
  18. Tana Toraja (Indonesian)
  19. Taoism/Daoism
    -Wu Wei
  20. Tengriism
  21. Vedic Religion (ancient Indian)
  22. Vietnamese Folk Religion
  23. Wuism (Chinese)
  24. Yakut (Siberian)
  25. Yiguandao (Chinese)

Australian Cultures & People:

  1. Australian Aboriginal
  2. Yolngu

European Religions, Mythology, & People:

  1. Arthurian mythology
  2. Asatru (Nordic)
  3. Baltic mythology
  4. Celtic mythology (Irish, Scottish, Welsh)
  5. Church of the Last Testament (Russian cult)
  6. Damanhur “cult”
  7. Dievturiba (Latvian)
  8. Druidism (Neo-druidry)
  9. Etseg Din
  10. Finnish mythology
  11. Greek mythology
  12. Hellenism (ancient and revivalist Greek & Roman religions)
  13. Icelandic
  14. Kukeri (Bulgarian)
  15. Mari (Russian)
  16. Minoan (ancient Crete)
  17. Mithraism (ancient Roman cult)
  18. Norse mythology (Nordic)
  19. Religio romana (Roman religion/paganism)
  20. Rodnovery (Slavic: Russian, Ukrainian, Polish)
  21. Roman mythology
  22. Romani
  23. Romuva (Lithuanian)
  24. Sami (Indigenous: Scandinavia, Russia)
  25. Sicilian Folk Religion
  26. Stregheria (Italian witchcraft)

Mesoamerican Religions & People:

  1. Aztec
  2. Curanderismo
  3. Huichol
  4. Maya
  5. Mexican Folk Religion
    -Narco
    -Santa Muerte
  6. Nahuatl (Aztec, etc.)
  7. Zapotec

Middle Eastern Religions & People:

  1. Ashurism (ancient Sumerian)
  2. Babylonian mythology
  3. Canaanite mythology
  4. Collyridianism (pre-Islamic Arabia)
  5. Ebionism (heretical early Christian movement)
  6. Etseg Din (eastern Iranian folk)
  7. Kalash
  8. Mandaeism
  9. Manichaeism (ancient Gnostic Persian religion)
  10. Mesopotamian mythology
  11. Pre-Islamic polytheism (ancient Arabian paganism; Wathanism)
  12. Ugaritic (ancient Syria)
  13. Valentinianism (heretical Gnostic)
  14. Wathanism (ancient Arabian paganism)
  15. Yazdanism (Kurdish: Yarsanism)
    -Yezidi/Yazidi (people)
  16. Zoroastrianism (Persian & Parsi)

North American People & Cultures:

  1. Aleut
  2. Apache
  3. Cahuilla
  4. Cherokee
  5. Chumash
  6. Comanche
  7. Dakota
  8. Haida
  9. Hopi
  10. Inuit
  11. Iroquois
  12. Kiowa
  13. Lakota
  14. Maricopa
  15. Midewiwin
  16. Mohawk
  17. Native American Church
  18. Navajo
  19. Nez Perce
  20. Ojibwe
  21. Peyote
  22. Pueblo
  23. Seminole
  24. Sioux (Dakota, Lakota, Nakota)
  25. Ute
  26. Yup’ik (Alaskan)

South American Religions & People:

  1. Incan
  2. Kyikateje-gaviao (Brazilian)
  3. Mapuche (Chile & Argentina)
  4. Munduruku (Brazilian)
  5. Q’ero (Peru)
  6. Quyllurit’i (Peru)
  7. Santo Daime
  8. Yanomamo (Venezuela) 
  9. Misc.: Candomble, Santeria, Umbanda

Polynesian Religions & People:

  1. Hawaii’an
  2. Maori (New Zealand)
  3. Polynesian mythology (Maori)

Others:

  1. Agnosticism
  2. Astrology
  3. Atheism
  4. Christopaganism
  5. Dadaji
  6. Deanism/Filianism
  7. Discordianism
  8. Eckankar
  9. Elevationism/ International Church of Cannabis
  10. Folk Religion: China, Congo, Hungary, Iran, Italy, Japan, Korean, Kyrgyzstan, Lakota, Laos, Mexico, Ossetia, Poland, Russia, Serbia, Seto, Sicily, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thaliand, Ukraine, Vietnam
  11. Freemasonry
  12. Gnosticism
  13. Humanism
  14. Luciferianism
  15. Magic
  16. Mysticism
  17. Omnism
  18. Paganism (Neo paganism)
  19. Philosophy
  20. Rosicrucianism
  21. Satanism
    -Demonolators
    -Devil Worship
    -Duotheism
    -Laveyan
    -Luciferianism
    -Theistic Satanism
  22. Shamanism
  23. Thelema
  24. UFO Religions: Aetherius Society, Church of the SubGenius, Heaven’s Gate, Nuwaubian, Raelism, Scientology
  25. Unitarian Universalism
  26. Wicca
  27. Witchcraft


If you see anything missing that you’d like added to the blog, please let me know! I’m constantly trying to find new content for this blog; this is my passion <3

I’m staying just down the road from the tower block fire whilst we try and find somewhere to live in West London. As I’m eating my breakfast in a supermarket cafe I can see the tower from where I’m sitting. There are still sporadic fires in some parts of the building.

Yesterday I spent the afternoon in a coin-op launderette with a bunch of people who’d got out of the block. They were washing their clothes and the few other things they’d grabbed. The whole place smelled of smoke. Three of the teenagers didn’t know where their father was. A little girl who is now with her aunts doesn’t know where her mum is.

This morning as I walked to the cafe I went past three primary schools (ages 5-11). Outside there were pictures of teachers, parents, and children who are either missing or who the school know have died. There were small huddles of parents gathered on the pavements. And lots of tears.

All the charity shops (thrift shops) along the roadway are giving away clothes, toys and household goods for free. The local mosques, churches, gurdwara, temple and synagogue are running kitchens and dispensing food and necessities.

Broadly the area is very affluent. The social housing is not. And grief and poverty and social marginalisation have a human face. In the cafe where I’m drinking my tea the supermarket is feeding a group of people. They’re staying on the floor of a local community centre. It turns out most of the group are refugees. All but one of them has a family member or close friend missing

To be sure these are only personal observations, but I grew up in social housing in a mixed Race family, I remember the thrill of donated clothes that were actually new (they still had the labels on), the week’s holiday we got in a caravan that someone donated, the issue of whether there would be new shoes or a new coat, the question about whether the heating could go on when it wasn’t actually freezing outside (and by heating I mean a coal fire), and the question about whether we’d maxed out credit in the local shop that month.

The personal is political. For these families and individuals what happened was a personal tragedy. And a political inhumanity. Locally the community has pulled together, it’s one of those things that people say but I can see the evidence of it. And the British Government sucks the life out of it and claims it for their own show of solidarity. Fuck off. Tory/DUP government. Fuck off. You’ve done everything you can to break the social contract. Turn us all into consumers and not citizens. Fuck right off.

The personal is political. Don’t let anyone tell you different.