A Brief History of Cumbia and its African Roots.

Like many dance and music styles that have emerged and have been popularized throughout Latin America, and in Latin American diaspora communities, Cumbia has its backbone and roots in the culture, traditions and practices of the enslaved Africans brought to this region of the world.

Although there are many forms of cumbia ranging from cumbia Peruana and cumbia Argentina, to cumbia Chilena and cumbia Mexicana (named after the respective countries they emerged from), the heart and origins of traditional cumbian music and culture lie mostly in Colombia’s Afro-Colombian community. Many musicians, dancers, and historians say that cumbia’s percussion represents the African influence, its melodies and use of the gaita or caña de millo (cane flute) represents the Native Colombian influence, and the dress represents the Spanish influence.

Birthed from a cultural style of music known as Folclor Colombiano (Colombian folklore music played by Afro-Colombian musicians), Cumbia has developed to become an amalgamation of musical and cultural blends that reflect the mixed cultural heritage of Colombia. The very word ‘cumbia’ is said to have come from the word “cumbé” which was (and continues to be) a dance form Guinea. In 17th century Colombia, enslaved Africans (mostly from West Africa) would carry out a type of courtship dance that, altered by various influences throughout the years, began being referred to as 'cumbia’ in the 1800s.

Where it began using mostly West African percussion and vocal styles, Amerindian and Spanish instruments, clothing and other cultural traits, as it progressed began to become a more widepsread practice, new adapations of the original form of cumbia were birthed. Cumbia has since become reinvented in both style and sound, leading it become the backbone for various other Latin American music styles. 

(continue reading at Global Conversation, Discover Colombia, Grupo Fantasia)

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my magical guinea pigs 

Cow (Black and white female w/ tan under-eye)

Beewee (Brown and white abyssinian  female w/ redish eyes)

Roscoe (Cream agouti and white abyssinian neutered male)


Guinea Pigs bath.

Pomimo, że nazwa świnka morska wskazuje zamiłowanie tych zwierząt do wody, moje prośki nie bardzo lubią kąpiele. Od czasu do czasu trzeba je jednak porządnie wymyć, zwłaszcza, gdy w mieszkaniu były remonty (kurz i pył). Ogólnie wyglądały na niezadowolone i dopiero szczelne zawinięcie w ręczniki i koc, sprawiło, że rozłożyły się wygodnie i zasnęły ;)