guiana

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World Map of literature

The Americas

Canada - Anne of Green Gables
U.S.A - To Kill a MockingBird 
Mexico - Pedro Paramo 
Guatemala - Men of Maize 
Belize - Beka Lamb 
Honduras - Cipotes 
El Salvador - Bitter Grounds 
Nicaragua - The Country Under my Skin 
Costa Rica - La Isla de los hombres solos 
Panama - Plenilunio 
Colombia - 100 Years of Solitude 
Venezuela - Dona Barbara 
Guyana - Palace of the Peacock 
Suriname - The Price of Sugar 
French Guiana - Papillon 
Ecuador - The Villager 
Brazil - Dom Casmurro 
Peru - Death in the Andes 
Bolivia - Bronze Race 
Paraguay - I the Supreme 
Argentina - Ficciones 
Chile - The House of the Spirits 
Uruguay - Soccer in the Sun and Shadow 
Cuba - Havana Bay 
Haiti - Breath, Eyes, Memory 
Dominican Republic - Wonderful Life of Oscar Wao 
Bahamas - The Measure of a Man 
Jamaica - A brief history of Seven Killings 
Puerto Rico - When I was Puerto Rican 
Lesser Antilles - Wide Sargasso Sea 
Greenland - Islands, the Universe, Home


Europe & Russia

Norway - Hunger 
Iceland - Jar City 
Sweden - Gosta Berling’s Saga 
Finland - The Unknown Soldier 
Denmark - Feeling for Snow 
Latvia - Nāvas Ena 
Estonia - Truth and Justice 
Lithuania - Black Sheep 
Belarus - Voices from Chernobyl 
Ukraine - Death and the Penguin 
Moldova - A Siberian Education 
Romania - Forest of the Hanged 
Bulgaria - Under the Yoke 
Poland - Pan Tadeusz 
Germany - Buddenbrooks 
Netherlands - The Discovery of Heaven 
Belgium - The Sorrow of Belgium 
Luxembourg - In Reality: Selected Poems 
United Kingdom - Great Expectations 
Ireland - Ulysses 
Czech Republic - The Good Soldier 
Slovakia - Rivers of Babylon 
France - The Count of Monte Cristo 
Spain - Don Quixote 
Portugal - Baltasar and Blimunda 
Austria - The Man Without Qualities 
Switzerland - Heidi 
Italy - The Divine Comedy 
Slovenia - Alamut 
Croatia - Cafe Europa 
Hungary - Eclipse of the Crescent Moon 
Bosnia and Herzegovina - Zlata’s diary 
Serbia - Dictionary of the Khazars 
Montenegro - Montenegro: A Novel 
Albania - The General of the Dead Army 
Macedonia - Freud’s Sister 
Greece - The Iliad 
Russia - War and Peace


Asia and The Middle East

Turkey - My Name is Red 
Georgia - Knight in the Panther’s Skin 
Armenia - The Fool 
Azerbaijan - Blue Angels
Iran - Shahnameh 
Iraq - The Corpses Exhibition and Other Stories 
Syria - The Dark Side of love 
Lebanon - The Hakawati 
Israel - Mornings in Jenin 
Syria - The Dark Side of Love 
Kuwait - A Map of Home 
UAE - The Sand Fish 
Saudi Arabia - Cities of Salt 
Qatar - The Emergence of Qatar 
Yemen - The Hostage 
Oman - The Turtle of Oman 
Kazakhstan - The Book of Words 
Turkmenistan - The Tale of Aypi 
Uzbekistan - Chasing the Sea 
Kyrgyzstan - Jamilia 
Tajikistan - Hurramabad 
Afghanistan - Kite Runner 
Pakistan - The Reluctant Fundamentalist 
Nepal - The Palpasa Cafe 
India - The God of Small Things 
Bhutan - the Circle of Karma 
Bangladesh - A Golden Age 
Myanmar - Smile as they Bow 
Laos - In the Other Side of the Eye 
Thailand - The Four Reigns 
Vietnam - The Sorrows of War 
Cambodia - First they Killed my Family 
Taiwan - Green Island 
Sri Lanka - Anil’s Ghost 
Mongolia - The Blue Sky 
North Korea - The Aquariums of Pyongyang 
South Korea - The Vegetarian 
Japan - Kokoro 
China - The Dream of the Red Chamber 
Malaysia - The Garden of Evening Mists 
Brunei - Some Girls 
Indonesia - This Earth of Mankind 
Philippines - Noli Me Tangere 
East Timor - The Redundancy of Courage


Australiz, New Zealand & The Pacific Islands

Australia - Cloudstreet 
Papua New Guinea - Death of a Muruk 
Vanuatu - Black Stone 
Solomon Islands - Suremada 
Fiji - Tales of the Tikongs 
New Zealand - The bone People


Africas

Algeria - The Stranger
Libya - In the Country of Men
Egypt - Palace Walk
Morocco - The Sand Child
Mauritania - Silent Terror: A Journey into Contemporary African Slavery
Mali - Sundiata: An Epic of Old Mali
Niger - Sarraounia
Chad - The Roots of Heaven
Sudan - Lyrics Alley
Nigeria - Things Fall Apart
Cameroon - The Old Man and the Medal
Central African Republic - Batouala
South Sudan - They Poured Fire on Us from the Sky
Ethiopia - Beneath the Lion’s Gaze
Somalia - The Orchard of Lost Souls
Democratic Republic of the Congo - The Antipeople
Uganda - Abyssinian Chronicles
Kenya - Petals of Blood
Tanzania - Desertion
Angola - A Gloriosa Familia
Zambia - Scribbling the Cat: Travels with an African Soldier
Mozambique - Sleepwalking Land
Zimbabwe - The House of Hunger
Namibia - Born of the Sun
Botswana - The No. 1 Ladies’ Detective Agency
South Africa - Disgrace

3

French Guiana Gripped by Mass Protests, General Strike

Around 10,000 demonstrators gathered Tuesday as part of a mass protest in Cayenne against the French government, demanding higher wages and protesting the poor quality of social services.

Dubbed “Day of the Dead,” the protests were described as “the biggest demonstration ever organized.”

French Guiana has been swept by protests and a general strike in the past week, less than a month before France holds presidential elections.

Considered an “overseas department” of France, French Guiana, was colonized by the European country in 1503. Since then, France has denied the colony the same labor and health care rights that those on the mainland enjoy.

theguardian.com
French Guiana strikes lifted after aid package agreed with Paris
Deal worth €2.21bn brings end to general strike spearheaded by coalition of 37 unions that had brought productivity in the territory to a halt

Activists in French Guiana have lifted strikes that crippled the territory for almost a month after the government in Paris pledged an aid package worth billions of euros.

A general strike by 37 unions has paralysed the French territory in South America, with locals pressing for a “Marshall plan” along the lines of the huge US economic support given to help western Europe to recover after the second world war.

An AFP journalist said the government and the collective spearheading the protests signed a deal in Cayenne late on Friday, just two days before France’s presidential election. Under the accord, the French government pledged to provide €2.1bn (£1.85bn) in aid to the territory but did not give a precise timetable for its implementation. The amount would be in addition to just over €1bn in emergency funding agreed in early April but which the movement considered insufficient.

France’s overseas territories minister, Ericka Bareigts, hailed the deal as “a defining day” for the territory’s future.

Ayyy! Victory to the Guianese workers! 

White-fringed antwren (Formicivora grisea)

The white-fringed antwren is a passerine bird in the antbird family. It is a resident breeder in tropical South America from Colombia southeast to the Guianas and Brazil, and on Tobago.The white-fringed antwren is typically 12.7 cm long, and weighs 9.4 g. This is a common and confiding bird of second growth woodland, usually found as territorial pairs. The southern populations are associated with scrubby bushes on white sandy soils and restinga habitat. These birds inhabit the lowlands, up to around 200 m ASL. The white-fringed antwren feeds on small insects and other arthropods taken from undergrowth twigs and foliage

photo credits: wiki

youtube

May 5, 2017 - Red-billed Toucan (Ramphastos tucanus)

These large toucans are found in northeastern South America, in parts of Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, and Brazil. They are closely related to Cuvier’s Toucan. The two populations frequently interbreed and are sometimes considered the same species, known as the White-throated Toucan. Their diet includes a variety of fruits, along with insects, flowers, small reptiles, and the eggs of other birds. Nesting in unlined tree cavities, both males and females incubate the eggs and feed the chicks. Classified as Vulnerable by the IUCN, they are threatened by deforestation and hunting.

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Most spoken mother tongues in Brazil and Argentina by state and province after Portuguese and Spanish

Brazil and Argentina were two countries in Latin america that were heavily settled by immigrants in the post-colonial era. Most of these immigrants came from Europe (Spain, Portugal, France, Italy, Germany, Eastern Europe, the Balkans, the Netherlands and the British Isles), but a significant number also came from the Levant (Lebanon, Syria) and East Asia (Japan). Despite heavy assimilation processes, specifically in Brazil, the languages and cultures still survived by means of their descendants. The two most spoken ancestral languages Italian and German have formed their own distinct dialects particularly in Brazil. Both Italian and German have influenced various regional dialects of Portuguese and Spanish. Italian has particularly been a great influence on Rioplatense Spanish, which is the most spoken dialect in Argentina and Uruguay.

Newer waves of immigrants have also brought their languages with them to Brazil and Argentina in recent year, most of these immigrants come from other South American nations such as French Guiana (French Creole), Bolivia (Quechua, Aymara); but also from over-seas regions of Eastern Europe (Romani, Slavic languages, and Hungarian) and East Asia (Chinese and Korean).

In Northern Brazil colonial remnants of the Dutch and French survive.

Despite efforts of assimilation and historical genocide of Indigenous people by the colonial-era European colonizers, their languages have too managed to survive and thrive in both Argentina and Brazil. This is especially true of North-Western Argentina where European colonial settlement and post-colonial immigration was minimal compared to other regions in the country. Quechua a language descending from the Incas is prominent in this Andean region. Various Indigenous languages have also survived in Brazil's Amazon, greatly thanks to its remoteness. Lastly, the Guarani language family, is one that prospers in both Argentina and Brazil. Guarani has been a very important language in both countries and was used as a lingua-franca in Brazil for much of its history. Guarani is also one of the official languages of neighboring Paraguay, where it is spoken by most of the population, which includes not only native Guarani’s but also the Mestizo, White, and Afro-Paraguayan populations of the country.

Your fave is problematic: ESA
  • ESA (European space agency… or if you’re like, fancy, in French, fancy in French, French fanciness, Agence spatiale européenne) is an organization in which multiple countries are engaged in, dedicated to exploring space
  • these hennies do things like: human space flight, launching and operation unmanned missions, Earth observation, science and telecommunication and like, other stuff, ya kno
  • unlike NASA, ESA has 22 member countries, talk about collaboration yo
    • there’s even a treaty among the countries: ESA’s purpose shall be to provide for, and to promote, for exclusively peaceful purposes, cooperation among European States in space research and technology and their space applications, with a view to their being used for scientific purposes and for operational space applications systems
    • I may or may not be tearing up a little
  • because they’re like, so nice, they let Canada play with them too, so Canada (CSA) is an associated member of the ESA
  • ESA has a couple of dope-ass launch vehicles
    • Ariane 5: (yes, that’s the most German name ever) this gurl has been in use for 20 years! she’s been super successful, after an initial failed launch, she’s been transporting satellites into space for 71 successful starts in a row!
    • Soyuz: now, I kno, when you hear Soyuz, you think Russia, but hear me out: Roscosmos and ESA have an agreement in which Russia builds parts for the Soyuz launch vehicle and it gets assembled in French Guiana. Russia gets access to a good launch site for their launches, and ESA gets access to the very safe Soyuz launcher in exchange. [insert handshaking stock photo meme here]
  • Notable ESA missions that will blast your balls off:
    • Planck spacecraft: a cosmology mission that mapped the cosmic microwave background and essentially delivered amazing evidence for the age of the universe and cosmic inflation
    • Rosetta: ESA successfully landed on a COMET for the first time ever, telling us about the composition of comets. the spacecraft traveled 9 years to get there and yet they managed to land and signals. fuckin amazing
    • Huygens: ESA successfully landed a probe on Saturns moon, Titan.  This was the first and only landing ever accomplished in the outer Solar System! 
  • summary: neutral good organization, doesn’t know how to celebrate really but that’s how Europeans are, 12/10, would launch my satellite with them 

ebagurin  asked:

hi sis, haiti isnt considered as latinx as it wasnt a spanish colony. it was owned by france. it is down in latin america but haitians arent considered latinx

it was owned by the spanish back when the dominican republic and haiti were still together. then the spanish gave haiti to the french, but if you wanna ignore that the spanish got to us haitians first then..,.. ok thats on you but im still gonna ID as latinx

so there are a lot of you on here from different states and countries, and i’m genuinely curious to know who is from where. bold which applies to you and reblog. it’s super simple and takes little time to do. you never know who could be your neighbor.

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Track record of European Social Democracy viz. the Global South

”At the Sixth Congress of the Comintern in Moscow (July through September 1928), Social Democracy was high on the agenda. There Ercoli – Palmiro Togliatti, late head of the Italian Communist Party – made his detailed report on “Social Democracy and the Colonial Question”, to which reference has already been made…

“Most instructive is Togliatti’s documentation of Social Democracy’s specific record in, and policy toward, colonies. A summary of his documentation is essential context for all the discussion which follows:

“IN SYRIA, whose “complete independence” the Second International had once demanded, the French Socialist Party voted for the war appropriations for imperialist expeditions, during which French generals massacred the populations of Damascus and other towns.

“IN INDONESIA, the Dutch Socialists warned “their” government that a revolt was coming; and once it came, not only did they “not defend in parliament this bloody revolt”, they severely condemned the spirit of the revolt “whether it originated in Moscow or Canton”. When mass death sentences brutally suppressed the revolt, Dutch Socialists boasted of disapproving only death sentences “merely for propaganda”. That is, they approved death for workers and peasants who “gave cause”, i.e., who revolted.

“IN AFRICA, the record of British Social Democracy is too long to be covered in less than a book. The specific story of the Clement Atlee Labour Government from 1945 to 1951 has, however, been given in detail by Jack Woddis:

“IN SUDAN, the Labour Government sent warships to terrorize the population, instructing British authorities to “do everything necessary to maintain order”.

“IN KENYA, the Atlee Government record by itself is enough to damn Social Democracy once and for all. At Mombasa in 1947, the African Workers’ Federation and the Railway Staff Union called a general strike for higher wages and lower house rents. They were joined by hotel, shop and domestic workers. And what happened?

The Colonial Office under the Labour Government acted with the same ruthlessness as under any Tory Government. Police and troops were called in, the strike was suppressed, and the President of the African Workers’ Federation, Chege Kibachia, was banished without trial to a remote village in Northern Kenya.

“At Uplands Bacon Factory in September 1947, when another strike broke out the police were again called in. They fired on the workers; 3 dead, 22 arrested, including 20 sentenced to two years at hard labour.

“In September 1948, Makhan Singh, Secretary of the Labour Trade Union of East Africa, organised a Cost of Living Conference. Delegations came from more than 16 trade unions and associations, representing more then 10,000 African and Asian workers. The Labour “leaders” of Britain arrested Singh and deported him.

“During 1949 and 1950, new legislation was introduced into Kenya, of which the following six were typical:

1) A Wage-Freezing Bill, “The Compulsory Trade Testing and Wage Fixing Scheme”;

2) A Trade Union Registration Ordinance;

3) A “Slave Labour” Bill, introducing forced labour at starvation wages;

4) A Deportation Ordinance, giving Government increased power to deport;

5) A law banning strikes in “essential services”: all the Governor had to do to make any strike illegal was to add its industry to “essential services”;

6) The already-existing Emergency Powers Ordinance was amended to increase the Governor’s powers.

“The result, Woddis declared, was a series of attacks on Kenya’s trade unions, including the arrest of leaders of the East African Workers’ Federation, of the East African T.U.C., and an eventual ban on the latter on pretext that “it was not registered”.

“IN NIGERIA, official Social Democratic policy resulted in the shooting of coal miners at Enugu in 1949. 7,500 miners had struck for higher pay, allegedly a common Social Democratic demand. Outcome? 231 dead, 50 wounded. In the ensuing mass counter-demonstrations, further repressions and wholesale arrests took place.

“IN TANGANYIKA, strikes occurred in 1948 at Port Tanga, and in 1950 at Dar-es-Salaam, the latter involving the Dock Workers’ Union. The Labour Government promptly outlawed the union, confiscating all its funds and property, and arrested and imprisoned its leaders, During the same period, the leadership of African Cooks’ and Washermans’ Union of Tanganyika was removed as “unsatisfactory”.

“IN GHANA, a demonstration of unemployed ex-servicemen ended when police fired on it, killing three, In 1949 and 1950, a general strike as last push to independence saw mass arrests, including Dr. Kwame Nkrumah and others later part of Ghana’s first African Government.

“The colonial record of Harold Wilson’s Labour Government since 1964 is written in the names of countries it betrayed: Congo Kinshasa, Aden, Malaysia, British Guiana, South Africa, Southern Rhodesia, Southwest Africa, Bechuanaland – and on and on.

“Furthermore, these examples form a pattern by which Social Democracy in power fully reveals its real colonial policy: as in Wilson’s present Government, it does all in its power to make a mockery of such political independence as colonial countries had achieved despite all interference.

“Brutality, both economic and military, is the major weapon of Social Democracy’s colonialism, exactly the same – if not worse than – ANY imperialist government…

“Actually, brutal measures by Social Democracy against colonial peoples are quite logical considering what they accomplish for the metropolitan labor aristocracies whom Social Democracy represents. Precisely because the Labour Government had destroyed all attempts by colonial workers to improve their living standards, it could be recorded that

The economic position in Britain improved in 1952 because there was a world-wide fall in the price of food and raw materials which benefited the British economy.

“What the author neglected to add was that colonial economies depend heavily for their incomes precisely on “the price of food and raw materials”, and the benefit to the British economy resulted because colonial economies had been rendered more lopsided than before.

“SUCH brutality never seems to upset the Western Left nearly as much as the selfsame instrument turned against “its own” workers in the streets “at home”, when for some reason or other the colonial cushion has either been removed by military defeat or not attained because of later arrival by the specific ruling class on the capitalist world scene.

“Yet, surely it must be clear by now that Social Democracy will use brutality as one effective modus operandi whenever necessary to ensure continued super-profits. Even though new forms of colonialism have had to be devised to meet the advance of the Liberation movement throughout the subjugated areas of the world, the casualties go on; brutality escalates.”

– From Labor Aristocracy: Mass Base of Social Democracy by H.W. Edwards (1978)

3

The three stages of Christiane Taubira fangirling (insp.)

Christiane Taubira (born 2 February 1952, Cayenne, French Guiana, France) is a French politician. She’s the current French Minister of Justice. In 2002, she have been candidate for the Presidency. Christiane Taubira also was the driving force behind a 2001 law that recognizes the Atlantic slave trade and slavery as a crime against humanity. Recently, as Minister of Justice, Christiane Taubira introduced what became Law 2013-404, which legalized same-sex marriage in France.

On This Day: June 8

World Oceans Day

  • 1794: French Revolution: The new state religion, the Cult of the Supreme Being, is inaugurated with festivals across France.
  • 1809: Thomas Paine dies in New York City. He authored Common Sense & inspired workers in their struggles for independence.
  • 1852: First known labour strike in San Francisco occurs as Chinese labourers working on the Parrott granite building demand a wage increase.
  • 1884: In Italy, Pilade Cecchi, editor of the anarchist publication La Questione Sociale is sent to prison for 21 months and fined 2,000 lire.
  • 1903: Italian shoemaker and illegalist Vittorio Pini dies in Cayenne, French Guiana.
  • 1904: Colorado militia & striking Dunnville mine workers clash; 6 union members die.
  • 1913: Volonta begins publishing in Ancona, operating under the immediate editorship of Errico Malatesta until the Red Week a year later.
  • 1930: Death of French anarchist, speaker, bookstore manager and writer Antoine Antignac.
  • 1939: Emmy Eckstein, anarchist Alexander Berkman’s longtime companion, dies in Nice, France.
  • 1942: Spanish anarchist and Durrutti Column member José Pellicer-Gandia executed following a fascist military tribunal.
  • 1949: Helen Keller, Dorothy Parker, Danny Kaye, Fredric March, John Garfield, Paul Muni & Edward Robinson named by FBI as Communists.
  • 1949: George Orwell’s novel 1984 published.
  • 1966: 35,000 American workers in machinists’ union begin 43-day strike against 5 carriers.
  • 1972: Photographer Nick Ut photos 9-year-old Phan Thị Kim Phúc running down a road after being burnt by napalm.
  • 1984: Homosexuality is declared legal in the Australian state of New South Wales.
  • 1987: New Zealand establishes a national nuclear-free zone.
  • 2010: Spanish Catalan militant anarcho-syndicalist Sara Berenguer Laosa dies in Montady, France.
  • 2013: Thousands march in memory of murdered French anti-fascist Clément Méric.