ground-below

can you imagine how many things mom lalonde would confess that rose would just brush off as a joke tho

cause really

arstechnica.com
Bizarre ant colony discovered in an abandoned Polish nuclear weapons bunker
Scientists describe workers trapped for years in "a hostile environment in total darkness."

For the past several years, a group of researchers has been observing a seemingly impossible wood ant colony living in an abandoned nuclear weapons bunker in Templewo, Poland, near the German border. Completely isolated from the outside world, these members of the species Formica polyctena have created an ant society unlike anything we’ve seen before.

The Soviets built the bunker during the Cold War to store nuclear weapons, sinking it below ground and planting trees on top as camouflage. Eventually a massive colony of wood ants took up residence in the soil over the bunker. There was just one problem: the ants built their nest directly over a vertical ventilation pipe. When the metal covering on the pipe finally rusted away, it left a dangerous, open hole. Every year when the nest expands, thousands of worker ants fall down the pipe and cannot climb back out. The survivors have nevertheless carried on for years underground, building a nest from soil and maintaining it in typical wood ant fashion. Except, of course, that this situation is far from normal.

Polish Academy of Sciences zoologist Wojciech Czechowski and his colleagues discovered the nest after a group of other zoologists found that bats were living in the bunker. Though it was technically not legal to go inside, the bat researchers figured out a way to squeeze into the small, confined space and observe the animals inside. Czechowski’s team followed suit when they heard that the place was swarming with ants. What they found, over two seasons of observation, was a group of almost a million worker ants whose lives are so strange that they hesitate to call them a “colony” in the observations they just published in The Journal of Hymenoptera.

Because conditions in the bunker are so harsh, constantly cold, and mostly barren, the ants seem to live in a state of near-starvation. They produce no queens, no males, and no offspring. The massive group tending the nest is entirely composed of non-reproductive female workers, supplemented every year by a new rain of unfortunate ants falling down the ventilation shaft.

Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 2016. DOI: 10.3897/jhr.51.9096

There’s an amusement park in Transylvania that’s 400 feet below ground. 

Photos: Shutterstock/RossHelen/RaduBerean

Photo: Cristian Bortes

This converted salt mine in Turda, Romania is one of the world’s oldest, having been mentioned as early as 1075.

Photos: Cristian Bortes / Enrico Strocchi

Photos: Cristian Bortes

The man-made cavern is always 54 degrees with 80% humidity, and is relatively free of allergens and bacteria.

Photos: Cristian Bortes

It was a working mine starting in the 17th century until it became a cheese storage facility and a bomb shelter in 1932.

Photo: someone10x

60 years later, it was transformed into a magical underground amusement park.

Photo: Salina Turda

Photo: someone10x

Visitors can go bowling, ride on a Ferris wheel, row around the indoor lake, or play mini golf, ping pong, and basketball.

Photo: someone10x

Source   Source 2

aries//it’s okay to fall sometimes because everyone has their weaknesses, put your whole self out there for everyone even if all they have to give you is rejection

taurus//you’re always there, counted on like the ground below us waiting for us when we come back to you, try not to feel used even when all you get is everyone’s lows

gemini//trying to unlock the world’s mysteries one at a time, sometimes the good things in life have to be treasured, or else one day you’ll find yourself wishing you could come back

cancer//everyone is trying to hurt you but maybe you should try to find a world out there beyond the motives, somewhere where you can live without constantly watching your back

leo//you’re always up up up living life on top but the benefits of knowing when to stand on the sidelines will help you so much more than always being in the front

virgo//remembering all the mistakes you made in the past isn’t helping you now, it only stops you from achieving what you want because sometimes the benefit is worth the risk

libra//even though it doesn’t seem that important, taking time for yourself is key, you don’t have to always be there for everyone who needs you every time, your time is important too

scorpio//compassion changes your whole view, take a look at how other people see things and a new perspective can make you think twice before acting harshly

sagittarius//you have the passion, but figuring out what you want is just as important, mixed messages to those around you hurts not only them but it hurts you too

capricorn//sometimes forgetting things and people is better, they’re not in your life for a reason so you should stop forcing yourself to keep replaying things from the past

aquarius//people aren’t always what they seem, take the time to know them inside and out before you deem them worthy of unworthy of your time, they may end up surprising you

pisces//don’t be afraid to reach out, people are a lot more scared and insecure than they’re willing to admit, don’t let them fool you they want you just as much as you want them

—  “advice for the signs this upcoming year”

If you see a geyser just as it’s about to erupt, it might look like some sort of alien egg is about to hatch from the earth. As the super-heated water below ground turns immediately to steam, bubbles rise and pressure builds- but for a split second before the geyser erupts, you can often see a giant bubble that catches the light as it forms over the fissure. Source Source 2

Capricorn:

There is so much beauty on a face held by shoulders already heavy with the weight on the world. You have a good mix of pessimism and optimism giving you a realistic approach to life. But real is hard to pill to swallow and it can cause a lot of your advice and warnings to be unheard by those your’e trying to protect.. Your realistic intuition allows you to feel the ground below crumbling before it happens. You know when it’s time to move on or to act before things get worse.

8

The Survival Condo Project | Via

The Survival Condo Project is a luxury condo complex housed in a former underground missile silo near Concordia, in Kansas, in the US. Located 15 stories below ground, it was designed to comfortably survive any apocalypse such as global health pandemics, cataclysmic weather, and terror attack, including a nuclear one. The missile silo was originally built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in the 1960’s for the Atlas “F” missile, and there were 72 of them around the country. The walls of the silo, constructed out of epoxy-hardened concrete, are 9 feet thick and designed to survive a direct nuclear strike. The dome structure that covers the silo cap can withstand winds in excess of 500 mph.

The condos are equipped with a number of modern amenities: flat-screen TVs, pools, theater, workout area, classrooms and library, and a minor surgery center. Each residential unit is provisioned with a five-year supply of freeze-dried and dehydrated survival food per person. In addition, they have a hydroponic garden where they plan to grow 70 varieties of fruits and vegetables and there’s a fish farm where they’ll raise tilapia.

The air supply for the entire facility is filtered by Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical (NBC) filters and the physical air intakes are protected by blast valves that prevent an over pressure air wave created by a nearby explosion from entering the facility and killing those inside. Power is provided by the local electric grid, with a backup large wind turbine, and a diesel generator, while water is provided from redundant sources and purified for consumption.

the egyptians mined down and carved the pyramids out of the earth below ground and then when they were done they leveled out the rest of the ground around the area using a combination of water and dynamite so it would appear that they had built them above ground

I love sports bras and ponytails. I love wet hair and short breath. I love singing louder than everyone else in the car. I love laughing uncontrollably and unashamed. I love making faces and waving at babies and kissing dogs. I love walking in the rain. I love spontaneous adventures and the lights of the city at night. I love late mornings and chamomile tea and fuzzy socks. I love running- I love when it feels like your lungs are going to explode and your head is light and your feet slap the ground below you and the rush that comes as soon as you stop and look at the distance you have come. Alive. I love feeling comfortable in being. In existing. I love waking up and looking in the mirror, with no makeup and yesterdays hair, and being okay with what I see. It has taken me years to begin to like that girl in the glass. But I am finally starting to hope that she will stay.
—  Lessons of 2015
Free the Honey Bee!

There is a common misconception going around that honey bees are essential to our plants.  There are plants that require pollinators, like many fruit trees, but pollination isn’t a honey bee monopoly.  Many insects pollinate and many plants require no pollination whatsoever or their pollination is achieved by wind.  

Entomophily or insect pollination covers 1000s of species of insects that pollinate, flies, moths, butterflies, ants, etc & over 20,000 types of bees!  We don’t need to enslave the honey bee & the world isn’t coming to an end w/o beekeepers.  

Typical crop plants that do not require pollination;

All leafy greens • Brassicas: broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage and kohlrabi • 

Below ground root veggies and tubers such as carrots, parsnips, salsify, potatoes, sweet potatoes, horseradish • 

Ground level root veggies such as beets, turnips, rutabagas 

Most legumes including peas and beans • Corn—like other wind pollinated veggies, giving them a little shake helps distribute the pollen. • 

Herbs, like the lemon balm pictured • Celery • Onions and leeks
And many crops are wind pollinated & can be pollinated by hand, like squashes, tomatoes - eggplants & peppers.

Bees & all the pollinators play roles in Cucumbers • Melons and watermelons • Berries • Tree fruits.

So while I appreciate the honey bee, his 19,000+ bee cousins do a fine job, too, without some industry stealing their hard work & monocroping bees so the single species we encourage, because we can bank off its honey, crowds out the rest of the pollinators & hurts the ecosystem by not having a diversified group of pollinators. I am thankful for all the Entomophily that help pollinate the melons & fruit in my garden, but I do just fine without honey bee keepers.  There are many ways to encourage pollinators in your garden & plenty of helpful bees to create habitats for that don’t produce honey.

I suspect the general population is so out of touch on the issue because so few people grow anything any more & we have a few mega industries producing all the food.  

So of course save the bees, but don’t be deluded into thinking honey is essential, its just the industry covering up the fact they screwed up and breed only one type of bee, just like when Ireland only took one type of potato, we are lacking BEEVERSITY!  If all the bees die its the beekeepers fault for not having a diversified business of pollinators & only going after short term profits vs long term strength through diversity.  

You can learn a little bit more about “bee stock” and how not native the honey bee is & imagine how many native pollinators they have decimated. 

2

The Green Hairstreak and its chrysalis that sings

The Green Hairstreak, Callophrys rubi (Lycaenidae), is a stunning butterfly with undersides providing the illusion of being green, an effect produced by the diffraction of light on a lattice-like structure found within the wing scales, which provides excellent camouflage as the butterfly rests.

But perhaps the most amazing thing of these butterflies is the fact that their chrysalides have stridulatory organs which give the pupae the ability to produce a squeaking noise. 

Stridulatory organs (which are also present in some other species) were thought to be an adaptation to myrmecophily as this species benefits from an association with ants that provide it a level of protection. But since it has been shown that the stridulatory organs are present both in myrmecophilous and non myrmecophagous species; therefore, it has been suggested that this trait probably did not evolve in relation with myrmecophily, but may be used to enhance relationships with ants. It is that the pupa is actually “singing” to attract the attention of ants, which carry it into their nests below the ground.

The pupa secretes a sugary substance which the ants drink. In exchange the pupa gains protection from other insects that would not dare enter the ants nest.

References: [1] - [2]

Photo credits: [Top: ©Bernd Flicker | Locality: not indicated, 2014] - [Bottom: ©Curiosity thrills | Locality: Lochranza, Scotland, United Kingdom, 2014]

Made with Flickr
Hades and Persephone

Okay okay okay so he’s everything below the ground and she’s the flowers. His love nurtures her (like the soil), while she provides structure and helps take away the sadness (like roots filtering toxins and buildup). What a beautiful metaphor for a loving marriage. 

I see this quiet, serious man who cares so much about his job and is absolutely invested in everyone that he is charged with. And at the end of the day he comes home to this wife who loves him so much, so unconditionally, not in spite of his seriousness but because of it. Because he’s loving and complex and carries the weight of literally billions of souls. And she hugs him and smiles and kisses him and makes everything bright and colorful and she represents everything that is beautiful in the world.

5

Black Fairy Egg Nest by Julia Sinelnikova 

Black Fairy Egg Nest feels like a secret den where winged creatures could emerge at any moment. The primary piece hovering overhead is a nest of hand cut resin light sculptures dripping into the exhibition space. A pregnant mass leaks thin glowing strands and dark stones dangle towards the ground below.

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Selected by Skumar’s

There’s gonna be no more Allison.

Chris is going to have to bury his own kid.

Lydia lost her best friend.

Scott lost his first love.

Isaac lost one of the only girls who cared about him.

Chris and Allison can’t have bonding moments about weapons. They can’t talk about Victoria. Never again. He’s going to have to place his lifeless daughter six feet below the ground. Just like he did with his wife.

Lydia isn’t going to have a shopping buddy anymore. She isn’t going to have a friend to go to for advice. She doesn’t have a best friend anymore.

Scott lost the girl who loved him. The girl who probably took his first kiss. The girl who was his first time. The girl who believed in him. The girl who told him “I love you.” Before dying. Before she even said she loved her father.

Isaac lost a the first girl to care about him since Erica. He lost the first person to love him since his father.

We lost Allison. The girl who was unbelievably sweet. The girl who was unafraid. The girl who was actually scared shitless, but put on a brave face and kicked ass. We lost one of the strongest characters.

7

Centralia: The Ghost Town Abandoned Because of the Fire Beneath It

When you think of American ghost towns, it’s likely that you picture a crumbling Wild West outpost. However, in the middle of Pennsylvania, there’s a town that disappeared far more recently. In many ghost towns, it’s the collapse of an industry that caused people to leave. InCentralia, it was the industry itself that resulted in this abandoned town.

Centralia was a quaint town of over 2,000 residents in Columbia County, Pennsylvania. The large coal deposits below the ground helped turn Centralia into a bustling business center in the early parts of the 20th century. All was well until 1962, when an exposed seam of coal caught on fire during a routine trash burning at the landfill.

Over the next two decades, several attempts were made to put out the underground fire, but the its virtually unlimited source of fuel made the attempts futile. Citizens of Centralia knew of the fire, but it wasn’t until 1979 that its extent was fully understood by residents and scientists. It was a local gas station owner who discovered the fire’s true danger when he measured the temperature of his underground storage tanks at 172 degrees — 100 degrees higher than normal.

A few years later, a young boy was swallowed by a large sinkhole caused by the mine fire and was lucky to survive. That incident, the increasing number of sick residents, and the rising levels of carbon monoxide spelled the end for Centralia.

…For a full photo tour and more on Centralia’s abandonment and raging fires, keep reading on Atlas Obscura!

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So, star, I was rewatching Sock Opera and I found this part really weird? When Bill appeared to Dipper after Dipper wondered about who would know secret codes, there was a lot of bright blue light and electricity. I couldn’t link electricity and dream demons together that very well.

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But then I remembered this whole scene, and that was when I realized the parallels.

In the first picture, Dipper and Bill, who were above ground, had the triangle (Bill) right-side up. In the second picture, Stan and the machine, who were underground, had the triangle upside-down. Bill and the machine were literally mirror images (or at least, close to one).

So, is it possible that the machine and Bill are somehow, in some way, linked? Don’t forget that we’ve seen the result of the portal below ground (Stanley walks out of the portal), but we haven’t seen what happened above. Maybe Bill’s made some sort of impact?