grete stand

anonymous asked:

hi, Ive read Metamorphosis but didnt quite understand the end. I still really like the way Kafka describes his stories and want to read more. So could tell me a book that is a lot more understandable by Kafka (if possible)

Bad news…The Metamorphosis is one of Kafka’s more sensible stories, in that it takes place in a mundane environment and has a coherent plot. Kafka is not exactly known for stories that make sense.

You’ll have to be more specific about “not understanding then end” but I’m going to assume you’re confused about the meaning of the country vacation…

1. From the Samsas’ point of view, Gregor’s transformation has been nothing but an immense, shameful burden, a trial for them to power through by becoming wage earners. When Gregor dies, the Samsas want to celebrate, and what better way to celebrate their freedom by freeing themselves from work? Off to the countryside they go.

2. The final line, where Mr. and Mrs. Samsa think about marrying off Grete and watch Grete stand up reinforces the theme of metamorphosis/transformation. Look at Grete and her brother’s transformations. 

Grete goes from a timid, lazy girl to a more independent and capable woman. She is the one who takes charge of Gregor and gives the ultimatum that he must die, not her parents. 

Gregor goes from a proud veteran (people forget this a lot) and breadwinner to a hideous, shameful family secret that is reviled by all. His fall directly correlates to Grete’s growth. 

The cycle of failure and success is completed when the firstborn son withers away and dies and Grete has being fully grown into the role assigned to a girl of her class: wife. 

3. The last line implies that the Samsas are going to exploit and burden Grete the way they did to Gregor. There is no escape. No escape from what exactly is up for debate, but helplessness and inevitability are everywhere in Kafka’s work. 

As Camus said, Kafka’s greatest strength is making people reread. Don’t be afraid to read the story again for comprehension or simply to catch more details. Kafka uses details very efficiently.