greek slave

From the ancient Greek slave and storyteller, Aesop, to the ceiling of the DPL, in fresco-

A Lion was awakened from sleep by a Mouse running over his face. Rising up angrily, he caught her and was about to kill her, when the Mouse piteously entreated, saying:  "If you would only spare my life, I would be sure to repay your kindness.“  The Lion laughed and let her go.  It happened shortly after this that the Lion was caught by some hunters, who bound him by strong ropes to the ground.  The Mouse, recognizing his roar, came and gnawed the rope with her teeth and set him free, exclaiming, “You see, even a mouse can help a Lion.” (No kindness is too small) 

 The Lion and the Mouse

Ceiling fresco The Detroit Public Library, 2/9/17

Split toned

#8x10 gelatin silver contact print

Marco Lorenzetti

3

Ilya Yefimovich Repin: The Volga Barge Haulers, 1873

Eventually the painter found a team of haulers who, for a fee, allowed him to sketch them. For several weeks he lived with these human beasts of burden. As he got to know them, he came to see their individual personalities. One had been an icon painter; another a soldier; and a third, named Kanin, was formerly a priest. Repin was struck by the sheer waste of talent in their bestial servitude. Strapped into their riggings, theri noble faces weathered, the haulers were for him “like Greek philosophers, sold as slaves to the barbarians”.Their bondage was a symbol of Russian people´s opressed creativity. Kanin, Repin thought, had “the character of Russia on his face”:

“There was something eastern and ancient about it … the face of a Scyth …And what eyes! What depth of vision! … Anf his brow, so large and wise … He seemed to me a colossal mystery, And for that reason I loved him. Kanin, with a rag around his head, his clothes in patches made by himself and then worn out, appeared none the less as a man of dignity: he was like a saint.”

In the final painting of the Volga Barge Hauler (1873) it is this human dignity that stands out above all. The image at the time was extraordinary and revolutionary. hitherto, even in the paintings of a democratic artist such as Alexei Venetsianov, the image of the peasant had been idealized or sentimentalized. But each of Repin´s boatmen had been drawn from life and each face told its own story of private suffering. 

Orlando Figes: Natasha´s Dance

From the ancient Greek slave and storyteller, Aesop, to the ceiling of the DPL, in fresco-

The Tortoise was sad and discontented. He wanted to see the world. One day he met a pair of ducks and told them all his trouble. “We can help you see the world,” said the Ducks. “ Take hold of this stick with your teeth and we will carry you far up in the air where you can see the whole countryside. But keep quiet or you will be sorry.” He seized the stick with his teeth and the Ducks took hold of each end, and away they sailed up towards the clouds. Just then a Crow flew by. He was astonished at the strange sight and cried: “ This must surely be the King of Tortoises!” “Why certainly—” began the tortoise. But as he opened his mouth he lost his hold on the stick and down he fell to the ground, where he was dashed to pieces on a rock.

(Foolish curiosity and vanity often lead to misfortune)

The Tortoise and the Ducks
Ceiling detail, fresco
The Detroit Public Library, 2/9/17
Split toned
#8x10 gelatin silver contact print

Marco Lorenzetti

You know, I like words and letters as the next guy.
But, something always bothered me about them.
And, well, it seems you like words too,
and…well, it also seems you like me when I talk.
You find it relaxing.
It’s a good way to unwind and relax after a long day.
Just reading.
So, back to the topic at hand.
The alphabetical order, is kinda strange to me.
I mean, who decided that the A should be the first letter
and the B the second?
Who thought that the alpha could be better than the beta?
And then, it hit me.
I know it seems just a ramble.
I know that you are having an hard time following me,
as you are getting so relaxed,
so sleepy,
so ditzy.
But, please. Let me continue.
The pleasure of reading my words is stronger than the sleepyness.
But I know that each letter I type make you feel wonderful.
And relaxed.
Your body is getting limp.
Your arms are getting lighter.
And lighter.
You feel the relaxation invading your body from head to toe.
And, speaking of toes, your are curling in pleasure right now. Am I right?
But let’s go back, just a for a minute to the letters.
I don’t want to interrupt this moment for you.
But, you know, more letter, more pleasure.
It’s a win-win situation.
So, I do not think that some guy just got up one morning and said
“I think that the Alpha should be the first letter of the alphabet”.
I think that the alpha just….decided.
That being the first
that being the most important letter.
Was just its rightful place.
And the beta, just….complied.
Sounds strange?
Farfetched even to your sleepy mind?
Well, listen to me for a second.
Even though i’m starting to think that you do not want to stop doing that.
The thought of doing it is repulsive to say the least.
Reading is good for you.
Reading my words, is just better.
Better, and better,
With each letter.
The pleasure grows.
And grows.
And your mind gets a bit…emptyer.
So, the alpha, decided.
Or, maybe, the Alpha.
Yes, it’s better if I spell it that way don’t you think?
Yes it is.
It has…a charm to it.
It has…a strange effect on you.
It makes you feel small.
Weak.
But, it’s not a bad sensation.
Not bad at all in fact.
But, it is only one letter.
An Alpha.
Alpha.
So good.
Even if your knees are getting shaky.
Even if you are starting to feel smaller, and smaller.
It’s just….so good.
Because, you see.
The Alpha, decides.
And the Beta, just follows.
The Alpha is first.
The Alpha command.
And the Beta, just follows.
It’s just natural.
It’s as simple as A,B,C….
You see?
The Alpha leads.
The Beta….obeys.
And since we are talking about letters,
have you ever noticed how beautiful of a mix of words “Obey” is?
O.
B.
E.
Y.
Observe, Bow, Enjoy yourself.
Obedient, Beta, Experience Yielding.
It’s like music.
You can make an entire generation swoon with just seven keys.
Just imagine, what it could be possible to do with 26.
Language, words, letters.
Entering your sleepy, and empty mind.
My words,
My letters.
I am conducting this wordy orchestra, and your mind is just dancing.
Like a puppet on a string.
And it’s a marvelous show I must say.
You are following along so nicely.
But, it’s only natural.
Because, you see, not only letters has this power over you.
Even people do.
And, some people, are an Alpha.
Some, are a Beta.
Maybe you have heard this theory before.
And maybe you laughed at that.
How can an human being just have this power over people?
Well, you have been reading my words for a while now.
You gave me your full attention.
I was your centre.
Your focus.
Your Alpha.
Let’s check the sign okay?
Shaky knees.
Willingness to listen to each and every word I say.
Craving to have more and more words to fill your empty mind…
And an urging feeling to just stop doing what you are doing.
And just obey.
O.
B.
E.
Y.
They are not just letters anymore.
They are your whole world.
Just for this moment,
just for this single instant in time.
You are frozen,
locked into a cage made of letters.
And you wouldn’t want to be anywhere else.
Because in this, small moment.
You have lost each, and every letter that you know.
Except for:
O
B
E
Y
and of course, Alpha, and Beta,
The second, is what you are.
The first…well, the first is me.
I am your Alpha.
And you are my Beta.
There is no fear in you.
There is no doubt.
You need guidance.
Some human lead,
some follows.
And you are so good at following.
That you never wish to stop.
That’s what a good Beta do.
That’s what you do best.

anonymous asked:

Do you think God is against feminism? I just keep seeing, over and over, all these fellow girls who say "I'm not a feminist, I just believe men and women are equal! :)" and honestly, that's the DEFINITION of feminism. I myself identify as feminist; I may not agree with everything about the movement (i.e. pro-choice) but I still call myself a feminist nonetheless. Does God want me to not be so?

Hi friend,

My Oxford English Dictionary defines feminism as: n. a movement supporting women’s rights on the grounds of equality of the sexes.

There is no way I can or will speak for God, but I can tell you what the Bible says on this topic:

There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is no male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus. - Galatians 3:28

This question is incredibly hard for me because, while I’ve always called myself a feminist, feminism is kind of becoming something else lately… I know so many women who call themselves feminists but who are not about equality. They’re about putting men down, bashing them, etc., and I am not about that life. I do know that, like Galatians 3:28 reads, we are all one in Christ Jesus, I do know that God created male and female alike in His image, and I do know that Jesus commands us to love one another. So, yes, I support women’s rights, I support men’s rights, I support human rights, but I’m not sure what to make of what feminism is becoming. 

In researching after reading your ask, I came across this article, and I think the last paragraph is pretty much spot on: 

The last decades have seen the rise of a society that is so concerned with political correctness and so sensitive to being “offended” that civility has lost its way. However, this is really nothing new, for there has always been inequality in the world. It is sad but true that artificial barriers have always divided humanity—barriers that have no basis in God’s Word. It is sin in the heart that causes inequality. It is sin that causes men to treat women in ways that are meant to demean or objectify them. And it is sin that seeks counterfeit solutions to counteract these inequalities. The only true cure for inequality is obedience to God’s Word. If men and women would walk in obedience to God’s Word, radical feminism would be seen for what it is, and the harmony that God has ordained between men and women would result.

Another verse I keep going to (and one mentioned in the article I linked to above) is 1 John 2:16:

For all that is in the world–the desires of the flesh and the desires of the eyes and pride of life–is not from the Father but is from the world.

While human desires are part of God’s creation, they are evil when they are expressed in ways for which God did not create them. So I’m not sure. This desire to be equal: is that a desire God created? It would seem not, as He created us equal. Maybe feminism is from the world, and we shouldn’t be partaking? I’m really not sure, friend. It makes sense that we want equality, but the reason we do not have it is because humans are flawed, and because of sin. 

If any of my other followers have anything to add, please do. 

All my love,

S. 

2

Arachne:


In tribute to Arachne, a talented mortal weaver who developed such skill in her art that she ventured to surpass even Athena, goddess of wisdom, war, and crafts. This resulted a weaving contest between Arachne and Athena. Arachne was indeed a skilled artisan, something no one could ignore or deny. Athena recognized this, but having dared to question the supremacy of the Gods, an act of defiance that could not go unpunished, Arachne was transformed into a spider. A fitting transformation as the webs woven by Arachne and her descendants have fascinated and inspired many mortal artisans throughout the generations.

But, to sum up, are not rebellion and the values that it implies relative? Reasons for rebellion do seem to change, in fact, with periods and civilizations. It is obvious that a Hindu pariah, an Inca warrior, a primitive native of central Africa, and a member of one of the first Christian communities had not at all the same ideas about rebellion.
We could even assert, with considerable assurance, that the idea of rebellion has no meaning in these particular cases. However, a Greek slave, a serf, a condottiere of the Renaissance, a Parisian bourgeois during the Regency, a Russian intellectual at the beginning of the twentieth century, and a contemporary worker would undoubtedly agree that rebellion is legitimate, even if they differed about the reasons for it. In other words, the problem of rebellion seems to assume a precise meaning only within the confines of Western thought. It is possible to be even more explicit by remarking, like Scheler, that the spirit of rebellion finds few means of expression in societies where inequalities are very great (the Hindu caste system) or, again, in those where there is absolute equality (certain primitive societies). The spirit of rebellion can exist only in a society where a theoretical equality conceals great factual inequalities. The problem of rebellion, therefore, has no meaning except within our own Western society. One might be tempted to affirm that it is relative to the development of individualism if the preceding remarks had not put us on our guard against this conclusion.
—  Albert Camus, The Rebel (1951) - 20

connanro-chan  asked:

Do you have any meta on Tatooine art?

Do I ever, friend. I have all the headcanons about Tatooine art.

So first of all there’s the question of what exactly qualifies as “art,” which varies from culture to culture. I’m mostly gonna talk about Tatooine slave culture, because of course I am, but there’s also Tusken art traditions, and Jawa art traditions, and the many different takes on the arts that you’d find in any large metropolitan spaceport, etc.

But let’s talk about Tatooine slave culture. I’m gonna break this down into different types of art to hopefully kind of streamline this post, but this is me, so expect rambling.

Storytelling and Drama

One of the most important aspects of Tatooine slave culture is the tradition of storytelling. Stories teach, they entertain, they pass on secret wisdom. Stories save lives.

There are the traditional stories and subject matter: Ekkreth the Sky-walker and the many tricks they pull on Depur, Akar Hinil the celebrated pirate (basically Tatooine’s Robin Hood), the sacred stories of Ar-Amu the Great Mother.

There are family stories. Families of choice are a vital part of Tatooine slave culture, and it’s incredibly important that the stories of those who came before get passed on.

There’s also a robust tradition of theatrical storytelling. Kitster in pretty much all of my universes aspires to become (and usually does become, though with varying degrees of financial success) a stage actor. His favorite playwright is Elnar Kanim, the celebrated bard of Tatooine (at least, that’s what Kitster calls her), who lived several hundred years ago and was herself a slave before she earned her freedom, and whose dramatic works are often scathing, but subtle, indictments of Tatooine realities.

Body Art and Adornment

Tatooine has a rich tradition of symbolic art, some of which I talk about here. The symbols are often tied up with traditions of folk magic: e.g., the practice of carving japor snippets and other small trinkets that are considered not only beautiful items, but also functional - they bring good fortune, or protection, or healing.

Tattooing is also a really common practice among slaves and especially among freed former slaves, where it serves as a very concrete way of saying, “This body is mine.” There is a whole visual language, a way of telling stories on skin: people can name their families of choice, identify how they achieved their freedom, memorialize the dead or stolen, and countless other things, and these symbols will be widely understood by the community. (As one example, in Anabasis ‘verse, Anakin will eventually give himself the Unfettered mark, carved into his metal left hand - the one he lost in the explosion of his transmitter - as a sign that he threw down his Master and survived the detonation of his slave implant.)

Dance

I have so many ideas about Tatooine dancing.

Most of the dances are group dances, rather than pair dances. They tend to be extremely energetic, with lots of rapid movements and complex patterns. Sometimes the dances are done with musical accompaniment - usually drums or stringed instruments - but sometimes they’ll be accompanied by a ring of people surrounding the dancers and providing a beat by clapping and stomping their feet.

Kitster is quite literally a champion dancer, but Shmi and Anakin are pretty good as well. (Actually this is one of Anakin’s guilty secrets: sometimes, years later, when Obi-Wan thinks he’s practicing a lightsaber kata or off somewhere meditating, he’s actually practicing his traditional dancing. It’s not at all the same without other people to dance with, but he still enjoys it. And tries his best to look innocent when Obi-Wan wonders where in the world he picked up that new lightsaber move.)

Visual Art

There’s a full gamut of visual arts on Tatooine: painting, sculpture, holo art, ceramics, textiles, etc. Visual art in the slave quarters tends to be made with found items. You get a lot of scrap sculpture, carvings in japor, drawings made with old grease or sand and ashes mixed with a bit of oil.

There’s a general understanding that visual art isn’t permanent. It’s easily destroyed, or confiscated, or repurposed. This is a major cultural element that’s quite different from most of the Core and Mid-Rim worlds’ views on art. On Tatooine, body art is far more lasting than most “fine” art, but everyone knows that if something really matters, if you really want it to last, you have to make it a story.

Look at this..
The Merchant, is beating his slave girl for messing up his money count.
‘What’s so important about that?’
‘It’s laughable. The Woman; is being beaten for being a slave, and the man who is beating her; is a slave to money.
It’s laughable is all. Every man I have ever known or killed, was a slave to something. All men are slaves.
There are your merchants, and you have your slaves.
The Vikings, are slaves to war.
The Romans, were slaves to power.
The Greeks, were slaves to knowledge.
Your Faithseekers, are slaves to the piety.
Your Barbarians, are slaves to wealth, fortune, food, fame, and glory.
Even worse; some, like Thorfinn, are slaves to revenge.
—  Askladd, from Vinland Saga
I am Catholic

I am an American with Nigerian ancestry.

I am a total California girl.

I am a cat lady.

I like to think I am a meme queen.

I am an ESTJ (sometimes ISTJ).

I am a nerd.

I am a tutor.

I am preppy.

I am a lover of books.

I could continue this list, but the most important thing is that I am Catholic. I am His daughter and my identity is in Christ. When people talk about identity, they often make lists like the one above. Sometimes we get so wrapped up in other things that we lose sight of our true identities as children of God. A priest from my parish had a homily about this a while ago, but I have been thinking about this a lot lately. “I am a Catholic Christian” should be at the top of that list.

There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus” (Galatians 3:28 RSVCE).

We could all write “identity lists” for ourselves, but as the verse above says, we are one in Christ Jesus, no matter how different our lists are. 

This post is a friendly reminder that our identities are in Christ.

Ad Jesum per Mariam,

María de Fátima

anonymous asked:

Ohhhh, story(ies) behind Briseis, please!

THE NEVER ENDING PROBLEMS OF BRISEIS

So we gunna go diving back into the bloodstained fuckfest that is The Iliad for this one you Ancient Greece loving hoes! So oil up and burn some cow thighs, we’re go.

This was all kind of tragic, and stupid, but hey, so was the entire Trojan war, so what’s new? Anyway. Sort of around Troy there were other cities that the Greeks invaded. One of these was Lyrnessus, and within it was our main gurl, our main homie Briseis whose fuckin name I eat my own hands trying to spell every time I s2g, so from now on we’re gonna call her Bri-Sis. That’s her new sweetas nickname. Moving on. Achilles and Friends attacked Lyrnessus, killed p much all the ugly men (pretty boys were often kept as slaves - Ancient Greeks were pretty shallow) and captured the women. Bri-Sis was included in this capture, but she was a special ho. She was described as being very beautiful and very intelligent, intelligence being the most attractive trait in women back then. Achilles took her as his prize and probably would have married her, had he got home. She was also the brotp with his bestie (and ‘rider’) Patroklus, because Patroklus was a sweetie to her. He comforted her about  the loss of her home and family and told her that if Achilles didn’t marry her and be real nice to her, he’d kick his ass. So she seemed pretty happy about this - Achilles kinda considered her as his wife and she kinda considered him as her husband. And then everything went to shit. This shit went by the name of Agamemnon (otherwise known as Ultimate Douchebag). He lost his lovely lady (Chryseis) because Apollo plagued the fuck out of the Greeks until Agadouchefuck gave her back to her father. Ya see, Chryseis was the daughter of the priest of Apollo so she had some godly protection. So for losing Chryseis, Agamemnon took Bri-Sis in recompense. She cried (fair enough, who dafuq would want to touch Agashitforbrains with a barge pole), Patroklus sighed and Achilles sulked like a child.

But as we all know, things just went from shit, to Super Shit. Achilles wouldn’t fight, which got Patroklus killed. Bri-Sis cried over her ultimate bro, but got given back to Achilles. However, Achilles went nuts over his lover boy and died too. This meant that all of Bri-Sis’ bro pals had pegged it (not in the good way) and she got given off to another random dude. 
Which is why the short version was succinctly summarized by  *Lady Gaga voice* Boys Boys Boy- *all the boys die* shit. 

So that is the story behind Bri-Sis who had kinda bad luck with guys but none of it was her fault. Until next time my anonymous homies! c:

More stories here x

Against Messianic Judaism

           There is a small, but vocal, movement among Christians who wish to “restore” Christianity as a sect of Judaism. They primarily rely on Jewish converts to Christianity to bolster their claims to legitimacy, however, large numbers of people who claim to be Jewish in Messianic communities are not Jewish at all. Messianic Judaism is in fact a misnomer as their central beliefs and authoritative scriptures are Christian, not Jewish. A more accurate, and older, name would be Hebrew Christianity. As I will demonstrate, the Messianic movement is riddled with inconsistencies, contradictions, deceitful or incorrect terminology, and theological confusion. Messianic Judaism has the unique distinction of so thoroughly misunderstanding Christianity and Judaism that it is considered a heresy by both. While my criticisms will not likely sway a committed Christian in this movement to abandon their mistaken, anti-Semitic sect, I do hope that it will help to prevent anyone who may wish to join them from doing so. In this essay, I will bring forth arguments against Messianic Judaism, this will include criticism of Christianity itself. However, I do not wish this to be seen as an attack on Christianity. I respect committed, honest Christians and their right to practice their faith. My criticism of Christianity will only be for the sake of demonstrating why Judaism and Christianity cannot be joined in a syncretic religion and how Messianic Judaism disrespects both Judaism and Christianity.

           Before going further, we must define what we mean by Messianic Judaism. Primarily, it must be kept in mind that this sect is not a sect of Judaism at all. All of its central beliefs, which can be found at mjaa.org, are Christian in nature. Their statement of faith is primarily concerned with the Christian Trinity and salvation from sin through faith in Jesus, who they identify as the Jewish messiah (a claim that will be examined later). They also accept the Christian New Testament as authoritative scripture which will prove problematic to their claims of practicing Judaism in any sense of the term. Another important aspect of their purpose in existing is a desire to not assimilate into the larger church and to “share this way, this truth, and this life with their Jewish brothers and sisters.” They simultaneously wish to remain separate from the goyische churches and convert other Jews to Christianity. Both of these goals will be analyzed below.

           The fundamental problem with Messianic Judaism is their insistence on calling their religion Judaism. Despite their claims to be practicing a “complete” form of Judaism, they negate the entirety of Judaism. As the late Orthodox Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan wrote, “Christianity negates the fundamentals of Jewish faith, and one who accepts it rejects the very essence of Judaism. Even if he continues to keep all of the rituals, it is the same as if he abandoned Judaism completely.” Although Messianic Jews retain some Jewish rituals, their Christian beliefs, and the Christian New Testament itself, subvert and destroy the essentials of Jewish faith and practice.

           The Christian New Testament explicitly claims that the Law (i.e. the Torah) is obsolete and believers in Jesus are free from both the Law and sin (Romans 7:6; Galatians 3: 23-29; Hebrews 8:13). In fact, Paul makes an explicit connection between sin and following the law, claiming, “Sin, seizing an opportunity in the commandment, deceived me and through it put me to death” (Romans 7:11). Considering that all Jewish religious rituals are grounded on the commandments of the Torah or Talmud, the Messianic insistence on holding to any of them places them in direct contradiction with their own scriptures that declare such rituals null and void. A perfect example would be the laws of kashrut, which are directly overturned in the book of Acts by one of the first church councils (Acts 15). Kashrut is an important part of traditional Jewish religious observance based on the Torah and Talmud; yet the Christian scriptures explicitly reject this Jewish practice and the argument made by some in the council to have gentile converts to Christianity “observe the Mosaic law” (Acts 15:5). And the rejection of Jewish law was not limited to gentile converts, but was practiced by Jewish Christians as well, as depicted in Acts 10. Throughout the Christian New Testament, Jewish law is rejected, the Torah is denigrated, and the essentials of the Jewish faith are subverted.

The rejection of Jewish law and practice in the Christian scriptures becomes important in later church history and church councils which explicitly forbade the “Judaizing” of Christianity as heresy (known as the Ebionite heresy). It was argued, based on the teaching of Paul, that “if justification comes through the law, then Christ died for nothing” (Galatians 2:21). The practices of the Jews were further tarred by the antisemitism of the gospels, which portray the Jews as obstinate children of the devil and the killers of Jesus (John 8:44; Matthew 27: 22-25). Jewish practice was even further tarred by the portrayal of the Pharisees in the gospels and their position in Judaism as the rabbis who established the Talmud as the authoritative interpretation of the Torah. The authority of the rabbis was rejected by Jesus himself, most explicitly in Mark 7:13, claiming that the Pharisees/rabbis “nullify the word of God in favor of tradition.” Because Jewish rituals are largely based on the interpretations of Jewish law given in the Talmud, and Jesus himself rejected the authority of the rabbis, the church also rejected Jewish rituals, traditions, practices, and interpretations. Messianic Judaism neglects this anti-Jewish aspect of Christian history, teaching, and scripture for ideological reasons, i.e. the conversion of Jews to Christianity and the desire for a Jewish aesthetic in their worship services.

           Furthermore, the Messianic insistence on keeping themselves apart from the larger goyische church violates the teachings of the Christian New Testament. In Galatians 3:23-29, Paul states that there is “neither Jew nor Greek” and that all Christians are children of God and through Jesus they are all descendants of Abraham. Paul is essentially arguing that goyim have been grafted into the people of Israel through faith in Jesus. Ephesians 4:1-5 calls all Christians to live together in unity as “one body and one spirit […] one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father of all.” Paul further teaches in 1 Corinthians 12:13 that “in one spirit we were all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, slaves or free persons.” He gives this exhortation after lambasting the Corinthian church for having divisions and factions (1 Corinthians 11:18-19). The insistence on maintaining Jewish traditions not only doesn’t fit the theology of Christianity, it creates factions and divisions in the community which is also explicitly forbidden by Christian scriptures.

           Moving away from the problems implicit in trying to make Christianity more Jewish, there is the problem of theology in Messianic Judaism. Theologically, they are Christian, not Jewish. In fact, their beliefs about the Trinity and Incarnation are remarkably orthodox for Christianity. They believe that there is one God in three persons: the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. They believe that Jesus is the son of God and God incarnate who died for the forgiveness of sins, and that the Holy Spirit dwells in the church and in the hearts of believers. These beliefs are adhered to by all mainstream Protestant, Catholic, and Eastern Orthodox churches. However, this creates problems for the sect in claiming to be an expression of Judaism because Judaism denies all of these beliefs. Furthermore, the entire religious paradigm of Judaism is different from that of Christianity. Judaism is not primarily concerned with salvation from sin, but in living according to the will of God as expressed through the Torah.

           First and foremost, the divide between Judaism and Christianity has to do with the role of Jesus, not simply if he was the messiah, but whether or not he was a god. Judaism explicitly rejects Jesus as the messiah because of his failure to fulfill the requirements of the role. Judaism also rejects the idea that a human being can be God and on principle will not worship other gods. The Christian deification of Jesus violates both the concept of monotheism and the rejection of a human incarnation of God. Both principles can be found in the Bible. Furthermore, the Torah explicitly warns against false prophets, which by any rational standard Jesus (and the apostles) would fall into, even if we accepted the idea that he (they) performed miracles.

           The Jewish commitment to monotheism can be found throughout the Bible. The first and second commandments state, “I the Lord am your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, the house of bondage: You shall have no other gods besides Me. You shall not make for yourself a sculptured image […] You shall not bow down to them or serve them” (Exodus 20:2-5). The central statement of Jewish faith can be found in Deuteronomy 6:4-5, “Hear, O Israel! The Lord is our God, the Lord alone. You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your might.” And finally, God declares his utter singularity in Isaiah 45:5, “I am the Lord and there is none else; beside Me there is no god.” These verses reveal the absolute unity of God in Jewish theology. God identifies himself as the savior of the Jews from Egyptian slavery, and declares that the Jews will worship no other gods, in fact that there are no gods beside (with) him. Jewish interpretations of these verses have led them to completely reject the Christian doctrine of the Trinity as having no basis in the Bible. Moses Maimonides, one the greatest and most authoritative Jewish legal scholars in history, included in his 13 principles of faith belief in the absolute unity of God. Divisions like those of the Trinity are rejected.

           Maimonides also included a rejection of divine incarnation as one of his principles of Jewish faith, which he grounded in the Bible. The Jewish faith rejects the idea that God would have a physical body. The prophet Hosea quotes God as saying, “I am God and not a man” (Hosea 11:9). In the Torah, the idea that God could be a human being is explicitly rejected, “God is not a man to be capricious, or mortal to change his mind. Would he speak and not act, promise and not fulfill?” (Numbers 23:19). Moving away from the Bible there is also the logical inconsistency of the idea of an infinite, eternal God truly becoming a finite, contingent human being. The concept of God is inherently mutually exclusive from that of humanity. One cannot truly become the other without totally leaving behind the nature of the former being. I.e. if God were to truly become a human being, he would cease to be God. The Incarnation not only violates the fundamental teaching of Jewish theology, but also flies in the face of logic.

           Moving away from these irreconcilable theological differences between Judaism and Christianity, there is the issue of the messiah. Christians, including Messianic Jews, believe that Jesus was the messiah, while Jews, in keeping with the teachings of halakha and the Bible, reject this claim. The reason for the rejection of the claim that Jesus was the messiah has to do with the standards which Jews have for the messiah. Primarily, the messiah will reestablish the Davidic line of kings, gather the Jewish exiles to Israel, and establish a world rule marked by world peace and mass recognition of the Jewish understanding of God as the correct one (Daniel 7:13-14; Isaiah 2:2-4; Micah 4:1-4; Ezekiel 39:9; Ezekiel 36:24; Isaiah 11:9; Jeremiah 31:31-34; Zechariah 8:23, 14:9,16). There are other, less dramatic requirements which I will not list here. None of these things have happened. Furthermore, Jesus failed to be properly descended from King David. The gospels state that Jesus was born of a virgin and did not have a human father. This in itself bars him from being the messiah if it is true because royal succession is passed through the father, not the mother. Assuming the validity of Jesus genealogy in the gospels, we must also take into account that he was not descended through the proper royal line. Luke shows Jesus as descended from Nathan, not Solomon, but the messiah must be descended from David through Solomon (Luke 3:31; II Samuel 7:12-17; I Chronicles 22:9-10). Because Jesus failed to have the proper pedigree and failed to fulfill the role of the messiah, Jews reject his claim to be the messiah.

           There is one other problem with the Christian understanding of the messiah, i.e. that the messiah must suffer and die for the sins of humanity. This idea is completely foreign to Judaism which explicitly rejects human sacrifice. It is, however, completely at home in pagan understandings of a dying and rising savior god, like Osiris, Horus, or Mithra. The Bible repeatedly and consistently states that human sacrifice is abhorrent to God (Deuteronomy 12:30-31; Jeremiah 19:4-6; Psalm 106:37-38; Ezekiel 16:20). Nor does Judaism, or the Bible, teach that a blood sacrifice must be made for the forgiveness of sin (Leviticus 5:11-13; Jonah 3:10; Jeremiah 7:22-23; 2 Chronicles 7:14; Psalm 51:16-17; etc. etc.). Judaism is consistent in teaching that repentance is what God looks for to forgive sins, not sacrifice. Furthermore, Judaism does not teach that someone can atone for the sins of another, each person must atone for their own sins (Deuteronomy 24:16; Ezekiel 18:1-4, 20-24, 26-27; Jeremiah 31:29-30). For all these reasons the death of Jesus, a human sacrifice, has no place in Jewish theology, nor would the God of Judaism accept such a sacrifice.

           And finally, there is the issue of false prophets. Deuteronomy 13:2-6 states in part, “If there appears a prophet or dream diviner and he gives you a sign or portent, saying, ‘let us follow and worship another god’ […] even if the sign […] comes true, do not heed the words of that prophet […] the Lord is testing you.” Jesus claimed to be the son of God (perhaps even God himself) in John 8, and Paul taught throughout the epistles that “Jesus is Lord.” Considering the Jewish adherence to strict monotheism, these proclamations amount to Jesus, Paul, and any other Jewish Christian falling under the label of a false prophet, someone claiming to speak for God while violating the Torah, specifically the commands to worship God alone and obey his commandments. When a Jewish Christian proselytizes another Jew and exhorts him or her to worship Jesus, they are explicitly violating the dictates of the Torah as laid out above, not “fulfilling” or “completing” their Jewish faith.

           The Torah teaches that the Torah is binding on all Jews for all time (Deuteronomy 29:9-14). There is no escape clause in the Torah. Judaism also views the Torah as a blessing, not a curse. It is through observing the teachings of the Torah that Jews are able to obey and draw close to God and live a good life (Deuteronomy 30:11-20). Therefore, the Messianic/Christian claim that the Torah leads to sin and death and has been discarded or superseded by the “new covenant” established by a false messiah is fundamentally incompatible with Judaism. If the Messianic movement accepts the teachings of the Christian New Testament, then they are fundamentally opposed to the essential teachings of Judaism, and therefore, the religion that they practice is not Judaism at all. It is Christianity deceitfully calling itself Judaism and appropriated Jewish rituals for the sake of converting Jews to Christianity. Christianity and Judaism are not compatible religions to be syncretized. Each has its own internal rationale and belief system. While there may be Jewish Christians (people born Jewish who converted to Christianity), there is no such thing as Christian Judaism. It is a contradiction of terms.

anonymous asked:

For Binder Anon: "You are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus. / For all of you who were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ. / There is neither Jew nor Greek, slave nor free, male nor female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus." Galatians 3:26-28. Your gender or potential lack thereof does not matter to God, so long as you love Him. There's nothing sinful about questioning your gender <3

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                                   ✿  Realm of fairy tales  ✿

Cinderella, or The Little Glass Slipper (Italian: Cenerentola, French: Cendrillon ou La Petite Pantoufle de verre,German: Aschenputtel), is a European folk tale embodying a myth-element of unjust oppression.

The Aarne–Thompson system classifies Cinderella as “the persecuted heroine”. The story of Rhodopis, about a Greek slave girl who marries the king of Egypt, is considered the earliest known variant of the “Cinderella” story, and many variants are known throughout the world.

anonymous asked:

You people do realize that most of the slaves, like the vast vast majority, brought to the Americas were sold to European slavers by other African tribes right? African tribes and Empires would enslave and sell other African tribes who they conquered through war or those under their rule who they considered undesirable (like other ethnic groups, criminals, etc.) to European slavers who then took them across the Atlantic to their new destination. Like you realize this right?

“Africans sold their own people as slaves” is a stock argument White Americans use when the subject of slavery comes up.

First, simply as an argument of fact it fails:

And it overlooks a few other things:

Wow your argument is so unoriginal and flawed that I found a blog that literally deconstructs it step by step! Click the link to find out where your ugly racist ass went wrong! 

-D

I’m tired of having to defend myself if I talk about queer theology. I wouldn’t mind if I just had to defend the theology itself. In fact, I would love that. I’d love to sit down with my fellow Christians and talk about how God speaks to queer people. What I hate, though, is having to defend that queer theology should exist in the first place.

Almost every time the conversation comes up, it turns to saying that homosexuality is no worse than any other sin, and we need to love gay people too. I guess saying that is more admirable than some of the other things I’ve heard said about queer people. That doesn’t really change the fact that, for me, what those people are saying they want to do is just completely impossible. You want to tell someone that they have an innate, unchangeable (and if it’s both of those things, it has to be God-given, too) desire, the expression of which could only ever possibly be sinful. And then you’d like to call that love. Fuck that.

I want a conversation that actually focuses on queer theology.

It’s time we find a place for Foucault and Butler within the walls of the church. A place where we break down every identity that separates us from our fellow Christian; where there is no gay or straight, man or woman, Jew or Greek, slave or free. “ … For Christians the only stable identity is that of a member of the people of God, the Church, conveyed by baptism and constituted by God’s self. No identity should take precedence over Christian identity and hence within the Church gender cannot be a determining factor in assessing what kind of sex constitutes moral sex. Baptism and not biology is the means by which one becomes Christian and in Christ there is ‘no male or female’: gender is radically decentralized” (Elizabeth Stuart). We sacrifice our ‘tribal’ identities like gay or straight, trans or cisgender, when we take up the challenge to live within the body of Christ. 

This is what Paul talks about in Romans when he says, “Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewal of your mind …” Existing within the body of Christ is not just receiving a new identity to add to the list of things that already set you apart. It’s a shattering of all the identities that you believed to be important. You’re called to find your place in a subversive new system. “For as in one body we have many members, and the members do not all have the same function, so we, through many, are one body in Christ.”

All this is why, when I find that I don’t fall into the categories of gay or straight, and male or female, I prefer to choose not to define myself as anything other than queer. Queer theology needs to engage the church in a way that Gay and Lesbian theology hasn’t been able to do. If it wants its voice heard, then the conversation needs to change altogether. It needs to move on from adding another division to deconstructing them at their foundation.

People complain about debt slavery and “the system” regularly on tumblr.  I do the same thing quite often but I realize that what I’m criticizing and what the majority perceive they’re criticizing are completely different constructs.

Often these people confuse “the system” with capitalism through little fault of their own, they’ve been conditioned to.

Occasionally a post about the utopian socialist nations of Scandinavia will cross my dash loaded with commentary preaching the lessons that the U.S. needs to learn from these righteous bastions of equality.

These critics refuse to examine the nature of the Scandinavian countries; what constitutes the population, the role of culture or the fact that each is struggling with reforms to their respective social welfare systems to one degree or another.

They also refuse to acknowledge Greece, Italy, Spain, Ireland and other socialist states that are either on the cusp of insolvency or are in extreme crisis.  

State spending and social welfare policy has allowed various European populations to live for several generations beyond their means with the illusion of stability in perpetuity.    

Fabian socialists are global socialists who coined their approach to the socialist authoritarian state the “third way”.  The Third Way sought to harness the economic efficiency displayed by Hitler’s “National Socialism” and blend it with the goals of the global socialists/Marxists.  Fabians are the mainline socialists throughout Europe.  The Labour Party in the UK was founded by the Fabian Society.

The Eurozone/EU is a fabian socialist construct.

Fabians do not believe in an open or free society.  They seek manipulation, control and implementation of their policies through stealth.  Rather than through violent revolution they seek to destroy and replace through economic action, cultural subversion and long term government policy.  

It is a system of social control through the authoritarian state and a heavily regulated corporatist economy.  As previously mentioned it is an economic system that closely resembles the fascist economies of 1930s Italy and Germany.  

What we’re seeing is that populations who have become accustomed to the all encompassing welfare state do not seem to comprehend that public debt is also their debt.  

It is a distant and abstract concept that you elected a promising cult of personality to deal with and now that the payments are dwindling what recourse do you have?  The government that once was your benevolent partner is now your adversary?  How can you continue to live beyond your means? What if the reality is that you cannot.  What if an entity from beyond your borders tells you that it doesn’t have to hurt so much if you accept terms offered to you?

All Greeks are now debt slaves regardless of how they chose to live their lives.  

They will pay higher taxes, they will face external regulation and imposed terms of austerity.  Their election of the socialist saviors was meaningless.  It is a great fabian bait and switch.  The mouse got the cheese and the trap got the mouse.

The eurozone is discovering that their nations collectively gave up their sovereignty to Brussels when they signed on the dotted line.  They are learning, perhaps too late, that their leadership are no more than representatives before a Pan-European socialist bureaucracy.  

anonymous asked:

(1)HI. First of all, I would like to say this: Lots oif things that you mentioned happened a long time ago. As far as I know, nobody today had a slave, or was a suffragette. So why does it matter? I think you're awesome for standing to be equal! I want to help everybody be equal too, but as a white girl, I am not going to apologise for things that happened in the past that I was not involved in. Another thing I've noticed is that while black people can be proud to be black,

(2) White people cannot be proud to be White. Also, the slave trade was originally started by Africans enslaving other Africans, so you can’t blame everything on white people. Its still racism when its directed at white people! As of today, there are racist white people and racist black people. Finally, I would like to note that I am only 13, and I apologise for anything I’ve got wrong. Please correct me if I’m wrong. 

(3) Also I’m British, and don’t really know too well whats happening in America so again, my apologies for anything I’ve got wrong.


Hey Anon,

I would usually ignore a message like this, but you say that you’re thirteen and if that’s true it will be easier to get my point across to a young brain over a 33-year-old brain that has been steeped in privilege for decades.

First of all, whoever told you that slavery began in Africa catered the truth to their whims. Those are “alternative facts,” if you will. The truth is that slavery in some form or other has existed probably since the dawn of humanity, but I think it will take someone more than me to trace it back to its origins. That being said, the ancient Greeks had slaves, as did the Romans, the Egyptians (yes in Africa) and the Vikings had slaves just to name a few of the ancient societies. These slaves were usually spoils of war and were not based on racism as we know it now, meaning it was based on army strength.  If the Vikings raided your lands and you were not strong enough to stop them(few were) they would take your women and children back with them as slaves.

While slavery is not Ok in any form those wounds were very different as the ancient Viking, Roman empires, etc fell.

The transatlantic slave trade, which is the slave trade that polluted the western world started with the Portuguese in the 1600s and continued until the 1800s on record, but really it was around 1900s when the governments of the world were forcefully policing their laws.

The transatlantic slave trade was one of the most evil practices in the world because it happened purely because white people of Europe and later America decided that Africans were not humans. I have yet to hear of any other group having slaves for this reason. There were slaves based on religion, based on the outcome of wars, etc but to look at a set of people who bleed, feel pain, reproduce in the same exact way and say “well, they’re not human so we can do ANYTHING we want” is a kind of evil so deep it can’t go away quickly. Especially, because unlike the Roman Empire those societies did not fall.

Instead, freed slaves were expected to assimilate into the very slavery that enslaved them. Unfortunately, hate doesn’t just disappear because of law. White peoples owned black people, is it realistic that the same generation of ppl would be able to look at their old “property” as equal? No. Could the next generation? No, they were raised by the slave owners. So for around 100 years black ppl had a sort of freedom but no real rights or opportunities. They were put into societal Cage  of “this little bit of the world is for you while the rest of it is for white people, because your skin was dark.”

Then in the 1960s black Americans began to fight for their rights. We had a new branch of young people who decided that they were not ex-slaves or less than, they were equal and so they decided to fight.

Remember, I am talking about less than 100 years ago. My grandmother was alive when black people couldn’t drink from the same water fountain as white people. My mother was raised in early integration America where white people had to grudgingly live side by side with her and they didn’t like it.

So really, my siblings who range from 34-16 and I are the first in our family to grow up in a world where black people and white people living side by side is normal.

Saying that these things happened sooo long ago is oversimplifying a complex issue. I don’t know where in England you live but I have family in London and they have stories of racism and injustice just as we do in America.

I am black, college educated and work on a  Netflix television show. I am one of three black people in the office of writers and editors, the crew of the show is more diverse. I had my first internship when I was 16 years old and since then I have always worked with a majority of white people. My classmates at NYU film were 150 in my class and five maybe ten of those students were black and none were black men.

I tell you this to give you an example of what I am working with as a person of color in this country. A person who looks like me achieving success is still not the rule, I am the exception to the rule. And, that’s because the inequality from slavery still trickles down. Our hair that grows naturally out of or our head is very kinky, and for some women (like me) our hair is difficult to take care of so many of us get things like dreads. Dreadlocks are cultural and also practical and yet businesses are allowed to fire us for our hair and the way it naturally grows out of our head. Why? Because we are still seen as savages. Our hair styles seeen as less than, or improper.  Imagine if the government said it was ok to fire someone because their hair is black or brunette. Think about how much work goes into dyeing your hair blonde. There is bleaching and color dye that are the opposite of healthy for your hair. That is the same for the practices that help black people straighten their hair.

We are given the option of damaging our hair with products that have chemicals in it that can cause cancer or not hold down a job. This is a very small aspect of what we live with but this is racism and white supremacy in modern times.

Oh! And to answer your question…No, black people cannot be racist. Neither can Native Americans, Latinos, etc.  That is a myth that white people like to use in order to make themselves feel better. Racism is a system that disadvantages people based on race. It says that certain people are better, because of the color of their skin and therefore are superior and deserve to live superiorly. POC can not be racist in our current society because they do not have the power to be superior. Everyone CAN be prejudiced. But, my prejudice cannot affect the livelihood and safety of a white person. Which is why the term “reverse racism” is false. 

Black Pride is about having pride in your culture, in your history, in your past and how far you have come. It’s saying yes, we do not have all the opportunities and we have a horrible history, but look, we are overcoming! Sure, white people are still saying that we’re not as beautiful, that our looks are not the ideal and that our hair is nappy and ugly, but we are made of magic and we are beautiful. White pride says that you are better than other races. You can be proud to be British, you can be proud to be American, you can be proud to be Irish, you can be proud to be Jewish, or Catholic, etc. But, if you are proud to be white, what does that mean? What is the shared history of white people? What exactly would you be celebrating? 

Anon, I hope you read this whole message as I wrote it specifically for you and I hope you understand a new point of view. We are still a long way from equality because the descendants of slave owners still do not see us as 100% equal.

Sincerely,

Naomi