great britain

On this day in the History of British Queens, 29th July

1166 - Eleanor of Aquitaine’s grandson, Henry II, Count of Champagne is born. He was the son of her daughter from her first marriage, Marie of France, and Henry I, Count of Champagne.

1326 - A year before her own death, Elizabeth de Burgh’s father, Richard Óg de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster, dies at Athassel Priory in County Tipperary.

1412 - Joan of Navarre’s brother, Peter, Count of Mortain, dies in Bourges.

1475 - Elizabeth Woodville attends the burial of her father-in-law, Richard, Duke of York, and her brother-in-law, Edmund, Earl of Rutland, in Fotheringhay. A contemporary said that she “made a great obeisance and reverance to the said body [Richard, Duke of York]” and that she was “dressed all in blue [the colour of royal mourning] without a high headdress”. Richard and Edmund had been killed at the Battle of Wakefield 15 years before and their heads put on spikes on top of Micklegate Bar in the city of York. Edward IV ordered that their heads be buried with their bodies at Pontefract Priory after he won the Battle of Towton in 1461, but they were not buried in the family vault at Fotheringhay until 1475.

1548 - Mary, Queen of Scots sails to France from Dumbarton.

1565 - Even though a papal dispensation had not been obtained, Mary, Queen of Scots marries her first cousin Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, at Holyrood Palace in Edinburgh.

1588 - Elizabeth I’s troops, commanded by Lord Charles Howard and Sir Francis Drake, defeat the Spanish Armada at the Battle of Gravelines and disperse them to the northeast and then, eventually, back down to Spain. However, the English remained unaware that the armada had given up and intended to go back for some time, and still feared an invasion, which lead to English militias mustering to defend the nation under the command of the Earl of Leicester and Elizabeth delivering her famous “Tilbury Speech” to rouse support.

1761 - Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz’s mother, Duchess Elisabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen, dies aged 47 in Neustrelitz.

1981 - Elizabeth II’s eldest son Charles, Prince of Wales, marries Lady Diana Spencer at St. Paul’s Cathedral, London.