So as someone who was a victim of the flawed American education system i feel like a lot of grammar concepts were taught poorly in school so here I am trying to do my best to help y’all out. The reason for this mostly being that it is difficult to learn a language if you don’t understand all the lingo. Hopefully I did a decent job with this.
*note i used Spanish in this as an example because it is my best target lang*
In grammar, “perfect” refers to something that has been completed. Perfect tenses focus on something that was completed in respect to a specific point in time. The perfect tense is created by using a helping verb, haber in Spanish, plus a past participle. In English the helping verbs is “have” and its various conjugations, It is used to create sentences such as, “ I have already seen that movie”, with the word “have” indicating that you had already seen the movie before and the word “watched” is in its past participle form. Altogether this helps show that you have already completed an action in the past. You will notice that the past participle does not change tense but the helping verb “have” does:
“I have watched that movie already”- present perfect
“I had watched that movie already”- past perfect
“I will have watched that movie already”- future perfect
These sentences have different meanings but the only thing that changed was the tense of the helping verb.