Head of a bodhisattva, Gandhara, around 4th century, terracotta, 85 cm in height, Asian Civilisations Museum
In the 3rd century BC, King Ashoka officially converted Gandhara, a region that is now in Afghanistan, to Buddhism. Buddhist kings of the later Kushan kingdom encouraged the creation of sculptural representations of Buddha and the bodhisattvas by the 2nd century AD. Using strong elements of Graeco-Roman art, Gandharan artists created some of the earliest figural sculptures in Buddhism
Bodhisattvas are distinguished from figures of the Buddha by being adorned with jewellery, and also having beards and moustaches. This jewellery is characteristic of Gandharan art. A circular indent on his forehead, called an urna, is a mark of nobility and illumination, and would have been inlaid with a precious stone.
What calendars do you use personally? Specifically for Graeco-Roman Polytheism; so for both Hellenic and Roman. You said a few asks back you got two calendars. Is it possible for us to see? Also Happy Athenian New Year
Thanks, Anon, and happy Athenian New Year to you!
I consult the Hellenion calendar for Hellenic dates. Each Greek polis had its own festivals, and developed its own calendar; Hellenion uses the Athenian model. Since the Greeks based time-keeping on lunar months, the dates of festivals change each year.
The twelve folded snake staff, as per one featured in Skinner’s Techniques of Graeco Egyptian magic, is modeled after one found in the tomb of an Egyptian sorcerer. It’s almost done and ready to go at the blacksmith’s. 140.00 for two, not terribe pricing in the slightest!
The twelve folds in the staff are suggested to represent the hours of the night. Serpents feature frequently in the PGM and in Semitic magic also.