Russia's Factory Children: State, Society, and Law, 1800-1917

At the height of the Russian industrial revolution, legions of children toiled in factories, accounting for fifteen percent of the workforce. Yet, by the end of the nineteenth century, their numbers had been greatly reduced, thanks to legislation that sought to protect the welfare of children for the first time. Russia’s Factory Children presents the first English-language account of the changing role of children in the Russian workforce,
Russia’s Factory Children: State, Society, and Law, 1800-1917 from the onset of industrialization until the Communist Revolution of 1917, and profiles the laws that would establish children’s labor rights. In this compelling study, Boris B. Gorshkov examines the daily lives, working conditions, hours, wages, physical risks, and health dangers to children who labored in Russian factories. He also chronicles the evolving cultural mores that initially welcomed child labor practices but later shunned them. Through extensive archival research, Gorshkov views the evolution of Russian child labor law as a reaction to the rise of industrialism and the increasing dangers of the workplace. Perhaps most remarkable is his revelation that activism, from the bourgeoisie, intellectuals, and children themselves, led to the conciliation of legislators and marked a progressive shift that would impact Russian society in the early twentieth century and beyond.


Entries have been published for the Cup of Russia Final, Feb. 16-20 in Saransk. In theory, this competition may be used as a deciding factor for some of Russia’s entries to Senior & Junior Worlds (though I will not get my hopes up - but at least some of them can be named as alternates). It also helps to determine the composition of the National Team for the next season.

English version of entry list incl. pairs, dance, & juniors here

Notable entries (according to me 😉): 

Men: Gordei Gorshkov, Alexander Samarin, Anton Shulepov, Zhan Bush, Sergei Voronov 

Ladies: Yulia Lipnitskaya, Alena Leonova, Maria Artemieva, Serafima Sakhanovich, Diana Pervushkina

Pairs: Astakhova/Rogonov, Bazarova/Deputat, Gubanova/Sintsov, Biryukova/Filonov, Cherniavskaya/Souza-Cordeiro

Ice Dance: Zahorski/Guerreiro, Safronova/Zimin…(ok, I don’t know any of them except for Tiffany & Jonathan)

Junior Men: Daniil Bernadiner, Iliya Skirda, Petr Gumennik, Georgiy Kunitsa, Nikolai Gerasimov, Vladimir Samoilov, Egor Efimchuk, Roman Savosin

Junior Ladies: Alisa Fedichkina, Anastasia Gubanova, Ekaterina Kurakova, Anastasia Mukhortova, Anna Tarusina, Stanislava Konstantinova, Valeria Mikhailova

Junior Ice Dance: Loboda/Drozd, Popova/Vlasenko

Junior Pairs: Atakhanova/Spirodonov, Poluiaova/Korotkov, Ivanova/Khakimov

WORST NIGHTMARE for US Navy Admiral Gorshkov Class Frigate

WORST NIGHTMARE for US Navy Admiral Gorshkov Class Frigate

The new Russian Admiral Gorshkov Class Frigate is the worst news for the US Navy. The Admiral Gorshkov-class frigates, also known as Project 22350, are a class of frigate of the Russian Navy. They have been designed by the Severnoye Design Bureau, Saint Petersburg, the lead ship being named after Sergey Gorshkov.

Project 22350 is the effective successor of the Krivak class. Unlike…

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TO GO WITH AFP STORY BY DMYTRO GORSHKOV Believers of the Russian Church gather on December 23, 2015 near the church of of the village of Ptycha, Rivne region to support parishioners barricaded themselves inside the church building. Ptycha, a village of some 1,000 residents 350 kilometres (220 miles) west of Kiev, is seeing tensions which taken last days extreme forms around a parish belonging to the Moscow Church as the Kiev patriarchy wants it to be handed under its control. Several priests and parishioners of the Russian Church barricaded themselves inside the church building refusing to let in the faithfuls of the Kiev Church. A dozen of police officers guard the church and do not let anyone enter. / AFP / GENYA SAVILOV (Photo credit should read GENYA SAVILOV/AFP/Getty Images) http://dlvr.it/KSGcdY

[1601.06857] Collective phases of strongly interacting cavity photons

[ Authors ]
Ryan M. Wilson, Khan W. Mahmud, Anzi Hu, Alexey V. Gorshkov, Mohammad Hafezi, Michael Foss-Feig
[ Abstract ]
We study a coupled array of coherently driven photonic cavities, which maps onto a driven-dissipative XY spin-$\frac{1}{2}$ model with ferromagnetic couplings in the limit of strong optical nonlinearities. Using a site-decoupled mean-field approximation, we identify steady state phases with canted antiferromagnetic order, in addition to limit cycle phases, where oscillatory dynamics persist indefinitely. We also identify collective bistable phases, where the system supports two steady states among spatially uniform, antiferromagnetic, and limit cycle phases. We compare these mean-field results to exact quantum trajectories simulations for finite one-dimensional arrays. The exact results exhibit short-range antiferromagnetic order for parameters that have significant overlap with the mean-field phase diagram. In the mean-field bistable regime, the exact quantum dynamics exhibits real-time collective switching between macroscopically distinguishable states. We present a clear physical picture for this dynamics, and establish a simple relationship between the switching times and properties of the quantum Liouvillian.

#India #IndianNavy #aircraftcarrier #indianaircraftcarrier #INS #russianaircraftcarrier #SovietNavy #Russia ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
“🇮🇳 INS Vikramaditya” —-> is a modified Kiev-class aircraft carrier which entered into service with the Indian Navy in 2013. She has been renamed in honour of Vikramaditya, a legendary 1st century BCE emperor of Ujjain, India.

Originally built as Baku and commissioned in 1987, the carrier served with the Soviet and later with the Russian Navies (as Admiral Gorshkov) before being decommissioned in 1996 as she was too expensive to operate on a post-Cold War budget. The carrier was purchased by India on 20 January 2004 after years of negotiations at a final price of $2.35 billion. The ship successfully completed her sea trials in July 2013 and aviation trials in September 2013.

She was commissioned on 16 November 2013 at a ceremony held at Severodvinsk, Russia. On 14 June 2014, Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi formally inducted INS Vikramaditya into the Indian Navy and dedicated it to the nation. ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Russia was scheduled to hand over Vikramaditya to India on 4 December 2012, with sea trials scheduled to begin on 29 May 2012. The sea trials in fact began on 8 June. The ship sailed out for pre-delivery trials from the berth of the Sevmash shipyard in Russia’s northern city of Severodvinsk. These trials were to include landing and take-off of fighter jets from the deck of the carrier.

On 17 September 2012, malfunctions were detected during trials. According to official report, seven out of eight steam boilers of the propulsion machinery were out of order. Due to this, the deadline of the hand over this ship to the Indian Navy was postponed again until October 2013. Later investigation has determined that the cause for the engine failure was due to poor workmanship and supervision. The Gorshkov and other ships of the class had a history of multiple boiler failures, however Russian shipbuilders claimed that the source of the problem was the low-grade Chinese-made firebricks that were used in the boiler insulation instead of asbestos.