Godfrey Hounsfield, Allan Cormack, CT scanner, EMI Laboratories, England, 1971. Both were later awarded with the Nobel Peace Prize and the EMi brain scanner was renamed computer tomography or CAT scanning. Tomography is from the Greek tomos = slice and graph = describing.
EMI’s investment in medical technology was funded by the success of the Beatles’ records, released on the Parlophone label. So the story goes.
“The scanner was the first machine to give a detailed picture of patients’ brains, working through 180 angles (each separated by just one degree). EMI’s scanner, first installed at Atkinson Morley Hospital, Wimbledon in 1972, was the most significant advance in radiology since the X-ray.” James Dyson