Millions of Years Ago the Earth Was Covered in Ice

Welcome to “Snowball Earth”

700 million years ago, the earth was encased in a sheet of ice up to 3 kilometres thick. Good job there was only plankton around to endure it

These days, if you want to see a glacier near the equator, you must scale the rarefied heights of Mount Kenya or the Ecuadorian Andes. Around 700 million years ago it was a bit less of an effort. In fact, you’d struggle to find somewhere that wasn’t frozen over.

You’ve arrived in the middle of the Cryogenian period, so called because the planet was repeatedly sheathed in ice in a series of “snowball Earth” episodes. The greatest of these Cryogenian snowballs, the Sturtian glaciation, began 716.5 million years ago. In the space of a few years, land and sea across the globe were swallowed up by sheets of ice that eventually became kilometres thick.

Find out more here:  BBC - Snowball Earth

(via: New Scientist)

Image: John Eastcott and Yva Momatiuk/National Geographic Creative

♀ Yellow-rumped Warbler @ James Gardens, Etobicoke (mid-May, evening, dark and shadowy).

Four closely related North American bird forms—the eastern myrtle warbler (ssp coronata), its western counterpart, Audubon’s warbler (ssp group auduboni), the northwest Mexican black-fronted warbler (ssp nigrifrons), and the Guatemalan Goldman’s warbler (ssp goldmani)—are periodically lumped as the yellow-rumped warbler (Setophaga coronata).

Since 1973, the American Ornithologists’ Union has elected to merge these passerine birds as one species. The Myrtle form was apparently separated from the others by glaciation during the Pleistocene, and the Audubon’s form may have originated more recently through hybridization between the myrtle warbler and the Mexican nigrifrons form.

Cho Oyu, Ngozumpa Gacier, Khumbu, Nepal by Bartek Dumbal
Via Flickr:
Cho Oyu (Nepali: चोयु; Tibetan: ཇོ་བོ་དབུ་ཡ, Wylie: jo bo dbu yag, ZYPY: Qowowuyag: Chinese: 卓奧友山; pinyin: Zhuó'àoyǒu Shān) is the sixth highest mountain in the world at 8,201 metres (26,906 ft) above sea level. Cho Oyu means “Turquoise Goddess” in Tibetan. The mountain is the westernmost major peak of the Khumbu sub-section of the Mahalangur Himalaya 20 km west of Mount Everest. The mountain stands on the Tibet-Nepal border. Just a few kilometres west of Cho Oyu is Nangpa La (5,716m/18,753 ft), a glaciated pass that serves as the main trading route between the Tibetans and the Khumbu’s Sherpas. This pass separates the Khumbu and Rolwaling Himalayas. Due to its proximity to this pass and the generally moderate slopes of the standard northwest ridge route, Cho Oyu is considered the easiest 8,000 metre peak to climb,. Source : Wikipedia.

I can’t draw people aaAAH


Form is only used when they want to fit in small places, or when another legend is in a similar form (they do it because it’s the ‘nice’ thing to do.)

The hammer’s name is Glaciate.

They’re small, fast, but the hammer weighs them down a ton. The hammer is a reference to their large size as a Kyurem and that with it they are strong but clumsy, and without they are weak and vulnerable.

They don’t use it often.

glaciater asked:

I want the K~

Send me ‘I want the K’ and I’ll generate a number –> Accepting

7. Romantic Kiss

★— He’d only met her a few times in the past, yet he felt compelled to express something that he’d felt for so long. It was obvious since the first time they had met that there was a CONNECTION that only enticed Steve, perhaps it was that she seemed to control something that had encased him for 70 years. Perhaps it was because he had gained a closeness with the element that many had thought he had feared, but in fact had only drawn him, possessing a MAGNETISM, drawn like a moth to a flame. 

Without a word uttered he stepped toward her, fingertips raising her chin with a practiced gentleness, just to get the angle right before he leaned forward with an empowered conviction and pressed his lips against hers. Shudders ran through his spine, the instant coolness of her skin against the warmth of his own only forced him to inhale sharply, but that didn’t stop him. Nothing would at this point. 

It was now or never. 

It was slow and easy, his calloused, battle worn fingertips gently sliding along her far more slender jaw line to cup the side of her face, tilting his head just to make the meeting of their lips that much more perfect. Suppressed emotions starting to surface now more than ever, particularly when his eyelids fluttered closed for the moment they made that connection, only to open once more, slowly, once he drew his lips away. Giving her a half lidded stare with his darkened azures, breathless from that sudden display of emotion. 

Was there a need to speak? Maybe, maybe he should have explained - but why explain when actions spoke volumes. 


Des cristaux se forment, traître beauté.
A l'intérieur, ils te perforent.
De l'intérieur, tu te dévores.
Ils sont magnifiques, trop aiguisés.

Le blizzard souffle, tu es enfermée.
A l'intérieur, tu deviens folle.
De l'intérieur, tes rêves s'envolent.
Les stalatites tombent, elles bloquent l'entrée.

Elle approche, tu peux sentir son étreinte glaciale.
Désormais tu peux distinguer son visage pâle.
Yeux cristallins, tu y plonges les tiens, c'est la fin.


King George Island

Population of 500; administered under the Antarctic Treaty System; 440 square miles.

Interesting fact: more than 90% of the island is permanently glaciated.

(via March of the Penguins | Flickr - Photo Sharing!)
Massive Mine Could Destroy One of the Last Best Places for Bull Trout and Grizzly Bears
Montana—where I’m fortunate to live and work—is often called “the last best place.” The moniker is a tribute to what makes our state unique: vast expanses of undeveloped land on a scale that can be found in few places in the lower 48. This unspoiled wildness makes Montana an incredible place to explore and an invaluable area for wildlife conservation.

Earthjustice has sued the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to stop what’s called the Montanore Mine under the Endangered Species Act.


In the northwest corner of the state is a place that epitomizes some of the best features of our nation’s remaining wild spaces. The Cabinet Mountains Wilderness is a 35-mile expanse of glaciated peaks that supports countless species of native wildlife, including mountain goats, bighorn sheep, pikas, wolverines, moose, elk, deer, wolves, mountain lions and Canada lynx. The Cabinet Mountains also harbor populations of grizzly bears and bull trout—threatened species protected by the Endangered Species Act. These species are now under even greater threat from a proposed copper and silver mine in the core of their wilderness habitat.

As of 2014, the grizzly bear population estimate for the Cabinet Mountains was just 21 individuals, a number so precariously small that there’s a real risk grizzlies will be wiped out in the ecosystem.

For bull trout, too, the Cabinet Mountains hold a unique opportunity for recovery. Logging, mining and construction of dams and roads have damaged bull trout habitat in the region, but the streams originating in the wilderness still support some of the last migratory populations of bull trout, which are essential to bringing back the species.


there’s dirt on the walls

but it could be a remnant of flowers

and questing thirsty tap roots

your concrete floors are scratched

etched by aeons of glaciation in solidarity 

to a mountain raised by the earth

a thousand million years ago

ash dusts your counter top

you said it was cigarettes but what if it was 

the aftermath of a campfire

a century of warmth and light and friends cooled down and tucked away to nothing

and perhaps there’s only sand in your bed

and a roaring in your ears

because you dreamt of the ocean

Mount Rainier National Park - Washington

Ascending to 14,410 feet above sea level, Mount Rainier stands as an icon in the Washington landscape. An active volcano, Mount Rainier is the most glaciated peak in the contiguous U.S.A., spawning six major rivers. Subalpine wildflower meadows ring the icy volcano while ancient forest cloaks Mount Rainier’s lower slopes. Wildlife abounds in the park’s ecosystems. A lifetime of discovery awaits.

#FindYourPark #Mountains #Nature #Travel #Outdoors #NationalPark

A Look at the Intense Megavalanche Bike Race

Amongst cyclists, Megavalanche is regarded as one of the most intense races on earth. Billed as “a mountainbike downhill marathon-style event that mixes gravity-assisted excitement with enduro levels of fitness, guaranteed to test both nerve and physique,” the annual event takes place in the town of Alpe D'Huez in the French Alps with riders starting at the glaciated summit of the Pic Blanc before descending some 2,000 meters over the course of 30 km to the lush meadows of the valley bottom at Allemont – all in less than an hour’s time. This year, rider Jamie Nicoll – who ultimately finished in seventh place – captured some incredible footage thanks to an on-board, helmet-mounted cam. You can check out the first two minutes of the hectic race above as riders plow into one another right out of the gate.


from Hypebeast


O-oh, um–” As he shifted in place, the android’s gaze stayed fixated on the ground, a nervous laugh escaping his lips. He’d been lost in thought for a moment, and before he knew it, he’d nearly rammed into someone. Great going, huh? 

Sorry about that! I need to be paying more attention to where I’m going, huh…” A sigh. “R-really, I’m sorry! Eh…

He felt kind of embarrassed, but what could he do? Other than apologize, anyways.

|| glaciater ||

“Pardon me! It might be a little late now that the weather seems to be cooling down a bit, but we’re taking a poll on which ice cream flavors people would like to see for sale. Do you happen to have a dream flavor?”