gigantomachy

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The Pergamon Altar is a monumental construction built during the reign of King Eumenes II in the first half of the 2nd century BC on one of the terraces of the acropolis of the ancient city of Pergamon in Asia Minor [ Pergamon or Pergamum (Ancient Greek: τὸ Πέργαμον, to Pergamon, or ἡ Πέργαμος) was an ancient Greek city in Aeolis, currently located 26 kilometres (16 mi) from the Aegean Sea. ] The structure is 35.64 metres wide and 33.4 metres deep; the front stairway alone is almost 20 metres wide. The base is decorated with a frieze in high relief showing the battle between the Giants and the Olympian gods known as the Gigantomachy. There is a second, smaller and less well-preserved high relief frieze on the inner court walls which surround the actual fire altar on the upper level of the structure at the top of the stairs. In a set of consecutive scenes, it depicts events from the life of Telephus, legendary founder of the city of Pergamon and son of the hero Heracles and Auge, one of Tegean king Aleus’s daughters. In 1878, the German engineer Carl Humann began official excavations on the acropolis of Pergamon, an effort that lasted until 1886. The excavation was undertaken in order to rescue the altar friezes and expose the foundation of the edifice. Later, other ancient structures on the acropolis were brought to light. Upon negotiating with the Turkish government (a participant in the excavation), it was agreed that all frieze fragments found at the time would become the property of the Berlin museums. Read More || Click pictures for more info

A scene from the Gigantomachy: Ares and another figure (usually identified as Phobos, less often as Hermes) ride into battle in a chariot, trampling a Giant beneath them; Athena fights alongside.  Side A of an Attic black-figure amphora, in the manner of the Lysippides Painter; variously dated to ca. 530 or ca. 510 BCE.  Found at Vulci; now in the Staatliche Antikensammlungen, Munich.

Gigantomachy
Cake Bake Betty
Gigantomachy

March is Women’s History Month! In honor of lovely ladies, I’m posting solely female musicians this month.

  • Artist: Cake Bake Betty
  • Song: “Gigantomachy”
  • Album: To the Dark Tower (2008)

Cake Bake Betty is Lindsay Powell, a multi-instrumental singer-songwriter from Millstone Township, New Jersey. Her other musical projects include Festival (with her sister Lex on Language of Stone Records) and SkyBlazer (with the boys of Jeff on Infinity Cat Recordings). CBB uses piano, violins, synthesizers, and everything in-between to craft original songs which are sometimes quirky, sometimes deeply emotional, but all with an undeniable endearing quality. 

Powell is now performing as Fielded, plus as the vocalist of Ga'an and one half of Festival.

You can follow her tumblr here.

Word of the Day

Gigantomachy, n. /jī’gan’to-ma’kē/ - In classic mythology, a war of giants; specifically, the fabulous war of the giants against heaven.

       Source: Webster’s Unabridged New Twentieth Century Dictionary, 1956

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[FAVORITE WORKS IN ART HISTORY] The Altar of Zeus at Pergamon

Unknown artist. White marble. Pergamon Museum. Berlin, Germany. Reconstructed west front of the Altar of Zeus. Featuring a 70 foot long staircase and peristyle colonnade in the Ionic order. The Altar’s formidable size does not take away from it’s extreme attention to detail. Following the trends of the Hellenistic period, dramatic expressions and extreme naturalism is seen in the high relief narrative frieze wrapping around the entire building. The frieze depicts the Gigantomachy to symbolically allude to the Greek Victory over the Gauls. 

anonymous asked:

Hello, so i just have a question about why we call it mythology. Example is we call it greek mythology. Well how do we know the gods are not real? Why call it a myth instead of an actual religion? My knowledge on any mythology is slim but i am just wondering. Not intending any of this to come off rude.

That’s a super interesting question and one that I love partially because of the complexities surrounding it, but also just because words and their connotations are fascinating. So, from the digging I’ve done in the past and now, mythology has two definitions: it can refer to collections of myths or it can refer to the study of myths.

Now, to define myths clearly, they mean traditional stories that explain a particular phenomenon, and that’s often quite clear. Take almost any myth and it will end up explaining something: Arachne explains the creation of spiders, Leuce of the polar tree, the Titanomachy and Gigantomachy explain the presence of the gods. However, apparently in Greek times, mythos meant basically any tale or narrative, true or not.

Now that we have that clear, if we look at religion, religion is a system of faith that is practiced and involves a belief in a God or gods (though then Buddhism gets murky so we really just define it as a system of faith). Now, myth and religion can be one and the same - the book of Genesis can be considered a myth: large parts of it are explaining phenomena, of how the world came to be and the like. Similarly, those who are Hellenistic polytheistic follow it as a religion, and their knowledge of their gods come from the myths. However, the parts of the bible that don’t explain things are not myths, but are probably called something else (no idea what though).

So, essentially, in its sense, calling something a myth does not mean we presume it is not real, but rather that it is a story being used to explain something. You may very well base your religion off of myths, and many do - Hinduism is perhaps the most notable example of a religion that uses myths for the foundation of the religion. They are not necessarily disconnected.

I’m presuming that this distinction between mythology and religion came from when pagan religions were considered sacrilegious and unholy. What better way to stamp out a religion than to label it a ‘myth’ or something that is believed to be true, but isn’t (another definition of myth)? If you talked to many religious people and called one of the parts of their holy book, at least some would be offended due to the ‘negative’ connotations we have surrounding that word. For some reason we can label other people’s beliefs as make-believe but not our own. Funny that.

tl;dr Hellenistic polytheism is the religion, the myths are the stories. The Bible, Quran, and Tanach (to name a few major religions) too have myths, but I doubt people would be happy for you to call them that. I have noticed on tumblr (myself included) like to call edits around the bible ‘biblical mythology’, which I don’t know if you’ve noticed. Not always accurate, though you could say it is because we’re ‘studying’ it by making… aesthetic edits of it… we’re kind of studying it. Kind of.

I hope that cleared up somethings, though remember this is both theory and fact.

some lame af sources: x x x x x

P.S. I can’t find this website that I visited that said myth is what is considered untrue and religion is what is considered true, but I find that debatable especially considering: a) many polytheistic religions’ stories are considered myth and people who believe in them think they are (duh) true and b) that’s more on connotations we have built up

penuel

Season 5 casefile. Post-modern presentation that I am making up as I go. 1600 words.

@fictober @today-in-fic

apophenia / gigantomachy / fakelore / horus


He knows what she’s been doing. He is, personal crisis aside, quite intelligent. He knows that she’s been hopefully stroking the limp agent of his paranormal ardor. That’s a cruel thought. But the two of them are never kind to each other in this way, preferring the secluded licking of wounds, and so something must be pushing her to feel either urgent or permitted.

If he doesn’t encourage it, it will stop.

“I don’t think there’s much more that we can do here, Mulder,” she says. They are in the car, stationary. The air comfortingly perfumed by her scoured, post-autopsy scent. Beneath it, stale notes of preserved flesh. Her apocrine system always blended disturbingly well with death.

If he doesn’t encourage it, it will stop.

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The 100 Season 5 - Title spec and thoughts


So, it’s time!

Yesterday marked the start of filming season 5 and we got another title for the first three episodes (the first two confirmed by Isaiah Washington).

This also means, it’s spec time! And I want to contribute my thoughts to it – bulletpoint style.


Assuming that those titles are legit, it becomes more and more clear that season 5 will be the creation myth for the generations to come. This idea is supported by Madi’s way of telling the delinquents’ journey like a fairy tale in the sizzle reel.


Their story will become a fairy tale, a myth, a legend. Or as Galadriel in Lord of the Rings said “History became legend. Legend became myth.“ So it comes not as a surprise that the episode titles allude to fairy tales and myths; either taking themes or (perverted) names of said stories (in the broadest sense) to achieve that effect.


More thoughts under the cut.

Tagging for a start @head-and-heart @insufficient-earth-skills @forgivenessishardforus @adamantinesky @sometimesrosy and everyone who might be interested or has some other ideas to add. :)


Keep reading

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MUTABLE GODS: GREEK MYTHOLOGY:   Hekate.

Hekate’s precise nature has been chewed over and contorted since antiquity, when mortals first looked up at the new moon and felt a shiver lick down their spines as dogs howled at the dark. She is, for all intents and purposes, a liminal thing; intrinsically ambivalent, occupying the fringes of Greek polytheism more than it’s nexus. Like so many of the antique deities, Hekate is more celestial matter than organic; cosmic darkness and divine magic given skin by a goddess of nocturnal oracles and falling stars and her dog-star god of destruction husband. In the end her father was sealed in the depths of Tartarus like all the rest and her mother became an island that Zeus’ lust sent tumbling into the sea. Only Hekate then, favored by the new Lord of Olympus; she who slew Clytius during the Gigantomachy. Hekate, who led Demeter through the night to find her abducted daughter Persephone and later ministered to the young queen in how to love the dark. This was second nature, it’s what she did; arcane patroness of the moonless night whose shrine was placed before doorways and crossroads to protect against malignant spirits. Divorced from her own parents as she was, Hekate wouldn’t understand what family meant until the first time she wrapped her white arms around a mortal girl and exhaled power into her like wine from carafe to cup. The first sorceress, the first of many women who would enter her service and work her magic; her great and terrible daughters. 

Her nature has always been mutable, fluid and consequently continued to transcend the geographic boundaries of her origin, even after the proclamation in Rome of the Christian Faith began a tradition of shallow graves and high pyres for her worshipers. The new world rolled in and the Grecian pantheon faded into disuse, but humanity has never fully relinquished their fascination with the occult and Hekate would feel a delicious little surge of power every time her name was sang by pagan women dancing in secret across the terrified grass or when The Bard trotted her likeness out onto the Round to misguide the ambitious Macbeth. The explosion of New Age spiritualism in the 1970s brought her roaring back into popular consciousness after decades of the modern era’s devotion to rhyme and reason had dulled superstition. She moved across the globe, lingering in places for years and setting up shops and spawning covens as she went; pagan rituals in Lancashire’s lush countryside, New Orleans and it’s french quarter all pregnant with foreign arcanum, New York with it’s trendy vegan wiccans. Its a wide new world of crossroads and phantoms and neon sign psychics around every bend. ■

Roman Luna on a Globe Statuette, 2nd-3rd Century AD

Luna was the personification of the moon, equivalent to Greek Selene, often shown as an aspect of the Roman triple goddess (diva triformis), along with Proserpina and Hecate. Her billowing robes represent the endless forward motion of the goddess in her celestial chariot, while the silver detailing of the figure evokes moonlight.  Her chief temple was on the Aventine Hill in Rome.

Her Greek name means “light’ or radiance” and she was the daughter of the Titans Hyperion and Theia, and sister to Helios, the sun god, and Eos, goddess of the dawn. Several lovers are attributed to her in various myths, including Zeus, Pan, and the mortal Endymion. In classical times, Selene was often identified with Artemis, much as her brother, Helios, was identified with Apollo. The poet Aeschylus calls Selene “the eye of the night” and other ancient literary references describe her the “bright and beautiful haired.” The Orphic Hymns give Selene horns and a torch, describing her as “all-seeing”, “all-wise”, a lover of horses and of vigilance, and a “foe of strife” who “gives to Nature’s works their destined end”. Paired with her brother Helios, Selene adorned the east pediment of the Parthenon, where the two framed a scene depicting the birth of Athena, with Helios driving his chariot rising from the ocean on the left, and Selene and her chariot descending into the sea on the right.

From Pausanias, we learn that Selene and Helios also framed the birth of Aphrodite on the base of the Statue of Zeus at Olympia. There are indications of a similar framing by Selene and Helios of the birth of Pandora on the base of the Athena Parthenos. Selene also appears on horseback as part of the Gigantomachy frieze of the Pergamon Altar. Due to her association with the moon she was the tutelary deity of magicians and sorcerers.

S H E W O L F ; a dahlia hawthorne mix - [listen]

look out young son grand ole party || guillotine yadi || ipswich georgi kay || blood on my hands danielle parente || goat shepherd mirah || beggin for thread BANKS || mz. hyde (piano cover) cherrychu || pretty little head eliza rickman || shoot the water austra || heart killer gossling || up in flames sam tinnesz ft. maggie eckford || poison cocorosie || yellow flicker beat (cover) maddi jane || empire alpines || the snake shivaree || get away with murder (cover) the difference || gigantomachy cake bake betty || the moon asked the crow cocorosie || special death mirah || visitation of the ghost the brobecks || the devil within digital daggers || the rest for the wicked the sohodolls || black eyes radical face || host alex winston || tristan patrick wolf || wow and flutter april smith and the great picture show || (if) you want trouble nick waterhouse || just desserts marina & the diamonds ft. charli xcx