the branch of biology that studies the effects of low temperatures on living things. The word cryobiology is derived from the Greek words “cryo” = cold, “bios” = life, and “logos” = science. In practice, cryobiology is the study of biological material or systems at temperatures below normal. Materials or systems studied may include proteins, cells, tissues, organs, or whole organisms. Temperatures may range from moderately hypothermic conditions to cryogenic temperatures.