giant saguaro

Two Pima women harvesting “hasen”, the sweet, pear-sized fruit from the giant Saguaro cactus, which may be eaten fresh or dried, could also be used to make syrup or wine. - Curtis - 1907

The Pima /ˈpiːmə/[3] (or Akimel O'odham, also spelled Akimel O'otham, “River People”, formerly known as Pima) are a group of Native Americans living in an area consisting of what is now central and southern Arizona.



  • It is estimated that saguaros can live on average 150-200 years. The record is held by a giant saguaro with 50 arms found at the Saguaro National Monument.
  • The flower of the cactus is Arizona’s state flower.
  • The stem of the saguaro measures between 18 and 24 inches.
  • The saguaro cactus will have holes cut out by birds. These holes were used by native Americans as water containers.
  • The saguaro’s roots are just 4-6 inch deep. There is only one root that goes under the ground 2 feet deep.
  • The cactus’s arm grows only when it is 70 years old.
  • The saguaro flower has one of the most powerful fragrances. The flowers only open up at night and it closes during the day.
  • The flowers appear on the saguaro when the cactus is 35 years old.
  • The cactus is considered adult when it is 125 years only.
  • The saguaro is one of the heaviest plants. Because it consists of water mainly, an adult saguaro can weigh up to 8 tons.

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