germany year zero

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Roberto Rossellini is one of the most influential filmmakers of all time. And it was with his trilogy of films made during and after World War II—Rome Open City, Paisan, and Germany Year Zero—that he left his first transformative mark on cinema. With their stripped-down aesthetic, largely nonprofessional casts, and unorthodox approaches to storytelling, these intensely emotional works were international sensations and came to define the neorealist movement. Shot in battle-ravaged Italy and Germany, these three films are some of our most lasting, humane documents of devastated postwar Europe, containing universal images of both tragedy and hope.

ROBERTO ROSSELLINI’S WAR TRILOGY

Germany Year Zero (1948)

A film by Roberto Rossellini

Narrator: This movie, shot in Berlin in the summer of 1947 aims only to be an objective and true portrait of this large, almost totally destroyed city where 3.5 million people live a terrible, desperate life, almost without realizing it. They live as if tragedy were natural, not because of strength or faith, but because they are tired. This is not an accusation or even a defense of the German people. It is an objective assessment. Yet if anyone, after watching Edmund Koeler’s story, feels that something needs to be done-that German children need to relearn to love life-then the efforts of those who made this movie will be greatly rewarded.

A movie that made me sad twice because of the tragic story of Edmund Koeler and because it was the reality of children in Germany.

50 Yönetmenin Önerdiği En İyi Filmler Listesi

1. Stanley Kubrick

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1. I Vitelloni (1953) 2. Wild Strawberries (1957) 3. Citizen Kane (1941) 4. The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1948) 5. City Lights (1931) 6. Henry V (1944) 7. La notte (1961) 8. The Bank Dick (1940) 9. Roxie Hart (1942) 10. Hell’s Angels (1930) ___

2. Danny Boyle

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1. Apocalypse Now (1979) 2. The Bicycle Thief (1948) 3. The Wrong Trousers (1993) 4. Au Revoir Les Enfants (1987) 5. Eureka (1983) ____

3. Martin Scorsese

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1. 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) 2. 8½ (1963) 3. Ashes and Diamonds (1958) 4. Citizen Kane (1941) 5. The Leopard (1963) 6. Paisan (1946) 7. The Red Shoes (1948) 8. The River (1951) 9. Salvatore Giuliano (1962) 10. The Searchers (1956) 11. Ugetsu Monogatari (1953) 12. Vertigo (1958) ____

4. J. J. Abrams

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1. Jaws (1975) 2. Philadelphia Story (1940) 3. Star Wars (1977) 4. Tootsie (1982) 5. Rear Window (1954) ___

5. Andrey Tarkovski

 
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1. Le Journal d’un curé de campagne (1951) 2. Winter Light (1962) 3. Nazarín (1959) 4. Wild Strawberries (1957) 5. City Lights (1931) 6. Ugetsu monogatari (1953) 7. Seven Samurai (1954) 8. Persona (1966) 9. Mouchette (1967) 10. Woman of the Dunes (1964) _____

6. John Carpenter

 
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1. Only Angels Have Wings (1939) 2. Rio Bravo (1959) 3. Citizen Kane (1941) 4. Vertigo (1958) 5. Blow-Up (1966) ____

7. Peter Jackson

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1. King Kong (1933) 2. Dawn of the Dead (1978) 3. The General (1927) 4. Goodfellas (1990) 5. Jaws (1975) ____

8. Michael Haneke

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10. L’eclisse (1962) 9. Germany, Year Zero (1948) 8. A Woman Under the Influence (1974) 7. Psycho (1960) 6. The Gold Rush (1925) 5. The Exterminating Angel (1962) 4. Salò, or the 120 Days of Sodom (1975) 3. The Mirror (1975) 2. Lancelot of the Lake (1974) 1. Au hasard Balthazar (1966) ____

9. Woody Allen

 
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The 400 Blows (1959) 8½ (1963) Amarcord (1972) The Bicycle Thieves (1948) Citizen Kane (1941) The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (1972) Grand Illusion (1937) Paths of Glory (1957) Rashomon (1950) The Seventh Seal (1957) ____

10. Sofia Coppola

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1. Rumble Fish (1983) 2. Breathless (1960) 3. Sixteen Candles (1984) 4. Lolita (1962) 5. The Last Picture Show (1971) ___

11. Federico Fellini

 
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1. The Circus (1928) 2. Herhangi bir Marx Kardeşler veya Laurel ve Hardy 3. Stagecoach (1939) 4. Rashomon (1950) 5. The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (1972) 6. 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) 7. Paisan (1946) 8. The Birds (1963) 9. Wild Strawberries (1957) 10. 8½ (1963) ____

12. Wes Anderson

 
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1. Madame de… (1953) 2. Au hasard Balthazar (1966) 3. Buta to gunkan (1961) 4. La prise de pouvoir par Louis XIV (1966) 5. The Spy Who Came in from the Cold (1965) 6. The Friends of Eddie Coyle (1973) 7. Classe tous risques (1960) 8. L’enfance nue (1968) 9. Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters (1985) 10. El ángel exterminador (1962)___

13. James Cameron

 
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1. The Wizard of Oz (1939) 2. Dr. Strangelove (1964) 3. 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) 4. The Godfather (1972) 5. Taxi Driver (1976) ___

14. Michael Mann

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1. Apocalypse Now (1979) 2. Battleship Potemkin (1925) 3. Citizen Kane (1941) 4. Avatar (2009) 5. Dr. Strangelove (1964) 6. Biutiful (2010) 7. My Darling Clementine (1946) 8. The Passion of Joan Of Arc (1928) 9. Raging Bull (1980) 10. The Wild Bunch (1969) ____

15. Francis Ford Coppola

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1. Ashes and Diamonds (1958) 2. The Best Years of Our Lives (1946) 3. I Vitelloni (1953) 4. The Bad Sleep Well (1960) 5. Yojimbo (1961) 6. Singin’ in the Rain (1952) 7. The King of Comedy (1982) 8. Raging Bull (1980) 9. The Apartment (1960) 10. Sunrise (1927) ___

16. Guillermo Del Toro

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1. Frankenstein (1931) 2. Freaks (1932) 3. Shadow of a Doubt (1943) 4. Greed (1925) 5. Modern Times (1936) 6. La Belle et la Bête (1946) 7. Goodfellas (1990) 8. Los Olvidados (1950) 9. Nosferatu (1922) 10. 8½ (1963) ___

17. David O. Russell

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1. It’s a Wonderful Life (1946) 2. Chinatown (1974) 3. Goodfellas (1990) 4. Vertigo (1958) 5. Pulp Fiction (1994) 6. Raging Bull (1980) 7. Young Frankenstein (1974) 8. The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (1972) 9. The Godfather (1972) 10. Blue Velvet (1986) 11. Groundhog Day (1993) ____

18. Nuri Bilge Ceylan

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1. Mirror (1975) 2. Andrei Rublev (1966) 3. Tokyo Story (1953) 4. Late Spring (1949) 5. A Man Escaped (1956) 6. Au Hasard Balthazar (1966) 7. Shame (1968) 8. Scenes from a Marriage (1973) 9. L’avventura (1960) 10. L’eclisse (1962) ___

19. Quentin Tarantino

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1. Apocalypse Now (1979) 2. The Bad News Bears (1976) 3. Carrie (1976) 4. Dazed and Confused (1993) 5. The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966) 6. The Great Escape (1963) 7. His Girl Friday (1939) 8. Jaws (1975) 9. Pretty Maids All in a Row (1971) 10. Rolling Thunder (1997) 11. Sorcerer (1977) 12. Taxi Driver (1976) ___

20. George Lucas

 
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1. Metropolis (1927) 2. Stagecoach (1939) 3. The Searchers (1956) 4. Rashômon (1950) 5. Ikiru (1952) 6. Seven Samurai (1954) 7. The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957) 8. The Hidden Fortress (1958) 9. The Blob (1958) 10. Yojimbo (1961) 11. Dr. Strangelove (1964) 12. The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966) 13. 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) 14. Planet of the Apes (1968) 15. A Clockwork Orange (1971) ___

21. Tim Burton

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1. Dracula A.D. 1972 (1972) 2. The Wicker Man (1974) 3. The Golden Voyage of Sinbad (1973) 4. The War of the Gargantuas (1970) 5. The Omega Man (1971) ___

22. Christopher Nolan

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1. The Hit (1984) 2. 12 Angry Men (1957) 3. The Thin Red Line (1998) 4.  Das Testament des Dr. Mabuse (1933) 5. Bad Timing (1980) 6. Marry Christmas Mr. Lawrence (1983) 7. For All Mankind (1989) 8.  Koyaanisqatsi (1983) 9. The Complete Mr. Arkadin (1955) 10. Greed (1924) ___

23. Ingmar Bergman

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1. The Outlaw and His Wife (Victor Sjostrom, 1918) 2. The Phantom Carriage (Victor Sjostrom, 1921) 3. Der Letzte Mann (F. W. Murnau, 1924) 4. The Saga Of Gosta Bergling (Mauritz Stiller, 1924) 5. Faust (F. W. Murnau, 1926) 6. Sunrise (F. W. Murnau, 1927) 7. The Possion of Joan of Arc (Carl Theodor Dreyer, 1928) 8. The Circus (Charlie Chaplin, 1928) 9. Cezayir Batakhaneleri (Julien Duvivier, 1937) 10. Hotel Du Nord (Marcel Carne, 1938) 11. Port Of Shadows (Marcel Carne, 1938) 12. Le Jour Se Leve (Marcel Carne, 1939) 13. Rashomon (Akira Kurosawa, 1950) 14. Sunset Boulevard (Billy Wilder, 1950) 15. Diary of Country Priest (Robert Bresson, 1951) 16. M. Hulot’s Holiday (Jacques Tati, 1953) ___

24. Gaspar Noe

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1) 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968; Stanley Kubrick) 2) Amour (2012; Michael Haneke) 3) Angst (1983; Gerald Kargl) 4) Un Chien Andalou (1928; Luis Buñuel) 5) Eraserhead (1976; David Lynch) 6) I Am Cuba (1964; Mikhail Kalatozov) 7) King Kong (1933; Merian C. Cooper/Ernest B. Schoedsack) 8) Salo, or The 120 Days of Sodom (1975; Pier Paolo Pasolini) 9) Scorpio Rising (1964; Kenneth Anger) 10) Taxi Driver (1976; Martin Scorsese) ____

25. David Lynch

8½ (Federico Fellini, 1963) Mr. Hulot’s Holiday (Jacques Tati, 1953) Sunset Boulevard (Billy Wilder, 1950) Rear Window (Alfred Hitchcock, 1954) It’s a Gift (Norman Z. McLeod, 1934) The Apartment (Billy Wilder, 1960) La Strada (Federico Fellini, 1954) Lolita (Stanley Kubrick, 1962) The Wizard Of Oz (victor Fleming, 1939) Stroszek (Werner Herzog, 1977) ___  

26. Akira Kurosawa

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1. Broken Blossoms or The Yellow Man and the Girl (Griffith, 1919) USA 2. Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari [The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari] (Wiene, 1920) Germany 3. Dr. Mabuse, der Spieler – Ein Bild der Zeit [Dr. Mabuse, the Gambler] (Lang, 1922) Germany 4. The Gold Rush (Chaplin, 1925) USA 5. La Chute de la Maison Usher [The Fall of the House of Usher] (Jean Epstein, 1928) France 6. Un Chien Andalou [An Andalusian Dog] (Bunuel, 1928) France 7. Morocco (von Sternberg, 1930) USA 8. Der Kongress Tanzt (Charell, 1931) Germany 9. Die 3groschenoper [The Threepenny Opera] (Pabst, 1931) Germany 10. Leise Flehen Meine Lieder [Lover Divine] (Forst, 1933) Austria/Germany ___

27. David Fincher

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Butch Cassidy and the Sundance KidChinatownDr. StrangeloveThe Godfather 2Taxi DriverBeing ThereAll That JazzAlienRear WindowZeligCabaretPaper MoonJawsLawrence of ArabiaAll the President’s Men8 ½Citizen KaneDays of HeavenAnimal HouseRoad Warrior (Mad Max 2) Year of Living DangerouslyAmerican GraffitiTerminatorMonty Python & The Holy GrailThe ExorcistThe Graduate

28. Miranda July

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Blind (1987, Frederick Wiseman) Smooth Talk (1985, Joyce Chopra) Vertigo (1958, Alfred Hitchcock) After Life (1998, Hirokazu Koreeda) Somewhere In Time (1980, Jeannot Szwarc) Cheese (2007, Mika Rottenberg) Punch Drunk Love (2002, Paul Thomas Anderson) The Red Balloon (1956, Albert Lamorisse) A Room With A View (1985, James Ivory) Fish Tank (2009, Andrea Arnold) ____

29. Michel Hazanavicius

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City Girl (1930, F.W. Murnau) City Lights (1931, Charlie Chaplin) To Be Or Not To Be (1942, Ernst Lubitsch) Citizen Kane (1941, Orson Welles) The Apartment (1960, Billy Wilder) The Shining (1980, Stanley Kubrick) North By Northwest (1959, Alfred Hitchcock) The Third Man (1949, Carol Reed) Raging Bull (1980, Martin Scorsese) Snow White And The Seven Dwarfs (1937, Walt Disney) ___

30. Steven Soderbergh

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“All the President’s Men” (Alan J. Pakula, 1976) “Annie Hall” (Woody Allen, 1977) “Citizen Kane” (Orson Welles, 1941) “The Conversation” (Francis Ford Coppola, 1974) “The 5,000 Fingers of Dr. T” (Roy Rowland, 1953) “The Godfather” (Francis Ford Coppola, 1972) “The Godfather: Part II” (Francis Ford Coppola, 1974) “Jaws” (Steven Spielberg, 1975) “The Last Picture Show” (Peter Bogdanovich, 1971) “Sunset Boulevard” (Billy Wilder, 1950) “The Third Man” (Carol Reed, 1949) ___

31. Spike Lee

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32. Edgar Wright

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2001: A Space Odyssey (Kubrick, 1968) An American Werewolf in London (Landis, 1981) Carrie (de Palma, 1976) Dames (Enright/Berkeley, 1934) Don’t Look Now (Roeg, 1973) Duck Soup (McCarey, 1933) Psycho (Hitchcock, 1960) Raising Arizona (Coen, 1987) Taxi Driver (Scorsese, 1976) The Wild Bunch (Peckinpah, 1969) __

33. Allison Anders

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A Woman is A Woman Charade 3 Women Carnival of Souls Young Mr. Lincoln My Man Godfrey Gimme Shelter Monterey Pop Dazed and Confused The Red Shoes (Sinefesto) ____

34. Robert Bresson

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The Gold Rush City Lights Potemkin Brief Encounter The Bicycle Thief Man of Aran Louisiana Story ____

35. Luis Buñuel

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Underworld (Sternberg) The Gold Rush (Chaplin) The Bicycle Thief (De Sica) Potemkin (Eisenstein) Portrait of Jennie (Dieterle) Cavalcade (Lloyd) White Shadows in the South Seas (Van Dyke) Dead of Night (Cavalcantin, etc.) L’Age d’Or (Buñuel) I Am a Fugitive from a Chain Gang (Le Roy) ___

36. Alex Cox

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Citizen Kane (Welles) The Devils (K. Russell) The Exterminating Angel (Bu??) King Kong (Cooper, Schoedsack) The Mattei Affair (Rosi) O Lucky Man! (Anderson) 2001: A Space Odyssey (Kubrick) Throne of Blood (Kurosawa) The Wages of Fear (Clouzot) The War Game (Watkins) Sinefesto ____

37. Vittorio De Sica

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Man of Aran (Flaherty) The Kid (Chaplin) La Chienne (Renoir) Le Million (Clair) L’Atalante (Vigo) Kameradschadt (Pabst) Storm Over Asia (Pudovkin) Potemkin (Eisenstein) Hallelujah! (Vidor) La Kermesse Heroique (Feyder) (sinefesto.com) ____

38. Carl Dreyer

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Birth of a Nation (Griffith) Arne’s Treasure (Stiller) Potemkin (Eisenstein) The Gold Rush (Chaplin) Sous les Toits de Paris (Clair) Quai des Brumes (Carne) Brief Encounter (Lean) Henry V (Olivier) The Petrified Forest (Mayo) Open City (Rossellini) ___

39. Terry Gilliam

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Citizen Kane Seven Samurai Seventh Seal 8 ½ 2001: A Space Odyssey Sherlock Jr Pinocchio Les Enfants du Paradis One-Eyed Jacks The Apartment Birth of a Nation The Exterminating Angel Lawrence of Arabia Napoleon – D: Gance ___ 40. Jim Jarmusch
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L’Atalante (Vigo) Tokyo Story (Ozu) They Live by Night (N. Ray) Bob le flambeur (Melville) Sunrise (Murnau) The Cameraman (Sedgwick) Mouchette (Bresson) Seven Samurai (Kurosawa) Broken Blossoms (Griffith) Rome, Open City (Rossellini) ___

41. Asif Kapadia

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Psycho (Hitchcock) Raging Bull (Scorsese) The Godfather and The Godfather Part II (Coppola) Ugetsu Monogatari (Mizoguchi) Do the Right Thing (Lee) Once upon a Time in the West (Leone) Don’t Look Now (Roeg) The Hidden Fortress (Kurosawa) The Story of Qiu Ju (Zhang) Straw Dogs (Peckinpah) ___

42. Elia Kazan

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Potemkin (Eisenstein) Aerograd (Dovzhenko) The Gold Rush (Chaplin) Flesh and the Devil (Brown) Open City (Rossellini) The Bicycle Thief (De Sica) Shoulder Arms (Chaplin) Target for Tonight (Watt) La Femme du Boulanger (Pagnol) Marius, Fanny, Cesar (Pagnol) (sinefesto.com) ___

43. Sidney Lumet

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The Best Years of Our Lives (Wyler) Fanny and Alexander (Bergman) The Godfather (Coppola) The Grapes of Wrath (Ford) Intolerance (Griffith) The Passion of Joan of Arc (Dreyer) Ran (Kurosawa) Roma (Fellini) Singin’ in the Rain (Kelly, Donen) 2001: A Space Odyssey (Kubrick) ___

44. Mira Nair

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An Angel at My Table (Campion) The Battle of Algiers (Pontecorvo) Dekalog (Kieslowski) The Double Life of V?nique (Kieslowski) 8 ½ (Fellini) The Godfather (Coppola) In the Mood for Love (Wong) La Jet?(Marker) The Music Room (S. Ray) Pyaasa (Dutt) Raging Bull (Scorsese) Time of the Gypsies (Kusturica)

45. Alex Proyas

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Citizen Kane (Welles) Dr. Strangelove (Kubrick) The Exorcist (Friedkin) The Godfather (Coppola) It’s a Wonderful Life (Capra) Lawrence of Arabia (Lean) North by Northwest (Hitchcock) One Flew over the Cuckoo’s Nest (Forman) The Third Man (Reed) The Wizard of Oz (Fleming) ___

46. Joel Schumacher

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Battleship Potemkin (Eisenstein) Lawrence of Arabia (Lean) The Cook, The Thief, His Wife & Her Lover (Greenaway) Bicycle Thieves (De Sica) Breaking the Waves (von Trier) A Clockwork Orange (Kubrick) The Conversation (Coppola) Sunset Blvd. (Wilder) Stalker (Tarkovsky) The Conformist (Bertolucci) ___

47. Steven Spielberg

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Lawrence of Arabia (1962) – D: David Lean Fantasia (1940) – D: Walt Disney Citizen Kane (1941) – D: Orson Welles It’s A Wonderful Life (1946) – D: Frank Capra 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) – D: Stanley Kubrick A Guy Named Joe (1947) – D: Victor Fleming War of the Worlds (1953) – D: Byron Haskin and George Pal Psycho (1960) – D: Alfred Hitchcock Day For Night (1973) – D: François Truffaut The Godfather (1972) – D: Francis Ford Coppola Cartouche Ikiru Meet Me in St. Louis (1944) The Searchers Seven Samurai The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (1974) ____

48. Gore Verbinski

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Chinatown (Polanski) The Conversation (Coppola) Dr. Strangelove (Kubrick) The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (Leone) McCabe & Mrs. Miller (Altman) The Night of the Hunter (Laughton) Sacrifice (Tarkovsky) The Servant (Losey) The Tenant (Polanski) The Wages of Fear (Clouzot) ___

49. Billy Wilder

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Potemkin (Eisenstein) Greed (von Stroheim) Variety (DuPont) The Gold Rush (Chaplin) The Crowd (Vidor) Grand Illusion (Renoir) The Informer (Ford) Ninotchka (Lubitsch) The Best Years of Our Lives (Wyler) The Bicycle Thief (De Sica)

50. Geoffrey Wright

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Citizen Kane (Welles) Lawrence of Arabia (Lean) The Godfather (Coppola) The Godfather Part II (Coppola) Apocalypse Now (Coppola) Stray Dog (Kurosawa) Taxi Driver (Scorsese) Psycho (Hitchcock) Liste (Sinefesto) The Exorcist (Friedkin) Jaws (Spielberg)