germany 12

Frank-Walter Steinmeier Next President of Germany

Today, February 12, 2017, Frank-Walter Steinmeier was elected by the Federal Convention (Bundesversammlung) as the next president of Germany. He will assume office on March 18, 2017.

Steinmeier, member of the SPD, was the candidate of the Great Coalition consisting of CDU, CSU, and SPD currently governing Germany. He was also supported by the Green Party and the FDP.

Dr. Frank-Walter Steinmeier grew up in a carpenter’s family in the rural Lippe area in North-Rhine-Westphalia. He studied law and political sciences in Gießen and received a doctoral degree in law in 1991. He was hired at the office of the prime minister of the state of Lower Saxony, Gerhard Schröder, in Hannover, where he quickly advanced his career. He followed Gerhard Schröder after his appointment as chancellor to Berlin, where he soon became chief of the Chancellor’s Office. In this position, he was one of the driving forces of the Agenda 2010 reforms, which are generally said to be the foundations of Germany’s current economical success, but were (and still are) controversially discussed with regards to their impact on social affairs and the coherence of the German society.

After Angela Merkel assumed Chancellorship of a Great Coalition in 2005, Steinmeier was appointed as foreign minister. In 2007, he became vice-chancellor. He was appointed again as foreign minister in the third cabinet of Angela Merkel and resigned in January 2017 after he was nominated as the joint presidential candidate of the Great Coalition.

In 2010, Steinmeier donated a kidney to his wife, Elke Büdenbender, to save her life.


Unlike in many other states, the president of Germany, as the official head of the state, has a mostly ceremonial and representative role. The duties of the office involve:

  • to represent Germany in the world under international law (signing international contracts, accrediting German diplomats, receiving international leaders and letters of accreditation of foreign diplomats, etc.)
  • to propose a chancellor candidate to the German parliament
  • to appoint and dismiss the chancellor (after parliamental vote) and the ministers of the federal government; the president does not have the right to reject the resignation of a chancellor
  • to appoint and dismiss high federal officials and military (requiring counter-signature of chancellor or the relevant minister)
  • to regularly meet with the chancellor and the ministers for confidential consultations
  • to sign and promulgate the law, with the right to reject his signature (happened only eight times so far)
  • to dissolve the Federal Diet (Bundestag, German parliament) under certain circumstances
  • to declare war, after the the government has determined a state of defense
  • to exercise the power of pardon on the federal level (but he has no right to issue an amnesty)
  • to declare a state of legislative emergency by request of the cabinet if no chancellor could be elected. During this period, bills submitted by the government become law after his signature even if the federal diet rejects them, but the Federal Council (upper chamber of parliament representing the sixteen states) has to approve them. Legislative emergency does non suspend basic human rights, nor does it give the executive branch exceptional power. Legislative emergency has never been declared so far.
  • to assume the patronage over projects and initiatives that have a positive impact on the German society. He is the regular patron of the German red cross and the German maritime search and rescue sevice.
  • to decide upon the national symbols after counter-signature of the chancellor
  • to occasion state ceremonies
  • to confer the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany and other minor decorations

The Federal President does not have the right to issue decrees without counter-signature of a member of the Federal Government; that means that he cannot execute political power against the will of the government, with the sole exception of the strictly regulated state of legislative emergency.

The Federal President, committed to political neutrality, usually acts by the power of the word. He is independent of daily politics and free to set his topics. This way, a number of presidents have by speeches initiated public debates that materialized in law some time later. Notable examples are the speech of Richard von Weizsäcker on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the end of world war II, and the “Ruck-Rede” (”Jerk Speech”) by Roman Herzog. The former speech substantially shaped Germany’s current culture of remembrance, the latter initiated the debate that eventually led to the Agenda 2010 reforms by the government of Gerhard Schröder.

In case the office of the president falls vacant, the president of the Federal Council (Bundesrat) temporarily assumes the duties of the office until a new president is elected, which should be done within 30 days.

The president enjoys immunity from prosecution and cannot be voted out of office. The Federal Diet can revoke the immunity in case the president is offended of willfully violating the law. The Federal constitutional court has then to determine whether the president is guilty of the offense and has the only authority to remove the president from the office.

The president resides in Bellevue Palace in Berlin and has a second office in Hammerschmidt Villa in Bonn. His car carries the number 0-1, and the aircraft carrying the president has the call sign German Air Force 001.

The president assumes a honorary godfathership for the seventh child of a family. He helps German artists in need by a single donation or by giving the a honorarium. He offers his congratulations for special anniversaries, such as the hundredth birthday of a German citizen.

anonymous asked:

How would they 2ps react to their crush/ friend calling them a pervert? >▽<

2P!America: “You know you love me.” ;DDDDD

2P!China: “You make it too easy, babe…”

2P!England: “Who? Me? A pervert? Hehe, that must be a joke, yes…?~”

2P!France: “Tell me something new.”

2P!Russia: *sarcastic voice* “Whatever you say.”

2P!Italy: “Hm, maybe only for you.~”

2P!Germany: *teasing voice* “You haven’t seen anything yet, Schatz.”

2P!Japan: *smirks* “That may be so.”

2P!Canada: “So is that your way of acknowledging I like you?”

2P!Romano: “Oooooh, really?” *snickers* “What else am I?”

2P!Austria: *laughs* “I’m sure I was banished from heaven for the sin of lust in another life.”

2P!Prussia: “What?” *confused a’f expression* “I’m what? I-I’m sorry, did I say something to make you feel uncomfortable??” *worried*

Cuddle Headcanons for Axis+Allies

Alfred (America)-While cuddling or even just hugging, Alfred is super clingy. He always loves to set his s/o in his lap and wrap his arms around them when they’re on the couch watching movies or playing video games. But when cuddling in bed, he usually likes being the big spoon. He always likes to make sure that his s/o is comfortable and safe, so having them in his arms is something he always enjoys. However, if he’s sick or has had an unusually rough day, sometimes he’ll ask to be the little spoon. 

Arthur (England)-When in public, Arthur always tends to shy away from most physical contact with his s/o unless it’s something small, like hand holding. In private however, he, like Alfred, tends to be rather clingy. Unlike Alfred, he would never admit it, and sometimes he has trouble voicing what he wants, but he always enjoys cuddling with his s/o. He almost never outright asks to do so because he would get rather flustered if he tried, but after being with him a while, his s/o could pick up on whenever he wanted to cuddle. In bed he’s the one who usually wants to be held. 

Francis (France)-Francis loves being next to his s/o and spending time with them, so unless his s/o minds, he’ll be close to them as much as he can be. He’s pretty much satisfied with any physical contact with his s/o, so as long as they’re happy, he’s happy. Since he’s very outspoken for the most part. Francis has no trouble when it comes to asking to cuddle. In bed, he really doesn’t mind being the big or the little spoon, but sometimes if he’s particularly upset and wants to be held he’ll ask to be the little spoon. 

Yao (China)-Yao’s not that timid when it comes to touching but he’s not really that outspoken either. If his s/o initiates anything, he’ll almost always shyly accept, unless he’s frustrated with them.  Again, he doesn’t really care if he’s the big spoon or the little spoon, but if he is the little, he always loves when his s/o plays with his hair. It makes him feel secure, and it also helps him sleep much better at night. Also, he tends to get cold at night, so he always clings to his s/o, trying to leech off of their body heat. 

Ivan (Russia)-Surprisingly, Ivan loves to be held. It can be a little awkward if his s/o is much smaller than him, but eventually they’ll both be used to it. He’s actually quite blunt when asking his s/o to cuddle, sometimes even asking before he had even realized what he said. He gets sort of flustered when it first starts, but after a while he warms right up. In the mornings or right after he gets home he always goes straight to his s/o and hugs them. He gets quite frequent nightmares too, so waking up to having someone’s arms around him is super reliving for him; it lets him know that someone’s there to keep him safe. 

Kiku (Japan)-Kiku’s not really the cuddling type to be honest. He just doesn’t really like touching. When in bed he tends to have one of his arms touching his s/o’s, but that’s about as far as he’ll usually go. If his s/o does really like cuddling and brings it up to him, he’ll try to be more physical, but there’s only so much he can do before turning into a blushing mess. However, if his s/o’s really upset and needs comforting, he’ll give them long hugs or just closely sit next to them until they feel better. 

Ludwig (Germany)- When it comes to affection, especially early on in the relationship, this guy is a mess. He’s certainly not against physical touching-it’s just that he’s not used to it and he has no idea where to even start, so once he has an s/o, he’s pretty clueless. For a while, he’s almost stone-still and blushing super hard, but after he gets more comfortable he’ll be alright. He tends to almost always be the big spoon. 

Feliciano (Italy)-Like Francis, Feli just loves being near his s/o, so he’s up for anything really, as long as they’re close to him. He’s definitely really clingy, and he always likes to at least be holding your hand. He does tend to be the little spoon, especially if he has a nightmare or something happened during the day that scared him, although he certainly won’t mind being the big spoon if his s/o asks him to be. 

10

Walther 1921 Patent shotgun, 1st variation

Manufactured earlier by Deutsche Werke A.G. in Erfurt, Germany c.1922-1923 - serial number 1060.
12-gauge 5+1 round tubular magazine, toggle action semi-automatic, brass bead front sight.

An interesting design of semi automatic shotgun kind of eclipsed by the Auto 5, with a unique reload system.

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Düsseldorf, Germany (12/07/16)