A really cool little treaties everyone loves. It’s 6 plays long but don’t be decieved: there is a lot going on here. Liegniczer was a genius.
I translated from the 1452 copy. The differences are very minor and don’t change the function.
There is already a translation on wiktenauer, but I have some difference of opinion with how it was done there. I have included ample notes to explain my decisions there. The treatise causes quite some disagreement with those few who are interested in it so I am interested to hear other opinions and am happy to defend mine against any questioning.
No illustrations again, so the inexperienced will not gain much from it. But I’ve tried to include explanatory information to get people on the right track (or, at least the same track as me) and translated it into sentences which read as naturally as possible.
Date: c. 1000 CE Images: Taken by myself Location:Lent to the Art Institute of Chicago (There on there date: August 10th, 2015 - not a permanent piece in the collection) Origin: Scandinavia or Francia Creator: Ingelri
Perhaps the most significant symbol of authority in the Viking Age was the sword. Sung about in the great legends, these swords carried with them a great deal of prestige and identity. The warrior elite would claim their power in their skills in combat but also in the origins of their equipment. Magical swords reveal themselves in many sagas, such as Sigurd’s with Gram and also the saga of Hrolf Kraki with Skofnung. These swords would remain with their owners even in the journey to the afterlife, serving as a unique symbol for each ruling elite warrior.
The significance of these swords being buried with their champions is told in Hrolf Kraki’s saga, “A burial mound was built for King Hrolf, and the sword Skofnung was laid beside him. A mound was made for each of the champions, and each had his weapon beside him.” It is this same pattern seen before, where the warrior elite rise in the name of these legends, living them out and creating new ones for themselves to credit their authority.
This sword has a latin inscription imbedded into the blade, Inglerii me fecit, which translates to “Ingleri made me”. It was likely made and imported from the Frankish Empire, symbolizing a control over trade networks as well as the capability of acquiring such a good.
Somerville and McDonald, The Viking Age: A Reader (Readings in Medieval Civilizations and Cultures: XIV, 2010), 172
Hrólfs saga kraka, in Fornaldarsögur Norðurlanda, ed. Guðni Jónsson, 4 vols. (Reykjavík, 1959), vol. 1, pp. 98-105
I think one of the best things I was ever taught about protecting myself was if someone grabs my pony tail or long hair is to twist and bend their damn fingers back or kick their knee in the side so it knocks out. If they have you that close you can get them that close and once you get the knee out than they are on the ground.
I was always told to braid my hair, I prefer french braids and medieval styles because they are close to the skull and can be set so you can not be easily grabbed by your hair.
I learned this when I was taking German Long sword and other two handed weapons classes such as battle axes and even non two handed weapons such as hunting knives. I may be able to swing a sword, but there is no use if my hair is flying around and my attacker can grab me. Everything happens so fast that you have t be alert and prepared.
No one really has to read this, but today I was reading about small tricks vikings used to do to keep their hair in place and it just crossed my mind. I mean shouldn’t all people with long hair be taught these things? We should not fear, but we should be aware. I think it important that we should look into things like this because not only is it nice, but it can actually save your life.