geraldine pinch

The cult of Seth seems to have originated in Upper Egypt, though he was later identified with foreign gods worshipped in the Eastern Delta. In the Early Dynastic Period, Seth, Lord of Ombos, was the chief god of the eastern desert and its rich gold mines. In the western desert he remained the Lord of the Oases and their vineyards into the Greco-Roman period.
—  pg. 192 of Egyptian Mythology: A Guide to the Gods, Goddesses, and Traditions of Ancient Egypt by Geraldine Pinch
In some versions of the Egyptian creation story, the sun god was born from a blue lotus that emerged from the primeval waters. The flower itself could be identified with the great goddess who gave birth to the sun. The blue lotus came to be a general symbol of rebirth. It was also the emblem of the god Nefertem.
The sweetly scented blue lotus (nymphea caerulea) grows in still water. It’s flower buds only rise above the water and open their petals when the sun is shining. This lotus is pollinated by beetles, which links it to Khepri, the beetle god of dawn. The image of the first sunrise as a lotus emerging from the dark waters and opening to reveal its golden stamens seems to be an ancient one.
From the fourteenth century BCE on, the newly risen sun could be pictured as a naked child sitting inside the lotus and holding one finger to his lips. In hymns intended to be sung at dawn, the sun god Ra is “the child of gold who issues from the lotus.” Ra was thought to age during the course of the day, so the infant god became an old man by sunset.
—  Egyptian Mythology; A Guide to the Gods, Goddesses and Traditions of Ancient Egypt by Geraldine Pinch
Anubis was the guardian of all kinds of magical secrets. In the Papyrus Jumilhac, he appears as the leader of the armed followers of Horus. His ferocity is a match for the violence of Seth. In magical texts of a similar date, Anubis is named as ‘Lord of the Bau’. Whole battalions of messenger demons are under his command. In the magical papyri dating to Roman times, Anubis acts as the main enforcer of curses. The gracious deities of the cult temples are scarcely recognizable in the pitiless gods and goddesses encountered in everyday magic. (…) A story in Papyrus Jumilhac (c. 300 BC) explains the custom by relating how Seth once turned himself into a panther after attacking the body of Osiris. Anubis captured and branded the panther, creating the leopard’s spots. The jackal god decreed that leopard skins should be worn by priests in memory of his victory over Seth.
—  Geraldine Pinch

anonymous asked:

Hi, I'm thinking about working with Hathor, but I'm not sure where to start. Any good advice?

Hi anon!

When it comes to looking into new gods, I recommend researching about their historical background as much as possible. There’s a lot of information out there in the pagan hemisphere about a ton of gods, but some of it is in a context that takes them out of their “natural habitat” within history.

This will also give you a good idea on how you want the relationship to go. I found that in doing research of a historical nature of the netjeru, I was able to decide how historically informed I wanted my practice to be, if at all.

Side note:

Reconstructionist, in my lexicon, tends to be someone who has no room for UPG (unverified personal gnosis).

Revivalist, in my lexicon, tends to be someone who utilizes both interchangeably.

Historically informed, in my lexicon, tends to be someone with heavy basis in history, but will not only utilize UPG but will modernize mythologies and festivals.

Some excellent places to learn cool things would be…

  1. Hathor at Henadology
  2. Hathor at eshafim
  3. The Name of Hetheru (affiliated with House of Netjer, or Kemetic Orthodoxy)
  4. Egyptian Mythology by Geraldine Pinch
  5. The Gods and Goddesses of AE by Richard H Wilkinson
  6. Hathor Rising by Alison Roberts (this book is okay but the author assumes that all Eye of Re deities, of which Hetheru is one, are the same).

There are other ways to research her, as well. For example, you can pick my brains! I have a few things I’ve posted about her that may be of interest to you.

  1. Sekhmet and Hetheru: thoughts about their syncretism
  2. Hetheru: reblog about her associations
  3. Hetheru: some recommended offerings

A lot of people start thinking that X, Y, or Z deity will totally fit with them. But I find that in looking into the historical basis of a deity will get them a better picture of what the deity is about. And it will also let them know if they’re really, really, really sure that a relationship with said deity is something they want.

But how do you do the next step right? Well, this ask will give you some ideas. Obviously, ignore the bits specific to Bast and fill in that particular blank with Hetheru. I also wrote the response without trying to be specific to any one deity because I think it’s important to go through these steps when starting to work with a new deity.

When you get to the point where you want to think about how to get from A to B with Hetheru, I recommend looking through these different resource lists for things like offerings and where to go from there.

And totally post all questions in the “kemetic,” “kemeticism,” and/or deity-specific tags. (I track the “hathor” tag.) All of the Kemetics on Tumblr are willing to help others. We’re pretty friendly so our asks are always open and I think we all have our anon’s on, too.


So, it’s okay.

scienceisadesiretoknow  asked:

I am a knowledge sponge so anything you can recommend to me would be appreciated!

If books are your jam, then here is a list, though you can find quite a bit straight up online, too.

Books and Reading Recommendation Lists:

Books and Resources for Learning About Various NTR:

Egyptian Mythology Recommendations:

Book Recommendations for Learning Hieroglyphics:

Free Online Reading:

caffeinehoe  asked:

hi! what mythology books would you recommend? links to online texts are also appreciated!

If you’re looking for fictional books based on mythology, I have an extensive rec list here. If you’re looking for non-fiction books:

If you are interested in Greco-Roman mythos, I would recommend reading the ‘classics’ from their time period, such as The Iliad and The Odyssey by Homer, Oedipus Rex and Antingone by Sophocles, Medea and The Bacchae by Euripides and. Metamorphosis by Ovid 

Hope this will be able to help!

anonymous asked:

After finally saying enough is enough, I broke away from Christianity and decided to be a pagan. I've been interested in Egyptian dieties since I was a girl (but of course was punished for it). I haven't read a single book. I don't know what an altar is or how to make one in my home. I don't know how to "talk" to dieties or how to distinguish them. I only know of maybe 2 Egyptian dieties. :/ Oh and I'm white. What do you recommend for me, the blind beginner?

Hi anon.

Well, there are a lot of things to address in this ask, so let’s get started.


The race debate is one of those things that can get pretty hot and heavy when it comes to ancient Egypt. I am not going to get into it as much as I could, but I will leave you with this link so that you can get an idea as to what the controversy is about. A lot of people, mostly due to the ideological train of thought of Afrocentrism, have come to believe that Kemeticism is barred to anyone who is not of African descent. However, something that many people seem to forget is that the genome mapping project has begun and thus far, results are showing that, genetically, the ancient Egyptians are no different from those that are found there today. For anyone interested in the archaeogenetics of ancient Egypt, this should give you a general picture.

The ancient Egyptian religion was an open religion in antiquity. They readily and willingly accepted converts from other cultures and even added gods from other cultures it their own. As long as the convert was willing to live in ma’at, they were pretty much all set. Another sticking point is that the religion died out. It is not the national religion of the culturally Egyptian. In fact, modern-day Egyptians tend to look down upon their ancient heritage, in all honesty. The country is very devout, but to a single deity as opposed to the many of ancient Egypt. While some things have passed down to the modern populace, these are mostly superstitions carried out as opposed to any form of devotion to the ancient gods.


When it comes to learning about Kemeticism, there are a couple of different avenues that can be explored here. I recommend taking a look at my resource list as well as this information page by Devo. Devo’s page give a broad overview of what Kemeticism is about. She also provides forums, books, temples, and other information for your perusal. My resource list provides a list of books (historically based books for the most part) as well as a list of bloggers and webpages to peruse for information.

When it comes right down to it, when you first push off the yoke of a previous religious tradition, you’re going to have a lot of questions. And this is going to get scary. And this is going to be something where you end up feeling very out of your depth for a lot of the start. Just know that everyone felt that way. Everyone walked into a new religion, whether it is Kemeticism, Druidry, Hellenismos, etc. We all have no idea what we’re doing, what books to read, or where to even begin. I strongly recommend following the Kemetic and Kemeticism tags so that you can read others’ experiences, questions, worries, etc. And of course, every single one of us has our asks, which are open to anonymous questions.


Altars are usually one of the first place that new pagans go to because it’s something physical that they can do. And of course, I highly recommend creating one. I don’t recommend creating it in an effort to a single deity. Deities, in my experience, tend to make the choice as to who they will reach out to (or not) and there’s no point in forcing the issue. They may not respond to your entreaties and that may make you feel bad about what you’re doing. Even if you decide to ignore my advice, don’t feel bad if you don’t get any responses from the gods. They’re fickle and do what they want. You just keep doing whatever you feel like you need to do.

For a general altar, I recommend finding a flat surface that won’t be disturbed by others. This can be a nightstand or a bureau or a corner of a desk or a bookcase shelf – whatever you have handy. I recommend placing a small candle (either flamless or a tealight) in the center. This can be your focal point. As to what else you place on it, it’s really up to you. You can place flowers, pretty stones, jars, divination tools, or whatever you really want on it. It’s up to you. If you live in a place where incense is out, then you can always get one of those scented oil packs from the dollar store or one of those scented room cleaner things made by Glade or something to use instead of incense.

I recommend having a general altar to get you into a groove. This groove will help you to begin communicating, praying, or at least parsing out what you want to do when it comes to this religion stuff. By not having an altar dedicated to any deity, then you can reach out to all of the deities you feel like reaching out to, or not. I just recommend, honestly, at the start to get in the habit of spending, like, five minutes of your day in front of that space to build you up. If a deity shows up, then you can start adding things that you feel that deity would like to make it their altar. And if you’ve been doing the plunking down in front of the altar thing for five minutes a day, it won’t seem so strange when you start providing offerings to deities.


When it comes to talking to the gods, I honestly recommend just sitting down in front of whatever surface area will be your general altar and just start blabbering away. I don’t think any formality is really necessary. You can introduce yourself in a sort of general way: “Hi, my name is _______ and I’m interested in Kemeticism.” And then take it from there.

I tend to associate these conversations with conversations you would have with people you just meet. You’d want to introduce yourself. You’d want to tell them about who you are, why you are, and what’s going on in your life. From there, you can move on to talking about why Kemeticism interests you and why you think the netjeru (the gods) are the way to go.


Telling one netjer from the other can be difficult, especially for people who are new to all of this. There’s no discernment in the beginning. Every experience can be something new and exciting and possibly a sign from the gods. That’s not necessarily the case, but I think that new people look to things in that way because they want to feel a deep, personal, and powerful connection with the gods as quickly as possible. That’s not always going to be the case. As I said above, the gods are fickle beings and do whatever the heck they want when it comes to “picking up” new devotees.

Devo wrote this post about discernment and I strongly recommend you read it.

In order to distinguish once Kemetic god from another, I strongly recommend bookmarking the Henadology page for future reference. I also recommend finding either an eBook copy or a cheap copy of the following two books: The Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt by Richard H Wilkinson and Egyptian Mythology by Geraldine Pinch. These two books, and that webpage, can give you clues that may help you to figure out what deity, if any, is reaching out to you. There are certain aspects to iconography and the myths that can provide those clues.


Take it easy.

Read all the historical resources you can.

Take it slow.

Have fun.

Go with the flow.

Ignore everything about Horus/Isis/Osiris being the blueprint for the Christian trinity.

Ask all of the questions.

E-stalk all the blogs.

Do not read anything by Wallis Budge.

Ignore everything you see about Atlantis and ancient Egypt.

Don’t let anyone tell you that you’re doing it wrong.

Be good to the community.

Don’t get scared off by the Afrocentrism in the tags.

Ignore everything about aliens in the tags.

Further Reading

My guides & 101s.

Devo’s starter guide.

Devo’s offering guide.

Kemetic Round Table.*

* The Kemetic Round Table (KRT) is a blogging project aimed at providing practical, useful information for modern Kemetic religious practitioners.

anonymous asked:

Do you know of any places where I can find information on the Duat?

Unfortunately the answer to this sucks. The short version is- read all of the Underworld/funerary texts that ancient Egypt made. Which some of these texts would be:

  • Pyramid Texts (PT)
  • Coffin Texts (CT)
  • All of the reliefs on early mastabas
  • Book of the Dead (Botd)
  • Book of Amduat
  • Book of Earth
  • Book of Night
  • Book of Nut
  • Book of the Celestial Cow
  • Book of Gates

Like I mean, there are a metric fuckton of them. Problem is, most of them are not readily accessible for us to read >.>;; You can get ahold of the PT, CT, and BotD pretty readily. And if you want to look into those, I’d recommend Faulkner’s or Allen’s translations.

You could also look into various mythology. A lot of the mythology will indicate some stuff about the Duat, since that’s where the gods are said to live. Mythology resource recommendations:

Beyond that, you can learn a lot from people’s writings about said funerary texts. Some recommendations for that would be:

Currently, to my knowledge, there is very little out there talking about the Duat in any great depth. This is likely because the Duat and views on the Duat changed regularly, and because a lot of the funerary/underworld texts  are steeped in a lot of symbolism that is hard to decode. Most of what I’ve gathered has been from a few books and reading around, because like most things related to AE, it’s small information here, a small paragraph there… its hard to find all of the information in one place. And ofc a large portion of my information has derived simply from derping around on the astral.


yesterday i learned that thoth was born (according to one myth) from set’s forehead after he basically raped his rival horus 

also thoth protected aset and her infant son horus 

so then it follows that set had sex with baby horus and then had his son and why is there only two sentences devoted to this in this book i need more information is no one as concerned about this as i am 

anonymous asked:

Hi! I was wondering what you know about Bast? I appear to have... been effected by her, and I was wondering what information you have?


Let’s see what I can tell you about Bast. She’s not one of the netjeru that I have a relationship with, but in my readings on Sekhmet, I’ve done some cursory searches into her as well.

So, Bast started off her life as a Kemetic deity with a leonine form. It was only in later periods that she began being shown in her feline and cat-headed forms. Prior to that, however, she was a pretty bad ass lady. She was on par, honestly, with Sekhmet: fierce, intense, destructive, protective, and avenging. Even as far back as the Old Kingdom, though, she had a nurturing aspect that Sekhmet seems to lack until she’s shown syncretized with Hetheru.

Bastet had her own netjeri (demons) who did her bidding. Just as with Sekhmet, they were known as the “slaughterers of Bastet.” They could inflict plague and disaster on humanity. These netjeri, again just as with Sekhmet, could be used to attack others in heka and could be used against ill-health as well.

The aspects that she does not share with Sekhmet - nurture and her intense sexuality - seem to have become particular pronounced in later eras. Again, this classification and heavy emphasis on these aspects were probably a way to differentiate the differences between Bast and Sekhmet.

Bastet is shown as a consort of… Atum-Re, if I’m not mistaken. The third in their triad, or her “child,” tends to be Ma’ahes. However, Ma’ahes himself may be of foreign origin and most information on him is sparse at best. Her main cult center was at Bubastis.

For further reading on her, I recommend the following webpages,

  1. Bast by Henadology
  2. Bast by Reshafim

Most of my information regarding Bast comes from the two bestest books in the history of Kemetic deity research,

  1. The Complete Gods and Goddesses of AE by Richard Wilkinson
  2. Egyptian Mythology by Geraldine Pinch

I know there are Bast kids out here in the wide world of Tumblr, but I’m drawing a blank right this second.

As far as getting to know the NTRW, let me inundate you with yet more information!

  1. My Guides & 101s page
  2. My resource list
  3. Devo’s Kemetic Offering Guide
  4. Devo’s Kemetic Starter Guide

If you have any questions or concerns, you can post them in the “kemetic” tag and pretty much, you’ll get a response right away.

Hope this helps!

anonymous asked:

Hii~ Do you have any recommendations as to where to read egyptian myths?

Usually, I throw out these three books:

We don’t really have myths per se, we have lots of random stories and references to stories and reliefs in tombs and temples, etc. And so to some extent, most any Egypt 101 book will also include some basics in regards to mythological stories, etc.

But the three listed here are probably going to be the most in-depth.