George Romney

Portrait of Joseph Brant (Thayendanegea)

England (1776)

Oil on Canvas, 127 x 101.6 cm.

During the American Revolutionary War, the Mohawk leader Joseph Brant (1742-1807) was given the rank of captain and fought on the side of the British. This portrait was painted on the occasion of Brant’s trip to England to negotiate the role of the Iroquois Confederation of the Six Nations in the conflict. He wears the silver gorget (a piece of armour for the throat) presented to him by George III. His Mohawk name, Thayendanegea, means “two sticks bound together”, denoting strength.

The National Gallery of Canada