During the American Revolutionary War, the Mohawk leader Joseph Brant
(1742-1807) was given the rank of captain and fought on the side of the
British. This portrait was painted on the occasion of Brant’s trip to
England to negotiate the role of the Iroquois Confederation of the Six
Nations in the conflict. He wears the silver gorget (a piece of armour
for the throat) presented to him by George III. His Mohawk name,
Thayendanegea, means “two sticks bound together”, denoting strength.