A metal, an Insulator, a Superconductor and a Magnet- All in one.That’s what this newly discovered state of matter called Jahn-Teller metals is!
How did they discover this?
A group of scientists from Tokuhu University in Japan introduced Rubidium into BuckyBalls( carbon-60 molecules ) and were able to change the distance between them. The Rubidium atoms due to their large size apply pressure on the carbon atoms and this lead to a new crystalline structure with the above-mentioned properties.
Why is it called “Jahn-Teller Metals”?
It is named after the Jahn-Teller effect. This effect is used to describe how at low pressures, the geometric arrangement of molecules and ions in an electronic state can become distorted.
What happens in a Jahn-Teller metal is that as pressure is applied, and as what was previously an insulator - thanks to the electrically-distorting Jahn-Teller effect - becomes a metal.
Although a ton of research is to be done before this might become a household term, but this new state is promising. Scientists have never been able to convert insulating material into superconducting materials, but with the discovery of Jahn- Teller metals, we might be able to make that possible!
Tombaugh was the American astronomer who discovered the planet Pluto.
On August 20, 1949, he observed a UFO that appeared as in his words, a geometrically arranged group of six-to-eight rectangles of light, window-like in appearance and yellowish-green in color, which moved from northwest to southeast over Las Cruces, New Mexico
“Tombaugh was probably the most eminent astronomer to have reported seeing unidentified flying objects and to support the extraterrestrial hypothesis. On August 20, 1949, Tombaugh saw several unidentified objects near Las Cruces, New Mexico. He described them as six to eight rectangular lights, stating: “I doubt that the phenomenon was any terrestrial reflection, because… nothing of the kind has ever appeared before or since… I was so unprepared for such a strange sight that I was really petrified with astonishment.”