geometric typeface



Futura is a geometric sans-serif typeface designed in 1927 by Paul Renner. It was designed as a contribution on the New Frankfurt-project. It is based on geometric shapes that became representative of visual elements of the Bauhaus design style of 1919–33.

It was commissioned as a typeface by the Bauer Type Foundry, in reaction to Ludwig & Mayer’s seminal Erbar of 1922.Futura has an appearance of efficiency and forwardness.

Although Renner was not associated with the Bauhaus, he shared many of its idioms and believed that a modern typeface should express modern models, rather than be a revival of a previous design. Renner’s design rejected the approach of previous sans-serif designs (now often called grotesques), which were based on the models of sign painting, condensed lettering and nineteenth-century serif typefaces, in favour of simple geometric forms: near-perfect circles, triangles and squares. It is based on strokes of near-even weight, which are low in contrast. The lowercase has tall ascenders, which rise above the cap line, and uses a single-story ‘a’ and 'g’, previously more common in handwriting than in printed text. The uppercase characters present proportions similar to those of classical Roman capitals.