geographic north pole

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Northern and Southern Celestial Map, 1795.

Historical map of the sky of the northern and southern hemisphere, showing the stars and mythological drawings of the constellations. This map is centred on the geographic north and south pole, with the plane of the ecliptic (arching through lower and upper centre) showing the constellations of the northern and southern zodiac. The zodiac shows the Sun’s passage through the sky throughout the year, and does not align to the geographic equator because the Earth is tilted on its axis. The relative brightness of the stars is shown, as well as the Milky Way. 

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If you have 5 minutes to spare, this is a video I made documenting a trip to the Geographic North Pole on board Russian nuclear-powered icebreaker 50 Years of Victory. 

On August 3, 1958, the submarine USS Nautilus successfully completes “Operation Sunshine,” accomplishing the “impossible” - crossing the North Pole by ship. The submarine left from Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on July 23, 1958, and reached the geographic North Pole in only a couple of weeks, at 11:15 pm. USS Nautilus was the world’s first nuclear-powered submarine.

(Photo: Library of Congress)