gentry family

life-of-a-chocoholic  asked:

What if the reason why there are so many fair folk there is because the court wanted to send their fae children to college?

No lie this is a big part of why there’s so many changelings. Half the time in the old stories it was a bit of wood glamoured to look like a child, and the coffin was always lighter than it should have been once the replacement ‘died’. But although the Gentry don’t have families in the way we think of them (how new fae come into being is still a mystery, even to the most devoted students of the Forbidden Major) a lot of them seem interested in putting themselves through school, as the opportunities arise.

(On that note - Imagine one changeling who just keeps. Coming. Back. Like… first it was Greg down the hall who is suddenly much nicer than he ever was and also he speaks in Gaelic when he’s distracted. And then Real Greg comes back, but a few weeks later the music major beside you in Stats 101 is replaced by a nearly identical music major who goes ‘HEY IT’S ME GLEG’ (you couldn’t keep calling him the UnGreg) and looks thrilled to meet you again. And it keeps happening. You become pretty good friends with the changeling over the years, in all their borrowed faces. People who aren’t Involved assume you have a lot of friend-drama because you get really close to some random member of the student body and then suddenly after a few weeks don’t ever speak to them again.)

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The Signs as Harry Potter Marauders Era Characters pt.2 (Earth)

Taurus - Molly Prewett

Molly is the third child of the Prewett family. She has two older brothers who she loves unconditionally. Molly learned early on to love life, to protect her family, and to take care of those she loves. Her mother taught her about taking care of the home and to enjoy gardening. Molly is known as the motherly type and she is not afraid to show her true feelings and emotions. She is funny and energetic, but can easily get angry over acts of stupidity. Arthur Weasley was her first and last love. They met each other in Hogwarts where they were pretty much inseparable.  

 Virgo - Lucius Malfoy

Lucius was born into a very old, wealthy and gentry wizarding family and was taught from a very young age that his heritage is special. He is very intelligent and seems to be a born businessman. Lucius has a smooth and charming manner that enables him to read peoples and he usually gets what he wants. He is calculating, intuitive and strong. Lucius seems to be very cold, but his greatest strength is probably his ability to love. Unlike most of his Slytherin friends he puts his family first. Lucius seems to be assured of his own superiority over the rabble surrounding him, but has a warm and caring heart which he hides from nearly everybody.

Capricorn - Arthur Weasley

Arthur’s mother (nee Black) was disowned for marrying a “blood traitor” but nevertheless she kept her ideals and raised Arthur to be a tolerant and open hearted person. He is strong, caring and hard-working at the same time. His favorite subject is Muggle studies. He is curious about any and everything, especially certain Muggle junk. Harmony and love is most important to him and when he found this traits in Molly he quickly realized that she is “the one”. His main strength is his affable, calm demeanor and also his compassion. Arthur feels that everyone should be given a chance which again shows his fierce tolerance and big heart.  

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I had a bit of downtime today so I figured I’d post some progress pics of one of the many new builds I’m making for the evolution of Dallùbach from Hamlet to Village. We’re finally getting some stuff for the Merchants and Gentry!

This is the new Music Hall. Downstairs is a small bar with an area for drunken singing (karaoke) and upstairs is a DJ Booth and dance area. 

Still to come are a Park, Tavern, Cloister, Merchant Business, Sporting Field, Artisan’s Gallery and Monastery. Not to mention we’ll have new Gentry and Merchant families! 

Separation of Church & State

1. Not in the Constitution. Originates from a letter by Jefferson.
2. Concept intended to protect the churches from state-influence, NOT to protect the state from church influence.
3. The 1st amendment only forbade an established church at the federal level. Many of the colonies had established churches.


Protestant (Congregational, Puritan Calvinists):
Plymouth
Massachusetts Bay
Connecticut
New Haven
New Hampshire 

Church of England:
New York
Virginia
North Carolina
South Carolina
Georgia

Catholic:
Maryland* (founded by a charter granted in 1632 to George Calvert, secretary of state to Charles I, and his son Cecil, both recent converts to Roman Catholicism)
*Under their leadership many English Catholic gentry families settled in Maryland. However, the colonial government was officially neutral in religious affairs, granting toleration to all Christian groups and enjoining them to avoid actions which antagonized the others.On several occasions, low-church dissenters led insurrections which temporarily overthrew the Calvert rule. In 1689, when William and Mary came to the English throne, they acceded to demands to revoke the original royal charter. In 1701, the Church of England was proclaimed, and in the course of the 18th century Maryland Catholics were first barred from public office, then disenfranchised, although not all of the laws passed against them (notably laws restricting property rights and imposing penalties for sending children to be educated in foreign Catholic institutions) were enforced, and some Catholics even continued to hold public office.


No established church:
Pennsylvania (founded by Quakers)
New Jersey (significant Quaker lobby + presence of various Calvinists types)
Delaware (contested between Catholics and Quakers)
Rhode Island & Providence Plantations** (founded by religious dissenters forced to flee the Massachusetts Bay colony)
**Widely regarded as the first polity to grant religious freedom to all its citizens, although Catholics were barred intermittently. Baptists, Seekers/Quakers and Jews made this colony their home.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_religion#Established_churches_and_former_state_churches

silverinthenorth  asked:

First off, thank you so much for the sandbox that is Elsewhere U. Secondly, as someone who's from SE Asia, here superstition and science are held almost in equal regard (in the way that yes there is a logical explanation for ghosts and Things but also no I am not going to chop down that tree because Something definitely lives there my Ama didn't raise no fool), but there is obviously a large cultural difference in how we see the Gentry (over here my family calls them the Good Brothers) 1/3

Like the rules for asking for a favour isn’t as strict as The Gentry- we promise our offering beforehand, and always keep our terms- but technicalities and binding words such as ‘thank you’ are often greyer than they seem. Seeking protection from them, ie. ushering good spirits in, is also common. So what I’m getting at is this: a kid growing up in an environment where his parents and neighbours deal with such things as calm and respectful as you please, but also learns not to overturn 2/3            

learns not to overturn the basket of offerings cause c'mon guys that’s just asking for trouble, basically this kid growing up in a place where knowledge of Them is just part of everyday life, gets to EU, finds out about Them, and originally it goes fine. He is respectful, leaves offerings (oh so every month is Hungry Ghost month?) and They don’t pay as much attention. Then he realises the more shadowy parts: the price of a favour, how words are used in transactions, (¾ - gonna get long sorry)   

just how similar and different things are between the uni and his home. He learns the ways, grows to be more wary, and keeps a personal promise to never seek a favour, but he’s known about Them and their rules ever since he could walk, so he’s never truly afraid. I’m not sure if the lack of drawn shoulders intrigues or rankles Them, even when it’s pretty obvious, but the culture shock is pretty fun to think about. Also imagine: a creature from another culture’s myths stays at EU. 4/4            

I want more Cybertronian historical and cultural worldbuilding…

Cybertronian ages of history: nomadic and hunter-gatherer and rural and urban and feudal and democratic societies, empires and independent kingdoms and tributary states and confederations of tribes

politics, GLORIOUS politics, grudges and friendships and blood feuds and alliances, treaties sealed by bonding princes and princesses and princens, the inevitable death of states (I heard somewhere that the average life expectancy for a human empire has been about 500-600 years; I wonder what it would be for those ruled by Cybertronians?)

Cybertron royals and nobility and gentry and mercantile families and landowning commoners and serfs, class systems and how they change according to the values of the time

stories of the old ways and how they affect the new ways and mecha discovering how far back their beliefs go and what fed into those same beliefs and what made them that way

things that helped people live their lives in the past and became so widespread that the original reason for doing them was forgotten and became part of people’s lives and histories

methods of belief: monotheism and polytheism and ancestor worship and environmental worship, fate and faith

places of belief: shrines and temples and altars and churches and holy landforms and oracles and places where the gods are

other trappings of belief: icons and prayers, mandalas, flags and thrones and figureheads

historians getting really excited over new discoveries! powerful institutions getting not so excited, or even more excited depending on how they can use these new discoveries…

Cybertronian folk traditions: dances and parties and milestones in life, arts and crafts and song and speech, matchmaking and meeting friends and keeping in touch with clade

traditional ceremonies: bonding ceremonies, funerary ceremonies, new sparklings being introduced into the family, seasonal ceremonies, religious ceremonies, professional ceremonies

old mechs’ tales, myths and legends, clade elders gathering the younglings for a good ol’ traditional storytelling epic

mechs using ancient methods of prophecy to help them make important life choices

Cybertronian versions of oracle bones and cleromancy

parents and mentors passing on ancient skills and knowledge to their charges 

how do they work? How do they live?

Cybertronian history and culture

There is literally millions of years of potential in this fandom, and few things excite me as much as that does.

Scouring of the Shire headcanon

Tolkien tells us explicitly that the Shire was an isolationist, agrarian society with a relatively flat class hierarchy. But he also tells us that Shire life is inspired by the late Victorian English countryside. Victorian England may have maintained a romantic *ideology* about being a peaceful, idyllic realm, but that was manifestly not the geopolitical truth. The comfortable life of the countryside that Tolkien took his inspiration from was made possible by, indeed built upon, a word-spanning colonial empire that exploited millions of people and funneled their wealth to England.

Noting the presence of such non-indigenous products as tea and tobacco in the Shire, I conclude that the same is true of the Shire. The Shire was, after all, by far the richest and most powerful realm in Eriador by the late Third Age. It would have dominated trade throughout the region, over the mixed populations of men and hobbits from Forochel to Dunland. When Thorin and co. complain about having to mine coal in the Blue Mountains, we can ask who they’re mining it for – perhaps just for the other Dwarves in the Blue Mountains, but realistically the Shire seems like a much larger market. Perhaps even Cirdan’s people in Lindon were drawn into this Shire-centered economic system, as the hobbits effectively controlled any landward trade routes. The happy idyllic image of the Shire and the assertion of aversion to adventure that we get in the books is an ideology (in the Marxist sense) promoted by the landed gentry – families like our in-world authors, the Bagginses – to disguise the fact that their own wealth comes (directly or indirectly) from a commercial empire.

Frodo, having led a sheltered life, goes out on his adventure with these prejudices firmly in his head. But his experiences with a wide range of other cultures and realms over the course of the books give him a crash course in political economy. By seeing how industrial capitalism works in the more overt cases of Isengard and Mordor, he gains awareness of socio-economic processes he’d always overlooked at home. (And likewise for the other hobbits.)

When he returns to the Shire at the end, he is now equipped to see the exploitative and destructive system that underlies his idyll. He is, in the parlance of a certain corner of Tumblr social justice, “woke.” So it’s not so much that the Shire has changed under Saruman, but that Frodo has changed. The main effect of Saruman’s presence is that it allows Frodo to blame an external instigator, rather than fully confronting (and asking the other hobbits to confront) the problems that have existed all along in their own society.

Yet the Scouring of the Shire would only be a temporary catharsis. With the re-establishment of Arnor and the elevation of hobbits as heroes, we can expect the same exploitative economic relationships to slide back into place even as the hobbits pat themselves on the back for a job well done.

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History Meme || {3/7} historical marriages
● Jasper Tudor + Catherine Woodville ●

After Henry VII took the throne, he reversed Buckingham’s attainder and assigned Katherine jointure.  Probably the generous treatment accorded Katherine—her lands more than satisfied the amount of her jointure was due to Henry’s desire to benefit his uncle, Jasper Tudor. The latter, newly created Duke of Bedford, married Katherine before November 7, 1485. In his middle fifties, he had never been married previously. Before Henry VII’s coronation, seven-year-old Edward Stafford, now the third Duke of Buckingham, was made a Knight of the Bath. With Edward restored to his family’s estates, his wardship had become a very desirable one. It was given to Henry VII’s mother, Margaret Beaufort, and he and his brother grew up in her household.   

As Duchess of Bedford - the title her mother had held - Katherine was prominent in the ceremonies surrounding the coronation of her niece, Elizabeth of York, in 1487. She and several other ladies, carried in two chairs, followed the queen as she processed to Westminster the day before her coronation, and at breakfast the day after, Katherine sat on the left of the queen, with Margaret Beaufort on the right. At the christening of Henry and Elizabeth’s first daughter, Margaret, Katherine carried the train of the baby’s mantle, assisted by Lord Strange. She is not mentioned by name as attending her sister Elizabeth Woodville’s funeral, though one of Katherine’s daughters was present. Perhaps the timing of the queen’s funeral, held a few days after her death on June 8, 1492, allowed Katherine too little time to receive the news and to travel to Windsor for the ceremony. Katherine is said to have spent most of her time at Thornbury, a manor in Gloucestershire on which Edward Stafford later lavished his attention and money. 

On December 21, 1495, Jasper Tudor died, aged about sixty-four. Katherine, only about thirty-seven, very hastily married Richard Wingfield, a man twelve years her junior, without a royal license. Part of a prosperous but very large Suffolk gentry family that had had close ties to Edward IV, Richard, the eleventh of twelve sons,  would go on to have a distinguished diplomatic career in Henry VIII’s service, but at the time he must have had few material resources. (Perhaps persuading the rich duchess to the marriage, which took place before February 24, 1496, was an early example of Richard’s diplomatic skills—or sex appeal.) Henry VII fined the couple two thousand pounds for their presumption, although it was ultimately Katherine’s son Edward who bore the burden of paying the fine. Katherine would have probably known Richard for some time, as there were already ties between the Wingfields and the Woodvilles: Richard’s mother was connected to Mary FitzLewis, Anthony Woodville’s second wife. Two of Richard’s brothers, and perhaps Richard himself, had served in Katherine’s household, and some of Richard’s older brothers had rebelled against Richard in 1483 and fought for Henry VII at Bosworth. 

 Katherine died on May 18, 1497, barely a year after her third marriage, having had no surviving children by Wingfield (or by Jasper Tudor). Richard Wingfield remarried, but in his will in 1525 requested that masses be said for Katherine’s soul as well as for those of other deceased family members and friends. Her burial place is unknown.

Gold and Pure

TITLE: Gold and Pure

CHAPTER NO./ONE SHOT: One-Shot

AUTHOR: SassyShoulderAngel319

ORIGINAL IMAGINE: Imagine being the best singer in all the nine realms. On Frigga’s birthday you sing to her and the royal family. As soon as your voice hits Loki’s ears he falls in love with you.

RATING: G

NOTES/WARNINGS: No warnings.

^^^^^

Aria liked to imagine she was important—daydreaming about being famous when her teacher was rambling on about something she already knew or didn’t care about because it wouldn’t be on the test. She knew it would probably never actually come to pass. She didn’t have the same opportunities to be famous as some other people.

So when Heimdall declared her the greatest singer in all Nine Realms and Odin himself came to Earth to request her to sing at his wife’s birthday celebration, she was quite shocked. Often she didn’t sing in front of people—unless it was her school choir. Then she had a few solos.

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The final building project of Elizabeth Countess of Shrewsbury, Hardwick Hall is a masterpiece of English renaissance architecture. The home quickly gained recognition, and a popular rhyme, “Hardwick Hall, more glass than wall” was coined shortly after it’s completion. Elizabeth, better known as Bess of Hardwick, was born to a rural gentry family but ultimately became one of the richest women in England through a series of advantageous marriages and clever political maneuvering. While Hardwick Hall was one of Bess’ many grand building projects it was the only home completed while Bess was unmarried. Bess intended to live out her days here with her granddaughter, Arbella Stuart, whom Bess desperately hoped to make queen after Elizabeth I. Built within view of her natal home (third photo), now know as Old Hardwick Hall, the new Hall is a stunning testament to Bess’ dynastic and political ambitions and her incredible rise from obscurity to one of the most notable women in Elizabethan England. The initials “ES” positioned at the top of every rooftop tower ensured there would be no uncertainty as to who was responsible for such a magnificent structure.

avelera  asked:

*Chin hands* Tell me more of your thoughts on the economy in Middle Earth :3

How nice :3 Thank you!

I cannot remember whether it was men or dwarves who introduced the concept of money as a means of trade in Ennor, but I know that this wasn’t a concept elves invented.  (When I think of economy in Arda, I always picture Caranthir and his several dwarven business partners) Even by the end of the third age the concept of money was still strange and unimportant for them, as they lived in insular communities with very little communication one among the other. (I like to believe this is not totally the case as I’m sure there are elves who would try to at least understand the concept and contribute to it [like having a shop in Lindon for example] and that messengers between Mirkwood-Lorien; Lorien-Imladris and Imladris-Lindon must have been very frequent, but this is a topic for another time).

With elves out of the equation as utilizers of currency and contributors to the economy, we have dwarves, men and hobbits left. As seen in your post (very good meta btw) we must assume that even if there was a second Erebor, the situation would have been the same, with each settlement with its own economy. (Should we count the Iron Hills in this?) After Erebor is destroyed, the dwarves flee to Ered Luin and the hidden settlements of the Grey Mountains, but the BIG downsides to this is that the only thing the Blue Mountains are rich in is coal and the Grey Mountains are full of dragons, so no chance of establishing a powerful trading hub in any of these locations. Even more, Ered Luin is home as much to dwarves as it is to elves and men. So, there must have been at one time a dispute regarding the resources. One thing still irks me. What do the dwarves owe to everyone? Just because they have the resources does this mean they should be giving them freely, at the cost of their own people’s comfort? It really annoyed me how both men and elves in the Hobbit (the book) came and basically started to just assume what they would do with all that money. Yeah, it’s true the dragon was killed by Bard, but the only reward Bard deserved was the fact that Smaug didn’t kill him. Dwarves are seen as greedy and secretous by the other races, but this was as much a case of receiving as it was of welcoming a reputation. If dwarves weren’t rich, would anyone have given a damn about them? Of course, not. This is demonstrated to us also in the Hobbit, where the Ereborian dwarves in exile had to mine coal and do simple blacksmith work for men in order to earn some bread. And even then they were seen as inferior and pityles by the other men. I understand the point of the dwarves very clearly, and I myself would not sacrifice my wellbeing for a gloat of demanding no-ones. 

What about the others? Khazad-dum in its time was the centre of Middle Earth’s economical power. Even Eregion and Lindorinand traded often with them. The Glittering Caves in their time in the Fourth Age must have been a force to reckon with. And my favorite, the dwarven settlements of the Orrocarni, where it is known that they traded freely with elves and had very good relations with the avari there, so they must retain some economical power. But we are already straining in the Rhun-Orrocarni-Khand area on which there is only very few canon info left to us but a lot of semi-canon left to explore. (Try the Merp modules, they are life changing).

I would credit men as the investors of money (just because of the comparison). In FOTR in Bree, we are told that a pony was considered to be worth about four silver pennies. The well-to-do owner of the Prancing Pony, Barliman Butterbur, considered a loss of 30 silver pennies to be a considerable blow. A gold piece was regarded as a particularly extravagant reward for good news. And even Bilbo came home with two chests of gold and silver and lived happily for the next 50 years. Gondor has money, Rohan, Bree, Rhun and every country that men occupy. Heck, even Mordor must have had a form of money (well, obviously not to pay the overworked orc labourers with) but to trade. Mordor is an exception to the general rule of Middle Earth economy, as its principle runs of unpaid workers and the capture and dealings with slaves. (I actually read once a piece of semi-canon about the slave markets of Harad, and how the Black Numenoreans would capture people and ship them to Mordor).

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bbc.com
Jane Austen's music collection made available online - BBC News
About 600 pieces of music that belonged to Jane Austen are made available online for the first time.

The Pride and Prejudice author, who also played piano and sang, copied music by hand into personal albums and collected sheet music.

They were digitised by the University of Southampton’s Hartley Library.

Project leader and professor of music Jeanice Brooks said they would help to explain the “musical environment that fed the novelist’s imagination”.  

She added that the novels were “full of musical scenes”, and the collection would provide music historians with a “unique glimpse of the musical life of an extended gentry family in the years around 1800”.