genetically modified plants

fanfic
  • poison ivy wearing muddy overalls n rubber gloves on the set of a gardening show w the hosts tied up n gagged behind her stroking a genetically modified carnivorous plant like a lapdog: hello fume-spewers of gotham city. its your hostess with the most...the mostess...its me, poison ivy. sorry to interrupt your resource-guzzling evening's entertainment by taking over every channel of your worthless old-media network. oh wait. i'm not. at this very moment the bouquet of roses i sent to strangle the mayor will be
  • heavy static followed by sudden cut 2 the penguin, drinking straight vodka and crunching icecubes wearing a feather boa and a velvet dressing gown covered in grease-strains and reclining in the hosts chair on a talk show set, which is being visibly smashed by themed muscleboys in th background: GOTHAM CITY YOU FUCKERS, YOU ABSOLUTE SWINE, HERES THE DEAL I WANT (crunch) A BILLION DOLLARS LEGAL TENDER TRANSFERRED TO MY PAYPAL AT vintage_cloaca_1937@icberglounge.com.org OR YOU CAN (slurp) SAY GOODBYE TO-
  • sudden cut back 2 poison ivy, furiously gesturing to the hypnotised crew to do whatever damnable technological things they do to unfuck the broadcast: (high pitched screeching)
  • sudden cut to the penguin: -YOUR PRECIOUS "SUN". I-
  • the penguin: (hears phone ringing) OH WAIT UH HOLD ON A SECOND
  • the penguin: (pullS a gold rotary telephone out of his purse) HWEH?
  • poison ivy, shreiking thru reciever: fuck off oswald im doing a Bit!!
  • the penguin: TO FUCK WITH YOUR BIT I BOUGHT OUT ALL THE NETWORKS FOR 1 HALF HOUR SLOT AND NOW I HAVE MINUS A BILLION DOLLARS AND I NEED A BILLION DOLLARS
  • poison ivy: these airwaves arent big enough for the both of us you horrendous little animal. i swear to piss i will
  • sudden cut to the riddler, sitting atop a giant rubix cube w the squares flashing neon at intervals wearing 2 pairs of 3D glasses and a coquettish mod ensemble w so many sequins on it that the studio lights reflecting off it cause at least 3 lens flares a second: GREEEEEEEETINGS CITIZENS OF GOTHAM CITTTYYYYYY! i, the RIDDLER, have interrupted your intellectually unstimulating broadcast to bring you some entertainment you'll hopefully find a little more...challenging. a new game show....with a DEADLY TWIST. for you see
  • the riddler: (hears his 2001 nokia beeping) uh...well, it seems we have our FIRST CALLER of the evening
  • the riddler: ...and our SECOND CALLER. um
  • poison ivy: (garbled screaming)
  • the penguin: (choking on an ice cube in pure rage)
  • the riddler: woah now hey now hey there woah there just a second
  • the penguin: -THE SUN
  • poison ivy: -THE MAYOR-
  • the penguin: -A BILLION DOLLARS
  • poison ivy: -A TRILLION DOLLARS-
  • sudden cut to harley quinn, sitting at home on the couch in front of her webcam wearing a sweaty sports bra and loony toons pajama pants and eating a hotdog: whats up folks! just wanted to hang out

Mary-Dell Chilton (b. 1939) is one of the founders of modern plant biotechnology, responsible for the first genetically modified plants.

She obtained a PhD in chemistry from the University of Illinois and went on to do research work at Washington University. It was there where she led the study that produced the first transgenic plants. For her work, she was rewarded with the Benjamin Franklin Medal in Life Sciences, and the 2013 World Food Prize.

Home- Young Justice X Reader

You slipped into the shadows, unseen by many of the henchmen that always were too oblivious. By just glancing at the clothing they wore, you could tell that you were dealing with the Joker.


‘I got a couple Joker goons on my side,’ you thought through the telepathic link.


‘I found a couple genetically modified plants on my end. Poison Ivy must be around here,’ Wally commented.


You held in a breath when you heard your mother’s alias. You haven’t told the team, but Batman knew. He was the one who brought you to the team in the first place. She had been experimenting with human-plant hybrids and voila! A lovely flower named (Y/N) was born and raised by her mother until she was found by the infamous Batman. You missed your mother, and the only reason you aren’t being sent away is you being on this junior Justice League. The only things that understand your pain are the plants you brought from your home. You would talk to them everyday and they would always find a way to cheer you up.


‘I got eyes on the Joker,’ Robin said.


Your eyes widened at Robin’s news. Did he have backup? What was he thinking?! You may have been raised by a ‘villain’, but that would never stop you from saving another. You sprinted to Robin’s location as fast as you could and reached the room in under a minute. Robin was fighting hand to hand combat with the Joker. You continued to run towards the fight and noticed Joker’s hand moving to a pocket. You pushed Robin away, but had the venom sprayed at you in the process. You looked at the Joker in shock. His shocked face turned into a smile. You couldn’t believe that he thought it would work on you. You couldn’t help but chuckle and then soon you were laughing so hard your chest hurt. The team soon ran in the room and saw you laughing while pulling yourself up. Aqualad instantly contacted Batman for an antidote, but he knew that you wouldn’t make it.


“You really think that would work on me?” you asked the Joker while still laughing.


The Joker’s smile faded and his eyes filled with fear. You made the plants that were growing near his feet wrap around his body, encompassing him with thick vines. The team stared at you wide-eyed as you punched the Joker, knocking him out.


You pulled out a comm and shoved it in your ear, “Batman, the Joker has been handled.”


You looked back at the team and rolled your eyes, “We still have a mission to finish.”


You gave the team one last look and ran back to your original side of the building. You knew your mom was in there, and you just wanted to see her again. The plants around you whispered where to go and you eventually found a door completely covered in vines and plants. The plants immediately moved out of the way, allowing you to enter the room. Once you entered, your mother immediately pulled you into her embrace.


“I missed you my little flower,” she said.


“I missed you, too,” you said with tears forming in your eyes.


“They will pay for taking you away from me,” she snarled while tightening her hold on you.


She released you, but still held onto your hand. She waved her hand and revealed an exit from the building.


“Let’s go home.”

usatoday.com
Academies of Science finds GMOs not harmful to human health
Genetically engineered crops do not cause increases in cancer, obesity,autism or allergies, a new report says

Genetically engineered crops are safe for humans and animals to eat and have not caused increases in cancer, obesity, gastrointestinal illnesses, kidney disease, autism or allergies, an exhaustive report from the National Academies of Science released Tuesday found.

Work on the 388-page report began two years ago and was conducted by a committee of more than 50 scientists, researchers and agricultural and industry experts convened by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. It reviewed more than 900 studies and data covering the 20 years since genetically modified crops were first introduced.

Overall, genetically engineered (GE) crops saved farmers in the United States money but didn’t appear to increase crop yields. They have lowered pest populations in some areas, especially in the Midwest but increased the number of herbicide-resistant weeds in others. There’s also no evidence that GE crops have affected the population of monarch butterflies, the report said.

The review was thorough and systemic, assessing many of the issues that have been raised about genetically engineered crops over the years, said Gregory Jaffe, director of biotechnology at the non-profit watchdog group the Center for Science in the Public Interest in Washington D.C. The group was not involved in the report’s creation.

Continue Reading.

Love growing potatoes and tomatoes? This spring, gardeners in the U.S. (and Europe) will be able to get both tuber and fruit from a single plant.

It’s even got a catchy name: Ketchup ‘n’ Fries.

This isn’t a genetically modified organism but a plant of two different nightshades: the top of a cherry tomato grafted on to a white potato.

Gardener’s Twofer: First Ketchup 'N’ Fries Plant Hits U.S. Market

Photo Credit: SuperNaturals

-Research CCD and bees
The more that you know about colony collapse disorder and bees, the more you can help and the better you can spread the word.

-Spread the word about CCD
More people need to know about the importance of bees and that they are dying. You might even clear up some misconceptions, or stop someone from being afraid of bees. The best thing that you can do is raise awareness.

-Support local beekeepers
Beekeepers provide free housing for bees. It is like if you were trying to make a house for your family, and someone came along and said, “Here is a free house and food for your entire life and your descendants for generations. All you have to do for me is keep doing what you do all of the time anyways! So if you like honey, eat up! (of course, don’t make yourself sick)

-Don’t support businesses that use neonicotinoids
Neonicotinoids are a certain type of pesticide that is genetically modified into a plant. The problem is, they are one of the leading causes of CCD. They can make bees unable to communicate, fly, walk, they can paralyze bees, cause seizures, and even kill them directly by attacking their nervous system. Even if a plant is not pollinated by bees, it can infect water sources and nearby bees. (this does not mean that all GMOs or pesticides hurt bees, nor does it mean that all GMOs and pesticides are bad for the environment)

-Plant local, non-invasive species that help bees
You want to be very careful when doing this. You want to be absolutely sure that anything you plant does not have neonicotinoids, is native to your area, and will not invade other species in your area. This is very important!!!

-Create bee habitat, and consider becoming a beekeeper
There are always bees looking for habitat, and that is often difficult to come by. Remember that not all bees are western honeybees. Some bees live alone, some bees live in the ground, and some bees live in wood. There are many many different types of bees, and they are all important. So even if you don’t want a hive, you can make small habitats for solitary bees.Information sources can be found here: https://save–bees.tumblr.com/post/162888304451/awesome-bee-info-sources

Thank You!

Bee-Aware 

Honey bees—wild and domestic—perform about 80 percent of all pollination worldwide. A single bee colony can pollinate 300 million flowers each day. Grains are primarily pollinated by the wind, but fruits, nuts and vegetables are pollinated by bees.

Seventy out of the top 100 human food crops—which supply about 90 percent of the world’s nutrition—are pollinated by bees.

Typically, a bee hive or colony will decline by 5-10 percent over the winter, and replace those lost bees in the spring. In a bad year, a bee colony might lose 15-20 percent of its bees.

In the US winter losses have commonly reached 30-50 percent, in some cases more, scientists know that bees are dying from a variety of factors—pesticides, drought, habitat destruction, nutrition deficit, air pollution, global warming and more. Many of these causes are interrelated.

We know humans are largely responsible for the two most prominent causes: pesticides and habitat loss.

Biologists have found more than 150 different chemical residues in bee pollen, a deadly “pesticide cocktail”. The chemical companies Bayer, Syngenta, BASF, Dow, DuPont and Monsanto shrug their shoulders at the systemic complexity, as if the mystery were too complicated. They advocate no change in pesticide policy. After all, selling poisons to the world’s farmers is profitable, they  control nearly 100% of the world market for genetically modified pesticides, plants and seeds.

Furthermore, wild bee habitat shrinks every year as industrial agribusiness converts grasslands and forest into mono-culture farms, which are then contaminated with pesticides. 

To reverse the world bee decline, we need to fix our dysfunctional and destructive agricultural system.

anonymous asked:

How would a labratory function in a solarpunk society? Do gmos have a place?

Laboratory is a very broad term – I don’t see why labs wouldn’t still exist in a huge diversity of ways in a solarpunk environment.

As for GMOs, that’s a difficult question: in theory, genetically modifying plants is a perfectly reasonable thing to do, that could be vastly helpful in generating the quantity and quality of food necessary to sustain a population with a far, far smaller land-use footprint – and modifying plants to use as technologies themselves is another fascinating and, I think, very solarpunk field. Bioluminescent plants for lighting comes to mind.

But GMOs as they exist today aren’t that. They’re proprietary seeds that are designed to produce commercially attractive vegetables (Make the oranges oranger, not make the oranges healthier) and they generate a mechanism by which major corporations can create artificial monopolies on control of natural resources.

It’s not the plants’ fault. GMOs aren’t dangerous because they’ve been fiddled with genetically. They’re dangerous because they’ve been granted patents, and they empower systems of structural oppression.

anonymous asked:

why are you anti gmo?

Ok first of all, what is GMO?
“A GMO (genetically modified organism) is the result of a laboratory process where genes from the DNA of one species are extracted and artificially forced into the genes of an unrelated plant or animal. The foreign genes may come from bacteria, viruses, insects, animals or even humans.“

Basically, it is an organism made in a laboratory. Artificial organism. Not natural. Genes from one source inserted into an unrelated object (plant/animal). Combinations of genes that do NOT occur in nature. Why would anyone think that something so UNNATURAL would be good for us?
Let’s do a little research…

“Numerous health problems increased after GMOs were introduced in 1996. The percentage of Americans with three or more chronic illnesses jumped from 7% to 13% in just 9 years; food allergies skyrocketed, and disorders such as autism, reproductive disorders, digestive problems, and others are on the rise.“
SOURCE: http://www.responsibletechnology.org/10-Reasons-to-Avoid-GMOs

“A genetically modified plant could theoretically have lower nutritional quality than its traditional counterpart by making nutrients unavailable or indigestible to humans.”
SOURCE: http://enhs.umn.edu/current/5103/gm/harmful.html

“In a new study published in the peer reviewed Public Library of Science (PLOS), researchers emphasize that there is sufficient evidence that meal-derived DNA fragments carry complete genes that can enter into the human circulation system through an unknown mechanism.“ (In another words, DNA from genetically modified crops can be transferred into humans who eat them)
SOURCE: http://www.collective-evolution.com/2014/04/08/10-scientific-studies-proving-gmos-can-be-harmful-to-human-health/

“Both pesticides and GMOs have been connected with an increased risk of certain types of cancer. There are additonal health concerns too including reproductive issues, autism and even heart disease”
SOURCE: http://naturallysavvy.com/eat/whats-so-bad-about-gmos-top-ten-reasons-to-avoid-them

“The American Academy of Environmental Medicine (AAEM) urges doctors to prescribe non-GMO diets for all patients. They cite animal studies showing organ damage, gastrointestinal and immune system disorders, accelerated aging, and infertility. Human studies show how genetically modified (GM) food can leave material behind inside us, possibly causing long-term problems.”
SOURCE: http://www.care2.com/greenliving/how-to-win-a-gmo-debate-top-10-facts-why-gm-food-is-bad.html

“Genetically modified organisms have not been proven in any way to be safe, and most of the studies are actually leaning the other direction, which is why many of the world’s countries have banned these items whose DNA has been genetically engineered.“
SOURCE:http://www.organicauthority.com/foodie-buzz/eight-reasons-gmos-are-bad-for-you.html

“A growing body of evidence connects GMOs with health problems, environmental damage and violation of farmers’ and consumers’ rights.“
SOURCE:http://www.nongmoproject.org/learn-more/

“Despite FDA claims that genetically modified foods are safe, scientific studies continue to prove otherwise.“
SOURCE: http://www.elevatedexistence.com/blog/2012/11/03/the-truth-about-gmos-in-your-food/

NOT TO MENTION, THAT GMO PRODUCE IS NOWHERE NEAR AS NUTRITIOUS THAN ORGANIC, OR NON-GMO PRODUCE

IF GMO’s ARE SO BAD, WHY DO THEY EVEN EXIST?

“The main reasons for genetic manipulation of species used in aquaculture are all directly connected to improved output/input ratios. They are:
a) to enhance growth and/or efficiency of food conversion,
b) to enhance commercially significant flesh characteristics,
c) to control reproductive activity and/or sexual phenotype,
d) to increase resistance of species to pathogens/parasites,
e) to increase tolerance to/of environmental variables such as temperature,
f) to modify behaviour, e.g. aggression, and
g) to control fertility and/or viability.“
SOURCE: www.fao.org/
^BASICALLY, IT IS ALL ABOUT MONEY.

OK, I GET IT. HOW CAN I AVOID GMO’S?
For most of us, it is quite difficult to avoid GMO’s COMPLETELY. They are everywhere - in our food, in skincare products, in make up. What you can do is educate yourself. BE AWARE. Buy as much organic as possible. Buy as less processed products as possible.
HERE is a great website to check if the brand you are buying verified Non-GMO.
SOME TIPS TO AVOID GMO PRODUCTS HERE.

MOST COMMON GMO PRODUCTS - therefore better be avoided/bought organic
1. Soybeans — Gene taken from bacteria (Agrobacterium sp. strain CP4) and inserted into soybeans to make them more resistant to herbicides.
2. Corn — There are two main varieties of GE corn. One has a gene from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis inserted to produce the Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxin, which poisons Lepidoteran pests (moths and butterflies).[2] There are also several things that are resistant to various herbicides present in high fructose corn syrup and glucose/fructose, prevalent in a wide variety of foods in America.
3. Canola — Gene added/transferred to make the crop more resistant to herbicide.
4. Sugar beets — Gene added/transferred to make crop more resistant to Monsanto’s Roundup herbicide.
5. Cotton — engineered to produce BT toxin. The seeds are pressed into cottonseed oil, a common ingredient in vegetable oil and margarine.
6. Dairy — Cows injected with GE hormone rBGH/rBST; possibly fed GM grains and hay.
7. Sugar - In 2012, the FDA approved the sale of GMO beet sugars under the name “SUGAR.” If you see “CANE SUGAR,” there’s a good chance it’s not GMO.
8. Papayas.
9. Zucchini.
10. Baked goods often have one or more of the common GM ingredients.

I encourage you to reblog this and spread the awareness about GMOs. SUPPORT LOCAL FARMERS!

Tobacco Plants Coaxed To Grow Potential Anti-Cancer Drug

by Michael Keller

Researchers are reporting the world is one step closer to a future where disease therapies are grown on farms like spinach or lettuce is today. After more than a decade of work, scientists in Austria and Germany have coaxed plants to produce protein antibodies identical to those made by humans.

These antibodies, called immunoglobulin M (IgM), are being produced in the leaves of genetically modified plants. The advance is a feat of applied science because human IgM is a complex protein molecule–the largest antibody present in the circulatory system—that is released by the immune system to fight infection when it is first detected. The European team’s work caused plants to grow a specific variety of IgM that kills tumor cells and is a potential anti-cancer drug.

“This work happened in several steps. First we saw one thing, and then another small piece came together,” Herta Steinkellner, a molecular biologist and engineer at Vienna’s University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, tells Txchnologist. “When I think back now, I’m so surprised. This was high-risk research that we didn’t expect to work, and then it worked. Amazing.” 

Keep reading

Gene-edited CRISPR mushroom escapes US regulation

The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) will not regulate a mushroom genetically modified with the gene-editing tool CRISPR–Cas9.

The long-awaited decision means that the mushroom can be cultivated and sold without passing through the agency’s regulatory process — making it the first CRISPR-edited organism to receive a green light from the US government.

“The research community will be very happy with the news,” says Caixia Gao, a plant biologist at the Chinese Academy of Sciences’s Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology in Beijing, who was not involved in developing the mushroom. “I am confident we’ll see more gene-edited crops falling outside of regulatory authority.”

The mushroom did not trigger USDA oversight because it does not contain foreign DNA from ‘plant pests’ such as viruses or bacteria. Such organisms were necessary for genetically modifying plants in the 1980s and 1990s, when the US government developed its framework for regulating GMOs. But newer gene-editing techniques that do not involve plant pests are quickly supplanting the old tools.

The common white button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) has been modified to resist browning. Jose A. Bernat Bacete/Getty Images

Match It Monday!

Eggs? Fungus? Fruit? Did you guess it?

These are actually butterfly eggs from Battus philenor, the Pipevine Swallowtail. Larva hatch from eggs and feed on the leaves, stems, and seeds of its host plant Aristolochia fimbriata, commonly known as pipevine. Initially non-toxic, larva convert chemicals found within pipevine into poisonous forms, making them toxic to predators. Many other species of butterflies mimic the Pipevine Swallowtail to fool predators into thinking they, too, are poisonous.

Image by David Millard.

little-wolf-swisher-deactivated  asked:

I'm sorry but GMOs are a bad thing to animal health to all health it doesn't matter the company that makes it, gmos are cancer causing, allergy causing, they are chemicals with bacteria crap, and then the food, grown in poor conditions causing food to loose nutritional value they are very bad for all life!!

Who told you all this? Unfortunately I see a TON of misinformation about GMOs online and any negative things I’ve read are just simply untrue… This is gonna be big and long so hold onto your butts.

Keep reading

anonymous asked:

This may be a dumb question but what are GMO foods

GMOs are “genetically modified organisms” which are living organisms whose genetic material has been artificially manipulated in a laboratory through genetic engineering. - this science creates unstable combinations of plant, animal, bacteria and viral genes that do not occur in nature or through traditional crossbreeding methods.

Basically, genetically modified plants are created so that they can withstand use of herbicides and/or produce their own insecticides. 

Currently 80% of processed foods in the US contain GMOS. And there is very little research regarding how the human body reacts to genetically modified foods, which is very concerning. I really recommend watching “seeds of death” on youtube to learn more about GMOS and reading this really well done study of GMO myths and truths!