genetic-disorder

Xeroderma pigmentosum is an autosomal recessive disorder that results in the skin’s inability to repair damage caused by ultraviolet light. This results in symptoms such as severe sunburn, development of excessive freckles, cry skin, blisters and corneal ulcerations. One of the most common causes of death in people with Xeroderma pigmentosum is skin cancer - specifically metastatic melanoma and squamous cell carcinoma.

ambuck  asked:

Hi Cassie, with mundane medicine being forbidden in the Shadowhunter world I'm wondering what would happen to those with rare genetic diseases. My daughter has one called cystinosis and requires a lot of medicine to keep her healthy. Would a genetic disorder be something that the Silent Brothers could heal? Or would her family need to become mundane so she could live? Are Shadowhunters even susceptible to genetic disorders? Thank you for your time :)

They would be treated by the Silent Brothers. The Silent Brothers and their magic are actually really useful — there are some areas that we’ve seen in which Silent Brothers are not the optimum option for treatment. Anything the Shadowhunters don’t believe exists, for starters! But in terms of sicknesses of the body, there are a lot that Silent Brothers can simply cure early in life. There are disadvantages to being a Shadowhunter, but also advantages, and access to the magic and medicine of Silent Brothers and warlocks is one of them. If Shadowhunters didn’t die so often in battle, they would likely have longer lifespans than mundanes.

I went to a new primary care doc because my old one was apparently out of network and he seems pretty good.  I am having difficulty swallowing due to some swelling in the ligaments/tendons around my cartilage in my throat, so he suggested doing a few days of steroids.

One interesting thing was that we looked back at my old genetics reports and he decided that he agreed with the geneticist who questioned whether some other known or not yet described in the literature connective tissue disorder was going on rather than EDSh or EDS classical.  He’s not comfortable treating it as such, so I’m being referred to genetics at Cincinnati Children’s for evaluation and testing.  Being in genetics I always hesitate with testing because of the consequences in terms of life insurance for a positive result and potentially health insurance if GINA gets thrown out by this administration.

2

On July 9, 1989, Patricia Stallings and her husband David Stallings rushed to the hospital with their three-month-old son Ryan Stallings after he had been experiencing difficulties with breathing and vomiting for at least two days. The test results reportedly showed that Ryan’s blood contained high levels of ethylene glycol, one of the main ingredients in antifreeze. The Pediatrician who treated Ryan suspected he had been poisoned by either Patricia or David Stallings. Eight days later, Ryan was released from the hospital and placed in a foster home due to the suspicion that his parents might be responsible for the pain little Ryan had to endure. During the time Ryan lived in foster care, the Stallings’ contact to their son was very limited and they were allowed to visit him for one hour one day per week. In September, 1989 three days after Patricia was left alone with Ryan for a brief period of time, he was hospitalized again and died a short time later. She was arrested the following day after Ryan’s death. Unbeknownst to Patricia at the beginning, she was pregnant again and while being in jail awaiting trial, Patricia gave birth to the couple’s second son, David Jr. After being placed in a foster care home, David Jr. displayed the same symptoms the first son of the Stallings’ did, although David Jr. met the criteria for a rare genetic disorder called MMA in which the body can’t properly process certain types of proteins and fats and produces methylmalonic acid, which is identical to the chemicals found in antifreeze. He was treated and fully recovered. However, when Patricia was tried, the judge didn’t allow Stalling’s attorney to present the theory that Ryan’s cause of death wasn’t because of antifreeze poisoning, but MMA. She was convicted of first degree murder and assault and got a life sentence. Months after the sentencing, the case was featured on a show called “Unsolved Mysteries” which biochemist William S. Sly of St. Louis University happened to see. He tested Ryan’s blood and eventually proved that Ryan suffered from MMA. Piero Ronaldo of Yale University also confirmed that the cause of death was indeed MMA. In July, 1991 Patricia was released from jail. On September 20, 1991, all charges were dropped and prosecutors apologized to the Stallings family and on the same day their second son, David Jr, was finally given to his parents.

Dirk Gently's Holistic Detective Agency

A government experiment turned private detective teams up with a wannabe rockstar with questionable morals and a Navy reject with unstable emotions and uses a kitten that’s really a hammerhead shark to help him find a corgi that’s really a time-traveling millionaire’s daughter. Meanwhile, a serial killer kidnaps a computer hacker and a young girl with a genetic neurological disorder runs away with psychic vampire stalkers. Pandemonium ensues. There’s blood everywhere. (You really should watch this show already…)

people with overbites are cute. people with underbites are cute. people with teeth gaps are cute. people with chipped teeth are cute. people with yellowish teeth are cute. people with general teeth problems whether it be because they have a genetic disorder or mental disorder or an addiction or just generally cannot take the best care of their teeth as well as they wish they could are cute. your teeth do not define you. you’re cute either way.

anonymous asked:

My dream dog is a Newfoundlander, and I have a responsible breeder already picked out for when I have a big enough yard and a steady job, but I'm finding it hard to find much info on them. Opinions?

They are a relatively rare breed owing to their size, fur and drool, but I have known a few of them over the years.

These dogs are just… messy.

(Image Source)

They are big they seriously shed and they drool like a running tap, which essentially sticks that shed hair to every available surface like glue. This is a breed so fundamentally unsuitable for my personal lifestyle that I swiftly change the topic every time the boyfriend brings up that he wants one. Speaking of changing topics, lets look at them from a medical standpoint. You may want to make yourself a cup of tea, this will be a long post.

Hips are a major issue with this breed. The Orthopedic Foundation for Animals ranks their hips, as a breed, as worse than the notorious German Shepherd. Worse again, symptoms of hip dysplasia are often aggravated by the increased size or weight of the animal, and this breeds is one of the largest ones. This causes pain and suffering. 25% of them are estimated to have dysplastic hips, with only 8% estimated to have ‘good’ hips.

Elbows are another weakness for this giant breed. Again around 20-25% of these dogs are estimated to be afflicted with elbow dysplasia. Some unfortunate individuals with have both elbow and hip dysplasia, leaving them without a good leg to stand on. Problems often develop by18 months of age, and will cause pain for the dog for the rest of its life.

Tears of the cranial cruciate ligament are also fairly common, due to sheer size and probably other orthopedic dodginess. If not treated surgically this will cause severe lameness and arthritis in the joint.

By the way, if you were wondering about the costs of these surgeries to patch up a Newfoundland skeleton, you’ll probably spend $2.5-3k on the dysplastic elbows, $2.5-3.5k per cruciate tear, and between $1.4k and $7k each side for the dysplasitc hips, depending whether they are diagnosed young, or so late that only a total hip replacement will help. Just so you know.

The consequences of leaving these conditions untreated is arthritis far sooner in the dog’s life than is fair. Some dogs will be unable to walk without daily medication from 4 years of age. Many will be put to sleep simply because their  mobility has become so impaired that they can no longer to doggy things.

Do you need a break? Because we’re not even halfway through yet.

Originally posted by sternenpalast

Personally, I have a thing against bad eyes. I can’t stand eyes that look painful, it gives me the heebie-jeebies. These poor dogs, as you probably have guessed, are prone to multiple eye conditions.

While they do get cataracts, 3rd eyelid gland prolapse and ectropion, the biggest one that concerns me is entropion. This means that the eyelids rolls inwards towards the eye. This means that instead of lovely, soft, moist conjunctiva touching the eyeball, you have prickly eyelashes or haired skin. These prickly hairs rub against the eyeball, constantly, and will cause pain, inflammation, corneal ulcers and secondary effects of healing them.

That’s just constant irritation and pain. It requires surgery to fix, again.

They also get subaortic stenosis (SAS) far too frequently.This heart condition is congenital, it’s present at birth but is often not apparent until 4+ months of age, just long enough to get that puppy well loved in a new home. While it can be managed with medication or heart surgery, only 25% of affected dogs live for more than 4 years. It can cause fainting and sudden death.

(Thanks Richard for picture)

That’s not a great disease to have running through the breed. If they don’t succumb to that heart disease young, they may also get dilated cardiomyopathy when they’re older. You know, because one heart disease wasn’t enough.

Also located under that shaggy mess of drool covered fur is another genetic disorder that can cause them to excrete cystine into their urine, resulting in urinary crystals or great big bladder stones that may require more surgery.

And of course these big, deep cheted dogs are a classic breed that gets Gastric Dilatation Volvulus (GDV aka Bloat) which can happen without warning, leaving you with a choice of either major, expensive surgery or euthanasia.

Working towards the outside of this giant breed, their thick fur might look cute, it it takes maintenance. Prepare for everything you own to be liberally coated in dog hair.

They are also profuse droolers. Their flappy jowls produce some of the most drooly dogs I’ve been, often soaking their own chest fur.

Which brings me back to Hot Spots, (aka moist dermatitis). Persistently wet skin, especially on a thick coated breed that loves water like the newfoundland, A hot spot can be huge and they spread rapidly, sometimes affecting the whole neck. Because these dogs often have some degree of skin folding there, that makes the problem even worse. The same issue happens at the other end if they have diarrhea. And being in Australia, in Summer, when more people than usual take their dogs swimming, there is also a high risk of flystrike in that constantly wet fur with infected skin. Don’t think about that too much.

These dogs are far from being an ‘easy keeper’ and in my experience the estimates lifespan of 10-12 years that one often sees on the internet s a bit optimistic. I do know people who are addicted to this breed and just can’t live without one, but it’s important to know what you’re getting into and I would strongly recommend looking into pet insurance for this breed.

The hours spent writing this blog are supported by Dr Ferox’s Patreon. From as little as $1 a month you too can show your support and choose future topics for the blog.

anonymous asked:

Do you know much about Shalom Shepherds? I've tried to find more information but I haven't found much on temperament or energy levels. I am used to high energy (I have a boxer/German short-haired pointer mix) and the claim that they are hypoallergenic made me even more intrested in the dog.

I feel like claiming a double coated breed is hypoallergenic is a red flag. No dog is actually hypoallergenic, but those that claim to be are typically dogs like poodles with hair instead of fur.

These dogs are “Native American Indian Dogs” mixed with German Shepherds. Reading into the history of Native American Indian Dogs looks real sketch to me. The breed name itself has been trademarked? And they are just a breed that was developed by one breeder to mimic the mixed shepherds that hung around Native Americans in the 1500s. It doesn’t say how they came about, just that they are hypoallergenic and free of any genetic disorders.. and their URL is godsdogs1.com… Some sites say the breed actually descended from those dogs, but other sites say those dogs are extinct, so how could they? And they weren’t even a breed? They were mixed shepherds?

So Shalom Shepherds are just these sketch dogs mixed with ~European German Shepherds~ Don’t get me wrong, they are handsome, but I am seeing lots of red flags. Usually if you can’t find reputable info on something, it isn’t reputable.

Photo from Majestic View Kennels

One of the only pictures of then, Mayte Garcia-Nelson pregnant with Prince and her’s son, Amiir Nelson. (Arabic for Prince)

Sadly, Amiir was born with a rare genetic disorder and died 6 days after birth. He was cremated.

Unfortunately, Prince burned everything and anything that reminded him of his dead son.

Mayte laid in bed with Amiir’s ashes for weeks. —Maytes memoir debuts April 4th—
Turner Syndrome:

Being someone who has been diagnosed with this genetic disorder since birth, i wanted to share some of my experiences with growing up, how I did in school, and how having Turners has impacted my college career. I would like to gain a following to let people know that having TS is not a disability. Please follow along on this journey, as I make it one of my missions to bring more awareness about this rare genetic disorder that impacts women around the world.

Guess Who Asked? : Spencer Reid x Reader

Originally posted by netflixandi

“Excuse me?” You say, tapping a blonde woman in a blazer on the shoulder. “Do you know where I can find Doctor Spencer Reid?”

You read the name off a card that was given to you by Dr. Reid himself whenever he met you for a genetic analysis of the most recent suspect’s DNA in their case in northern Virginia. 

“Oh, hi, I’m Agent Jennifer Jureau or JJ and you are?” She extends a hand toward you and you shake it lightly.

“I’m Dr. (Y/F/N), genetic analyst and forensic criminologist, odd combo, I know.” You smile, dropping JJ’s hand. “Dr. Spencer Reid contacted me about conducting a genetic analysis on Mr. Louis Green for your case and I had some very interesting findings.”

You pull your manila file closer to your chest as JJ leads you to a little office where Spencer had set up. 

“Spence, there is a Dr. (Y/F/N) here with some results that you requested.” JJ shuts the door behind you as you make your way closer to the man that requested your assistance. 

“Hi, Dr. (Y/F/N), it’s great to see you again.” Spencer smiles as you hand him the file.

“Please, call me (Y/N). The only people that actually refer to me as ‘doctor’ are my parents,” you laugh.

Spencer chuckles slightly as he speeds through your findings. “With Mr. Green,” you start. “The reason why your eye witness testimonies and DNA testing doesn’t match is because he has a rare genetic disorder in which the DNA in his blood differs from the DNA in his semen. His blood was tested against the semen in the rape test kit, which rendered the results inconclusive. He most likely absorbed a twin in the womb before the twin was detected and inherited the DNA from there.”

“A human chimera,” Spencer whispers. He closes the file and looks up at you. “Thank you so much, (Y/N). This helps our case tremendously.”

“It’s really no problem. I’m happy to help any time.”

Spencer walks out of the room with the file in hand as Morgan gives him a clap on the back. 

“Hey, it’s one step in the right direction, lover-boy,” Morgan chuckles. You could hear them through the door, but waited to see where the conversation was going.

“(Y/N) is an amazing genetic analyst and is extremely smart, I just asked for a professional opinion. From one doctor to another.” You can see Spencer start to blush a little and you can feel heat rising to your cheeks too.

“Alright, if that’s all you wanted, then you won’t mind if I ask (Y/N) out then, hm?” Anyone could tell that Morgan was just trying to get on Spencer’s nerves, and it was working. 

“Really, Morgan?” Spencer asks, obviously slightly annoyed.

“I’m just joking, kid. You go get ‘em, just make sure (Y/N) doesn’t leave before you ask.” He walks away and as soon as he passed the office you were in, you stepped out. You head toward the doors, hoping Spencer will stop you before you get there. As soon as you have a hand on the door, you hear someone call your name.

“(Y/N)!” Spencer jogs over to catch up with you at the front of the station. “I was wondering if you would like to meet up sometime away from work? Maybe go see a foreign film or go to the Smithsonian together.”

“I would love to see a foreign film sometime, but the Smithsonian sounds like a better option. We can actually talk without disturbing anybody,” you laugh.

“That sounds great.” Spencer takes your card from you before opening the door to the station. “I’ll let you know when the case is over so we can go to the museum!” he called after you.

“Perfect. Talk to you soon.” You hop in your car and just take a second to process what happened. 

Spencer walks back inside and shows Morgan your card. “Guess who asked?”

Newcomers Pt 18

Cathy awoke rather abruptly feeling ill and quickly rolled over and vomited into a bucket that Hopkins had placed there earlier when he had come to check on her. That was hours ago and it was now the middle of the night as no sunshine passed through the gap in the tent. She sensed Hesky awake and send his concern through the Link and she responded with the sickly feeling and reassurance to let him know she was okay. He was still worried about her though and she could easily sense it even if they were not in the Link. She ached, her whole body did and the doctors could not figure out why, the symbiont had been working overtime to try and combat this infection whatever it was and was almost trying to dig itself into her body. She hit it as if to tell it to stop which only made her feel worse. She was not the only one though, a few of the others had gotten ill too, Karen among them although Cathy seemed to be at a more advanced stage. Many were thinking this could be the body rejecting the symbiont but there was no sign of that. What was odd was that only the woman were falling ill. Because of this the Human military advance across Bento had come to a halt while they dealt with this issue, Kiev’s force had been reporting the same thing with their female soldiers and even some of the men where feeling the early effects.

“Ah I hate feeling like this” she moaned to herself, she hated being ill she liked to be up and doing things, which was probably why she hated being pregnant. That thought made her laugh since she had had the desire for another, that made Hesky awake once more as he felt that desire in the Link and she sent humour to quell his fear.

She then closed her eyes and drifted off to sleep again, if not a bit sweaty.


The next morning everyone was woken to the sudden shock of Cathy through the Link, she screamed and shouted and called for help in the Link making everyone aware something was wrong. Not just in her camp but on the planet and in the fleet.

Hopkins was the first in her tent and what he saw was nothing short of insane.

Cathy had changed.

Her features were sharper and more defined and her ears elongated like that of a mythical elf, her eyes were larger and a sharp purple colour that seemed to see everything. But what was most obvious were her legs, it was as if the foot had lengthened to create another knee joint that bent backwards adding to their already incredible power. At the base of her spine was now a tail, not quite a mammal one and not a reptilian either.

“Cathy?”

“Help me” she breathed.

Hopkins stared at her not sure what to do before finally getting down and helping her back into her bed.

“Cathy? What happened?”

“I…I….”

“Where is your symbiont?”

She placed her hand on the back of her neck and felt only flesh, the symbiont was gone.

“Get a doc-”

“You called!”

“Dammit Cassion don’t sneak up on people” Hopkins shouted.

“Who was sneaking?”

Cassion sat next to Cathy and looked her over, by this time a crowed had gathered with people asking questions and even those in the Link demanding to know what had happened especially Hesky. It was an hour before they had even an idea.

“So?” Jenkins asked Cassion who was looking at some of her blood.

“Well in my expert opinion…this blood is red”

“CASSION!”

“Fine fine” he said putting it aside “She is in perfect health”

“And my shit doesn’t stink” said Hopkins who was sitting next to her holding her hand.

“It’s true she is now cured of all the natural ailments you would normally expect to find in a normal Human and even her diabetes is cured”

“You were diabetic?” Jenkins said to Cathy.

“They would not have let me join if they knew, Cassion agreed to keep it a secret” she said quietly.

“CATHY!” shouted Hesky

“Oh no” Hopkins said about to go to the tent entrance but was hit aside the moment Hesky appeared having already struck several guards. His eyes rested on his wife and his face rested with joy of seeing her. He ran to her side “Cathy, I’m here”

“You shouldn’t have come I didn’t want you to see me like this” she said tears filling her eyes as she looked at her legs now misshapen.

He turned and glared at the Conduit standing next to Jenkins and went for him but Jenkins and Hopkins stopped him.

“What have you done to her!”

“We have done nothing” it replied.
“Liar!”

“No Hesky they are not” Hopkins said making him face him. “Search the Link you know that they are just as shocked by this as we are”

Hesky calmed for a moment as he did so, it was true in the Link no lies could be told and the Gal kept themselves open. They were just as surprised as anyone. He went back to her side and kissed her.

“You are still as beautiful as the day I met you”

She smiled “Where is Depit?”

“I left him with a friend on the ship, he is fine but misses his mother. He tried to suckle my tit last night”

Cathy laughed at that, she always loved that he could put a smile on her face.

“Aww how sweet, well my work is done” Cassion said getting up.

“You stay there!” Hesky shouted.

“Why? Does stuff still need explaining?”

“Um..yeah”

“I do have other stuff to do you know, I am not just here to explain random plot points”

“Oh yeah, what else do you do?” Jenkins asked him.

Cassion stood there for a moment saying nothing but thinking heavily his eyes looking around.

“Fine” he said taking a seat “I hope you readers appreciate this”

Everyone looked to where he was looking, seeing nothing.

“Who are you talking to?” the Conduit asked.

“Errrrr don’t ask him you wouldn’t believe him anyway” Hesky said quickly.

“As I was about to say” Cassion began “This seems to be the natural course of the symbiont”

“How do you know?” Hopkins asked.

“Because two others woke up in the same state in Kievs camp this morning, they are too both fine…and both female it seems this will affect the females first before the men” he said holing up a com.

“Why?”

“Because all babies start off as female in the womb and then if they have the Y chromosome become males. This works the same way” Cassion said fiddling with his nails.

“So this will happen to all of us?” Jenkins asked.

“Yeah, it will affect some sooner than others but yes, gentlemen..and lady and whatever the hell you are, I present to you the new Human race”

No one spoke.

“But is she okay?” Hesky pressed pointing at Cathy.

“Yes she is fine, a bit of bed rest and she will up and about in no time and still kicking your ass in the sparing cages. Now if you excuse me I have other plot points to prepare for explanation” Cassion straightened his jacket and left and subsequently disappeared as the writer did not need him right now.

“I really hate that guy” Hesky said before looking back at his wife, he looked down at her legs and grinned. “It’s a good thing I’m a leg man isn’t it?”


This news was met with a mixture of reactions, some were horrified at the thought that their bodies were about to undergo a drastic transformation and in a sense no longer be Human. Others were intrigued by the thoughts that this had cured the ailments of those who had undergone it and for those who suffered genetic disorders this was nothing short of a god send. Others simply thought it looked cool and were fine with it. Cathy was up and about within a few hours, she went through a few physical exercises and it was found she had completely absorbed the effects of the symbiont, in fact the symbiont had liquefied and become part of her genetic code now. Cassion had to explain further to his annoyance that this was probably what Humanity would look like if the comet carrying the Gal original genetic code had crashed on Terra all those millennia ago. This was in fact a natural evolution if not a bit sped up. So over the next few weeks humanity began to die out and in their place a new race emerged. Everyone was not really sure what they should call themselves since they were now becoming something else but in the end they thought it a conversation for another day. By this time the symbiont were making their way to Terra itself along with this new information. It was not as warmly met and it took a lot of scientists a lot of time to explain it before people began warming to the idea. It was mainly because the terminally ill leapt at the chance to save their lives and once they were seen enjoying life and what their new bodies could do public opinion swayed. It was never forced on anyone though, it was always said form the beginning that the symbiont would be subject ot the personal choice and beliefs of the individual. But, soon those without a symbiont were vastly outnumbered by those who did.

It was not just their physical bodies that changed, the Link was stronger than ever, they could now hear each others thoughts and send full messages to one another with distance meaning very little.

But then it all changed when the secret the Gal had been wanting to tell the Humans for so long but had been unable to, was finally revealed.

Fic Rec: Fic That I’ll Read Over & Over Again

•         Love Is A Rebellious Bird

•         Wild And Unruly

•         If You Asked Me If I Love Him (I’d Lie)

•         baby we could be enough (i’ll make this feel like home)

•         If Tomorrow Never Comes (We Had Last Night)

•         Sing When You’re Winning

•         Unbelievers

•         Naked & Proud

•         Nicotine

•         Loving You Is Free

•         Want you to want me

•         Absolutely Still

•         for now (and forever)

•         These Roads We Stumble Down

•         Take My Breath Away

•         Cold

•         why don’t we go there?

•         I’ll Crash Until You Notice Me

•         These Constant Stars

•         To the Ends of the Earth

•         Behavioural Ecology

•         my heart is breathing for this moment in time

•         After Hours

•         so keep my candle bright

•         So Much We Didn’t Say

•         like a boomerang

Read more for summary

Keep reading

7

PokémonMorphology - Dragonite.

My second set, as it’s my favourite Pokémon. 

I worked on making this set a bit more refined, and a bit more creative. Whilst the designs out there are superb, I wanted to push for more body shape differences then simply swapping the colours. Hopefully this will flesh out a more realistic Pokémon world a bit more. 

I have attached the text to the pictures and made them a bit more scientific, as people kept deleting the flavour text, but it’s also attached below. Please don’t delete it :)

INFORMATION BELOW


COMMON DRAGONITE

The Common Dragonite is the most plentiful and registered breed found to date. It is categorised by an equal balance of wingspan, limb size and tail size, being adapted for life both on the land and at sea for extended periods of time. It is also an incredible flyer, known to rise to great heights in order to circumnavigate the globe in a relatively short amount of time.

In its common form, which can be found in lakes, rivers and other large bodies of water, Dragonite is a light orange colour, with teal membranes to its wings and yellowish antennae (which it uses to sense prey and also to perform electrical attacks). Dragonite reaches full maturity at 55 months if trained correctly, with wild specimens varying between 55 to 65 months. A creature with extreme intellect and power, it is not easily trained and is marked as a pseudo-legendary class Pokémon.

BLUE EASTERN DRAGONITE

The Eastern Blue Dragonite is found primarily in lakes and rivers and is noted for having very high special attack and special defence capabilities. Though smaller than their common counterparts, they are longer, more lithe and are considered the most elegant of the various breeds. They are not capable flyers, preferring to glide with their smaller wingspan, but are inclined to use them to surge out of bodies of water to catch prey. 

These Dragonite are the calmest and most serene of their species, boasting higher intelligence than the Common Dragonite. Along with their small wingspan and blueish colouring, they are easily spotted by their white frilled antennae that adorn the neck, leading people to mistake them for the juvenile Dragonairs that often accompany them in their pods.  Being that they often live in warmer climates, they seem slightly more resilient to ice attacks (a primary weakness of dragons) as their blood is naturally warmer overall.

CRESTED DRAGONITE

The Crested Dragonite, sometimes called the Flame Crested Dragonite, is one of the most exotic breeds of this Pokémon. Its vibrant colours set it apart from other Dragonite, along with several other differences.

As a cliff-dweller by nature, the Crested Dragonite has a much larger wingspan to body ratio than other Dragonite, capable of gliding for days at a time if required. Its feet are less webbed and have longer talons that allow it to pluck prey from the water. This also affords it more grip on its mountainous home. The crest fills with blood when the Pokémon is angered and shows off the same exotic colours that adorn the wing membranes.

Crested Dragonite are often faster than common Dragonite, as their naturally larger wings allow for them to reach heights and speeds few other winged species can match. Their downfall, however, is when they are grounded, being lighter and more fragile than their Common brethren.

MUDDY DRAGONITE

The Muddy Dragonite is known for being the most aggressive of the Dragonite breeds. Far stronger and tougher than its ocean-dwelling brethren, the Muddy Dragonite boasts exceptional defence and attack, which it sacrifices speed for.

As these creatures are often found with the ability ‘Multiscale’, (a highly sought after trait in the Dragonite species) it is no surprise that their tough, armoured hide separates them from the other breeds. Their wings are small and unsuited for long distance flights, preferring, as with other small-winged Dragonite, the use of quick bursts of speed in their swampy homes. Dwelling in murky and often shallow waters inland, the Muddy Dragonite can also be found lazing out in the afternoon sun, heating its body temperature up before it returns to the water.

This breed is often used as parental stock in order to pass on the Multiscale gene onto its offspring, weeding out the aggressive tendencies as the process goes along.

SHINY DRAGONITE

‘Shiny’ Dragonite (and its evolutionary line) are rare, but are becoming increasingly more common, as are most ‘Shiny’ Pokémon. This pigment change, whilst adored by the training public, is in fact a genetic disorder resulting from inbreeding. All too often, trainers will ‘farm’ Pokémon eggs in order to create stronger and more specialised animals, sometimes resulting in a ‘Shiny’ side effect.

The disorder, which can affect any Pokémon subjected to harsh inbreeding, can be categorised in a faint sheen on the skin (that can result in them being shunned from their social groups and parents and simply not surviving in the wild due to lack of camouflage in weaker animals) and a drastic skin colour change. Whilst considered desirable, most ‘Shiny’ Pokémon are often frail and sickly, few living as long as their uncorrupted counterparts. Pokémon breeders are advised by the government to halt this process, but with such a high demand for glamourous Pokémon, it is unlikely to stop any time soon.

GREAT OCEAN DRAGONITE

The Great Ocean Dragonite is exceptionally rare, typically spending most of their lives in the deeper areas of the ocean.

Despite being rather sluggish and poorly equipped for combat on land, the Ocean Dragonite boasts remarkable defences and HP stats, with a thick hide that only the strongest attacks can penetrate. In comparison to the Common Dragonite, the Ocean Dragonite is far more suited to life in water. Its arms and legs are more fin-like, and primarily used for steering its massive body through the water. Its wings are too small for it to fly with, considering its weight, so they are commonly used for underwater battles, where quick bursts of speed are required. A large mouth also allows for it to swallow entire schools of Goldeen, Magikarp and other fish-like Pokémon in a single gulp.

Seeing a fully grown Great Ocean Dragonite is a rare privilege. The largest known recording was at a Kanto lighthouse in 1998, where it was estimated to have been at least 30 meters long.


EDIT - added in a size chart because quite a few people were asking for one :)