genetic potential

Reading more into my General Psych book and it is talking about intelligence. Identical twins almost always have the same IQ levels but if they reach that genetic potential they were born with all depends on environmental factors that encourage the child of reaching it. 

By the laws of science Stanley Pines has the same IQ level as Stanford but they were both treated differently in school and home life so they both developed it differently.

Stan was clearly not a book learner. If I had to peg him as anything I would say he is more hands on. He just goes for something without reading the instructions and can probably do it pretty well. Ford is the typical book learner that teachers love.

Home life was all about Ford and how great he was in school and Stan put all his might into boxing once he figured that was something he could do well and get praise for. Then comes everyone called him dumber then Ford so he never really tried to go for the high test scores because he probably (subconsciously) thought he could never get great grades. 

I know it is old news that Stan is super smart like Ford but I like having the science behind it. 

Let’s talk a little about bad betta genes

If you’ve ever looked online for a betta to buy, or just took a second to look around at the ones in cups at a petstore, you’ll have noticed that a surprising amount of them have deformities in some way or another. It may have been easy to tell if you know anything about bettas, or have seen so many healthy ones that the unhealthy one just looked off. But the practice of breeding and selling bettas is so rampant with inbreeding and selectively choosing bettas with awful genes but otherwise gorgeous fins, bad breeders and petstores will often times try to pass off a severely inbred betta as beautiful and healthy and normal. I want to talk a little bit about the obvious signs of one of these bettas so you can avoid those breeders at all costs, and reduce the chance of getting a betta that with bad genes.

I should start this off by saying that if you have a betta with any of these traits already you shouldn’t feel bad. You likely didn’t know because it’s just not talked about nearly as often, especially in the trade of a fish so widely and commonly abused and mistreated like the betta splenden. You should also be relieved to hear that these traits don’t necessarily affect the betta’s health, they’re just an indicator of bad genes. Short of a severe spinal deformity, they’re likely to live a nice life assuming they can swim and see fine. The only problem I could think of is that bad genetics could potentially mean they’re prone to more health issues as they grow older, though only slightly more so than a normal betta splenden.

Let’s talk about the betta I saw that prompted me to make this post in the first place.

This is one of the more inbred bettas I’ve seen in the trade recently. Let me go ahead and point out the obvious:

  • This betta has an extremely short and stocky body. It’s essentially the equivalent of those dogs with the short spines, especially relevant to its more natural counterpart.

Here’s some other bettas splendens to compare the length of their bodies. If you didn’t see it before, you should be able to see the difference now.

  • It has a dip in its skull. Though not as severe as ones I’ve seen in the past, this is still bad. A betta should have a nice, gentle curve from the tip of their face all the way along their body, to the tip of their tail.

There are more extreme examples of bettas with these dips, like these ones:

The second one even has a bit of a hunchback, which I’ll get into later in the post.

But you can see how these aren’t natural formations of the skull, even without much reference to what a betta’s head should look like. These types of deformities are extremely common and overlooked by many breeders, just because colorings and fin shapes are prioritized over healthy genes.

Like I said before, your betta should have a gentle slope from the tip of their face to the end of their body, without any severe dips or protrusions in between. These are some examples of bettas with a nice curve:

Giant bettas are especially prone to this dip in the skull.

  • While we’re on the topic of spines and skulls, this is another thing to watch out for: Hunchback deformities.

I shouldn’t have to point out the problem in this picture. Even someone who knows nothing about bettas would be able to see that this is an unhealthy fish with a pretty severe spinal deformity. This makes it difficult for the fish to swim and eat, and can cause huge problems later in life as they grow older and they lose the energy needed to make up for this kind of problem. Most spines don’t get this bad, however. Not the ones for sale, anyway. But it’s something to be aware of and be able to catch even when it’s not as obvious as this. Just remember that a betta’s back should be a nice, smooth curve.

  • Another thing to be aware of are tail kinks.

Now this fish is already deformed, being a feathertail (characterized by the obvious and separate segments of its tailfin like that), but it is especially a problem because if you look at its body right where it meets the tail, it is a clear and sudden dip and rise. This is one of the less obvious ones if you don’t already know what a betta’s body is supposed to look like, and the fins are gorgeous so it’s easy to overlook. However, it’s something to be aware of. A betta’s body is expected to rise at least somewhat as it connects to the tail, but not nearly as severely and obviously as the one pictured above. As stated numerous times before, a betta’s body should be one smooth curve from tip to end.

A fish like the picture in the beginning of this post could sell for hundreds of dollars, just based on its colorings, to fishkeepers who don’t know any better or who just don’t care about the health of the fish they’re getting. I often see bettas being sold for up to $500, almost seemingly because of these kinds of deformities that are so prevalent in the trade industry.

Betta splendens are already prone to tumors, and dragonscales and feathertails are considered especially unhealthy breeds with actual deformities being the staple of their varient. Dragonscales often have their scales grow over their eyes later in life, making them completely blind. Feathertails have such trouble swimming they often bite off their own fins in an attempt to make it easier, and open themselves up to infections that can kill them as a result. I’m not saying don’t buy either of those breeds, I’m saying be prepared when you do. These are bettas that are so far down the tree from their wild counterpart their own poorly taken care of genes work against them, and make their lives difficult for no reason other than they look beautiful.

I could go into much more depth about the specifics of each varient of betta splendens and the problems that may come with each breed, but this post is about the problems that can be prevalent in every betta type, regardless of whether it’s a dragonscale, a plakat, or a crowntail.

If anyone has more to add, please do.

- Xander

bpdontcare  asked:

Is it true that white tigers are not naturally occurring, and instead a product of massive inbreeding and abuse?

Sort of yes and sort of no. I’ve actually been working on a really big piece about all the myths surrounding white tigers, because there’s a lot of misinformation out there, but since it’s taking me forever to actually publish it I’ll give you a quick rundown here (gosh it’s such a hardship, not like this is one of my favorite recent things to study or anything lol). 

White tigers did absolutely occur naturally for a very long time in at least one specific area of India and possibly a much larger area of Asia - there are lots of references to pale cats in old texts. They were common enough that it seems reasonable to assume that the white coloration isn’t super detrimental to camouflage and hunting success. It is a color morph that requires a double-recessive gene to express, which means it’s not common and that when it shows up frequently it’s likely the result of inbreeding (even in a natural setting, this can occur when environmental boundaries or other factors lead to reduced numbers of available mates). Unfortunately, it was also a big thing for rulers in India to go hunt the white cats as a status symbol, so a lot of them were killed - and because they weren’t around to mate and be guaranteed to pass the gene on, white cats became less and less common. Mohan, the really famous founder cat brought into captivity, was one of the last ones ever seen in the wild. 

Most of the white cats in captivity now do have a lot of inbreeding in their history, because there wasn’t a lot of awareness of how detrimental line-breeding can be and it was the fastest way to produce more white cats (you can get them in one generation, instead of the 2-3 required each time you outcrossed to a cat that isn’t a carrier for it at all). Mohan’s cubs were super inbred for about four generations, at which point they had to stop breeding them to each other and outcross because the cats were actually losing fertility and cub mortality was really high. (Those are both signs of inbreeding depression - you either can’t get pregnant or the babies all die). The same thing happened with a lot of the other founder lines - and there were more founder animals than just Mohan, white showed up in supposedly unrelated captive tigers at least twice - and eventually the different lineages were crossed with each other.

As far as I can tell, most white tigers alive today are not recently inbred very badly. They do have a lot of history of inbreeding upline, which comes with it’s own genetic baggage, but they’re not directly inbred. I can’t speak to direct numbers on that yet, but I really hope to; I’ve been tracing pedigrees and running coefficient of inbreeding calculations on all the different generations and lineages but I’m having a really hard time getting accurate pedigree data on animals born after 1996. (That’s not surprising, people who breed tigers in the modern era outside of AZA - so anyone breeding white cats - are super super not interested in talking to outsiders about the choices they’re making). What I can say is that the worst of the inbreeding was actually in the 60s and 70s and that by the time my data runs out around the mid-90s there was a whole lot more outcrossing going on. That means they were reducing the potential an animal to be homozygous at a given gene by descent (and therefore reducing the likelihood of accumulating detrimental recessive mutations) but not necessarily reducing genetic issues accumulated from ancestral inbreeding. 

A lot of the messaging around white tigers is very misleading and not based in scientific fact - it’s been warped from both the zoo side and the sanctuary side in accordance with whatever message they’re pushing. I’ve spent like the last year working on parsing out what’s true and finding sources for the stuff that’s unclear. They’re not super healthy animals, especially the ones with more recent inbreeding issues, but Kenny the “down syndrome” tiger (not actually down’s syndrome and that messaging has lead to all sorts of awful ablist messaging) is not the norm. The most frequent thing I know occurs in white tigers in terms of “deformity” is abnormal skull morphology compared to non-white tigers. There may be other health issues - it’s very likely - but I can’t actually trace them back to being definitely related to the specific ancestral inbreeding, or the double recessive gene. It’s a big of a vague area because a lot of the tigers that white cats were outcrossed with originally had potential for inbreeding and other health issues at the time - this was before we really knew much about that, or put welfare and potential for genetic issues ahead of profit - and so there’s a lot of questions about if the current white tigers tend to have health issues because they’re being bred from genetically unhealthy lines in general or if they’re more at risk because of the specific inbreeding for the white color in their history. The older white cats, especially like 4th generation from the founder cats - those were animals that were much more obviously unhealthy specifically because of the direct line-breeding. 

If it’s a topic folk are interested in, I can see about pushing the white tiger myths article to the front of my to-do list. 

Danielle Was Not An Accident

It’s next to impossible to get a female clone from a male donor by accident. Male from female, sure. The Y chromosome is a gimpy X chromosome, so all it takes is a slight modification of the second X chromosome, lopping off a piece.

The only way that Vlad could have gotten Danielle from Danny’s DNA is if he’d purposely duplicated chromosome X1 or gotten an X2 from a different donor, most likely Jazz or Maddie.

So think about that. He purposely created a female with the sole purpose of carrying out his will. He made Danielle to be exactly what he wanted her to be, and still decided she wasn’t good enough.

EDIT: @narwhalsarefalling suggested Danny might be trans. That would explain why the male clones didn’t survive. If Vlad tried to modify the X2 chromosome into a Y, he could cause potentially disastrous genetic flaws.

EDIT 2: Another possibility I hadn’t considered is that, with ghosts, the mind governs the body. Danielle could have simply been the only one to develop consciousness to the point that she decided she was a girl, becoming a girl in the process.

The whole thing is science fiction, so you could even mix the two and say Danny was transitioning when the portal turned him into a ghost, making him bio-male, while Dani is cisgender.

Thinking about my deep cover au where Anakin, Padme, Obi-wan, and Ahsoka are gearing up to be the Four Horsemen of Palpatine’s own private apocalypse.

(Which is why I’m calling it Four Horsemen au in my head, btw. I don’t want it to get confused with @fialleril ‘s absolutely incredible Double Agent Vader stories)

Just a list of random extra things to go in it, most of them about Padme but some about the others:

Vader and Bail, despite being allies, are very stiff and uncomfortable around each other for a long time. (Vader is far more comfortable with Breha at first). But they end up bonding over being overprotective of Leia and being exasperated over some risk Obi-wan took. (”He’d better not teach that kind of behavior to Luke,” Bail asserts grimly. “Oh no, we’re in trouble as it is with my risk-taking and Padme’s being potentially genetic. Add Kenobi and Luke will have personally caused six cataclysms by his tenth birthday.” Vader agrees)

(Vader is afraid that Leia will hate him for most of her childhood, and he’s also afraid he’s endangering his kids every time he contacts them or interacts with them. Hence him misinterpreting about half of Leia’s cries when she was a baby as “I scared her” and usually ending with him or Breha yelling “Bail help!”
He’s a lot more confident with little Luke, who gets to call him twice a week and is convinced until he’s five that all dads are bald because his dad doesn’t have any hair)

Padme. 
Padme is a master of disguise.
I mentioned this in the other post, but now I’m adding a little more detail to her exploits.

As such, she gets to see her family much more than anyone else in the group. For Ahsoka’s twenty-second birthday, Padme disguises herself as a wandering Zeltron bard and helps her liberate an entire city, just the two of them. Toppling regimes tends to be what they do for Ahsoka’s birthday now. It’s rarely intentional. It just happens. And then they go out for drinks with General Syndulla, usually.

When she’s thirty-two, she invents a character named Joana Rys, a hard-nosed ISB harpy and the terror of Imperial interns everywhere. She uses this disguise as an excuse to visit her husband, who thinks the whole thing is hilarious and usually ends up creating a few “problems” for “Agent Rys” to discover and report.

There are entire divisions of the Empire that live in constant fear of up to three of Padme’s “characters” at any given time. Especially the one that has no name, just leaves the mark of angel wings burned into walls.

Luke had to learn to sense people’s identities early because his mother looked different almost every time he saw her. He also had to learn to keep secrets early because Beru had to explain to him “sometimes your Mommy needs you to pretend she’s not there, okay? Like hide-and-seek”.
Luke thinks this is totally normal until he’s ten.

About half of Anakin’s calls to Obi-wan end with the latter yelling “Have to go! Luke’s on the roof!” or “Luke’s trying to fly a speeder HE’S SEVEN” or “OWEN THAT’S NOT SAFE WHAT KIND OF EXAMPLE ARE YOU SETTING FOR LUKE” (Owen was balanced on a box with wheels. That’s it. That’s all he was doing)

ShAmy : The “Best OTP ever” Progression
— 

Sheldon (phone gives text alert): Excuse me. Oh. Amy’s at the dry cleaners, and she’s made a very amusing pun. “I don’t care for perchloroethylene, and I don’t like glycol ether.” Get it? She doesn’t like glycol ether. Sounds like either. (Taps in reply) L-O-L.

Penny: Who’s Amy?

Leonard: His girlfriend.

Penny: Sheldon has a girlfriend?

Sheldon: She’s not my girlfriend.

Penny: How long has this been going on?

Leonard: Four months.

Sheldon: She’s not my girlfriend.

Penny: Are you telling me, for the past four months I have been asking you what’s new and you never thought to go with Sheldon has a girlfriend?

Sheldon: She’s not my girlfriend.

Penny: Ah, du-du-du-du-du. How did they meet?

Howard: Raj and I entered Sheldon’s information on a dating site, and it spit out Amy Farrah Fowler.

Penny: Oh, my God! Sheldon and Amy.

Howard: Or, as we call them, Shamy.

Penny (squeals): Shamy. I am so digging the Shamy.

Sheldon: All right, everyone pay attention. Yes, I have a friend named Amy Farrah Fowler. Yes, she is female. Yes, we communicate on a daily basis, but no, she is not my girlfriend.

Penny: Okay, well, what do you communicate about?

Sheldon: Well, my work in physics, her work in neurobiology, and most recently, the possibility of our having a child together.

Penny (spits out drink explosively. Howard types. Robot arm hands Penny a napkin): Thank you.

Leonard: Wait a minute– a child? You never see this girl. You just e-mail and text and Twitter. Now you’re considering having a baby?

Sheldon: Amy pointed out that between the two of us, our genetic material has the potential of producing the first in a line of intellectually superior, benign overlords to guide humanity to a brighter tomorrow.

Howard: I’m guessing that future historians will condemn us for not taking this opportunity to kill Sheldon.

Penny: Okay, I have a question.

Sheldon: Yes, Penny.

Penny: You don’t even like people touching you. How are you going to have sex?

Sheldon: Why on Earth would we have sex?

Penny: Oh, honey, did your mom not have the talk with you? You know, when your private parts started growing?

Sheldon: I’m quite aware of the way humans usually reproduce, which is messy, unsanitary, and based on living next to you for three years, involves loud and unnecessary appeals to a deity.

Penny: Oh, God.

Sheldon: Yes, exactly. Consequently, if Amy and I choose to bring new life into this world, it will be accomplished clinically, with fertility experts in a lab with petri dishes. Which reminds me, you have broad hips and a certain corn-fed vigour. Is your womb available for rental?

Leonard: Still digging the Shamy?

Penny: Look, Sheldon, before you race off to the fertility clinic, you might want to think about, uh gee, I don’t know, maybe actually spending some time with her.

Sheldon: You mean dating?

Penny: Yeah.

Sheldon: I can’t date Amy.

Penny: Why not?

Sheldon: She’s not my girlfriend.

Penny: Okay, look, don’t think of it as dating a girlfriend. Think of it as, uh, getting to know the future mother of your child.

Sheldon: Oh. I hadn’t considered that. I suppose she will have to have access to our progeny. And you don’t think I can achieve the required intimacy via text messaging?

Penny: Probably not.

Sheldon: Huh. It would appear as if the phone companies have been lying to me.


4 x 01 - The Robotic Manipulation 

The Myth and Meaning of MissingNo

A few notes about this essay: first, I have removed the period from the name “MissingNo.” for ease of transcription. I also refer to MissingNo’s sibling as Bar ‘M Bar or [][][][] ‘M [][][][] because its real name is irreproducible in Unicode:


Also, for the purposes of this essay it is helpful to think of Pokémon less as animals and more as a gamut of spectral entities: yokai, devas, fairies, sprites, genies, elemental intelligences, ghosts, servitors, unincorporated astral matter, etc. All those strange and elusive beings who populate world mythology and the collective imagination. In contrast to our world, however, people in Kanto are universally aware of these entities and their relation to ourselves. Much more can be said on this subject, but allow the basic premise to inform your reading when it feels appropriate. The subject before us is liminal by its nature.


Keep reading

ndabezitha  asked:

Hi Dr Ferox! Thank you for your wonderful blog. I searched but couldn't find anything, so my question is: would you be able to do a breed evaluation on Brittany Spaniels (specifically "American" Brittanys if line matters)? I chose the breed for its temperament, moderate conformation and breeding for functional working dogs. My 9-year-old Brit is healthy enough he's often confused for a puppy, but I'd like to hear your experience of what particular health issues I should watch out for as he ages.

Brittany Spaniels are uncommon here, having never been a trendy breed in the media, folks that are looking for medium sized dogs often end up with something more common, like a border collie. Despite that I’ve known a couple of them.

These posts are about the breed from a veterinary viewpoint as seen in clinical practice, i.e. the problems we are faced with. It’s not the be-all and end-all of the breed and is not to make a judgement about whether the breed is right for you. If you are asking for an opinion about these animals in a veterinary setting, that is what you will get. It’s not going to be all sunshine and cupcakes, and is not intended as a personal insult against your favorite breed. This is general advice for what is common, often with a scientific consensus but sometimes based on personal experiences, and is not a guarantee of what your dog is going to encounter in their life.

Originally posted by brittanysfordays

We certainly don’t see enough Brittany’s to distinguish between ‘American’ or ‘French’ lines. They’re uncommon enough that, like Australian Shepherds, laypeople may not recognize them as a breed at all. Fortunately they don’t have many seriously major concerns.

Ear infections are a common presentation for this breed, and can certainly be painful but are far from life threatening.

Epilepsy seems particularly common in these dogs, though not currently with a convincing family history. It can occur at any age, but seems to start most often in young adult or middle aged dogs. Severity will vary.

Noise phobia is an ironically common problem for a breed which are supposed to be gun dogs, but they do seem to be a bit sensitive and prone to stress. They’re often very sweet, but I’ve seen a few for being absolutely terrified of loud noises like thunder and fireworks.

An unusual genetic condition, complement deficiency is also known to occur in the breed, though it’s genetic and could potentially be screened for. It may not be very common any more outside of laboratory populations, but it’s worth noting. Think of it like an immune deficiency. As for old dog health issues, I haven’t seen anything in particular specific to Brittanys.
On Linzin

I’m messed up on Linzin feels and want to take you down with me.

When I say “Linzin” btw, I mean their past, breakup, and dynamic. I don’t for one second mean that I want to break up Pema and Tenzin.

But…for purposes of my own, I was thinking about the timeline of Tenzin’s life. He had Jinora at 40, which was late for someone seeking to personally propagate the Air Nation. Pema is a full 16 years younger than Tenzin. And while I’m not saying it’s impossible that he was lecherously staring at her when she first came to the Air Temple, I really think Tenzin is the type of guy who’d be aware of the power dynamic between him and a young acolyte (he must have been like a rock star to her), and probably wouldn’t have thought to pursue it until she was, say, 20ish. Which puts Tenzin at 36.

And like, 4 years is reasonable for them to date, marry, and have Jinora (he was clearly 39 when she was conceived). Given Tenzin’s personality I think it fits well, actually.

We kind of accept it as canon that Linzin broke up because she didn’t want kids, and the more I think about it…yeah. That HAS to have been it. We know Lin and Tenzin were probably pretty close growing up, given how they all lived in Republic City and how Toph was certainly close to Aang and Katara.

For that reason, I’m of the mind that Tenzin and Lin started dating kind of early. Say 18-20ish, when both our precious dorks may not have been the luckiest in their love lives, had always gotten along (it’s CANON that Lin is a bby nerd in the flashbacks…Su came *this* close to shoving her in a locker. And we know Tenzin is, plus they both feel like the “responsible ones”), and decided to start something up.

Keep reading

sudden thought on jon’s ship

if they’re completely normalising incest (through Cersei’s new pregnancy - if it exists) in Westeros, what does this mean for Jon?

anyone who follows my got spam knows I don’t mind Jon with Sansa or Daenerys (though I feel Jonsa has a lot of visual clues, where Jonerys is more overt), but if incest is being normalised then is this paving the way for Jonerys?

because then the argument becomes that Jonsa is too close to Cersei x Jaime (despite the lack of blood bond beyond cousins), whereas Jonerys becomes more acceptable; it’s Targaryens following the Targaryen tradition, but given Jon’s Stark blood, adds enough genetic variability to potentially put a halt (provided the Targaryen tradition of incest ceases with Jonerys) to the Targaryen madness.

I could be overthinking it! but in terms of the politics of everything… does this mean that Jon finds out about his Targaryen blood, but doesn’t share it with the Westerosi people? In order to hide the blood bond, so it only exists to appease Dany’s mistrust of potential suitors? can Jon accept marrying his aunt - can Dany, after being exposed to Viserys? Also, what of lineage? this episode, Dany reminds us that her dragons are her children (and subsequently, the ‘promise’ (?) of her never having more children after Drogo’s death)… so if Jonerys become a thing, does that name the end of the Targaryen dynasty? 

which, in turn, would mean lineage fell to House Stark? through Jon’s maternal bloodline (given that Dany’s is pure Targaryen)? 

and if so, what does that mean for Gendry? because despite all odds, you potentially have a line to the throne including a female Stark and a Baratheon bastard… and there always needs to be a Stark in Winterfell, so Sansa would remain there… 

or I could be going mad with my tin foil hat idk okay I’ve caught the feels

Frances Cress Welsing defined inferiorization as “the conscious, deliberate and systematic process utilized specifically by a racist (white supremacist) social system, as conducted through all of its major and minor institutions…to mold specific peoples within that system (namely, all peoples classified by the racist system as non-white) into ‘functional inferiors,’ in spite of their true genetic potential for functioning. Under the white supremacy system, the more melanin pigmentation present in the skin and thus the darker the individual, the greater the ‘inferiorization’ pressure imposed by the racist system. Thus, amongst all non-white peoples, Blacks are most victimized by this process.”

The brilliance of inferiorization is that it could make overt racism (White supremacy) obsolete, while simultaneously normalizing White supremacy in America. According to Bakari Kitwana, “Welsing argued that soon white supremacists wouldn’t have to worry about making Blacks seem inferior they’d just need to keep providing them with inferior education, housing, health care, child care, and the like, and in a generation or two they would be.” It is almost undeniable and most certainly observable that at this point in African-American history, institutionalized inferiorization, not simply racism (White supremacy), is by far our most dangerous enemy, yet it is the least constructively discussed or reacted to.

In the 21st century, Black people’s main problem is no longer some vaguely understood color line, but rather, according to Steve Biko, an “attitude of inferiority,” which can also be defined as internalized racism (White supremacy). Internalized racism is characterized by the stigmatized race’s acceptance of negative messages about their abilities and intrinsic worth. As a result, self-devaluation occurs. Suzanne Lipsky claimed that “internalized racism…has made us think of ourselves or each other as stupid, lazy, unimportant, or inferior.” Na’im Akbar wrote that once you begin to believe “that you are not as good as other people, your actions follow your mind. The stage is now set for the cycle of a self-fulfilling prophecy: you believe they are superior and that you are inferior, and sure enough you will start acting inferior.”

—  Joseph R. Gibson in “Inferiority by Design: Black Inferiorization and the Evolution of Normalized Racism (White Supremacy) in America”

anonymous asked:

If the Diaboys were girls, what do you think their bust/bra sizes will be? (all 13 Diaboys plz also Ayato will be flat cuz karma is a bitch XD And i can definetely see the eldest of the families as the bustiest lol)

These are random guesses that I’m making up at the top of my head and also basing off of their mother’s bust sizes (for the Sakamaki dudes, based on genetics, unless the women on Karl’s side of the family aren’t very busty it is likely that Ayato would not be flat chested since his mom’s genetics have a great potential of being dominate). 

Shu: 34 B

Reiji: 32 C

Laito: 30 D

Kanato: 28 DD

Ayato: 30 C

Subaru: 32 A

Ruki: 32 B

Kou: 30 B

Yuma: 38 C

Azusa: 30 D

Carla: 34 AA

Shin: 32 C

anonymous asked:

in an au where everyone has the genetic potential to be an alpha,beta or omega and its small unexplainable environmental factors that determine it, what are your abo head cannons for the clones? because i'd really like some ideas about what it would be like if they weren't all the same...

I feel like the Kaminoans tried REALLY HARD to get the clones to all turn out as betas because “better soldiers” or some nonsense like that, but they just could NOT get them to differentiate in the absence of suitable mates–like, their biology did not count the other clones because they were all the same blank slate, essentially, and it didn’t count the Kaminoans because they weren’t genetically compatible. Finally the Kaminoans just give up in semi-despair because they don’t have much CHOICE, do they, it’s already time to put the oldest batches in the field. MAYBE THEY’LL JUST NEVER DIFFERENTIATE, NOW? THEY’RE PRETTY OLD FOR IT, THAT’D BE NICE. 

And for a little while, they don’t; for a little while they’re a whole army full of nulls and the Kaminoans are like “whew, dodged THAT bullet. um, yeah, of COURSE we made them nulls on purpose! duh we did! Master Sifo-Dyas TOTALLY wanted them that way, honest.” 

Then the clones get attached to their generals. 

“What,” omega!Obi-Wan says blankly the day he wakes up to an entire battalion of newly-differentiated and suddenly VERY PROTECTIVE alpha!clones effectively surrounding him. 

“We have no idea, sir,” Cody sighs, trying not to die of embarrassment over how GOOD their general suddenly smells, and also trying really hard not to hover. He’s not succeeding. At all. 

This is the worst. This is the VERY worst. 

“Hey, so, wanna hear something super-weird?” omega!Anakin greets conversationally over holocall about five minutes later, most of his men lurking directly behind him and not even PRETENDING to be trying not to hover (Somewhere off-screen, the rest of the clones are busy mothering/fussing over alpha!Ahsoka, who has no idea how to handle this). “The entire 501st differentiated last night and they are almost ENTIRELY alphas. Well, like, a third of them are omegas, but absolutely NO betas whatsoever, like I said, it’s super-weird. And did I mention the super-weird?” 

“… I need to make some calls,” Obi-Wan says, pinching the bridge of his nose. “Commander, do … something. About this. Actually, no, do NOTHING about this. I’ll be back in twenty minutes.” 

“Yessir,” Cody says, still just s u f f e r i n g over Obi-Wan’s delicious, delicious scent. 

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After my last prep I’ve taken some time to reflect on how I want to improve my physique so back to the drawing board which mean a chest session every 96 hours, each session with a inferior/medial/superior focus on Pec major. Let’s see if I can’t change my genetic potential 🤔
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#bodytransformation #train #recomp #bodybuilding #bodybuilder #bodybuildingmotivation #fitness #fitfam #fit #gym #training #chest #internationalchestday #staunch #staunchnation #staunchchallenge #iifym @calvonmoger @staunch.nation @biolayne @team.staunch @originaesthetics (at Anytime Fitness Hobart)

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anonymous asked:

Can you explain the concept of outcrossing for us noobs?

Outcrossing adds a wider genetic pool to a litter than linebreeding, and frequently can rid a line of certain issues that come with a history of tight inbreeding or a specific genetic problem with identified gene markers.

The dalmatian outcross projected added a single pointer and fixed the uric acid issue for that specific line. Now this line is able to be bred back into the general dalmatian population, and more and more dogs are being born without the high uric acid.

It is not, however, magic. Outcrossing can also add issues- such as the boxer/corgi project which added a lethal gene into the population that can kill entire litters if your statistical luck is poor, all for the sake of natural bobtails. It did nothing for the health of the breed, except add another thing to worry about in an already fairly unhealthy breed.

When dogs are too closely inbred, or when a breed has a history of rampent tight inbreeding, the chances for recessive or hidden genes becoming a very big problem across the board skyrocket. This can be something as unimportant as a white splash across the chest, or it can be as damaging as 50% of the breed just up and dying suddenly with zero warning. Because of the way genetics work, there’s no easy way to predict this, and it is literally impossible to simply “weed out” the bad genes.

However, simply scattering the gene pool also does not guarantee health. In fact, I know of two mutts that just up and died prior to age 4 this past month, over things that could have potentially been genetic. We’ll never know. Similarly, my parents have a scattered mix heinz57 “mostly chow” mutt that has crippling genetic health (and temperament) issues and we honestly did not expect her to live past her 5th birthday. People may look down on the overreliance of health testing, but IMO you cannot simply continue outcrossing if you are not starting with decent genetic health to begin with, and aren’t checking for any “oops- well shit” issues such as what popped up with the boxer/corgi project.

Some doberman breeders are now beginning to discuss outcrossing to a different breed in earnest with projected data on the breed’s future genetic health. Will it help? Who knows. Doing nothing, however, is guaranteed to not help at all.

So I’ve been lifting for close to two years now and if I’m being honest I’m completely underwhelmed with my gains which I guess is nothing unusual for me. I was doing some research and it seems like after about 4 years of consistent lifting and eating right is when a person’s genetic potential for muscle growth is reached. You’ll still gain muscle still but at that point you’re gaining substantially less. So I have two more years to increase my lean muscle mass iA. Hopefully I’ll be ok with what I look like at that point.

boy what if there was a character in a children’s show that struggled with mental illness and it wasn’t constantly treated as a joke or a punchline or as something that made them any less capable than the heroes

oh wait