Here’s a clearer version of my ADHD info graphic
Happy ADHD awareness month everyone!!

In DNA class today we were studying genes, and I did a punnet square based on Sonic’s family (Underground) and predicted through the method I was taught his Father’s fur color, then did the same for any children by Sonic with Amy and concluded thus-

All of Sonic and Amy’s kids would likely follow the ‘blue’ color wheel, with most of them coming out purple, IF Blue is truly a dominant trait, which I think it is.

here’s how I did it.

Mother - purple- Br.

B = Blue - dominant

r = Red - recessive

Punnet square shows B r - BB(sonic), rr(Sonia), Br (other two children.) (I would assume Manic is a hererozygous due to maybe a gene that skipped a generation or far back in the gene pool. For this, it would be more complicated, and so I ruled him as Br for now. Since you need Blue and Yellow to make him, it’s still a combination of Dominant Blue gene. Much like Purple.)

According to this, the father HAD TO BE Br as well. Making him most likely a color on the blue color spectrum as well.

Blue color wheel -  Blue mixed with red makes purple, blue mixed withyellow makes green and yellow mixed with red makes orange. Purple, green and orange are considered secondary colors because they are created by mixing only two primary colors.

Red color wheel -  red-orange, red-violet, yellow-green, yellow-orange, blue-green and blue-violet

According to this data, we can deduce Sonic to be BB, homozygous Blue.

In conclusion, since red is recessive, we can deduce Amy to be a light pigment of red, deducing her to be rr.

punnet square BB and rr make Br’s all around, which would give Sonic and Amy’s children a possibility of being cyan, green, magenta, and violet.

This is just a rough estimate, but look at your fan kids and see if this matches XD

Silver wouldn’t be a direct descendant of Sonic or Amy either, one of Amy’s children would have to marry lighter and lighter to get him, ironically enough, lol!

(btw, since Amy is pink, she could be incomplete dominance by a Red and White colored parents, meaning she could be Rw and therefore, Silver a possibility, but in hindsight, it would take another ‘w’ allele in order for that to work, and that may take a few generations to express.)

Isn’t this interesting? Science side! Help me out here!

(PART 2 - x)

So based on this (only) image of the Hamada parents…

We know that Tadashi bares the most resemblance to his father

But which traits from which parent did Hiro inherit from?

Based on just looking at the parents, we already know that Hiro got the dark hair and his Asian traits from his father; but aside from that, there’s not much else to go on.

But then I noticed the eyes. Aside from the fact that they are obviously almond shape to correspond with his Japanese genes, take a look at the parents again. Tadashi’s eyes are slightly more narrowed, like his father, and the mother has very round eyes. Almost the exact same shape as HIRO’S.

Hiro has his mother’s eyes.

Also the mother looks to be a very tiny person - just like Hiro!

Oh and we can’t forget Aunt Cass, since she is their mother’s sister

Those smiles are uncanny to each other!

(it’s hard to see in the picture but the mother seems to be wearing a similar smile too)

So this means

that although it’s small, Hiro has inherited most of his features from his mother’s side!

Structural differences between DNA and RNA.

DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is like a blueprint of biological guidelines that a living organism must follow to exist and remain functional. RNA, or ribonucleic acid, helps carry out this blueprint’s guidelines. Of the two, RNA is more versatile than DNA, capable of performing numerous, diverse tasks in an organism, but DNA is more stable and holds more complex information for longer periods of time.

Daniel Dennett’s treatise “Darwin’s Dangerous Idea” I read after I was lucky to meet Dennett in person at the Philosophy deptartment of the Lomonosov Moscow State University where he first gave a lecture and then was greeted at our division (of the History of the Western Philosophy). He was there in all the shine of his white beard.

His crisp ideas are generally well-known. In his ardent atheism, Daniel Dennett goes as fas as to use a metaphor of humans being robots of sorts, while the true subjects of evolution are genes. Being a consistent evolutionist, the philosopher nevertheless uses the expression “Mother Nature,” which shows, despite the intended irony, how difficult it is to change the language practice (linguistic ideology) even when one tries to repudiate ideas behind said practice.


First Time Humans Saw the Structure of DNA - the photograph that revealed the Geometry upon which all Life is based.

Photo 51 is the nickname given to an X-ray diffraction image of DNA taken by Raymond Gosling in May 1952, working as a PhD student under the supervision of Rosalind Franklin. It was critical evidence in identifying the structure of DNA.

Working in the lab alongside Wilkins in 1952, Franklin had taken a startling, high-resolution photograph of a piece of DNA using X -ray crystallography, a technique whereby X -rays are shone on a crystalline structure (in this case, the DNA protein), to create a scattered reflection pattern on film.To the naked eye the photo looked merely like an X diced up into bits, but to Franklin it confirmed that DNA was a double-helix.

Photo 51 has an important place in history and has at least a claim to be the most important image ever taken.

There is enough DNA in an average person’s body to stretch from the Sun to Pluto and back, 17 times.

The human genome, the genetic code in each human cell, contains 23 DNA molecules each containing from 500 thousand to 2.5 million nucleotide pairs. DNA molecules of this size are 1.7 to 8.5 cm long when uncoiled, or about 5 cm on average. There are about 37 trillion cells in the human body and if you’d uncoil all of the DNA encased in each cell and put them end to end, then these would sum to a total length of 2×1014 meters or enough for 17 Pluto roundtrips (1.2×1013 meters/Pluto roundtrip).


The emotional sensitivity gene

Serotonin is one of the major neurotransmitters (i.e. chemicals) in the brain. It’s very connected to our emotions and so it’s not a coincidence that a lot of the drugs that are used to treat depression and anxiety act on the serotonin system in the brain. This is clearly a very important chemical for determining the nature of our emotional lives.

The serotonin transporter gene regulates serotonin in the brain. People are born with variations of this gene. The long variation clears serotonin out of the neural synapse more efficiently. The short variation is less efficient, which lets the serotonin hang around a little bit longer in the synapse. 

The short variation was originally considered a risk gene — but it’s now being thought of as a sensitivity gene.

Learn more about how the gene impacts our emotional responses →

The Quagga is Back After 100 Years Of Extinction

What is a quagga?

The quagga is an African subspecies of the zebra that went extinct over 100 years ago due to settlers killing them off in the 1880′s. They share the striped characteristic with their cousin that fades off toward the middle of their body. There is not very much validation on the behavior of the quagga.

Is the quagga really back?

Well, yes and no. The Quagga Project was started in 1987 by Reinhold Rau in a town outside of Cape Town, South Africa to bring back the quagga through genetic engineering and selective breeding. Because the quagga is a subspecies of the zebra, they can use zebra DNA toward the selective breeding process. There has been a success in the process, however, the original quagga and what they are calling the “Rau quagga” are not genetically the same. Though they may have the same genetic characteristics, it is not the same animal. 

Whether or not the animal is really back, there is a new species on our planet, and that is pretty cool.