general murat

On this Day, December 26 (O.S. 14) during the Decembrist Revolt general Count Mikhail Milorodovich was killed.

Count Mikhail Miloradovich (1771-1825) was notable military commander  and one of the most popular heroes of the 1812 war. He was highly appreciated by Alexander Suvorov with whom he participated in Italian and Swiss campaigns (1799). Being a brilliant tactic in the Patriotic War of 1812 he defeated Davout’s corps at Viazma, after which the marshal was dismissed from commanding the rear guard of the retreating Grande Armée. He was often compared with French marshal Murat, for the similar love to elegance and grand gestures. 

He was a friend of Grand Duke Constantine, the heir to the Russian throne. When Alexander I who had no issue suddenly died in Taganrog in 1825, everybody expected his younger brother to ascend the throne. Miloradovich was very enthusiastic about that. He did not know that Constantine secretly abdicated in 1823 and tsar Alexander appointed by a secret manifest another brother - Nicholas - to be his heir. Only three persons in the state knew about that, and Miloradovich was not among them. So the succession crisis began. Miloradovich forced Nicholas into pledging allegiance to Constantine, who was then in Warsaw as viceroy of Poland. After the announcement of  the manifest’s terms by last tsar’s confidant Prince Golitsyn  Miloradovich insisted that Constantine was legal heir, Nicholas was aware about the terms and his pledge of allegiance was an abdication in fact. The State Council and imperial guards made an oath to the Constantine. The Count had a plan to keep the true manifest in secret.

But when Constantine received the news, he confirmed his refuse to reign. Several days before the Decembrists revolt Nicholas was warned about the Decembrists intentions. Miloradovich as a Governor of St. Petersburg was to make some preventive actions but he did nothing. On 26 December (O.S. 14)  the Senate and army was to swear  new allegiance to Nicholas. A group of officers, known later as Decembrists, commanding about 2000-3000 men refused to make an oath and proclaimed their loyalty to Constitution. Miloradovich was sent by the new tsar to calm down the troops. He appealed to their common experience in Napoleonic wars. Avoided wounds in more than 50 battles he was fatally shot by  Pyotr Kakhovsky, who was decided by Decembrists to kill Nicholas.

The activity of Miloradovich was rather dubious in that time, also he was known for making intrigues in St. Petersburg. There are even several conspiracy theories about his role in the Revolt and his plans (true head of the Decembrists, plans for dictatorship and so on). 

The Dos de Mayo of 1808, was a rebellion by the people of Madrid against the occupation of the city by French troops, provoking a brutal repression by the French Imperial forces and triggering the Peninsular War

The city had been under the occupation of Napoleon’s army since 23 March of the same year. King Charles IV had been forced to abdicate in favour of his son Ferdinand VII, and at the time of the uprising both were in the French city of Bayonne at the insistence of Napoleon. An attempt by the French general Joachim Murat to move the daughter and youngest son of Charles IV to Bayonne led to a popular rebellion that was harshly suppressed by French troops after hours of fierce street fighting. The uprising in Madrid, together with the subsequent proclamation as king of Napoleon’s brother Joseph, provoked resistance across Spain to French rule.

On 2 May a crowd began to gather in front of the Royal Palace in Madrid. Those gathered entered the palace grounds in an attempt to prevent the removal of Francisco de Paula. Marshall Murat sent a battalion of grenadiers from the Imperial Guard to the palace along with artillery detachments. The latter opened fire on the assembled crowd, and the rebellion began to spread to other parts of the city.

Today I got my results back, and passed them all! YAY! So here’s a Napoleon-themed post to celebrate.

Unlike Napoleon, I didn’t have to leave artillery training early to help out my massive family financially. I didn’t have to cram a two- or four-year course into one year. Despite this, and the recent death of his father, little Napoleon did surprisingly well: he passed, coming forty-second out of a class of fifty-eight. He was also the first Corsican to graduate from the Ecole Militaire he attended.

At sixteen, I and many others like me are socially awkward teenagers with a pile of near-useless GCSEs and nothing else to our names.

At sixteen, Napoleon Bonaparte was an artillery officer.

(Expected footnote: My darling Murat never took his schooling seriously enough to graduate from anywhere).


Get to Known me Meme, Royalist Edition

[9/15] Royals in General - Caroline Murat

Caroline Bonaparte, at the age of 17, and at the period of her marriage, is said to have possessed ;the most beautiful complexion in France. Her skin was thought to resemble white satin seen through pink glass. Otherwise, she was not to be compared to her older sister, Pauline. Her head was large, and her shoulders were round; her arms, hands, and feet were perfect, like those of all the Bonapartes; her hair, which in infancy, had been almost white, was now neither light or dark; her teeth were white, though not so regularly beautiful as those of Napoleon; she kept them constantly visible by a permanent sneer. Jewellery, which so well became Pauline, was detrimental to the pure, pale colours of Caroline’s complexion. Heavy stuffs, brocades, and sections were equally prejudicial, and she seldom wore them in consequence.