general assemble

A Look into the Grágás: Medieval Icelandic Law.

On the Responsibility for Horses:

“When men put their horses into someone’s keeping at the General Assembly in accordance with the article of the law, the man who accepts a horse is not to use it for anything except for driving horses to where they are kept or from there to Þingvǫllr and for keeping paid watch on them, and he is not to ride any horse so much that it does not stay well filled out. At the close of the Assembly he is to show the owner his horse alive or dead, and the man who accepted it is not responsible for it unless it has died from his mishandling. If at the close of the Assembly he does not show the horse, neither alive nor dead, then at the close of the assembly the owner is to publish a suit, to be prosecuted the following summer, for payment for the horse against the man who accepted it.”


ENDNOTES:
Source: Andrew Denis, Peter Foote, and Richard Perkins trans., Laws of Early Iceland: Grágás I (repr., 1980; Manitoba, Canada: University of Manitoba Press, 2012), 122.
Image: King Olaf Speaking at the Assembly, by Halfdan Egedius.


MORE ICELANDIC LAW

Some nights were so / sensory I felt that starlight landing on my back / and believed I could set fire to things with my fingers
—  Denis Johnson, from “Talking Richard Wilson Blues, by Richard Clay Wilson,” The Throne of the Third Heaven of the Nations Millennium General Assembly: Poems New and Collected (HarperCollins, 1995)

In December 1945, President Harry S. Truman appointed Eleanor as a delegate to the United Nations General Assembly, and the following April, she became the first chairperson of the preliminary United Nations Commission on Human Rights, playing an important part in drafting the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. She stayed on at that position until 1953.

In early 1952, she undertook a personal tour through the Middle East, southern Asia, and the Pacific from February through the end of March. She stayed in India for a month, and from that experience wrote “India and the Awakening East,” in which she celebrated India’s first general elections as an independent nation:

“Though India has far to go, she has made a determined and inspired beginning. This new democracy seems to evoke the kind of passionate devotion among its leaders that our forefathers had for the democratic government they were establishing here. Perhaps this is one of the great contributions the young democracies can make to the older ones such as ours. We have grown stale; we are inclined to take everything for granted. We find it hard to go to vote if it means we have to walk a considerable distance or if, because of the crowds, we have to stand in line to cast our ballots…”

You can read more about her visit to India and the rest of her remarkable life at the Eleanor Roosevelt Papers project, supported by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission, at http://www.gwu.edu/~erpapers/.

3

20 February – Blessed Memorial of Blesseds Francisco (11 June 1908 – 4 April 1919 died aged 10), his sister Jacinta Marto (11 March 1910 – 20 February 1920 died aged 9) - two of the children of Fatima.

The youngest children of Manuel and Olimpia Marto, Francisco and Jacinta were typical of Portuguese village children of that time.    They were illiterate but had a rich oral tradition.  According to Lúcia’s memoirs, Francisco had a placid disposition, was somewhat musically inclined, and liked to be by himself to think.    Jacinta was affectionate if a bit spoiled.    She had a sweet singing voice and a gift for dancing.    Following their experiences, their fundamental personalities remained the same.    Francisco preferred to pray alone, saying that this would “console Jesus for the sins of the world”.    Jacinta said she was deeply affected by a terrifying vision of Hell shown to the children at the third apparition and deeply convinced of the need to save sinners through penance and sacrifice as the Virgin had told the children to do.    All three children but particularly Francisco and Jacinta, practised stringent self-mortifications to this end.

Apparitions
The brother and sister, who tended to their families’ sheep with their cousin Lucia in the fields of Fatima, Portugal, are said to have witnessed several apparitions of an angel in 1916.    Lucia later recorded the words of several prayers she said they learned from this angel.   Lucia wrote in her memoirs that she and her cousins saw the first apparition of Mary on May 13, 1917.    At the time of the apparition, Francisco was 9 years old and Jacinta was 7.   During the first apparition, Mary is said to have asked the three children to say the Rosary and to make sacrifices, offering them for the conversion of sinners.    She also asked them to return to that spot on the thirteenth of each month for the next six months.

Illness and death
The siblings were victims of the great 1918 influenza epidemic that swept through Europe that year.    In October 1918, Mary appeared and said she would take them to heaven soon.  Both lingered for many months, insisting on walking to church to make Eucharistic devotions and prostrating themselves to pray for hours, kneeling with their heads on the ground as they said the angel had instructed them to do.   Francisco declined hospital treatment on April 3, 1919 and died at home the next day.    Jacinta was moved from one hospital to another in an attempt to save her life, which she insisted was futile.   She developed purulent pleurisy and endured an operation in which two of her ribs were removed.    Because of the condition of her heart, she could not be fully anesthetized only local and later suffered terrible pain, which she said would help to convert many sinners. On February 19, 1920, Jacinta asked the hospital chaplain who heard her confession to bring her Holy Communion and administer Extreme Unction because she was going to die “the next night”.    He told her that her condition was not that serious and that he would return the next day.    The next day Jacinta was dead; she had died, as she had often said she would, alone.   In 1920, shortly before her death at age nine, Jacinta Marto reportedly discussed the Alliance of the Hearts of Jesus and Mary with a then 12-year-old Lúcia Santos and said:

“When you are to say this, don’t go and hide.    Tell everybody that God grants us graces through the Immaculate Heart of Mary;   that people are to ask her for them;   and that the Heart of Jesus wants the Immaculate Heart of Mary to be venerated at His side.    Tell them also to pray to the Immaculate Heart of Mary for peace, since God entrusted it to her.”

Jacinta and Francisco are both buried at the Our Lady of Fátima Basilica

.

Beatification
The cause for the siblings’ canonisation began in 1946.    Exhumed in 1935 and again in 1951, Jacinta’s face was found incorrupt;   Francisco’s had decomposed.

In 1937 Pope Pius XI decided that causes for minors should not be accepted as they could not fully understand heroic virtue or practice it repeatedly, both of which are essential for canonisation.    For the next four decades, no sainthood processes for children were pursued.    In 1979 the bishop of Leiria-Fatima asked all the world’s bishops to write to the Pope, petitioning him to make an exception for Francisco, who had died at age 10 and Jacinta, who had died at age 9.    More than 300 bishops sent letters to the Pope, writing that “the children were known, admired and attracted people to the way of sanctity. Favours were received through their intercession.”    The bishops also said that the children’s canonization was a pastoral necessity for the children and teenagers of the day.  In 1979 the Congregation for the Causes of Saints convened a general assembly.  Cardinals, bishops, theologians and other experts debated whether it was possible for children to display heroic virtue.    Eventually, they decided that, like the very few children who have a genius for music or mathematics, “in some supernatural way, some children could be spiritual prodigies.”  They were declared venerable by Pope John Paul II in 1989.   On May 13, 2000, they were declared “blessed” in a decree from the Congregation for the Causes of Saints.    Jacinta is the youngest non-martyred child ever to be beatified.

In her biography of Jacinta, Lúcia said that Jacinta had told her of having had many personal visions outside of the Marian visitations;   one involved a pope who prayed alone in a room while people outside shouted ugly things and threw rocks through the window. At another time, Jacinta said she saw a pope who had gathered a huge number of people together to pray to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

When Pope John Paul II arrived in Fatima for the first time, in 1982, he said that he had come “because, on this exact date last year in St. Peter’s Square, in Rome, there was an attempt on the life of your Pope, which mysteriously coincided with the anniversary of the first vision at Fatima, that of 13 May 1917. The coincidence of these dates was so great that it seemed to be a special invitation for me to come here.”

Sister Lúcia, when questioned about the Third Secret, said that the three of them had been very sad about the suffering of a Pope and that Jacinta kept saying:  Coitadinho do Santo Padre, tenho muita pena dos pecadores! (“Poor Holy Father, I feel a lot of pity for the sinners!”)   Another miracle was found to have been attributed to their intercession and the process that investigated the miracle was validated on 8 February 2013. Reports indicate the canonisation could occur on the centenary of the apparitions in 2017, together with Lúcia.

collector’s edition!!! excerpt from a fic i’ll never finish:

(general) assembly required

what do u get when ur an international studies major but also are really into gay skating anime? a united nations au. 

in which they’re all UN representatives. or something. 

The Russians are fighting.

It’s a normal Tuesday, then.

“You switched out the coffee,” Georgi accuses. He holds a mug featuring the word TOGETHER! in big block letters, and he looks slightly miffed and a bit worked up, but it’s Georgi. And also the Secretary General’s got him working Global Health Crises for seven months now. He’s been perceptibly Georgi-er than usual. 

And that’s a crisis in itself, really. 

“I didn’t switch out the coffee,” Victor says, not even looking up from the briefing papers in his hands. He’s got both legs propped up on his desk, his right foot wiggling absent-mindedly.

“He switched out the coffee,” Mila’s voice floats from her cubicle on the other side of the partition.

Georgi grumbles. “Victor, please. The grinds you use aren’t even fair trade beans. They could at least be fair trade.”

“Find me the HR policy that says our coffee should be fair trade, and I’ll stop switching out the coffee,” Victor tells him. He thumbs at the paper in his hand, reads the same paragraph he’s been re-reading for ten minutes now. Something about a last-minute conference being thrown together at 9:30, which means he gets to see Yuuri an hour earlier than usual, and forget whatever sort of deliverables or agenda objectives this meeting is about—Victor is buzzing

He hasn’t been this excited since he got to have his signature immortalized at the treaty that was drawn up in Vienna. 

“Our HR policy is the moral code of humanity, you prick.”

Victor sighs and finally looks up at Georgi, raises an eyebrow. “Define human morality.” 

Georgi throws his hands in the air. “You and your realist bullshit, I swear to god.”

They’re not a clique, except when they are. The other countries don’t judge them, though, when they all pile together in their special corner of the canteen. The United Nations is a space for diversity and cooperation. There is absolutely no judgment here.

“Gross, what are you eating? Worms?” Yurio wrinkles his nose as Seung-gil takes out his tupperware of black bean noodles.

Okay, so there’s some judgment here.

But Yurio’s just an intern, anyway.

“Birds are natural fliers,” Mr. Sannon began, addressing his classroom. “It’s instinctual. They need a jumpstart, mind you, and they’ll pick things up through a natural learning process, but the concept of flight, the ability to adjust pitch and roll, and knowing how hard to flare before they land, or how wide to spread their wings to soar, this comes with the territory of being a bird. When they look upward, they don’t see something empty that exists separate from them. Unreachable. They see a road, and they know, innately, that they possess the tools to travel on that road. It’s a bit like us, reaching out toward objects to manipulate them. That’s something our body knows how to do. If we want to affect our world, we use our hands. The tool fits the task. Instinct.”

The classroom collectively nodded a bit. Those who were paying attention, anyway. Which was most, in this case. Flying was an elective course, and being here required certain physical attributes. Typically, students didn’t go to flight class who weren’t personally vested in the idea. Avian eyes stared eagerly back at him, young and excited. Feathers were fluffed with anticipation. The first day was always exciting. The second day was typically cautious and had half as many students.

“You are not birds.” He said flatly.

The class full of decidedly bird-like students looked sidelong at each other, some with bemusement, others with genuine concern that their professor may have taken leave of his senses. But a few remained still, having discerned the meaning of the statement.

“You are Vectors,” He continued, “Which means, at your core, you are a human dressed up in feathers. That grants you a great deal of instinctual ability, yes, but it is human ability, not bird or cat or dog ability. You didn’t learn to lift things by using your beak or your claws, you used your hands. You didn’t learn to hop and fly when you were little, you learned to crawl and walk.” He skipped over an amendment about infancy bypass education. At least, for the moment. “And I’m going to assume the majority of you don’t have baby pictures of mommy throwing up in your mouths.” He smiled a bit at the chorus of gagging, and chuckled.  

“We miss a lot of these obvious cues, thanks to infancy-bypass tanks,” he explained, unable to avoid it further. “I’m betting most of you were putting solid food into your own mouths by the time you actually encountered any. But those of you who did nurse as children instinctively looked for a mammalian chest instead of chewed up bird vomit, which, I assure you, is an entirely un-birdlike thing to do. In short, if you were hoping to leap off a cliff at the end of today’s lesson and take wing under nature’s gentle guidance, I have news for you. At the moment, you have more in common with a rock than a bird, except that you’ll be screaming more on the way down.”

There were chuckles among the students, but they were tempered by the gradual realization that today would be less glamorous than they’d hoped. Sannon took a moment to gauge the reactions. It was easy to pick out the ones who’d never tried to fly, they were generally attentive and agreeable, eager despite the warnings. Unsure yet how cautious they should or shouldn’t be. There was always a group of students who’d had successful glides from playground equipment or rooftops. They tended to lean back in their chairs like they owned the place, confident in their ability and dismissive of the implied danger. He hated that. Parents loved to give their children a taste of flight before these courses to “warm them up,” but all it did was fill them with false security. He’d rather have a blank slate to work with.

Once in a while, there would be one or two in the back with genuine flight experience. Laterals, usually. Illegal at their age, even with their physical condition, but life happens regardless of the convenience of law. It was just a ploy to help sell body sockets anyway, and not everyone could afford one. These children were quiet and distant as they watched, un-involved in the conversations of the other groups. There was none of the posturing here. Despite having the most experience, they were generally the most attentive. Life had not given them the courtesy of doing without their wings, and they had already experienced the fear of that reality. Whatever had driven them to the skies at such a young age, be it anatomy or pressure from some other source, it likely hadn’t left. Half of these students would never try flying again once they came to realize the physical demands, but these few were here to get better at something they couldn’t do without. He had one, today. Lateral raptor of some kind, with a swallowtail. She was perched in the back of the room, waiting, as he spoke.

“We are not well designed for flying,” he continued, speaking over the chatter. “Sorry. It’s a fact. That we can do it at all is pretty impressive; our anatomy isn’t the best for that sort of thing.” he waved a wing limply, which was a little undermined due to the obvious strength in his arms.

“We’re poorly balanced, too heavy, too bulky, and generally not strong enough to do what would be traditionally referred to as regular flying. But with training and discipline, you can get to a point where flying is…” he pondered the word to use. “Reachable. If only for short periods.

“You need to ponder what you’re trying to do, here,” he continued, “understand it in your mind, before you try it. Flying upward to a building top from the ground is the functional equivalent of leaping up a ladder with two hands and no legs, an entire rung at a time instead of alternating, without stopping to rest.” The room dropped its volume level noticeably. Most of them had not considered what the actual physical requirements of a sustained climb were.

“And that’s just getting aloft,” he continued, “then you need to stay there, suspended from that ladder, repeatedly doing chin-ups from the highest rung, until you can find a place to safely drop from rung to rung to the floor, fighting your own weight and momentum, or you fall and die.” The room had silenced now. The inexperienced group were looking nervously back and forth at each other, with lingering glances at arms that had probably barely passed the physical education requirements for their grades. The gliders were slowly realizing that what they’d done before and what they were now facing were substantially different. And there in the back, his veteran. Her breathing had not changed. Her posture had not fallen.

“How…” one of the students asked, “how do you practice something like that?”

Sannon smiled, and looked toward the back.

“It’s Elysium, isn’t it?” he called back to the lateral. She looked surprised to be addressed directly, but nodded. “How do you suggest they practice something like that, Elysium? Is there an easier way? Am I off my mark, here?”

The young kite looked about the room, as if seeking social permission to respond. It was always difficult being singled out. He knew that, and would catch up and apologize later. But they needed to hear it from one of their own. And as he’d expected, her gaze shifted ever so slightly, as he had seen happen in nearly every veteran that had ever graced his classroom on the first day. That realization that these kids were utterly unprepared for what they were facing. The knowledge that if they looked for a shortcut, they would end up broken and battered on the pavement. The need to convey the degree of effort they were facing now.

“Get a ladder.” She responded, and Sannon’s smile widened. He tapped his toggle case, and the closet behind him opened, revealing a rack adorned with rows of long, extending ladders, fully equipped with the grim realization by the classroom that they would, in fact be doing exactly that. He looked back up at the sea of disbelieving stares, and pulled the first ladder off the rack.

“Shall we get started?”

-excerpt from the Full Disclosure lorebook

Hey folks! Fun stuff going on over here with the upcoming lore book. I’d say the text is about 80% written, maybe more, and general assembly has begun. Soon I’ll start working with artists and getting the imagery assembled, and we can move on to funding and publishing! I wanted to give you all a double treat today, so aside from this chapter bumper (each of the corp based chapters in the lore book gets a little slice of life story to help ground you, this one was for MarsCo) Im also going to toss up the in-progress Table of Contents. This isn’t final or finished, but it will give you some hints of things you can expect to see!

History

differences between history and fact

Who knows what and why


Current life

hierarchy of power

anarchy

perceived scarcity

megacorps

hotzones

darkwars

grottos


Corporate rule

advanced looks into corps

MarsCo

ASR

IRPF

TTI

Progenitus

Pulse

Lumen

independents/pirates

rivalry

Secrets


The war

Palemen

masters voice

Corps

trade secrets

lightspeed

body replacement


shadow presidents

Transcendence

hydra

owls

nephilim

legacy memory

natives

near-cuil


Humanity

What was

What remains

6

Today is International Holocaust Remembrance Day.

January 27 marks the 72nd anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau, the largest Nazi death camp.

In 2005, the United Nations General Assembly designated this day as International Holocaust Remembrance Day (IHRD), an annual day of commemoration to honor the victims of the Nazi era.

From 1940 to 1945, more than 1.1 million men, women and children were killed in the Auschwitz concentration camp. 90% of them were Jews. All were innocent. Today, we remember

Never Again.

Flashback Friday:

During last year’s Earth Day world leaders gathered in the iconic United Nations General Assembly Hall to sign the Paris Agreement on climate change.

Representatives of more than 165 countries signed the historic document at UN Headquarters in New York on 22 April 2016, breaking the record for the number of signatories on the opening day of any international treaty.

Everyone in every country is affected by climate change and we all have an opportunity to do something about it.

Climate action is unstoppable – and will benefit ALL of us by creating jobs, saving money and improving our health.

📷 : @sotonino / UN Social Media

youzicha  asked:

"remember when the united nations sent a letter to the USA that one time the Troops executed babies in iraq" - No, I've never heard about this, what is it about?

AN MNF RAID IN IRAQ ON MARCH 15, 2006 1.  Mission received a communication from Philip Alston, Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions, regarding a raid conducted by Multinational Forces on March 15, 2006 at the house of Faiz Harrat Al- Majma'ee in Iraq.  This communication has been sent via e- mail to IO/RHS.  This communication is number 8 on the Geneva 2006 Communications Log. 2.  Begin text of letter: 27 March 2006 REFERENCE: AL G/SO 214 (33-23) USA 6/2006 Excellency, I have the honour to address you in my capacity as Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary and arbitrary executions pursuant to Commission on Human Rights resolution 2004/37. I would like to draw the attention of your Government to information I have received regarding a raid conducted by the Multinational Forces (MNF) on 15 March 2006 in the house of Faiz Harrat Al-Majma'ee, a farmer living in the outskirts of Al-Iss Haqi District in Balad (Salah-El-Din Governorate). I have received various reports indicating that at least 10 persons, namely Mr. Faiz Hratt Khalaf, (aged 28), his wife Sumay'ya Abdul Razzaq Khuther (aged 24), their three children Hawra'a (aged 5) Aisha ( aged 3) and Husam (5 months old), Faiz’s mother Ms. Turkiya Majeed Ali (aged 74), Faiz’s sister (name unknown), Faiz’s nieces Asma'a Yousif Ma'arouf (aged 5 years old), and Usama Yousif Ma'arouf (aged 3 years), and a visiting relative Ms. Iqtisad Hameed Mehdi (aged 23) were killed during the raid. According to the information received, American troops approached Mr. Faiz’s home in the early hours of 15 March 2006. It would appear that when the MNF approached the house, shots were fired from it and a confrontation ensued for some 25 minutes. The MNF troops entered the house, handcuffed all residents and executed all of them. After the initial MNF intervention, a US air raid ensued that destroyed the house. Iraqi TV stations broadcast from the scene and showed bodies of the victims (i.e. five children and four women) in the morgue of Tikrit. Autopsies carries out at the Tikrit Hospital’s morgue revealed that all corpses were shot in the head and handcuffed. I am aware that the MNF confirmed that an air raid took place that day in Balad and that it caused an unconfirmed number of casualties. The US military attacked the house to capture members of Mr. Faiz Harrat Al-Majma'ee’s family on the basis that they were allegedly involved in the killing of two MNF soldiers who were killed between 6 to 11 March 2006 in the Al Haweeja area. The US military was further reported in the media as stating that MNF troops attacked the house in question to capture “a foreign fighter facilitator for the Al Qaeda in Iraq network”. Other reports indicate that over the past five months, there have been a significant number of lethal incidents in which the MNF is alleged to have used excessive force to respond to perceived threats either at checkpoints or by using air bombing in civilian areas. In drawing the attention of your Excellency’s Government to this information and seeking clarification thereof, I am fully aware of the stance taken by your Government in correspondence with me regarding the mandate’s competence regarding killings that are said to have occurred within the context of an armed conflict (I refer to your Government’s letters dated 22 April 2003 and 8 April 2004). As explained in my report to the 61st Commission on Human Rights, as well as in letters to your Excellency’s Government of 26 August 2005 and 7 March 2006, however, not only the relevant formulation of the mandate but also the General Assembly in its resolutions and the now longstanding practice of the independent experts successively holding the mandate since its creation in 1982 make it clear that questions of humanitarian law fall squarely within the Special Rapporteur’s mandate (See E/CN.4/2005/7, at par. 45). I would also recall that the Human Rights Committee has held that a State party can be held responsible for violations of rights under the Covenant where the violations are perpetrated by authorized agents of the State on foreign territory, “whether with the acquiescence of the Government of [the foreign State] or in opposition to it”. (See Lopez v. Uruguay, communication No.52/1979, CCPR/C/OP/1 at 88 (1984), paras. 12.1-12.3.) Finally, I wish to remind you that UN GA Resolution 59/191 of 10 March 2005, in its paragraph 1, stresses that “States must ensure that any measure to combat terrorism complies with their obligation under international law, in particular international human right, refugee and humanitarian law”. Without in any way wishing to pre-judge the accuracy of the information received, I would be grateful for a reply to the following questions: 1.  Are the facts alleged in the above summary of the case accurate? On what basis was it decided to kill, rather than capture, members of Mr. Faiz Harrat Al-Majma'ee’s family. 2.  What rules of international law does your Excellency’s Government consider to govern these incidents? If your Excellency’s Government considers the incidents to have been governed by humanitarian law, please clarify which treaty instruments or customary norms are considered to apply. 3.  What procedural safeguards, if any, were employed to ensure that these killings complied with international law? 4.  Does your Excellency’s Government intend to provide compensation to Mr. Faiz Harrat Al-Majma'ee’s relatives. It is my responsibility under the mandate provided to me by the Commission on Human Rights and reinforced by the appropriate resolutions of the General Assembly, to seek to clarify all such cases brought to my attention.  Since I am expected to report on these cases to the Human Rights Council I would be grateful for your cooperation and your observations. I undertake to ensure that your Government’s response is accurately reflected in the reports I will submit to the Human Rights Council for its consideration. Please accept, Excellency, the assurances of our highest consideration, Philip Alston Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions End text of letter. MOLEY NNNN 

Prompt: ”I was wondering if you could do one where the reader became friends with Jaylah in the academy and graduated with her and you meet the crew at graduation and get a crush on Scotty and she notices, then you’re both assigned to the Enterprise and Jaylah and Jim work together to get you two to confess your feelings? And when that doesn’t work Bones faking the reader having an injury just to get Scotty to rush down and see you’re okay and he just kisses the reader? Fluffy?”- Anon

Word Count: 2,282

Author’s Note: Thank you for your patience yesterday, y’all, I really appreciate it. We’re back to our regularly scheduled programming! I’m loving writing Scotty fluff, yo, this bugger is so damn cute. Please enjoy!

NaNoWriMo Word Count: 45,960/50,000

Keep reading

Huntsmen’s main character is Kiara Lyons, and she is, in author Pene Henson’s words, “a divine grouch”.  No description could have pleased me (or Kiara) more.  

In The Better to Kiss You With, Deanna Scott is bright, bubbly, and charming.  She blushes when she flirts and would happily describe herself as a pleaser.  With the second book in the series, I wanted to write a different sort of woman. 

Enter Kiara.  The surly, scowly, stubborn Alpha-designate of her werewolf pack.  A woman with mega control issues, who has to struggle to keep her temper, and doesn’t always manage it.  Certain of her own power, and unafraid to flex it, Kiara isn’t exactly likable… and I love that.  In a year where we’ve had to hear about “nasty women”, a year where women are scolded for their persistence, a year where an under-qualified man takes the job over an exceptionally qualified woman, Kiara’s rudeness seems all the more relevant.  

Also important to me was Kiara’s position as her father’s heir.  Even before I had put any thought into writing the second book, I established in The Better to Kiss You With that Kiara, not her older brother Cole, was heir to their pack.  In Huntsmen it’s Kiara’s position as Alpha-designate that puts her in charge of the hiding werewolves, and what stands between her and her lone wolf ex-lover, Ryn.  

When Kiara finds herself facing off against the Huntsmen as well as the General North American Assembly of Werewolves (GNAAW), it’s her insolence and her persistence that keeps her pack safe.  Kiara doesn’t need to be likable, she needs to be effective.  

It’s time we start telling stories about women who aren’t nice.  We need to destroy the idea that an unlikable man has character, whereas an unlikable woman is just unpleasant.  We need to allow space for women and girls who don’t want to smile, who don’t care that you hate their makeup, and who might hurt you if you touch them without permission.  We need to tell stories where women are monsters, ones who just might bite…

anonymous asked:

sorry im so clueless but i have no idea whats going on in regards to palestine so if you're able to, could you explain it in simple terms please? or provide some info sources

i was hoping you’d be more specific but i’ll try to cover as much as i can

palestine was under the british mandate. as it was coming to an end, the un general assembly voted to partition plaestine. while palestinians made up two thirds of the population, they were allocated only 47% of their own land, with the remaining 53% to be allocated to zionist jewish settlers. palestinains obviously declined this “offer”. yet, what’s known as the partition plan was passed and soon israel would be created at the expense of palestinians.

this time period is known as the ‘nakba’, which is the arabic word for ‘catastrophe’, and it is used to refer to the events that led to the ethnic cleansing of palestinians and the destruction of palestinian communities. during the nakba, over 500 palestinian villages were ethnically cleansed, the majority of which through direct expulsion by zionist terrorist gangs that carried out terror campaigns of attacks and massacres against civilians. as a result, these villages were depopulated of its palestinian inhabitants but were soon repopulated by jewish settlers.

due to this, almost 800,000 palestinians found themselves stateless refugees. soon, and on this basis, the “state of israel" was formed and legislations were made to prevent these refugees from ever returning to their homes and their lands became state land and a law called the law of absentees declared their homes and possessions to become the property of jewish settlers.

the zionist movement is what brought about the so called state of israel. it is a jewish nationalist movement— a settler colonial ideology that led to the dispossession, displacement and ethnic cleansing of palestinians that continues to this day, as over 6 million palestinian refugees and their descendants live all over the world with no right to return to palestine.

the israeli occupation and ethnic cleansing of palestine continues; palestinains still face land and resources theft and jewish-only settlements (which are illegal under international law) are built on palestinian land almost everyday. the ethnic cleansing continues as well. not only that, but israel’s terror continues against palestinains with its use of lethal and disproportionate force against unarmed palestinains. racism, segregation and discrimination are rampant in israeli society and are key components of what makes israel the apartheid state that it is today.

contrary to what people think, the palestinian cause is not a complex one. it is a fight against colonialism and occupation.

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12 May 2017 | Queen Letizia held audiences with a representation of participants in the Annual General Assembly of the “European Disability Forum”, with representatives of the Foundation of Aid against the Drug addiction (FAD) entities that are working in a campaign of mobilization on “alcohol and minors” at the Zarzuela Palace.

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January 21st 1793: Louis XVI executed

On this day in 1793, the King of France Louis XVI was executed by guillotine in ‘Revolution Square’ in Paris. Louis ascended to the throne upon the death of his father Louis XV in 1774, four years after his marriage to Marie Antoinette. The monarchs proved controversial figures, due to Louis’s ineptitude and Marie’s extravagant tastes and devotion to Austrian interests. Both opposed monarchical reform and the reorganisation of the general assembly, a stance which spelled their doom as the French Revolution reached a turning point with the storming of the Bastille fortress in July 1789. In the midst of the unrest, in 1791, Marie and Louis attempted to flee to Austria, but were apprehended and returned to Paris. The royal couple were imprisoned in 1792, and the monarchy was abolished in the same year. For his efforts to thwart the revolution, the National Convention tried King Louis XVI for treason and executed him by guillotine in January 1793; he was executed as ‘Citizen Louis Capet’, rather than King Louis. In October of that year, Marie Antoinette was also convicted of treason and faced death at the guillotine. Their deaths marked a turning point in the French Revolution, and, indeed, in the history of France, as the nation transitioned from a monarchy to a republic.

“I die innocent of all the crimes laid to my charge; I Pardon those who have occasioned my death; and I pray to God that the blood you are going to shed may never be visited on France.”
- Louis XVI before his execution