genealogy of language

A

Accent - way of pronunciation particular to a speaker or group of speakers

Americentrism - the bias to judge other cultures and nations by American standards or to assume a higher relevance of American standards than those of other countries

B

Bilingual - a person who is able to speak two languages 

C

Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR), The - a guideline used to describe achievements of learners of foreign languages across Europe and, increasingly, in other countries

Constructed language (conlang) - a language whose phonology, grammar, and vocabulary have been consciously devised for human or human-like communication instead of having developed naturally

Cultural appropriation - the adoption or use of the elements of one culture by members of another culture

D

Dead language -  a language that is no longer the native language of any community even if it is still in use 

Dialect - a variety of a language that is distinguished from other varieties of the same language by features of phonology, grammar, and vocabulary, and by its use by a group of speakers who are set off from others geographically or socially

E

Endangered language - a language that is at risk of falling out of use as its speakers die out or shift to speaking another language

Eurocentrism - centered on Europe or Europeans (in langblr community: European languages, especially those of the Indo-European language family)

Extinct language - a language that no longer has any speakers

F

Fluent -  able to speak or write smoothly, easily, or readily

Foreign language - any language used in a country other than one’s own

G

-

H

Heritage language - the language someone learns at home as a child which is a minority language in a society, but because of growing up with a dominant language, the speaker seems more competent in the latter and feels more comfortable communicating in that language; the language of a person’s family or community, which the person does not speak or understand but with which they culturally identify

I

Indigenous language - a language that is native to a region and spoken by indigenous people, often reduced to the status of a minority language

Idiom -  an expression whose meaning is not predictable from the usual meanings of its constituent elements or from the general grammatical rules of a language and that is not a constituent of a larger expression of like characteristics

J

-

K

-

L

Language family - a group of languages related through descent from a common ancestral language or parental language, called the proto-language of that family

Language isolate - a natural language with no demonstrable genealogical relationship with other languages, one that has not been demonstrated to descend from an ancestor common with any other language

Langblr - a tumblr blog for languages

Linguistics -  the science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics

Linguist - a specialist in linguistics 

Lingblr - a tumblr blog for linguistics 

M

Minoritized language - a language that has suffered marginalization, persecution or even ban at some point in its history

Minority language - a language spoken by a minority of the population of a territory

Monolingual -  a person who is able to speak only one language

Multilingual - a person who is able to speak several languages 

N

Native language (mother tongue, first language, L1) - a language that a person has been exposed to from birth

O

-

P

Philology - the study of language in written historical sources; a combination of literary criticism, history, and linguistics

Philologist - a specialist in philology

Polyglot -  a person who speaks, writes, or reads a number of languages

Proverb - a short popular saying, usually of unknown and ancient origin, that expresses effectively some commonplace truth or useful thought

Q

-

R

Racism -  a belief or doctrine that inherent differences among the various human racial groups determine cultural or individual achievement, usually involving the idea that one’s own race is superior and has the right to dominate others or that a particular racial group is inferior to the others

S

Sacred language (liturgal language, holy language) - any language that is cultivated and used primarily in religious service or for other religious reasons by people who speak another language in their daily life

Sign language - any of several visual-gestural systems of communication, especially employing manual gestures, as used among deaf people

Studyblr - a tumblr blog for studying 

T

Tongueblr - a tumblr blog for foreign tongues; a langblr

U

-

V

-

W

-

X

Xenophobia -  fear or hatred of foreigners, people from different cultures, or strangers

Y

-

Z

-

pina-fiesta  asked:

I've considered a master's in Library Science for a while now, among other things, but I wanted advice on it from someone who actually works in a library. Do you like your job? When I mentioned it before to my family, they all said "Everyone just uses libraries for computer work now, so you'd just be helping old and poor people use the internet." Is it really just that all the time, or do you do other things?

I love my job. Deciding to go to grad school and getting my MLIS completely changed my life for the better.

The thing about people only using the library for internet is a massive myth. Yes, lots of people use our internet because they cannot afford it at home or don’t use computers enough to buy one & have a regular internet connection, but that’s not all there is to libraries. Additionally, most large or mid-sized libraries aren’t going to have degreed librarians working the computer lab.

A short list of some of the things I do as an adult services librarian:

  • Reference questions. Ask me anything. There’s literally a sign hanging above the desk that says that. I cover everything from helping college kids find sources on obscure artists to stock market quotes to driving directions to newspaper articles to getting you the pope’s mailing address.
  • Reader’s Advisory. Not sure what to read next? Can’t remember the name of a book? Need to know the next book in a series? I’m your girl.
  • Managing holds & equipment requests. I’ll put you on the wait list for the next James Patterson the second you hear about it. I’ll also get you booked in our study room or get you one of our roku devices so you can have free netflix for a week.
  • Technology training. Bring in your device and I’ll teach you how to get free ebooks, digital magazines, and downloadable audiobooks, and access our huge collection of streaming movies and music.
  • Buying books. I love this part of my job. The library gives me money and I buy books to fill our shelves. Of course there’s a lot of research that goes into picking the books people will actually read and what we need to fill holes, but still, I get to buy books. Other librarians get to buy ebooks, music, movies, etc.
  • Programs. At least at my library, we always have something going on. This includes a lot of things: cooking classes, new technology training, resume workshops, genealogy, learning a language, hearing a concert, watching a movie, book clubs, etc. Librarians are the ones who organize these so you can have something to do for free that is both enjoyable and educational.

That’s a short list of what I do and that’s just me. Other librarians do things like story time, early literacy classes, parenting classes, technology classes, databases, design libraries, cataloging, outreach, and so much more. Libraries are here for you at any point in your life and for just about anything you need. We are so much more than books and internet.