gender systems

Can I just say

THAT THESE

ARE NOT CHARACTERISTICS OF A GIRL

PRESENTATION DOES NOT EQUAL GENDER IDENTITY

LET MEN BE “FEMININE”

LET MEN BE BEAUTIFUL

LET MEN BE MEN

ending christian homophobia is a lot more complicated than citing a few bible verses. it’s an ideology based on conformity, authoritarianism, and rejection of material goods and pleasures. throw that in with our system of gender and patriarchy, and of course you’re gonna end up with a lot of people who hate gay people (and a lot of gay people who hate themselves). it’s far more productive imo to encourage people to question those fundamentals than to find verses about god’s love or whatever. christianity is as much a cultural phenomenon as a scriptural one.

anonymous asked:

do you know any good readings on the effects of colonialism on modern concepts of gender? i've seen you talk a lot about this and i'm interested to read more into it

Heterosexualism and the Colonial / Modern Gender System, María Lugones 

Colonial Dependence and Sexual Difference: Reading for Gender in the Writings of Simón Bolívar (1783-1830), Catherine Davies

(you can download those last two articles here if you don’t have access to jstor)

The Coloniality of Gender, Maria Lugones

Romancing the Transgender Native, Evan B. Towle and Lynn M. Morgan

Scientific Racism and the Emergence of the Homosexual Body, Siobhan Somerville

Asexuality as a white supremacist dream (and additional commentary)

The Empire of Sexuality, Joseph Massa

Women and Men, Cloth and Colonization: The Transformation of Production-Distribution Relations among the Baule (Ivory Coast) (Femmes et hommes, pagnes et colonisation: la transformation des relations de production et de distribution chez les Baule de Côte d'Ivoire), Mona Etienne

“Some Could Suckle over Their Shoulder”: Male Travelers, Female Bodies, and the Gendering of Racial Ideology, 1500-1770, Jennifer L. Morgan

White Sexual Imperialism: A Theory of Asian Feminist Jurisprudence, Sunny Woan

The veil or a brother’s life: French manipulations of Muslim women’s images during the Algerian War, 1954–62, Elizabeth Perego

Rethinking Sex-Positivity, Rebecca John

Women of Color Seen As Always Sexually AvailableJaclyn Friedman 

Since we haven’t seen any explicitly said Women Galrans I propose:
1.Galrans are gay men, their species are all men, capable of giving birth (cough keef is gay)

2. A great multitude of Galrans genders that dont abide by the ridiculous binary system earth enforces, He/him pronouns seem to be a common occurrence BUT who is to say they are all men? What if they as a whole go by he/him pronouns but really have different complex genders and all sorts of different reproductive capabilities like who knows? (Please give me complex galran gender systems & trans Galrans)

3. All Galrans are nonbinary and each have different reproductive traits

4. All Galrans are men and have children with other species which accounts for the diversity in the Galrans race

5. Galran voice: what the fuck is a gender?

“by being a girl rather than a boy who likes girly things, you’re just being toxic and reinforcing gender roles!”

hey buddy pal, maybe trans girls exist as more than symbols to be scoring moral points for your idea of gender nonconformity as praxis, and we struggle enough as it is to just exist for ourselves without people objectifying us trying to figure out how ideologically pure our existence is.  just as you should recognise a woman staying at home to raise the kids or a woman running a corporation are both women being individuals navigating the system of gender around them, you can recognise that we’re just trying to do our thing and already worry far too much about our existential personhood rather than just living our lives.  or, maybe even, us entirely rejecting our birth assigned gender is the most powerful act of gender nonconformity of all and you should get on our level

3

Sasheer Zamata quit ‘SNL,’ proving TV’s race and gender problems are more systemic than ever

  • It was big news in 2014 when Sasheer Zamata joined Saturday Night Live and became the show’s first black female cast member since Maya Rudolph’s departure seven years earlier. 
  • But it’s even bigger news that Zamata, 31, is now leaving the show after just four seasons.
  • Before she joined, black male cast members like Jay Pharoah or Kenan Thompson did impersonations of black women on the show, roles that they both eventually shunned openly. 
  • Once she joined the cast, Zamata churned out crowd-pleasing impersonations of Taraji P. Henson, Nicki Minaj, Rihanna, Lupita Nyong'o and Michelle Obama. 
  • As a black woman, Zamata’s casting was supposed to fill a gaping hole in the show’s cast. 
  • But her short stint on SNL is a clear example, perhaps more than any other, that there are no so-called “quick fixes” to the problem of racial and gender inequity on television. Read more (Opinion)

follow @the-movemnt

It is necessary to acknowledge that gender variant, trans, and nonbinary identities have always existed for folks with indigenous, black, and brown ancestry. Gender variant people in these cultures were often attributed semi-divine statuses and regarded as powerful leaders, spiritual oracles and celestial bodies. Black and brown communities were punished for gender practices that did not conform to “proper” European notions of masculinity and femininity. White people forced these communities to assimilate to Western religious practices that reinforced the gender binary system, and now white queer and trans people have the nerve to condemn communities of color for these “backwards” religious beliefs. 

What can we do as a white queer and trans people to honor the gender-variant ancestry of black and brown communities and not impose Western ideals of gender in our politics? How can we name our own pain within white religious institutions without scapegoating religion and its function within POC communities? It’s time to start a new conversation on religion and trans politics—one that holds this history as a way forwards, the key to a new future.

—  Dear White Trans People Who Are Anti-Religion | Mud Howard for HuffPost
gay rights vs gay liberation

I keep coming across pieces about the U.S. “LGBT” movement’s history that talk about how, during the 70s especially, one core idea of the movement was that gender and sexuality would, should, get blown wide open

That ultimately pretty much everyone was bisexual underneath; that gender itself was a big nonbinary mess; and everyone would be able to be their true bisexual, often genderqueer self after the revolution. We wouldn’t have or need the gender binary anymore. 

This was a much more natural belief at the time, because gay and lesbian and bi and ace had been thought of as essentially different genders. Because “normal” was two binary sexes, with two corresponding binary genders, which were attracted to each other, and would act on that attraction to make more little normal people. This was the function of society, the thing that gave women any value, the whole point of life.

From “Identity and Ideas: Strategies for Bisexuals,” an essay by bi activist Liz Highleyman in Bisexual Politics: Theories, Queeries, and Visions (1995), which I need to quote from more extensively but not rn:

“As the social movements of the early 1970s fell apart or lost their radical edge in the 1980s, the gay liberation movement, now known as the gay and lesbian movement, followed suit.”

This sentence puts it in a nutshell, I think. There was a really concrete shift, from radical “liberation” from the system for everyone, to acceptance from the system for these two groups.

“There was a growing emphasis on an identity politics model that likened gays to oppressed racial and ethnic minorities. Sexual identity was increasingly seen as an immutable characteristic without sweeping social or political ramifications. The movement became more focused on civil rights and assimilation into mainstream society.”

 It wasn’t an accident, that shift away from the overlapping bi/trans/intersex politics and bi/trans/intersex paradigm*. It was extremely deliberate.

It must have seemed like an easier sell to the straight world, which I can understand. I’m sure a lot of people thought that this strategy would benefit everyone.

But not only does it leave many of our issues completely ignored or actively erased, it’s also a model that can never work for us.

This just kind of jelled for me for the first time, reading this. It’s much harder to see if you don’t know about both models, at least for me. I tend to believe the “no no, we’re for you too!” without thinking about how and why that hasn’t been working.

The civil rights/assimilation model is very rooted in the whole idea that “the only thing that’s different about us is which gender we love!” It’s the we’re just like you model. It works pretty well for fitting-into-society stuff: marriage, health care, employment rights, military service, media representation. Stuff that straight people have, so they can go, “okay, I see how you’re like me, it seems unfair and terrible that you shouldn’t have these things too!”

It works really fucking badly for stuff where we are not like them.

The problem is actually that it works really fucking badly for stuff where we do not fit into the gender binary.

That’s the specific way the system demands that we Be Like Them. It treats everything else, everything that isn’t being a binary sex/gender and wanting a binary sex/gender, as a freakish and in-valid choice, and punishes us for it.

The only progress we’ve really seen is that sometimes, it’s not seen as a Bad Freakish Choice to want the “wrong” binary gender, and very occasionally, it’s not seen as a Bad Freakish Choice to be the “wrong” binary gender.

A lot of the trans movement’s progress has come from doing the same thing the gay and lesbian movement has done: “look at us, look how gender-normative and binary-gendered we are, look how we just want to be a normal gender and love a normal gender. Nothing threatening going on here!”

It works. I’m not going to knock that. People use this shit because they are fucking desperate and fearing for their lives.

But it also means those of us who can’t say “we’re just like normal people” become ballast.

You know: the stuff you throw overboard so your hot air balloon can take off.

I think this is what’s at the core of “ace discourse,” “sga discourse,” and all those other gatekeeping arguments. 

The system only, conditionally, grudgingly, gives certain rights, in some places, to the minority of us who have convincingly argued that we’re Just Like Them. It is exceedingly clear to those people that mixing with non-approved groups puts not only those limited civil rights, but also the entire model used to win them, in danger. 

It’s a choice. We all face it. If you identify more with the need for all those normal rights – or with the oppressions around being, or being into, into the wrong binary gender – or you just see that this model is working for some people and you want it to work for you – then you’re likely to cast your lot with the binary-gender-based “gay rights” model, which means you’re likely to take a “gatekeeping” tack. 

If you identify more with the need for total freedom from the rules of the binary gender system, for whatever reason – and you’re not put off by the fact that we don’t have a working political model around that – then you’re likely to cast your lot with the “gay liberation” model, which means you’re likely to take the “radical inclusion” tack that’s inherent to that model. 


* (I don’t think there was an intersex movement at the time; intersex people are still incredibly silenced by not only the media but actively, intentionally, by the entire medical industry. But it is an explicitly intersex-friendly and very ace/aro-friendly model, in a way that the existing model has definitely not been.)

People inventing new sexualities to describe what really is just their personality is undermining the actual LGB community and struggle. People inventing new gender identities to describe what really is just their personality is undermining the feminist movement and the struggle for women’s liberation and against patriarchy (and the system of gender which is inherently oppressive). This idea that your personality can’t be just that but has to be some special kind of sexuality or gender identity is narcissistic, individualistic, quite immature and totally lacking of any critical analysis. Stop.

the moving goalposts.
  • trans woman: I'm a woman.
  • transmisogynist: No you're not, women dress femininely whereas men aren't pressured to wear makeup or maintain a feminine appearance.
  • trans woman: Well, I dress femininely, and I am pressured to wear makeup and maintain a feminine appearance as my failure to do so is punished with harassment and violence. So, do you consider me a woman now?
  • transmisogynist: No, you're not a woman, women experience misogynistic oppression, like catcalling and gendered wage gap.
  • trans woman: I experience both of those things, people see me as a woman and mistreat me accordingly. So, do you consider me a woman now?
  • transmisogynist: No, you're not a woman, woman is a biological class. You're a biological male.
  • trans woman: I'm on HRT, and my hormone levels are within the average range of cisgender women. I've undergone physical changes due to HRT that have made my physical body more similar to the average cis woman. So, do you consider me a woman now?
  • transmisogynist: No, women have vaginas.
  • trans woman: I've undergone vaginoplasty. I have a functioning vagina, labia majora, labia minora, and clitoris. This is very personal, but, i can, in fact, orgasm. Do you consider me a woman now?
  • transmisogynist: No, women have XX chromosomes. That's the REAL factor that determines our social role.
  • trans woman: So, are you seriously claiming that everyone goes around treating other people based on their chromosomes, a quality that can only be factually known by a medical test?
  • transmisogynist: Yes!
  • trans woman: But I've never gotten chromosomally tested. I don't ACTUALLY know what my chromosomes are. Have you ever gotten chromosomally tested?
  • transmisogynist: No, but–
  • trans woman: Then your argument is completely flawed. You know with certainty that you present as a woman, are seen as a woman, and are mistreated as a woman, but you believe that those things are totally disconnected? That, instead, your chromosomes are what people are really seeing when they look at you? That's completely preposterous.
  • transmisogynist: Well, what I really mean is, your birth assignment is what really counts, because that's when male socialization is initiated, which determines your entire mindset and outlook on the world, as well as how you treat other people.
  • trans woman: It is true that socialization influences how we view the world. But let me ask you a question, you are female-socialized, right?
  • transmisogynist: Damn right.
  • trans woman: And female socialization includes subservience to men, right?
  • transmisogynist: Yes, very much so. My parents were extremely traditionalist and imposed very strict gender roles on me as a child.
  • trans woman: But right now you're not subservient to men at all, right?
  • transmisogynist: Hell no. I'm a radical feminist, I'm a lesbian, I do not share the class interests of men and I work towards women's liberation from men as a class and, ultimately, the end of the restrictive system of gender.
  • trans woman: So, logically, this would be an example of how your gendered socialization DIDN'T control your outcome as a person. Sure, you had to actively resist that socialization, but you've moved past that.
  • transmisogynist: Yes, that's true, but the same can't be said about you, you're clearly male-socialized.
  • trans woman: Hell no. I'm a radical feminist, I'm a lesbian, I do not share the class interests of men and I work towards women's liberation from men as a class and, ultimately, the end of the restrictive system of gender.
  • transmisogynist: No, that's wrong! You can't be a lesbian, you're a male!
  • trans woman: Don't say that to my wife, she's gonna be pretty mad if you tell her she's not really a lesbian. She's been a lesbian for years, I seriously don't see how my gender is any different than the gender of her last girlfriend.
  • transmisogynist: You can't be a feminist, either! You're a male, there's no way you can understand the struggles of being a woman!
  • trans woman: Didn't you post one of my essays on gender on your facebook wall?
  • transmisogynist: Er, well, yes, but, that's before I knew that you were trans! See, this is more of your deceptive duplicitous behavior, concrete proof that you cannot overcome your male socialization or produce ideas that deserve consideration as contributions to feminism.
  • trans woman: But didn't you praise that shitty liberal Male Feminist guy's anti-transgender article?
  • transmisogynist: Yeah, but, at least he isn't calling himself a feminist, just a feminist Ally. So he's being honest and knowing his boundaries while helping feminism.
  • trans woman: And didn't you praise that conservative politician's proposed ban on transgender people being able to use the restroom? Why the hell would you ever side with a conservative? You realize that he's the same guy who has previously worked to defund women's healthcare services and repeal gay marriage? Supporting him in any capacity gives him political capital that he'll be able to leverage for future reactionary policies, because he is literally an anti-feminist politician.
  • transmisogynist: But he's one of the few politicians who's willing to stand up for a ban on transgender people in restrooms.
  • trans woman: Yeah, because he's an out-and-out bigot against LGBT people and women. He's literally creating legal contexts for male violence against transgender women, something that you've PREVIOUSLY stated you're opposed to, but now apparently you're for it.
  • transmisogynist: What male violence? It's just a legal protection for vulnerable women and girls in the sanctified space of the public bathroom.
  • trans woman: The male violence of police officers, prison guards, and prison inmates. That's the male violence that you're totally fine with exposing trans women to. If you really gave a shit about reduction of harm, you would support my right to use whatever PUBLIC RESTROOM I wanted, and support gender-neutral restrooms. After all, butch cis women have been harassed and gender-policed in restrooms in states where that law was in effect, and had security guards called on them. Isn't that a fucking travesty? I support butch women's right to use women's restrooms, and if you support trans bathroom bans, you DON'T. Cis and trans women share certain class interests, and often times if you work against trans women's' class interests, you're ultimately going to harm cis women's class interests as well. We suffer a wage gap too, which is why so many of us are FEMINISTS.

Hey women, POC, LGBT, etc., did you know that instead of nagging Hollywood studios and executives to acknowledge that different types of people exist and therefore deserve to be represented in popular media, you can just solve the entire problem by making your own shit? I mean, it really is that easy; it’s not like there are any systemic barriers in place. I really can’t believe no one has ever told you that before. You’re welcome. 

So pick up your camera (whatever you have around the house is probably fine) and stop whining about how the film/television industry is dominated by straight white men on- and off-screen so we can all enjoy “Manly Straight White Men Run Around and Fight Each Other 53: Just When You Thought There Were Enough Of These We Made One More” in peace.

Hi. My name was Sarah. Was? You heard right. You may not know me by that name, but I can tell you many do. I might know you, and you think you might know me from social medias or classes or passes in halls but the truth is that that is a lie.


Hi. My name is Transgender. What is transgender? Transgender, adjective: “Noting or relating to a person whose gender identity does not correspond to that person’s biological sex assigned at birth”. It’s the realization that I now have the word that acts as a glue for all of my questions, my musings, my thoughts floating in a void known as the internet asking “Am I broken?” and “What is wrong with me?” and giving them a rope to tether them to the ground.


Hi. My name is Dysphoria. Dysphoria. It’s a mirror that follows me, a mirror that does not require a reflection, but I still see myself in it in the forefront of my mind. I can see it, even feel it - it whispers in my ear, a little reminder almost like an alarm that goes off the moment I feel comfortable in my own skin. It says “Wow, you’re hardly passing today!” and “That shirt can clearly show your chest!” and YOUR FACE IS TOO FAT AND YOUR WAIST IS TOO CURVY AND YOUR VOICE IS TOO HIGH, AND, AND, AND -


Hi. My name is Chest Binder. A binder is one of the only reasons I feel comfortable most days, which I strange because this constricting tank top is one of the most uncomfortable things I’ve ever worn in my life. Wear it too long, ribs can bruise, even break - too little and you feel like you need ten more layers just to hide the visual that yes, my body doesn’t match my name and pronouns. It can be so dangerous just to squish too pieces of fat to your body for safely as high as eight hours a day - sometimes 12 on a bad day - just to come home, rip off the proverbial Band-Aid and stare at yourself in that aforementioned mind mirror and wonder, “Did anyone notice today on the street? Did they care?”.


Hi. My name is Pronouns. Let’s take a second away from this one actually - did you know the gender binary doesn’t exist? The gender binary is a system that says yes, this part is equal to that sex is equal to that gender is equal to those toys and those clothes and that appearance and this and that and this and - yes. It gets confusing unless you live by it and identify by it since the day you were born. But pronouns are one of those categories. Me? I use he/him and they/them. It’s okay to get tripped up, as long as you are actively trying to use them but the moment you just stop caring is a punch to the stomach that bruises and never heals cause it says, “You know what? Your comfort and preferred part of the binary that I live by as well is an inconvenience to me.” And of course, there is outside the binary and around the binary and under the binary - but I won’t get into that. This isn’t a Psych lesson.


Hi. My name is Bathrooms and HB2. Hi. My name is Top Surgery. Hi. My name is Testosterone. Hi. My name is Crying and Packing and Expensive As Hell and Being Told I Am Nothing and I’m Really Fucking Scared Of Bigots.


But those aren’t my names. That’s my life. Hi. My name is Alexander. Let me reintroduce myself.

—  An essay/prose that I decided to write.
The Real Meaning of Genderism and Genderist

genderism

Noun

The belief that gender is a binary, comprising male and female, and that the aspects of a person’s gender are inherently linked to their sex at birth.

Genderism is the cultural belief that gender is a binary, or that there are, or should be, only two genders — man and woman — and that the aspects of one’s gender are inherently linked to the sex in which they were assigned at birth.

It can reinforce negative attitudes, bias, and discrimination towards people who display expressions of gender variance or nonconformity and/or whose gender identity is incongruent with their birth sex.

Genderism is of particular relevance to individuals who fall within the transgender spectrum, and is the overarching ideology responsible for transphobia and gender bashing.

In addition, much like how transphobia is parallel to homophobia, genderism is said to be parallel to heterosexism.

Known uses of the word in professional contexts:

  • Shirley R. Steinberg (1 April 2009). Diversity and Multiculturalism: A Reader. Peter Lang. pp. 229–230. ISBN 978-1-4331-0345-2.
  • Genny Beemyn; Susan R. Rankin (1 November 2011). The Lives of Transgender People. Columbia University Press. pp. 89–90. ISBN 978-0-231-51261-9.
  • Derald Wing Sue (26 July 2010). Microaggressions and Marginality: Manifestation, Dynamics, and Impact. John Wiley & Sons. p. 224. ISBN 978-0-470-49139-3.
  • The Psychology Of Prejudice And Discrimination. ABC-CLIO. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-275-98234-8.
  • Norton, Jody (1997). “"Brain Says You’re a Girl, But I Think You’re a Sissy Boy”: Cultural Origins of Transphobia". International Journal of Sexuality and Gender Studies. 2, Number 2 (2): 139–164.
  • Roger J.R. Levesque (5 September 2011). Encyclopedia of Adolescence. Springer. p. 2641. ISBN 978-1-4419-1694-5.
  • Frederick T.L. Leong; Wade E. Pickren; Mark M. Leach; Anthony J. Marsella (1 November 2011). Internationalizing the Psychology Curriculum in the United States. Springer. p. 163. ISBN 978-1-4614-0072-1.
  • Preves, Sharon Elaine (July 2000). “Negotiating the Constraints of Gender Binarism: Intersexuals’ Challenge to Gender Categorization”. Current Sociology 48 (3): 27–50.
  • Jack Harrison, Jaime Grant, Jody L. Herman (2011–2012). “A Gender Not Listed Here: Genderqueers, Gender Rebels, and Otherwise in the National Transgender Discrimination Survey” (PDF). LGBTQ Policy Journal (Harvard Kennedy School) 2: 22.
  • Brent Bilodeau, Ph.D.,Genderism: Transgender Students, Binary Systems and Higher Education, http://www.amazon.com/Genderism-Transgender-Students-Systems-Education/dp/3639004930

It is also sometimes used to describe Discrimination towards gender variant persons who fall outside of the gender binary; is prejudice towards individuals whose professed gender identity does not fit the gender binary as strictly male or female.

It is a type of transphobia and sexism.

It affects third gender, genderqueer, and other non-binary identified people.

Cisgender and binary transgender people can both display prejudice against non-binary people, and there is discrimination of this sort in the transgender community much like there is transphobia in the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) communities.

When you see someone using “genderist” in reference to trans people, you are immediately notified that they are engaging in hate speech, as they are trying to appropriate the term that describes them for use against the trans community, which holds *precisely the opposite view*.

Right now, here on Tumblr, the “genderist“ tag is being used by transphobic TERFs, Trans critical, and Gender Critical people to malign and insult and engage in violence against Trans people. Genderism, genderists are also being used as well.

Be aware of this, and do not be fooled.

Genderists are the people who argue that a trans woman is a man/male or a trans man is a woman/female.  And the evidence of this use is above, in professional, actual use in legal, political, scientific, and academic standards.

Equality with men is nowhere a revolutionary program. It isn’t even real. In one of his flashes of genius, Lenin once wrote about this debate:“ What nation is equal to what nation? What sex is equal to what sex? And what class is equal to what class?” What Lenin was pointing out with such sarcasm is that within the capitalist system, nations, genders, and even classes cannot ever be equal in reality since they were created to be oppressors and oppressed. How can a capitalist and an undocumented Mexican worker ever be equal since the capitalists cannot even exist as a class without exploiting women? Or men and women, since the definition of a man is someone who is of the gender class that owns women and children? How can the united states and Panama ever be equal except in capitalist diplomatic fictions (founded by the u.s. empire to serve its own interests, Panama is owned by the u.s., its national currency is the u.s. dollar, and its former president is a lifer in u.s. prison). There is no equality in the world of men. Rather there is difference between oppressor and oppressed. It is the recognition of this difference that women’s liberation is rooted in.
—  butch lee

imo, male allies who want to help survivors of male violence should focus on holding other men accountable and doing the work of changing male culture from within, and allow survivors the space for healing and recovery that is uninterrupted by calls to fix men and male culture or to mitigate it ourselves. 

Male abuse culture is men’s fault and their responsibility to fix, and survivors (of all genders) of male violence need space to prioritize their own healing and form networks and resources in solidarity with other survivors. It’s not survivors’ responsibility to fix abusive men, and it’s not male allies’ place to direct how survivors heal.