gebal

Silver Tetradrachm from Byblos, Phonecia, c.  544 BC    

A hippocamp swims below a Phonecian galley with 3 hoplites aboard. On the reverse, a lion attacks a bull, inscription above.

The Phoenician seamen were renowned in Antiquity; Homer mentions them in the Odyssey. Founded more than seven thousand years ago, Byblos is one of the eldest cities in the world that is still inhabited; its influence is due to its trade with the Egypt of the Pharaohs, to whom it supplied Lebanese wood.

Egyptian style Sphinx on a unique Silver Shekel from Byblos (Phoenicia) c. 450-410 BC

Sphinx crouching wearing double-crown of Egypt. On the reverse, a hippocamp and Punic inscription all in an incuse square and dotted frame. Unique and unrecorded.

It has been suggested that the Punic characters on the reverse, equating ‘M’ and ‘G’, could abbreviate ‘King of Byblos’ since Gebal or Gibel was the ancient Phoenician name for the city the Greeks called Byblus. Such an identification seems likely considering the hippocampus was a prominent feature on later silver coins of Byblus and the obverse finds exact parallels to coins found at the site. Even more convincing is the vast body of numismatic and archaeological evidence that testifies to the strong Egyptian influence in Byblus – hence the importance of the sphinx obverse.

Legend provides the city with strong ties to Isis, who at one point is said to have been in service to its king and queen; we are also told that Osiris’ coffin landed at Byblus. Furthermore, the sphinx on this shekel and its related issues is not the standard Greco-Roman version, but is distinctly Egyptian in appearance: it wears the Nemes headcloth, upon which is placed the dual crown of Upper and Lower Egypt, with the bottom crown representing Lower Egypt (the Delta) and the top part representing Upper Egypt. Its right forepaw may be raised above a lotus flower, and its serpent-like tail may represent the snake Agathodaeomon.

Founded more than seven thousand years ago, Byblos is one of the eldest cities in the world that is still inhabited; its influence is due to its trade with the Egypt of the Pharaohs, to whom it supplied Lebanese wood.

Byblos (Lebanon)
BYBLOS was the ancient Phoenician port city of Gebal (called Byblos by the Greeks) on the coast of the Mediterranean sea in what is, today, Lebanon. Because papyrus was one of the principal articles in its trade, the Greeks took the name of the city as their word for book - biblos – and from their word for books named our Bible - ta biblia - which means ‘the books’.
Byblos is among the cities listed as candidates for the distinction of `oldest city in the world’ as it has been continuously inhabited for over 7,000 years

Battleborn: Langes E3-Gameplay-Video zum bunten Koop-Geballer der Borderlands-Macher

Noch nicht genug von Battleborn? Dann seid ihr hier genau richtig! Von 2K Games hat uns heute nämlich ein über 20 Minuten langes Video mit einem kompletten Walkthrough der E3-Demo erreicht. Auf der Messe war ein Level aus der Story-Kampagne von… Lesen

Via:: PC Games

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Wenn Michael Bay einen Film dreht, dann wird es immer explosiv: Egal ob nun Armageddon, Pearl Harbor oder Transformers - immer fliegt was in die Luft. Daran würde sich vermutlich auch nichts ändern, wenn er sein Genre wechseln und statt Actionfilmen mal Dokumentationen machen würde, dachte sich YouTube-User Blackhawk und verwandelte eine BBC-Dokumentation über Krokodile und Fledermäuse in ein Bay-eskes Spektakel mit Lichtblitzen, Blut und Geballer. 

Psalm 83: 6-8 kjv The tabernacles of Edom, and the Ishmaelites; of Moab, and the Hagarites; Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek; the Philistines with the inhabitants of Tyre; Assur also is joined with them: they have holpen the children of Lot. Selah.

Daily Office Readings June 18, 2015 at 01:00AM

Psalm 83

Psalm 83

Prayer for Judgment on Israel’s Foes

A Song. A Psalm of Asaph.

O God, do not keep silence;
do not hold your peace or be still, O God!
Even now your enemies are in tumult;
those who hate you have raised their heads.
They lay crafty plans against your people;
they consult together against those you protect.
They say, “Come, let us wipe them out as a nation;
let the name of Israel be remembered no more.”
They conspire with one accord;
against you they make a covenant—
the tents of Edom and the Ishmaelites,
Moab and the Hagrites,
Gebal and Ammon and Amalek,
Philistia with the inhabitants of Tyre;
Assyria also has joined them;
they are the strong arm of the children of Lot.Selah

Do to them as you did to Midian,
as to Sisera and Jabin at the Wadi Kishon,
10 who were destroyed at En-dor,
who became dung for the ground.
11 Make their nobles like Oreb and Zeeb,
all their princes like Zebah and Zalmunna,
12 who said, “Let us take the pastures of God
for our own possession.”

13 O my God, make them like whirling dust,[a]
like chaff before the wind.
14 As fire consumes the forest,
as the flame sets the mountains ablaze,
15 so pursue them with your tempest
and terrify them with your hurricane.
16 Fill their faces with shame,
so that they may seek your name, O Lord.
17 Let them be put to shame and dismayed forever;
let them perish in disgrace.
18 Let them know that you alone,
whose name is the Lord,
are the Most High over all the earth.

Footnotes:

  1. Psalm 83:13 Or a tumbleweed
New Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (NRSVCE)

New Revised Standard Version Bible: Catholic Edition, copyright © 1989, 1993 the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Psalm 34

Psalm 34

Praise for Deliverance from Trouble

Of David, when he feigned madness before Abimelech, so that he drove him out, and he went away.

I will bless the Lord at all times;
his praise shall continually be in my mouth.
My soul makes its boast in the Lord;
let the humble hear and be glad.
O magnify the Lord with me,
and let us exalt his name together.

I sought the Lord, and he answered me,
and delivered me from all my fears.
Look to him, and be radiant;
so your[a] faces shall never be ashamed.
This poor soul cried, and was heard by the Lord,
and was saved from every trouble.
The angel of the Lord encamps
around those who fear him, and delivers them.
O taste and see that the Lord is good;
happy are those who take refuge in him.
O fear the Lord, you his holy ones,
for those who fear him have no want.
10 The young lions suffer want and hunger,
but those who seek the Lord lack no good thing.

11 Come, O children, listen to me;
I will teach you the fear of the Lord.
12 Which of you desires life,
and covets many days to enjoy good?
13 Keep your tongue from evil,
and your lips from speaking deceit.
14 Depart from evil, and do good;
seek peace, and pursue it.

15 The eyes of the Lord are on the righteous,
and his ears are open to their cry.
16 The face of the Lord is against evildoers,
to cut off the remembrance of them from the earth.
17 When the righteous cry for help, the Lord hears,
and rescues them from all their troubles.
18 The Lord is near to the brokenhearted,
and saves the crushed in spirit.

19 Many are the afflictions of the righteous,
but the Lord rescues them from them all.
20 He keeps all their bones;
not one of them will be broken.
21 Evil brings death to the wicked,
and those who hate the righteous will be condemned.
22 The Lord redeems the life of his servants;
none of those who take refuge in him will be condemned.

Footnotes:

  1. Psalm 34:5 Gk Syr Jerome: Heb their
New Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (NRSVCE)

New Revised Standard Version Bible: Catholic Edition, copyright © 1989, 1993 the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Psalm 85-86

Psalm 85

Prayer for the Restoration of God’s Favor

To the leader. Of the Korahites. A Psalm.

Lord, you were favorable to your land;
you restored the fortunes of Jacob.
You forgave the iniquity of your people;
you pardoned all their sin.Selah
You withdrew all your wrath;
you turned from your hot anger.

Restore us again, O God of our salvation,
and put away your indignation toward us.
Will you be angry with us forever?
Will you prolong your anger to all generations?
Will you not revive us again,
so that your people may rejoice in you?
Show us your steadfast love, O Lord,
and grant us your salvation.

Let me hear what God the Lord will speak,
for he will speak peace to his people,
to his faithful, to those who turn to him in their hearts.[a]
Surely his salvation is at hand for those who fear him,
that his glory may dwell in our land.

10 Steadfast love and faithfulness will meet;
righteousness and peace will kiss each other.
11 Faithfulness will spring up from the ground,
and righteousness will look down from the sky.
12 The Lord will give what is good,
and our land will yield its increase.
13 Righteousness will go before him,
and will make a path for his steps.

Psalm 86

Supplication for Help against Enemies

A Prayer of David.

Incline your ear, O Lord, and answer me,
for I am poor and needy.
Preserve my life, for I am devoted to you;
save your servant who trusts in you.
You are my God; be gracious to me, O Lord,
for to you do I cry all day long.
Gladden the soul of your servant,
for to you, O Lord, I lift up my soul.
For you, O Lord, are good and forgiving,
abounding in steadfast love to all who call on you.
Give ear, O Lord, to my prayer;
listen to my cry of supplication.
In the day of my trouble I call on you,
for you will answer me.

There is none like you among the gods, O Lord,
nor are there any works like yours.
All the nations you have made shall come
and bow down before you, O Lord,
and shall glorify your name.
10 For you are great and do wondrous things;
you alone are God.
11 Teach me your way, O Lord,
that I may walk in your truth;
give me an undivided heart to revere your name.
12 I give thanks to you, O Lord my God, with my whole heart,
and I will glorify your name forever.
13 For great is your steadfast love toward me;
you have delivered my soul from the depths of Sheol.

14 O God, the insolent rise up against me;
a band of ruffians seeks my life,
and they do not set you before them.
15 But you, O Lord, are a God merciful and gracious,
slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness.
16 Turn to me and be gracious to me;
give your strength to your servant;
save the child of your serving girl.
17 Show me a sign of your favor,
so that those who hate me may see it and be put to shame,
because you, Lord, have helped me and comforted me.

Footnotes:

  1. Psalm 85:8 Gk: Heb but let them not turn back to folly
New Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (NRSVCE)

New Revised Standard Version Bible: Catholic Edition, copyright © 1989, 1993 the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

1 Samuel 2:27-36

27 A man of God came to Eli and said to him, “Thus the Lord has said, ‘I revealed[a] myself to the family of your ancestor in Egypt when they were slaves[b] to the house of Pharaoh. 28 I chose him out of all the tribes of Israel to be my priest, to go up to my altar, to offer incense, to wear an ephod before me; and I gave to the family of your ancestor all my offerings by fire from the people of Israel. 29 Why then look with greedy eye[c] at my sacrifices and my offerings that I commanded, and honor your sons more than me by fattening yourselves on the choicest parts of every offering of my people Israel?’ 30 Therefore the Lord the God of Israel declares: ‘I promised that your family and the family of your ancestor should go in and out before me forever’; but now the Lord declares: ‘Far be it from me; for those who honor me I will honor, and those who despise me shall be treated with contempt. 31 See, a time is coming when I will cut off your strength and the strength of your ancestor’s family, so that no one in your family will live to old age. 32 Then in distress you will look with greedy eye[d] on all the prosperity that shall be bestowed upon Israel; and no one in your family shall ever live to old age. 33 The only one of you whom I shall not cut off from my altar shall be spared to weep out his[e] eyes and grieve his[f] heart; all the members of your household shall die by the sword.[g] 34 The fate of your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, shall be the sign to you—both of them shall die on the same day. 35 I will raise up for myself a faithful priest, who shall do according to what is in my heart and in my mind. I will build him a sure house, and he shall go in and out before my anointed one forever. 36 Everyone who is left in your family shall come to implore him for a piece of silver or a loaf of bread, and shall say, Please put me in one of the priest’s places, that I may eat a morsel of bread.’”

Footnotes:

  1. 1 Samuel 2:27 Gk Tg Syr: Heb Did I reveal
  2. 1 Samuel 2:27 Q Ms Gk: MT lacks slaves
  3. 1 Samuel 2:29 Q Ms Gk: MT then kick
  4. 1 Samuel 2:32 Q Ms Gk: MT will kick
  5. 1 Samuel 2:33 Q Ms Gk: MT your
  6. 1 Samuel 2:33 Q Ms Gk: Heb your
  7. 1 Samuel 2:33 Q Ms See Gk: MT die like mortals
New Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (NRSVCE)

New Revised Standard Version Bible: Catholic Edition, copyright © 1989, 1993 the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Acts 2:22-36

22 “You that are Israelites,[a] listen to what I have to say: Jesus of Nazareth,[b] a man attested to you by God with deeds of power, wonders, and signs that God did through him among you, as you yourselves know— 23 this man, handed over to you according to the definite plan and foreknowledge of God, you crucified and killed by the hands of those outside the law. 24 But God raised him up, having freed him from death,[c] because it was impossible for him to be held in its power. 25 For David says concerning him,

‘I saw the Lord always before me,
for he is at my right hand so that I will not be shaken;
26 therefore my heart was glad, and my tongue rejoiced;
moreover my flesh will live in hope.
27 For you will not abandon my soul to Hades,
or let your Holy One experience corruption.
28 You have made known to me the ways of life;
you will make me full of gladness with your presence.’

29 “Fellow Israelites,[d] I may say to you confidently of our ancestor David that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us to this day. 30 Since he was a prophet, he knew that God had sworn with an oath to him that he would put one of his descendants on his throne. 31 Foreseeing this, David[e] spoke of the resurrection of the Messiah,[f] saying,

‘He was not abandoned to Hades,
nor did his flesh experience corruption.’

32 This Jesus God raised up, and of that all of us are witnesses. 33 Being therefore exalted at[g] the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured out this that you both see and hear. 34 For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he himself says,

‘The Lord said to my Lord,
“Sit at my right hand,
35 until I make your enemies your footstool.”’

36 Therefore let the entire house of Israel know with certainty that God has made him both Lord and Messiah,[h] this Jesus whom you crucified.”

Footnotes:

  1. Acts 2:22 Gk Men, Israelites
  2. Acts 2:22 Gk the Nazorean
  3. Acts 2:24 Gk the pains of death
  4. Acts 2:29 Gk Men, brothers
  5. Acts 2:31 Gk he
  6. Acts 2:31 Or the Christ
  7. Acts 2:33 Or by
  8. Acts 2:36 Or Christ
New Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (NRSVCE)

New Revised Standard Version Bible: Catholic Edition, copyright © 1989, 1993 the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Luke 20:41-21:4

The Question about David’s Son

41 Then he said to them, “How can they say that the Messiah[a] is David’s son? 42 For David himself says in the book of Psalms,

‘The Lord said to my Lord,
“Sit at my right hand,
43 until I make your enemies your footstool.”’

44 David thus calls him Lord; so how can he be his son?”

Jesus Denounces the Scribes

45 In the hearing of all the people he said to the[b] disciples, 46 “Beware of the scribes, who like to walk around in long robes, and love to be greeted with respect in the marketplaces, and to have the best seats in the synagogues and places of honor at banquets. 47 They devour widows’ houses and for the sake of appearance say long prayers. They will receive the greater condemnation.”

The Widow’s Offering

21 He looked up and saw rich people putting their gifts into the treasury; he also saw a poor widow put in two small copper coins. He said, “Truly I tell you, this poor widow has put in more than all of them; for all of them have contributed out of their abundance, but she out of her poverty has put in all she had to live on.”

Footnotes:

  1. Luke 20:41 Or the Christ
  2. Luke 20:45 Other ancient authorities read his
New Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (NRSVCE)

New Revised Standard Version Bible: Catholic Edition, copyright © 1989, 1993 the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Unser kleiner E3-Reminder

In nur wenigen Stunden eröffnet Bethesda inoffiziell die E3 2015. Frühaufsteher oder Langwachbleiber sind dabei klar im Vorteil, denn die Pressekonferenz von Bethesda findet um 4:00 Uhr in der Früh unserer Zeit statt. Ein sicher rein zufälliger Leak deutet auf eine Ankündigung von Dishonored 2 hin und wer auf Endzeit oder Geballer steht, nimmt ein bisschen weniger Schlaf sicher sowieso gerne in Kauf, denn Fallout 4 und Doom gelten als gesetzt und dürften zu so früher Morgenstunde für Aufsehen sorgen.

Alle anderen können ihren Schlaf in Ruhe genießen, sollten sich für den Montagabend aber nichts mehr vornehmen. Ab 18:30 unserer Zeit wird sich bei der Xbox Pressekonferenz vieles um Halo 5: Guardians, Rise of the Tomb Raider und Forza Motorsport 6 drehen. Für die ein oder andere Überraschung wird aber sicher noch ein Plätzchen frei sein und First Party Titel sollen dieses Jahr klar im Fokus stehen.

Um 22:00 Uhr folgt dann auch schon Electronic Arts, die mit Star Wars: Battlefront ein ganz heißes Eisen im Feuer haben. Aber auch Mirror’s Edge Catalyst, Plants vs. Zombies 2, Star Wars: The Old Republic, Need for Speed und womöglich Mass Effect 4 (das nicht Mass Effect 4 heißen wird) könnten mehr oder weniger präsent sein. Sehr präsent wird mit Sicherheit wieder der obligatorische Sportblock mit FIFA 16 und weiteren Sportspielen mit einer 16 dahinter sein.

Kurz danach zeigt Ubisoft unter anderem wie Ihr Euch am Ende des Jahres durch das viktorianische London meucheln könnt. Assassin’s Creed: Syndicate dürfte einen großen Teil der Pressekonferenz für sich beanspruchen, die kurz vor Mitternacht um 23:45 Uhr beginnt. Neben AC: Syndicate sollen The Division und Rainbow Six Siege näher beleuchtet werden. Wenn Ubisoft die Formel der letzten beiden Jahre anwendet, dürfen wir uns gegen Ende der Pressekonferenz wieder über eine Überraschung freuen. Vielleicht ein neues Prince of Persia? Wer weiß. Gehostet wird das ganze übrigens wieder von der wunderbaren Aisha Tyler, die sicher für den ein oder anderen Lacher sorgen wird.

Wenn bei Ubisoft die Lichter ausgehen, haben wir schon Dienstag und Zeit für ein kurzes Nickerchen. Vorher solltet Ihr Euren Wecker allerdings auf 3:00 Uhr stellen, denn dann startet Sony durch und schickt Nathan Drake in Uncharted 4 - A Thief’s End erneut und zum letzten mal auf Schatzsuche. Außerdem grüßt täglich das Murmeltier, denn gerüchteweise soll The Last Guardian mal wieder neu präsentiert werden. Wo wir schon bei Gerüchten sind, angeblich wird Dark Souls 3 auf der Sony-Konferenz angekündigt werden. Rechnen können wir vermutlich mit neuen Information zur Virtual-Reality-Brille Morpheus.

Ebenfalls am Dienstag aber zu einer deutlich freundlicheren Uhrzeit strahlt Nintendo wieder (nur) ein Digital Event zur E3 aus. Um 18:00 Uhr wird die große Wundertüte geöffnet und wir dürfen gespannt sein, was Nintendo aus dem Hut zaubern wird. Etwa ein neues Metroid von den Retro Studios? Link wird durch seine Abwesenheit glänzen, dafür rückt Fox McCloud mit seiner Truppe aus wagemutigen Piloten im neuen Starfox in den Vordergrund.

Um 19:00 Uhr können wir den Dienstag dann langsam zusammen mit den Jungs und Mädels von Square Enix ausklingen lassen. Das Mädel, auf das wir uns freuen dürfen, heißt Lara Croft und wird nach der Xbox-Präsentation bei Square Enix sicher noch eine Schippe drauflegen oder einfach noch mehr schreien und stöhnen. Der Junge hört auf den Namen Adam Jensen und ist der Star in Deus Ex: Mankind Divided, dem Nachfolger zu Deus Ex: Human Revolution.

Der sehr frühe Mittwochmorgen steht ganz im Zeichen des PCs und für die Master Race unter den Gamern dürfte es ein leichtes sein, bereits um 2:00 Uhr aus den Federn zu klettern, wenn sich alles nur um den heimischen Rechenknecht drehen wird.

War es das nun etwa schon? Nicht ganz.

Rocket Beans TV wird ebenfalls am Start sein und vom 15. bis 18. Juni jeden Tag live von 17:00 Uhr bis in die Nacht aus Los Angeles von der E3 berichten. Wer die Raketenbohnen Nils Bomhoff, Etienne Gardé und Simon Krätschmer kennt, wird wissen, dass die Berichte von der Messe, Recaps aus der Bohnen-Villa und Anspielsessions von den Entwicklerständen unterhaltsam werden.

Sämtliche Links zu den oben genannten Pressekonferenzen und Live-Übertragungen findet Ihr in unserem E3-Thread.

Lichti