Like milk bottles in a dairy, these heavy shells await delivery to a British army that could never get enough. All major belligerents underestimated shell expenditure, especially Britain, which started the war with a tiny army. A huge scandal over “bungling in high places,” notably about shells deficient in quantity and quality, erupted in London in May 1915. Asquith’s Liberal administration fell, forcing him into coalition with the Conservative party. David Lloyd George was appointed to a new ministry of munitions, to control an industry notable for employing large numbers of women.