gauge is important

I have no tolerance for people who hold a superiority complex over others. What fulfillment do they receive from making people feel lower than them? We all came from the dirt and will return there. No one has it all figured out. How is one life better than the next? What criteria could possibly be used to gauge someone’s worthiness or importance? How can we be anything but kind in a world so cruel? We need humility and compassion. Please get off the pedestal.

anonymous asked:

Penders' work has inspired me to come up with a theory based on the Eight Deadly Words (AKA I Don't Care What Happens To These People). I call it Four Deadly Words of Dialogue (working title), "Who Talks Like This?" It's a little tough for me to gauge exactly what's wrong with Penders' dialogue beyond it being cliché, but I can still tell he's crap at writing.

Oh, I can gauge it precisely. 

The importance of dialogue is often underappreciated, but the fact is that through it you can reveal a lot about a character by way of giving them a voice- how they speak, what they say and things like the words they use can reflect off of them and give insight into their character even before we really get to know them. A formal person might speak very properly, an informal person might be prone to use slang, a deceitful person might constantly say things that have a double meaning. In short, it’s a very crucial element of writing, especially since unlike film and television you cannot rely on sound to convey such things, relying purely on descriptive ability. 

Penders doesn’t merely fail at it because his dialogue itself is cliche, but because of several other factors. To begin with, each character he writes speaks in roughly the same way, using the same vocabulary and speaking in the same manner, regardless of factors such as age or personality or such. Sonic the Hedgehog, a supposedly rebellious teenager, will speak in a way similar to Locke, a middle aged scientist. Penders only method of differentiation is to add the occasional indicator of an accent or the occasional bit of slang, but otherwise, the overwhelming majority of character he writes tend to speak the same way. Smarter characters will use bigger words, but they will use them in the same manner as the other ‘smarter characters’. 

Furthermore, Penders reliance upon exclamation points! To make his writing seem more dynamic! Can make a lot of the characters seem like they’re shouting all the time! He is very clearly influenced by the melodramatic, operatic dialogue stylings of the comic books he grew up with, but unlike the people who wrote those he himself does not write with any flair. It creates a paradox wherein his writing is at one hammy and melodramtic, yet incredibly bland and plain. 

Then there is his reliance upon exposition- Penders has a tendancy to dump information into the dialogue of characters, using them as a means to narrate to the audience and bring them up to speed. The way they go about this though makes the exposition painfully obvious as characters discuss things that they should know about in-universe that requires no explanation to anyone else. It would be like a pair of friends talking about WWII and then one of them, randomly, deciding to give a lecture about how WWII got started even though the details are well known enough by most that there doesn’t really need to be such a thing. As such, speech is a tool that becomes used exclusively to compensate for not actually showing developments- hence the phrase ‘show, don’t tell’. 

This is all without getting into his over reliance on references and quotes and catchphrases from other bits and pieces of media. 

Heck, going back to the ‘samevoice’ problem, one of the best illustrations of this is how he writes Mammoth Mogul. Mogul’s propensity for long-winded speech and big words is often mocked, but as a character quirk it actually does a very good job of illustrating his arrogance and his grandiose, self-important nature. A fairly consistent and distinguishing trait… until Penders writes him in that abortive ‘Chaos Knuckles’ arc, where suddenly, all of that goes away and he talks pretty much like everyone else. Likewise, Aithar was written in his debut as being a fairly passionate and exciteable fellow by his dialogue… but after that, Penders writes him as a bog standard vague mystic who, yet again, talks like everybody else. 

This is probably a tad much for such a simple point to be made, but I’ve often thought about this very subject, largely because it serves as a good means of critically analyzing how language is used in written works… specifcally, how *not* to use it. 

3

SPAS-12

Italian made 12 gauge shotgun that was imported for a short period of time in the U.S. Supposedly there are less than 2,000 of these shotguns on the U.S market, making them fairly collectable but also a little pricey for what some consider an obsolete tactical shotgun. In spite often being portrayed as a pump-action only shotgun, the SPAS-12 can switch to semi-automatic and it is frighteningly fast at cycling. (GRH)

anonymous asked:

hey, congrats on the gre score! any tips you can give us on studying since you did so well? i'm finding memorizing words rly hard. tips for each section please! & how was the timing? rushed?

Thank you very much! And sure, I’ll do my best, although I think studying depends wildly from person to person–for example, many of the grad schools I’m applying for explicitly state they don’t consider your math score, so I didn’t spend much time prepping for that. Timing is also quite subjective, because while I have time to check my verbal answers, I always have to guess on 2+ quantitative problems because I’m not that quick with sums.

First, invest in a practice book. I highly recommend Manhattan Prep’s 5lb Book of GRE Practice Problems, which is only $12 on Amazon right now. Not only is it as ridiculously expansive as the name suggests, it includes a diagnostic test, 9+ fully outlined and explained essays, maybe one thousand vocab words, and a solution explanation for each math problem, broken down by type (ie probability, triangles, sets, etc). In addition, a quick google search will pull up free online practice tests (three from ETS, the actual GRE-makers) which mimic the computerized test exactly–and they’re free, so why not at least power through a few sections?

Now, more specifically:

The Written: No one wants to spend 30 minutes writing a practice essay, but at least try to do a few full, typed essays from practice prompts (preferably from a source that also includes full 4, 5, and 6 essays to measure yourself again). Type it somewhere without spellcheck, because you don’t want to be like me and realize during the exam that you can’t remember if millennial has two Ns. Because I feel confident in my writing skills, I usually only outlined the essays for my practice test, but this allowed me to compare my line of reasoning to the examples given. Standardized testing demands a very particular type of logic. If you want to be especially thorough, you could mark up an example 3 or 4 essay with thoughts on what could have made it a 5 or 6–by learning to efficiently recognize others’ shortcomings, you may be better equipped to see your own.

The Verbal: Flashcards. All day, every day, until you despise the English language (but also start to recognize your expanded vocabulary in the wild–just the other day I heard both laconic and taciturn on Buffy). Manhattan prep has online flashcards, but I went ahead and made a huge set on Quizlet (because I love making flashcards). Quizlet allows you to star words you have a lot of trouble on. I found that 200+ words quickly dropped from my list, and I began to recognize others showing up repeatedly on practice tests, which helped me gauge what was really important to know. (Flue? Probably not going to come up. Quixotic? Most definitely.) On any of the passage summary readings that sound like trick questions, I write out what the question/answer is saying in my own words, along with any unspoken assumptions. This saved 5+ points on the test, because a lot of the questions are purposefully written with assumptions that logically follow–but if the question doesn’t ask you to make a conclusion, stay to what the text says to the letter. It’s not testing your ability to be a rational, practical thinker, it’s testing your ability to jump through its evil, evil word-hoops.

The Quantitative: Aside from a basic college algebra review, I haven’t taken a math class in almost six years. The math section is bittersweet: While it does rely more heavily on reasoning than on equations (and unlike math, reasoning is familiar to my day-to-day life), it still expects you to memorize obscure equations. And it forces you to use a tiny on-screen calculator with minimal functions. When the SAT is vastly kinder, you know they’re just screwing with you. (Have I mentioned how expensive this test is? Honestly, that price is a large part of the reason I was determined to get it right the first time. But I digress.) To supplement my prep books, I had a friend tutor me in concepts I’d totally forgotten, and I made a cheat sheet of formulas that the GRE excepts you to know. (Not a literal cheat sheet, GRE police–I know you’re watching me.) Some of those are as follows:

  • Quadratic equation
  • Slope of the line
  • Areas of equilateral triangles + assorted polynomials
  • Area of part of a circle
  • Standard deviation principles
  • THE GODDAMN COMBINATIONS EQUATION
  • Regular/compound interest

That’s not comprehensive, but it’s a start. Tailor it to your own needs, and decide how important math is to you/your top grad schools.

This is the part where I repeat all the cliched stuff about going in well-rested, remaining calm even when the timer flashes the 5 minute mark, and remembering you can retake it in a few weeks. Really, it’s important to remember that this is a test designed to measure skills you don’t actually need to be a smart person. Decide ahead of time the minimum scores you’ll send (check data for your intended schools/programs and national percentiles). And if you have any more GRE/academic questions, I’m absolutely open to support you as best I can!

Gastric Dilation-Volvulus Syndrome (GDVs) in Dogs

GDVs is a gastrointestinal syndrome wherein the stomach is seen to flip (usually 180-360° clockwise) on its axis, causing internal damage through ischaemia, inflammation and possibly infection.  It comprises three parts: 

  1. acute gastric dilation,
  2. acute gastric dilation-volvulus (GDV) and
  3. chronic gastric volvulus.

GDVs is most commonly seen in large or giant dogs with deep chests (Great Danes, GSDs, Irish setters and standard poodles are over represented in GDV studies).  A high thoracic depth to width ratio is commonly noted in affected dogs.  Other risk factors include: 

  • diet,
  • gastric volume and position - yep, stomachs vary between dogs,
  • gastric ligament laxity - what’s holding the stomach in place? 
  • control of eructation (burping) and pyloric canal function - or anything else that will result in gas build-up.

The onset of symptoms is usually acute and can occur after a large meal or a bout of exercise (swallowing air is thought to contribute to the flip).  Symptoms aren’t the most specific but the dog’s signalment should certainly ensure that GDV is on your DDx (differential diagnoses list). Symptoms can include:

  • agitation, restlessness, lethargy;
  • progressive abdominal distention (tympany) - this will lead to increasing pain as the internal pressure builds/ischaemia begins;
  • retching, unproductive vomiting;
  • cardiovascular (CV) compromise - hypovolaemic shock, etc.

Local effects of GDV mainly affect the stomach and spleen - this is due to a compromise in blood supply to both organs.  As the stomach and spleen are connected by the gastrosplenic ligament, when the stomach moves it tends to bring the spleen with it.  This movement of the spleen can result in avulsion of small gastric branches of the splenic artery and therefore, may lead to ischaemia or necrosis of the stomach (especially the fundic region). Similarly, as tension increases within the stomach, compression of intramural vessels may occur.  

Systemic effects of GCV are mainly due to CV compromise (i.e. the mechanical obstruction of blood flow through the caudal vena cava and hepatic portal vein). Any vascular obstruction will result in decreased venous return to the heart, a subsequent decrease in cardiac output and hence hypovolaemia.  For this reason, the GDV dog must be managed with fluid therapy in order to return the circulating levels to normal. 

Fluids are the main immediate management of the GDV dog but analgesia should ideally be offered as soon as the dog is stable(ish).  Pure opioids (morphine or methadone) are good to relieve pain but also calm an animal for exam.  Short-term analgesia (e.g. fentanyl) is useful in some cases.  If the resources are available, and echocardiogram (ECG) should be performed in order to monitor CV system.  Many dogs with GDV will develop arrhythmias - treatment for this should be withheld until all other CV symptoms are stabilised as sometimes GDV-related arrhythmias will resolve themselves.  Unfortunately however, approximately 40-50% of dogs who present with GDV will develop a permanent arrhythmia.  These are usually ventricular and are caused by myocardial injury.

Once the dog is stable, actually resolving the GDV becomes priority.  The first stage in this process is to try and decompress the stomach.  Using an orogastric tube is the preferred way to do this but if a tube cannot be passed, percutaneous gastrocentesis can be performed using a large gauge needle.  It’s important to measure an orogastric tube prior to beginning the procedure: the tube should extend from the nostril to the last rib.  This is necessary to ensure that iatrogenic damage isn’t caused by a too-long tube.  The aim of decompression is to release some of the pressure in an effort to prevent further ischaemia. 

Regardless of the success of compression, surgery is indicated for every GDV patient.  If a GDV dog isn’t operated on, they will almost certainly die (either due to complications or further GDV episodes).  The aims of surgery are to fully decompress and reposition the stomach, assess the viability of any affected organs, remove any devitalised tissue and perform a gastropexy (fixing the stomach to the abdominal wall or diaphragm to prevent another GDV in the future).  Some things to note regarding GDV surgery:

  • A distended stomach will be noticeable from size and can be further seen to be a GDV if it is covered by an omental leaf (this is due to the stomach entering the omental bursa during flipping).
  • Additional decompression can be accomplished by an intraoperative gastrocentesis or with a guided orogastric tube.
  • Gastric necrosis is reported in ~10-40% of GDV dogs.  The stomach should be checked thoroughly for ischaemia and necrosis and if any is present, a gastrectomy should be performed to remove those foci.  
    • It’s advised to wait ~10 mins after repositioning the stomach as bruising caused by the torsion can often be incorrectly identified as necrosis.  
    • The most common site for necrosis is along the greater curvature at the junction between the fundus and the gastric body. 
    • A gastric resection is always a possibility in the case that the stomach isn’t completely viable.  If there is too much necrosis then euthanasia may be advised. 
  • The spleen should also be thoroughly checked for damage, especially the splenic vessels. 
  • A gastropexy should always be performed.  A gastropexy aims to fix the most mobile part of the stomach (pylorus) to the right abdominal wall.  

Post-operative care is important after all surgery.  The temperature, respiration and cardiac capacities are very important indicators of any problems.  Fluid therapy should be continued and post-operative analgesia is essential (NSAIDs should be avoided).  If there were no major complications, the dog can be offered food and water the day after surgery.  It’s advised that the patient is admitted for a further 3-5 days for monitoring.  In addition to the persistent cardiac arrhythmias mentioned earlier, other complications include aspiration pneumonia, abnormal gastric motility, necrosis or perforation.  When treated successfully, there is a good to excellent prognosis for GDV dogs. 

If you have any questions, additions or corrections, please let me know!  This is my first real vetty post so all feedback is appreciated. :) 

Vepr 12

Russian semi-automatic 12 gauge shotgun. Originally imported into the U.S with fixed solid stocks, later imports were of the folding stock variant. However they were welded fixed but can be converted back to a folding stock granted you add enough U.S made parts. Note the Russian style competition muzzle brake, U.S made steel 10-round magazine and the steel magazine well. Since they pretty much come configured as an AK platform, you don’t have to go through the hassle of conversions like you would with an older Saiga or Catamount Fury. (GRH)

3

Fabarm FP6

Italian made 12 gauge shotgun that was imported into the U.S by Heckler & Koch. Most if not all FP6′s will be marked HK somewhere on the receiver. They were available in different configurations; from your standard shotgun stock, to pistol gripped stocks, and a couple side-folding stocks. The one in the photo has the rather uncommon full-size magazine tube extension. Generally it was a rather obscure, looked over shotgun, but it did appear in one of the Call of Duty games a few years ago. (GRH)

Mathification for the Knitting Nation

I actually texted my best friend (who is a straight male with zero interest in yarn) about this last night.  The decision was made that I shouldn’t write about knitting math while drinking.  I stand by the validity of this decision.  It means there will be a lot less cursing through this.  And yes, I send intensely lame and grammatically correct drunk  texts.

So this is part of how you shift your thinking from just the stitch to the whole.  And trust me, if you managed to survive sixth grade math, you can do this.  The math itself really isn’t that hard. 

First off, you’ve got to accept that no matter how much we don’t like doing them, gauge swatches or at least knowing how to measure your gauge is vital.  Honestly, I do a lot of my pattern adaptation while I’m actually making whatever it is I’m making.  I do them on the fly as I’m going without a whole lot of pre planning.  So for my style, a knit by the seat of my pants style, gauge swatches aren’t the most important thing.  But knowing how to measure gauge is absolutely vital.

Let’s say that I’m working on that classic basic crew necked, drop shouldered sweater that we’ve all made millions of.  I want to change it up and bring it closer to the body underneath the girls for a more tailored look.

Step one- Measure your gauge.

C’mon.  You know how to do that.  For this example, I’m going to say that the theoretical gauge is four stitches by three rows.  So one square inch is four stitches across and three rows high.

Step two- Figure out how much change in measurement you want.

For this example, I’m going to say I’m reducing the width by three inches. 

Step three- Convert that measurement into how many stitches you’re going to be either decreasing or increasing.

Remember when I said this is easy math?  Well here it is. 

3 (inches) x 4 (stitches per inch) = 12

So total, I’ll be reducing the pattern by twelve stitches. 

Step four- Figure out the rise. 

This one has the most play and is the one that requires some thought.  But don’t worry and don’t over think it.  The rise is the slope you’re making.  People are built with curves (even the gents have no hard lines that match up to a ruler).  Think about a neck and shoulder line.  It’s not a straight square.  It’s sloped. 

So think about where you’re putting in the change.  Is it a sharp slope or a gradual slope?  With the neckline to the shoulders, it’s a very sharp slope.  The sharper the slope, the greater the change from the largest to the smallest.  It’s why there’s so many increases or decreases in that area.  With below the girls, the slope is more gradual.  So I don’t need that much change per row. 

Every four inches I decrease means I’ve reduced one inch.  While I could reduce all three inches in one row, It would look a little strange. It would look like my boobs were in a pouch.  So instead, I want a gradual slope.  Let’s go with the next option.  I could do four decreases per row.  This is a reduction of one inch.  But again, that’s a pretty dramatic change. 

So, because I am looking for a gradual slope, I’m going to do only two per row (half an inch) and I’m going to space them out so that they’re two rows apart. 


And that’s it.  What I’m going to recommend to everyone is do some test runs.  Pull out that yarn that’s from your practicing days and play.  Play with increases and decreases.  See how it changes the shape.  Oh and make some stuffed animals.  Seriously, amigurmi can really, REALLY help you to understand the power of shaping.  Not kidding. 

The Threat to Sally Ann and Hasil.

Hasil Farrell wasn’t kidding about how STRONG and FIERCE his feelings for Sally Ann are and those feelings; if anything, have deepened since their separation. He cherishes her with every glance, every touch, every word spoken, she is his HEART and right now the MOST important person in his life. When he talks to others, it’s WE and US, he’s no longer ALONE.

Haylie “Bitch Face” Grimes is Sasil’s greatest threat right now and the reason I’m anxious for their fate.  At every opportunity “Bitch Face” mentions Sally Ann and studies Hasil’s reaction to gauge her importance to him.  

Now on their first encounter, Hasil played it cool and didn’t react when Haylie mentioned Sally Ann’s name, in fact after their conversation, their status is not really confirmed or denied, especially since Hasil say’s “Lady I already got me a place to live” I’m guessing she decided that Sally Ann was, however, behind the reason Hasil asked for all that money, since his people are not supposed to be interested in cash.  When Hasil goes to her office looking for more money, her suspicions are confirmed.  Hasil immediately tries to shield the mention of Sally Ann from their conversation, by saying the reason he was there was because “He” got himself into a bit of a situation. However, her interest is spiked and she ceases the opportunity to bait Hasil by mentioning Sally Ann and an impending pregnancy.  Hasil bites and is barely able to contain his irritation and annoyance at her questioning, he shuts her down and it’s then she has ALL the confirmation she needs about just how IMPORTANT Sally Ann is to Hasil. 

Bitch Face, could harm either one of our pair but I get the feeling she might try and go after Sally Ann, since Hasil is more than capable of fighting for himself. I think that she will obviously try and use the house as a bargaining tool but, honestly guys I’m worried for Sally Ann.  All I know is, if she tries it, she better run and find her own kindda special magic to hide, cos if Hasil “whoop arse” Farrell finds her… She’s the one that’s gon be dead!!