gauge is important

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DARK MATTER | 3.10

I have these ingrained notions in my head from…

anonymous asked:

hey, congrats on the gre score! any tips you can give us on studying since you did so well? i'm finding memorizing words rly hard. tips for each section please! & how was the timing? rushed?

Thank you very much! And sure, I’ll do my best, although I think studying depends wildly from person to person–for example, many of the grad schools I’m applying for explicitly state they don’t consider your math score, so I didn’t spend much time prepping for that. Timing is also quite subjective, because while I have time to check my verbal answers, I always have to guess on 2+ quantitative problems because I’m not that quick with sums.

First, invest in a practice book. I highly recommend Manhattan Prep’s 5lb Book of GRE Practice Problems, which is only $12 on Amazon right now. Not only is it as ridiculously expansive as the name suggests, it includes a diagnostic test, 9+ fully outlined and explained essays, maybe one thousand vocab words, and a solution explanation for each math problem, broken down by type (ie probability, triangles, sets, etc). In addition, a quick google search will pull up free online practice tests (three from ETS, the actual GRE-makers) which mimic the computerized test exactly–and they’re free, so why not at least power through a few sections?

Now, more specifically:

The Written: No one wants to spend 30 minutes writing a practice essay, but at least try to do a few full, typed essays from practice prompts (preferably from a source that also includes full 4, 5, and 6 essays to measure yourself again). Type it somewhere without spellcheck, because you don’t want to be like me and realize during the exam that you can’t remember if millennial has two Ns. Because I feel confident in my writing skills, I usually only outlined the essays for my practice test, but this allowed me to compare my line of reasoning to the examples given. Standardized testing demands a very particular type of logic. If you want to be especially thorough, you could mark up an example 3 or 4 essay with thoughts on what could have made it a 5 or 6–by learning to efficiently recognize others’ shortcomings, you may be better equipped to see your own.

The Verbal: Flashcards. All day, every day, until you despise the English language (but also start to recognize your expanded vocabulary in the wild–just the other day I heard both laconic and taciturn on Buffy). Manhattan prep has online flashcards, but I went ahead and made a huge set on Quizlet (because I love making flashcards). Quizlet allows you to star words you have a lot of trouble on. I found that 200+ words quickly dropped from my list, and I began to recognize others showing up repeatedly on practice tests, which helped me gauge what was really important to know. (Flue? Probably not going to come up. Quixotic? Most definitely.) On any of the passage summary readings that sound like trick questions, I write out what the question/answer is saying in my own words, along with any unspoken assumptions. This saved 5+ points on the test, because a lot of the questions are purposefully written with assumptions that logically follow–but if the question doesn’t ask you to make a conclusion, stay to what the text says to the letter. It’s not testing your ability to be a rational, practical thinker, it’s testing your ability to jump through its evil, evil word-hoops.

The Quantitative: Aside from a basic college algebra review, I haven’t taken a math class in almost six years. The math section is bittersweet: While it does rely more heavily on reasoning than on equations (and unlike math, reasoning is familiar to my day-to-day life), it still expects you to memorize obscure equations. And it forces you to use a tiny on-screen calculator with minimal functions. When the SAT is vastly kinder, you know they’re just screwing with you. (Have I mentioned how expensive this test is? Honestly, that price is a large part of the reason I was determined to get it right the first time. But I digress.) To supplement my prep books, I had a friend tutor me in concepts I’d totally forgotten, and I made a cheat sheet of formulas that the GRE excepts you to know. (Not a literal cheat sheet, GRE police–I know you’re watching me.) Some of those are as follows:

  • Quadratic equation
  • Slope of the line
  • Areas of equilateral triangles + assorted polynomials
  • Area of part of a circle
  • Standard deviation principles
  • THE GODDAMN COMBINATIONS EQUATION
  • Regular/compound interest

That’s not comprehensive, but it’s a start. Tailor it to your own needs, and decide how important math is to you/your top grad schools.

This is the part where I repeat all the cliched stuff about going in well-rested, remaining calm even when the timer flashes the 5 minute mark, and remembering you can retake it in a few weeks. Really, it’s important to remember that this is a test designed to measure skills you don’t actually need to be a smart person. Decide ahead of time the minimum scores you’ll send (check data for your intended schools/programs and national percentiles). And if you have any more GRE/academic questions, I’m absolutely open to support you as best I can!

I have no tolerance for people who hold a superiority complex over others. What fulfillment do they receive from making people feel lower than them? We all came from the dirt and will return there. No one has it all figured out. How is one life better than the next? What criteria could possibly be used to gauge someone’s worthiness or importance? How can we be anything but kind in a world so cruel? We need humility and compassion. Please get off the pedestal.

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SPAS-12

Italian made 12 gauge shotgun that was imported for a short period of time in the U.S. Supposedly there are less than 2,000 of these shotguns on the U.S market, making them fairly collectable but also a little pricey for what some consider an obsolete tactical shotgun. In spite often being portrayed as a pump-action only shotgun, the SPAS-12 can switch to semi-automatic and it is frighteningly fast at cycling. (GRH)

I’m sure that fear is necessary. It helps you see the stakes for what they are. It allows you to gauge the importance of things, moments, people. It reminds you of the frailty of feelings, even the strong ones – how things shift and flip and transform all the time and without notice.

Fear has the capacity to remind us to be intentional and to be present and aware, but that’s challenged by its ability to be completely paralyzing. It has this power to turn us all into cowards.

So, I’m trying to make a habit out of bravery.

So a fake Facebook account named Alexander McBride is using my face and supposedly committed suicide. They made up a fake suicide note and are looking to gain sympathy and attention off it. Please report this account and add it so that you can warn the other people falling for it that it is in fact a lie. I tried to post on it and I was blocked. Please reblog and share this to help me remove this negative fake Facebook account!

Vepr 12

Russian semi-automatic 12 gauge shotgun. Originally imported into the U.S with fixed solid stocks, later imports were of the folding stock variant. However they were welded fixed but can be converted back to a folding stock granted you add enough U.S made parts. Note the Russian style competition muzzle brake, U.S made steel 10-round magazine and the steel magazine well. Since they pretty much come configured as an AK platform, you don’t have to go through the hassle of conversions like you would with an older Saiga or Catamount Fury. (GRH)

Gastric Dilation-Volvulus Syndrome (GDVs) in Dogs

GDVs is a gastrointestinal syndrome wherein the stomach is seen to flip (usually 180-360° clockwise) on its axis, causing internal damage through ischaemia, inflammation and possibly infection.  It comprises three parts: 

  1. acute gastric dilation,
  2. acute gastric dilation-volvulus (GDV) and
  3. chronic gastric volvulus.

GDVs is most commonly seen in large or giant dogs with deep chests (Great Danes, GSDs, Irish setters and standard poodles are over represented in GDV studies).  A high thoracic depth to width ratio is commonly noted in affected dogs.  Other risk factors include: 

  • diet,
  • gastric volume and position - yep, stomachs vary between dogs,
  • gastric ligament laxity - what’s holding the stomach in place? 
  • control of eructation (burping) and pyloric canal function - or anything else that will result in gas build-up.

The onset of symptoms is usually acute and can occur after a large meal or a bout of exercise (swallowing air is thought to contribute to the flip).  Symptoms aren’t the most specific but the dog’s signalment should certainly ensure that GDV is on your DDx (differential diagnoses list). Symptoms can include:

  • agitation, restlessness, lethargy;
  • progressive abdominal distention (tympany) - this will lead to increasing pain as the internal pressure builds/ischaemia begins;
  • retching, unproductive vomiting;
  • cardiovascular (CV) compromise - hypovolaemic shock, etc.

Local effects of GDV mainly affect the stomach and spleen - this is due to a compromise in blood supply to both organs.  As the stomach and spleen are connected by the gastrosplenic ligament, when the stomach moves it tends to bring the spleen with it.  This movement of the spleen can result in avulsion of small gastric branches of the splenic artery and therefore, may lead to ischaemia or necrosis of the stomach (especially the fundic region). Similarly, as tension increases within the stomach, compression of intramural vessels may occur.  

Systemic effects of GCV are mainly due to CV compromise (i.e. the mechanical obstruction of blood flow through the caudal vena cava and hepatic portal vein). Any vascular obstruction will result in decreased venous return to the heart, a subsequent decrease in cardiac output and hence hypovolaemia.  For this reason, the GDV dog must be managed with fluid therapy in order to return the circulating levels to normal. 

Fluids are the main immediate management of the GDV dog but analgesia should ideally be offered as soon as the dog is stable(ish).  Pure opioids (morphine or methadone) are good to relieve pain but also calm an animal for exam.  Short-term analgesia (e.g. fentanyl) is useful in some cases.  If the resources are available, and echocardiogram (ECG) should be performed in order to monitor CV system.  Many dogs with GDV will develop arrhythmias - treatment for this should be withheld until all other CV symptoms are stabilised as sometimes GDV-related arrhythmias will resolve themselves.  Unfortunately however, approximately 40-50% of dogs who present with GDV will develop a permanent arrhythmia.  These are usually ventricular and are caused by myocardial injury.

Once the dog is stable, actually resolving the GDV becomes priority.  The first stage in this process is to try and decompress the stomach.  Using an orogastric tube is the preferred way to do this but if a tube cannot be passed, percutaneous gastrocentesis can be performed using a large gauge needle.  It’s important to measure an orogastric tube prior to beginning the procedure: the tube should extend from the nostril to the last rib.  This is necessary to ensure that iatrogenic damage isn’t caused by a too-long tube.  The aim of decompression is to release some of the pressure in an effort to prevent further ischaemia. 

Regardless of the success of compression, surgery is indicated for every GDV patient.  If a GDV dog isn’t operated on, they will almost certainly die (either due to complications or further GDV episodes).  The aims of surgery are to fully decompress and reposition the stomach, assess the viability of any affected organs, remove any devitalised tissue and perform a gastropexy (fixing the stomach to the abdominal wall or diaphragm to prevent another GDV in the future).  Some things to note regarding GDV surgery:

  • A distended stomach will be noticeable from size and can be further seen to be a GDV if it is covered by an omental leaf (this is due to the stomach entering the omental bursa during flipping).
  • Additional decompression can be accomplished by an intraoperative gastrocentesis or with a guided orogastric tube.
  • Gastric necrosis is reported in ~10-40% of GDV dogs.  The stomach should be checked thoroughly for ischaemia and necrosis and if any is present, a gastrectomy should be performed to remove those foci.  
    • It’s advised to wait ~10 mins after repositioning the stomach as bruising caused by the torsion can often be incorrectly identified as necrosis.  
    • The most common site for necrosis is along the greater curvature at the junction between the fundus and the gastric body. 
    • A gastric resection is always a possibility in the case that the stomach isn’t completely viable.  If there is too much necrosis then euthanasia may be advised. 
  • The spleen should also be thoroughly checked for damage, especially the splenic vessels. 
  • A gastropexy should always be performed.  A gastropexy aims to fix the most mobile part of the stomach (pylorus) to the right abdominal wall.  

Post-operative care is important after all surgery.  The temperature, respiration and cardiac capacities are very important indicators of any problems.  Fluid therapy should be continued and post-operative analgesia is essential (NSAIDs should be avoided).  If there were no major complications, the dog can be offered food and water the day after surgery.  It’s advised that the patient is admitted for a further 3-5 days for monitoring.  In addition to the persistent cardiac arrhythmias mentioned earlier, other complications include aspiration pneumonia, abnormal gastric motility, necrosis or perforation.  When treated successfully, there is a good to excellent prognosis for GDV dogs. 

If you have any questions, additions or corrections, please let me know!  This is my first real vetty post so all feedback is appreciated. :) 

It is the moment you have all been waiting for!!! Dragon Scale Gloves.

DRAGON SCALE GLOVES!!!!!!!!

A pattern written by me for the use of you lovely crafty people that want to make your own. Also, if you are not yarn savvy, I will gladly make a pair for you for a small price. Send me a message, and we will work it out. 

Now, ON TO THE PATTERN!!! I am really excited about this, can you tell?

I have a nasty habit of not keeping up on the things that I say I am going to do because… well.. life. So a very big thank you to the people who sent me messages and kept reminding me that I needed to share this with the rest of you. 

ON WARD!!!!!

Dragon Scale Fingerless Gloves.

I used Red Heart Super saver yarn Worsted Weight, and a 5.5 MM crochet hook. Gauge really isn’t important for this, I just kind of picked up a hook and went with it.

The types of stitches I used include Foundation Single Crochet (FSC), Double Crochet (DC), Crocodile Stitch (CS), Single Crochet (SC), Half Double Crochet (HDC), and Slip Stitch (SS).

Foundation Row: Crochet 30 FSC. 

If you are unsure of how to do this, it is really simple! Start by chaining 2, then place your hook through two loops in the second chain from hook. Yarn over and pull a loop up. Then, YO Chain 1, YO and pull through two loops. Continue in this pattern until you get 29 FSC, then do a modified slip stitch as your last FSC. Do this by inserting your hook into the two loops of your previous chain, and then inserting the hook into the chain loop at the beginning of your row of FSC. You should have 3 loops on your hook, YO and pull through all loops. Then insert your hook into the top two loops of your first single crochet, YO and pull though all loops. You did it! 

If you have never done a Foundation Single Crochet, I suggest finding a really good video and practicing. I would link one, but I never used a video to learn this stitch. I do find it to be a very useful one, and it gives a very nice finished look. 

Alternatively, if you don’t feel like learning a new stitch, then just chain 30 SS into a ring and chain 1, SC around and SS in ch1.

Now that the foundation for the Dragon gloves is finished, lets move on to the most uncomplicated, complicated-looking stitch in this pattern. The Crocodile stitch!

Row 1: Chain 4, DC in first stitch. Skip 2 Sts, *DC, Ch1, DC* repeat from * to * around. SS into 3rd starting chain.  (You can see the starting “v” stitch in the picture above.

Row 2: (This is where the scales begin to take form! Exciting, right?) Chain 1, Front Post Double Crochet (FPDC) around starting chain in previous row. Follow with 4 more FPDC around same stitch, ch 1, 5 FPDC around next stitch. Skip next “V” and begin CS again. *5 FPDC, Ch1, 5 FPDC* to end of round. SS in Ch1. (Pictures below show progress of first scale.)

Repeat Row 1.

Row 3: Ch 1, Skip fist “V” and begin the pattern for CS again. At end of round, SS into 3rd chain.

Continue Rows 1 thru 3 until you have four rows of scales. (or more if you like)

On your final row of scales, do not SS into Ch1. Instead chain 8 and then SS as usual. This is where you make the opening for your thumb.

Cuff

Row 1: Chain 2, HDC around. Make sure to do 9 HDC around Ch8 for Thumb hole. SS to join.

Row 2: Ch3, 2 DC in first stitch. Skip 2 Sts. *3 DC in next st, skip 2 sts.* Repeat from * to * until end of round. SS to join.

Row 3: Ch1, *Sc in next 4 sts. Sc Dec.* Repeat from * to *, SS to join.

Row 4: Ch1, *Sc in next 3 sts, SC Dec.* Repeat from * to *, SS to join.

Row 5: Ch 1, *Sc in next 2 sts, Sc Dec.* Repeat from * to *, SS to join.

Row 6 and 7: Ch2, HDC around. SS to join.

Finishing:

*SS in next two stitches, Ch3* Repeat from * to * around, DO NOT SKIP STITCHES. SS to join. Bind off and weave in ends. 

Just follow the pattern again, and then you will have a pair of totally fabulous Dragon Scale Gloves.

I like to think that the knit and crochet community is one made of people who understand the amount of time and effort that goes into making patterns, and sharing them with others. That being said, I have no problem if you use this pattern for your personal use, and I do not mind if you sell what you make from this pattern. Just, please, be sure to link back to me and give credit where credit is due.

Also, all images in this post are mine. While I know they are not of fabulous quality, Do not copy and claim them as your own. If you would like to reference them, please feel free to link back to my blog.

Thank you, and Happy Crafting! 

The Threat to Sally Ann and Hasil.

Hasil Farrell wasn’t kidding about how STRONG and FIERCE his feelings for Sally Ann are and those feelings; if anything, have deepened since their separation. He cherishes her with every glance, every touch, every word spoken, she is his HEART and right now the MOST important person in his life. When he talks to others, it’s WE and US, he’s no longer ALONE.

Haylie “Bitch Face” Grimes is Sasil’s greatest threat right now and the reason I’m anxious for their fate.  At every opportunity “Bitch Face” mentions Sally Ann and studies Hasil’s reaction to gauge her importance to him.  

Now on their first encounter, Hasil played it cool and didn’t react when Haylie mentioned Sally Ann’s name, in fact after their conversation, their status is not really confirmed or denied, especially since Hasil say’s “Lady I already got me a place to live” I’m guessing she decided that Sally Ann was, however, behind the reason Hasil asked for all that money, since his people are not supposed to be interested in cash.  When Hasil goes to her office looking for more money, her suspicions are confirmed.  Hasil immediately tries to shield the mention of Sally Ann from their conversation, by saying the reason he was there was because “He” got himself into a bit of a situation. However, her interest is spiked and she ceases the opportunity to bait Hasil by mentioning Sally Ann and an impending pregnancy.  Hasil bites and is barely able to contain his irritation and annoyance at her questioning, he shuts her down and it’s then she has ALL the confirmation she needs about just how IMPORTANT Sally Ann is to Hasil. 

Bitch Face, could harm either one of our pair but I get the feeling she might try and go after Sally Ann, since Hasil is more than capable of fighting for himself. I think that she will obviously try and use the house as a bargaining tool but, honestly guys I’m worried for Sally Ann.  All I know is, if she tries it, she better run and find her own kindda special magic to hide, cos if Hasil “whoop arse” Farrell finds her… She’s the one that’s gon be dead!!

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Fabarm FP6

Italian made 12 gauge shotgun that was imported into the U.S by Heckler & Koch. Most if not all FP6′s will be marked HK somewhere on the receiver. They were available in different configurations; from your standard shotgun stock, to pistol gripped stocks, and a couple side-folding stocks. The one in the photo has the rather uncommon full-size magazine tube extension. Generally it was a rather obscure, looked over shotgun, but it did appear in one of the Call of Duty games a few years ago. (GRH)

Nobody Cares

I saw a headline to an article that read “Boko Haram Just Kidnapped Another 100 Women and Children — and Nobody Cares”.

Nobody cares? Nobody? These headlines are reckless. What do you mean nobody cares? Are the activists on the ground nobodies? Are the millions of Nigerians that care nobodies?

Has attention on the issue waned? Certainly. No doubt this is on the backburner for many. However, people haven’t stopped their work in light of the fading interest and attention to hashtags or the dearth of photos of celebrities holding up #bringbackourgirls signs. People have not stopped caring! Not in the least.

Northeast Nigeria is literally undersiege from this scourge we call Boko Haram and we have leadership more interested in executing their own soldiers than properly equipping them to fight. This is a real problem we have on our hands and the stability of the nation is at stake. Millions are displaced, thousands have been murdered and thousands more are maimed and will never know life as they once knew it. I won’t get into the trauma inflicted on people who watched family and friends get slaughtered in cold blood or those being gunned down in places of worship, places that are meant to be sacred and provide sanctuary. This isn’t a fucking game, nor is it time for cheeky headlines and commentary. Just because the issue has lapsed from western public consciousness does not mean it has lapsed from ours. Fear of attacks is daily life for millions in Northeast Nigeria. Get that through your heads. The people care. They care deeply.

Headlines that talk about nobody caring essentially insinuates that the only caring that matters and the only caring that they will acknowledge is western caring. Care and attention from people on the ground or in the country tragic things are happening in equates to “nobody cares” in their estimation. This is absurd and self-centered. Thinking like this means what you gauge as important is only western attention.

All this is neither here nor there for me as I don’t crave disingenuous attention or headlines that shame people who don’t care. What self respecting Nigerian wants that? It’s not by force to make people concerned. Who wants fake concern? Get out of this habit of shaming people to care about an issue. You can amplify or illuminate an issue, but shaming people does nothing. It might even make less people care. Those who are genuine are always welcome. Earnest people showing concern, even if they aren’t experts on the issue is fine. Just don’t start adding sensationalism to the issue, like “nobody cares”.

The fact of the matter is that one can bring attention or highlight an issue without any of this unnecessary baggage. It is entirely possible. You can say “Boko Haram just kidnapped more women and children, as international attention and outcry continues to fade” or something along those lines. Is that not possible? Is it not?

Saying nobody cares is quite insulting. I thought we were over this when westerners were saying “No one is reporting about the Chibok kidnappings” despite it being round the clock news in Nigeria and across African news outlets. If no one reported the kidnappings, then how did they hear about it? Another thing I kept seeing was that “no one cares about missing Black girls” and then parallels were made with missing Black girls and women in the US, as if Boko Haram kidnapped these school girls because they are Black. Then they said Boko Haram is waging a war on girls getting an education, as if they haven’t been slaughtering schoolboys for years now. Then people started comparing Boko Haram to the Taliban, and the Chibok girls to Malala.

Why is it so hard for some people to stay on point and on message? Why must they add superfluous nonsense? Isn’t it easier to just stay on the issue as it is? Why this need for unnecessary crap?