IRAQ. Basra governorate. January 16, 1987. Iranian soldiers wear gas masks near a canal in the Shalamcheh area, southeast of Basra, during the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988). Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein was accused of using mustard gas and the nerve agent taubun in his country’s war with neighbouring Iran as well as his 1987-88 crackdown on Iraq’s Kurdish minority.