gangleri

Hail unto Óðinn! Hail AllFather! Hail ValFather! Hail Gangleri! Hail Vak! Hail Grimnr! Hail Fimbultyr! Hail Hroptr! Hail Rúnatyr!

Hail to God of wisdom! Hail to the God magic! Hail to the God of Death! Hail to the God of Poetry! Hail to the God of war! Hail to the God of many names and many talents!

Wanderer wander with us through our lives! Help us to use all of many “hats” we wear! Help us to use our talents and resources wisely! AllFather help us to take that step back and look at the bigger picture! We are always caught up in the details! Help us to examine the details but also allow us to see where all the pieces fit!

Magician-Shaman help us to journey and awaken to who we truly are. Rune- Finder whisper to us about the Runes. We need their wisdom and their power prevalent throughout our lives today!

Bolverk, we know you have done some terrible things in your time. Help us to know and examine the times when we have done evil to ourselves or others and come away wiser from those actions or inactions!

Hail Odin and Welcome! Happy Woden’s Day Everyone!

via: RuneLoreForAll

Óðinn and the Æsir.

Gangleri: “Which Æsir ought men to believe in?”

Hár: “There are twelve Æsir whose nature is divine.”

Jafnhár: “The goddesses are no less sacred, nor are they less powerful.”

Þriði: “Óðinn is the highest and oldest of the gods. He rules in all matters, and, although the other gods are powerful, all serve him as children do their father.” [1]


SOURCES AND NOTATIONS:

[1]: Snorri Sturluson, The Prose Edda, translated by Jesse L. Byock. (London: Penguin Books, 2005), 30. 

The names Hár (High), Jafnhár (Just-as-High), and Þriði (Third), are all names for Óðinn (Ibid., 136). Gangleri (wanderer, the way-weary) is also a name that has been used for Óðinn, although, in this instance, Gangleri is meant to represent a Swedish king named Gylfi. Regardless, there are many mythological references being tied into this name. This name for Óðinn, however, is attested in stanza 47 of Grímnismál:

“Grím is my name, and Gangleri,
Herjan and Hjálmberi,
Þekk and Þriði, Þuð and Uð,
Helbindi and Hár.”
[2]

Also, Jafnhár is mentioned later in this poem, in stanza 50, as are many of Ódins names. Citation for the poem:

[2]: Lee M. Hollander trans., The Poetic Edda. (repr; 1962, Austin: University of Texas Press, 1990), 63.

s33ther02-deactivated20150517  asked:

is there anything you could tell me about hati and skoll? I love the myths and stories with them but there aren't a whole lot :/

Unfortunately there really is very little mention of them. I’ll try to summarize what information can be found in the eddas.

Grímnismál says (my trans):

‘Sköll is the name of the wolf
who follows the shining god
to Varnaviðar,
and another Hati,
he is the son of Hróðvitnir,
he shall go before the bright bride of heaven.’

On the subject, Snorri says (my trans):

Then said Gangleri: “Who is it who causes her (Sól) such trouble?”

Hárr said: “They are two wolves, and the one which chases her is called Sköll. He frightens her, and he will take her. And the other is named Hati Hróðvitnisson, who runs before her, and he wants to take the moon, and so will happen.”

Then said Gangleri: “What is the lineage of the wolves?”

Hárr said: “A giantess (gýgr) lives to the east of Miðgarðr in the forest which is called Járnviðr. In that forest live those troll-women who are called Járnviðjur. The old giantess has as sons many giants and all in the shape of wolves, and from there are come these wolves. And so is it said, that of this lineage will come the mightiest, who is called Mánagarmr. He fills himself with the life of all those men who die, and he will swallow the moon and splatter the sky and air with blood. As a result the sun will lose her shine and winds will not be still and roar this way and that.

Snorri also quotes Völuspá in support (although Völuspá does not mention any of these figures by name) (my trans):

In the east lives the old one
in Járnviðr
and begets/raises there
the kin of Fenrir;
one of them
will become
a moon-seizer
in troll-shape.

It fills itself with the life
of doomed men,
reddens the host of gods
with red blood;
the sunshine turns black
for following summers,
all weather treacherous.
Do you know yet, or what?

You might be interested in a theory that seems to be gaining traction in Norse studies regarding a cataclysmic event that seems to have happened during the sixth century, in particular a volcanic eruption in 536 causing a “dust veil” to partially block out the sun for years and probably cause not only severe famine and population loss, but also seems to have influenced many of the social, economic, and political upheavals in the transition from Migration Age society to the Viking Age in Scandinavia. Here is an article on the topic with links and suggestions for further reading. If you are interested you should also try to track down the article “Twilight of the gods? The ‘dust veil event’ of AD 536 in critical perspective” by Bo Gräslund and Neil Price in Antiquity volume 86, issue 332.  If you are in school, you may have access to Antiquity articles through your school’s library. The topic is also covered briefly in Tracing Old Norse Cosmology by Anders Andrén.

- þorraborinn