gallon size

Seriously though, the number of grown adults who pitch a WHINY HISSY FIT when I tell them that they can’t take an animal home is astounding.

My favorite one from this holiday season was a man with a young girl (about 5 or 6 years old) and a teenage boy.  The man approaches me and, without me even asking what I can help them with, says:

Man: So we had a goldfish in a bowl and my son changed the food and it died!
Son: (clearly offended, yet texting) It wasn’t MY fault!
Me: Actually the reason it more than likely died is because goldfish REALLY shouldn’t be kept in bowls.
Man: Well it’s a big bowl, like this! (mimes about a gallon-sized bowl shape)
Me: Yeah, that’s actually pretty darn tiny.
Man: Well anyway, we want to get another one.
Girl: I want three!
Me: Unfortunately I can’t sell you a fish today– your setup really isn’t going to work for a goldfish.  You’re going to need at least 10 gallons for just ONE and even then you’re going to have to upgrade within a month or so.  Goldfish really aren’t a beginner fish…

As I say that I brace myself knowing what’s coming up.  Almost every time I refuse sale of a fish, I get the same reaction: outrage and demanding to talk to the manager, etc.

Man: Well I HAVE a tank.
Me: …I really don’t feel comfortable selling you the fish since I really feel like you’re not going to give it the proper care it needs for a long and healthy life.
Man: What?! I said I have a tank!  Why won’t you sell me the fish?!
Me: How big is the tank?
Man: 10 gallons!
Me: I still don’t feel comfortable selling you the fish.  I’m going to have to refuse the sale, I’m very sorry.
Man: What do you mean?!
Me: I’m not going to sell you fish today, I’m very sorry.
Man: I demand to talk to your manager!!!
Me: -points to nametag- Sir, I AM the manager.
Man: -takes a full pause, not expecting this-
Man: So you’re not going to sell me a fish, really?  These 15-cent fish that you feed to turtles, you’d sell it for that but not to me??
Me: If you had the setup for it, I would be more than happy to.
Man: I told you I have a tank!
Me: You told me you had your fish in a bowl.  I honestly believe you are just saying this to get the fish at this point, sir, I’m sorry.
Man: What do you I have to do, bring in a picture to prove I have it??
Me: -calling his bluff in a cheerful tone-  Absolutely!  I would love to see pictures of your tank and I would be more than happy to help you stock it after seeing your setup!
Man: (He takes another full pause) I’m going to call the company and COMPLAIN about you!  This is ridiculous, what’s the number to complain??
Me: I’m afraid I don’t know that off the top of my head sir.
Man: You don’t know the company number???
Me: No sir, but I believe it’s on our website.

While this was going on, the teenage boy was in the reptiles aisle texting and the girl was watching the turtles swim around in our tank nearby.  The man then grabs his daughter by the hand and does this in front of other customers:

Man: Let’s go– the lady’s not going to sell us fish.  She’s a MEAN LADY. (he’s staring directly at me as I stand there with no expression on my face)
Girl: Oh we’re not getting fish?  -not even upset-
Man: Yeah because she’s a MEAN LADY. (he says these words at a higher volume and with more emphasis)

He continues to repeat that phrase as he exits down the reptile aisle, making customers uncomfortable and I just shrug and go back to what I was doing before this scene.

An hour later I get a call from corporate.

NC: Hi, this is the national center, we just wanted to ask about the conditions surrounding a complaint we received about you.  A customer has complained that you wouldn’t sell him a fish even after stating he had the correct setup.  We just would like to hear your side of the story.
Me: (I tell him about the fact the guy had a goldfish in a bowl and then changed his story saying he had a tank and that I refused sale because I didn’t feel he was being honest or would care for the animal)
Me: And then he left the store, calling me a “mean lady” several times in a loud voice and said he would call you guys.
NC: Ok Christina, I just wanted to let you know that we agree with you 100% and that you did everything you were supposed to.  We wish you a very happy holiday season and I hope your shift goes well!
Me: Thank you!  You too!

I did a little happy dance and told the other manager on duty, who didn’t believe me when I said the company would have my back on the issue (he thought the company would bend over backwards for the guy and it would bite me in the butt)

BUT WAIT IT GETS BETTER

The next day I come in for work at 2PM to find out from my general manager that the guy had called the store (after the nat center told him I was correct, mind you) to complain about me and saying that my behavior was “irresponsible” and that I was “unprofessional” and that I should be reprimanded or fired.

My general manager just said “Well I’m sorry to hear that sir but you see, she has NEVER gotten a complaint as long as she has worked for the company and the national center has already stated that she has done everything according to policy.  Sorry you feel that way, man, but there’s nothing I’m going to do against her in this situation.”

Made my week.

So, yeah, my company defended the life of a 15-cent “feeder” goldfish.

I’m pretty damn happy about that.

♡ Magickal Lemon Spearmint Green Tea ♡

Hello there, my dears! This is my own personal recipe for lemon spearmint green tea imbued with luck, healing, prosperity, and protection. It’s very simple and easy to make, and it’s especially refreshing on a hot summer day.

Ingredients:

♡ Spearmint leaves (you can use any type of mint you want, I just happen to be growing spearmint at the moment)

♡ Green tea bags (I buy the large store brand ones)

♡ Lemon juice or an actual lemon

♡ Sugar or honey

Put a pot of water on the stove to boil. I use a big pot because I like to make a gallon at a time. Wash your mint leaves and set them aside. Add your tea bags to your water (it won’t be boiling yet). The box will tell you how many to add for the amount of water you are using (or just eyeball it like I do). Before you add your mint leaves, center yourself and focus your energy. Tear each leaf in half and drop it into the water. The tearing helps to release more flavor and put your own energy into the leaves. As you drop the leaves into the water, chant the words luck, healing, prosperity, and protection however many times you feel is necessary. I tend to say each word as I drop in a leaf, imbuing that leaf with the power of that word. Let your tea come to a boil, while stirring here and there. I also tend to chant while I’m stirring. Once it has come to a boil remove the tea bags, take it off of the heat, and transfer it into whatever container you wish to use. I have a trusty plastic gallon sized pitcher than I use for my magickal teas. Add in your sugar or honey. I use anywhere between a half cup and a full cup of sugar for a gallon, but add however much you wish. Add some more spearmint leaves as well. Add in a few squirts of lemon juice for happiness. Alternatively, just squeeze a lemon into the container and/or add lemon slices. That’s it! Stick it in the refrigerator to cool off and serve over ice. 

Pro tip: If you are harvesting the mint yourself, make sure to thank the plant for allowing you to harvest it, don’t take more than you need, and don’t harvest in a way that injures the plant. (you can always google how to properly harvest certain herbs without harming the plant itself)

Happy tea making, dearies ♡♡♡

I suppose it’s important to acknowledge that there are many right-wing libertarians who aren’t raging ultra-nationalists underneath a thin veneer of liberty rhetoric. I remember back several years ago, when I fell into the right-lib camp, I considered myself a “cosmotarian” – Reason Magazine’s term for someone who was “culturally-liberal and fiscally-conservative”. I suppose these “cosmotarian” types, alongside other “might-as-well-be-a-liberal” types, probably don’t have a hyper-reactionary bootlicker lurking just beneath the surface, and I’m willing to give them that benefit of the doubt. However, I still think “cosmotarians” and other Propertarian-Lite™ types (”socially-liberal, fiscally-conservative”) are intensely naive to the ramifications of their ideology. 

The preferred economic setup will usually have the biggest sway in the social makeup of a society. Top-down economic arrangements are often “socially libertarian” when the dominant class’s power isn’t threatened. Smoke some weed, have a gender-neutral marriage, carry a gun, allow for a nominally censorship-free press, etc – as long as these all take place on the terms set by the dominant class, they can be “peacefully” reconciled into the capitalist status quo. Once dominant class interests are materially threatened by strikes, occupations, direct action, mutual aid, dual power, and cross-racial solidarity, however….then the libertarian pretense goes out the window. A militarized police state and partially-legitimized right-wing militias are the agents who will “restore law and order” when the “degenerate leftists” push for “chaos and depravity”. The right-libertarians who recognize this and openly embrace it are the ones who start dabbling in ultra-nationalism and fascism, the ones who see the class privileges of property and whiteness slipping out of their fingers. Anti-capitalist, anti-racist movements challenge the class structure’s legitimacy and therefore “require” a swift reaction from the powers that be. 

Because “cosmotarians” lack a class analysis of any sort, their perspective is limited to celebrations of “personal freedoms” – a convenience store is allowed to sell gallon-sized jugs of soda, a sales tax is lowered by 4%, an increased minimum wage proposal is struck down, regulations on cars are cut back, etc. At no point does it occur to them that there are dominant class interests at play and that the state manifests itself mostly in accordance with these interests. Thrust the moral dilemma of right-libertarianism-turned-fascism onto them and I do believe many of them might be receptive to some class struggle outlook, but just as many of them will find some circular justification for the rising police state they’re witnessing – ultimately similar to other liberals. 

TLDR: Not all right-libertarian types are secretly fascists, but most of those who aren’t secretly fascists are also intensely naive to the ramifications of their ideology and the natural functioning of the capitalist class system.

drippy--paint  asked:

Could you make a post on little things you can do to be happy? I just got evicted and my mental state just went down a lot. I find happiness in small simple things but I can't think of anything right now. Sorry for being annoying. thanks.

YOU ARE NOT BEING ANNOYING BABYCAKES PLEASE,

Here are some sea cows to make you feel better ; u ; I’m so terribly sorry about your situation. Do you have a safe place to stay? If you set up a gofundme or youcaring account for us to donate to, please send it my way so I can share with everyone! I can’t imagine how hard it must be right now, please hang in there. This might be a tough situation but I believe that you’re tougher, especially with some help from friends who care about ya! I love you so so much. Okay anyways onto the list. 

ONLINE ONLY THINGS

weave silk into cool patterns (artsy and easy to use)

mood boost!!! (get flattered by a computer)

strangers give you hugs (videos of strangers offering hugs)

look at cute animals (blog of baby animals!!!)

1 correct answer = 10 grains of rice (help donate rice to feed the hungry) 

THINGS YOU CAN DO OFFLINE

1. Make some slime!!! {here’s how}

2. Try out one of eighteen different facial masks {diy recipies here}

3. Here’s a playlist of popular songs but in musicbox form. It’s nice to just listen to it while laying down {click for link}

4. Take a nice bath with oatmeal lavender soak in it! It’s easy to make!

 1 cup Epsom salt 

1 cup quick oats

 1/2 cup baking soda

 5 drops Frankincense Essential Oil 

10 drops Tea Tree Essential Oil 

15 drops Lavender Essential Oil

Grind up your oats in a food processor and mix all this stuff together, store it in a big jar or gallon sized plastic baggy. It should be good for about 4 baths! The oatmeal will soften your skin and the lavender’s aromatherapy properties will help calm you down!

5. Take an epson salt bath. You can buy a big bag of it from Target for about $5 and you’ll have enough for A LOT of baths!! They come in different scents like tea trea/eucalyptus/lavender/etc and are all pretty darn awesome for calming down any muscle tension. Light up a few candles and relax. Bonus Points if you do it after a nice workout/neighborhood walk. 

6. Have a laugh. Listen to some Louis CK stand up performances while laying on the couch or sitting outside. It’s even more fun with friends {click for comedy}

7. Make a bonfire with friends. You don’t even need a beach or woods to do this. Just find someone with a firepit, go to the backyard and burn some wood when it starts getting dark outside. You guys can roast marshmallows and sing karaoke together. It’s a cheap way to make sure everyone has a relaxing night, just make sure you’re safe around the fire (keep a gallon of water nearby just in case)!!!

8. Bake some sugar cookies and decorate them with friends. A pack of sugar cookie mix is like $2 and you can form them into funny shapes or cover them in sprinkles/frosting. You and your friends will have fun making a mess in the kitchen. Plus they taste awesome. 

9. Snuggle. A pillow. A pet. A friend. A lover. A family member. Build a fort of pillows and blankets to snuggle in, grab your buddy, and go go go. Snuggling is great when you feel like poo.

10. If you’re not a touchy person with others, try spending time with a pet. If you don’t have one, find a friend who has one and see if they’re cool with you sliding by. Tell them you wanna take their dog on a walk even and see if they’ll let you. Or brush their cats. Or pet their rats. Or lizards. Feed their fish. Cute animals just make everyone feel a little better ahhaha.

Okay lowkey rant and I *promise* this isn’t vagueing at anyone, just some thoughts from your neighborhood exhausted aquarist.


please stop prioritizing bio load so much above footprint. yes, bio load is important to keep your aquaria from getting sick due to waste, and it should absolutely be part of your list of things to consider when picking stocking, but… in my opinion, the importance of footprint is… so downplayed by so many people and I just. Fishblr, fish use far more side to side swimming space and not nearly as much up and down. Minimum gallon size should absolutely be paid attention to, but.. I hate to break it to some of you but, the things you can put in a 20 high differ from what you can put in a 20 long! Because longs have a bigger footprint! I’m not saying go out and by 4 inch high tanks but… youre going to have more leeway with stocking if your tank has a larger footprint, and chances are your fish will be happier.

Betta Care Guide: All About Bettas!

The “Betta Basics”
-2.5+ gallon tank
-heater (76-82F)
-thermometer
-low-flow filter
-1+ hide
-decor
-silk/live plants
-quality food

A More Comprehensive Guide

***Tank Size***

2.5 gallons:
The absolute minimum, I do not recommend keeping a betta in anything less than this because even in a cycled 2.5, keeping a *stable* cycle is very difficult, and requires more frequent water changes. In a tank this small, you’ll most likely need to buy an adjustable heater as well, since the smallest (trustworthy) heaters on the market are 7-7.5 watts, and depending on where you live or how hot/cold you keep your house/room, the heat will fluctuate too often, or be too hot or too cold since the volume of water is quite small. A 2.5 gallon betta tank is doable.

5 gallons:
A great median for those who want to give their bettas a wonderful environment, but may be cramped on space, move around often, or whose living arrangements have aquarium-related restrictions. A cycled 5 gallon tank with a betta generally requires a water change 1x a week. A 5 gallon is also easier to heat and keep a stable cycle with a 5 gallon than a 2.5 gallon. I still recommend an adjustable heater (I’ll always recommend an adjustable heater), though, as I’ve found that even with an appropriately-sized preset heater/non-adjustable heater, the temperature fluctuates too often and by too much. A 5 gallon is a perfectly good choice!

10 gallons:
A palace! Your new betta would love to have a 10+ gallon tank! They’ll swim over every inch of it, I promise its not too big. A fantastic choice for those that have the space and can afford to set up a 10 gallon or larger with all the bells and whistles (décor, filter, heater, etc.).

note: If you feel you can’t give your betta a 10+ gallon tank, and you can only afford a 2.5 or 5 gallon setup (or something in between), that DOES NOT mean I (or anyone else) think you’re a bad fish parent ❤ as long as you can provide the basic necessities your fish requires and keep on top of water quality, then do what you can when you can! Maybe it’ll be a few months before you can buy your fish that new hide or a few extra plants, or maybe you’ll have to wait ‘til xmas or your bday to be able to afford a larger tank if that’s what you want, and that’s okay. As long as you do the best within your means (provided your animal’s basic needs are met), that’s all your fish would ask of you ❤

***Temperature***
Bettas are tropical fish! That means they require temperatures of 76-82F.

Why do they need this temperature range, though? Well, fish are ectothermic (“cold-blooded”) meaning that they depend on their surrounding environment (the water) to regulate their body temperatures! Your human body also requires a certain body temperature to optimize all those bodily functions it performs. Think about frostbite (affects circulation) or hypothermia (affects body temperature and bodily function). Your fish can suffer similar effects when its water is kept too cold. A cold betta will be more prone to fin rot/melt (the tips of the fins become necrotic) because their circulation is affected. A colder fish will also have a slower digestive process and slower metabolism, meaning that it will become lethargic because it’s organs can’t work fast enough to produce energy it needs to be healthy and active. You wanna see a bright colorful active betta? Give them a heated tank! 😃

***Thermometer***
Even if you have an adjustable heater, you should invest in a thermometer (1.50$, glass, Walmart)! I personally use an adjustable thermometer, which has an internal thermostat which tells it when to shut off/on, but when I set the heater to 79, my tanks stay around 82F, but I wouldn’t know that unless I had a thermometer to let me know what the actual tank temperature is! I definitely recommend spending the extra buck for one :)

Also, those sticker ones that go on the outside of the tank are not reliable, seeing as they go on the outside of the tank, and show a range of temperatures more or less. They cost about the same as a glass one (which is much more accurate), so I recommend either glass or digital, but not the stickers.

Filtration:
Bettas aren’t fond of tons of flow, which can present some challenges to your friendly neighborhood aquarist. Luckily, there are plenty of options when it comes to betta-safe filtration.

HOBs:
Hang-On-Back style filters. Some have an intake pipe, which should be covered with a sponge to keep your bettas fins (or the betta itself) from being sucked up and shredded/injured. You can search for “pre-filter sponge” or “intake filter sponge” on amazon, google, or find a fluval prefilter sponge at your local petsmart/Petco. You can also DIY one out of cut-to-size filter foam/sponge. HOB filters can also have a strong out-flow. Some have spray bars, some have spickets, and some just have a wide-mouth waterfall-style opening. If you find that the flow is pushing your betta around, or your betta is struggling to swim against the current, you can baffle it! Some common techniques for baffling filters are the “water-bottle baffle”, using a shower loofa/pouf, covering the out-flow opening with filter sponge/floss, or an intake sponge. I have the fluval spec v and I use an intake sponge on the out-spout since it’s a short spigot.

Sponge Filters:
These are block sponges which usually sit on the bottom of the aquarium and are hooked up to an airline tube and air pump. They push air through the sponge, creating a vacuum and pulling water through. The air bubbles that come out of the top of the sponge don’t create much horizontal flow that pushes bettas around, but instead the water flow is directed upwards. The bubbles provide oxygenation and surface agitation as well.

***Décor***

Hides:
Bettas like to feel safe (as do all fish and other pets) and giving them at least one cave to retreat to will give your fish that sense of security. You can buy something from the fish store, a local pet store, or a pet chain store. Besides the pre-made ones (logs, rock caves, skulls, etc.), you can buy terra cotta pots for around a 1$ or so. Just make sure that the pots aren’t just painted brown, but that they’re a terra cotta material all the way through. Fish have also gotten stuck in the small drainage holes at the bottom of these pots, so be sure to plug it up with some aquarium-safe silicone or something. Also, be sure to make sure that your hides don’t have sharp edges your betta could tear his/her fins on, and that the hide doesn’t have holes that your betta may get stuck in. Usually you can sand down rough edges though :)

Plants:
Plastic plants are generally a no-no, as they can tear your bettas fins. Usually, if they pass the “panty-hose” test they are deemed “betta-safe” but it’s still better not to chance it when there are plenty of gorgeous silk plants out there! “silk” plants are made from material (not necessarily silk) instead of plastic. Silk plants may have plastic stems, but that’s ok so long as there aren’t any sharp seams; the silk leaves are what’s important here!

Live plants are also an option. Anubias, anacharis, java fern, moss, and banana plants are all low-light plants which require no CO2 and no special substrate. However, this is not a plant guide so you’ll have to research how you can plant them or add them to your tank on your own.

***Food***
There are lots of food which is marked specially for bettas, but don’t fall for marketing gimmicks! Know what’s in your pet’s food before you buy. If the first few ingredients are “meal”s (fish meal, wheat meal, etc.) or the first few ingredients are plant-based, then this is not the food for your betta.
What you want to look for is whole ingredients, or specifically-named ingredients (whole fish, halibut, salmon, krill, etc.). New Life Spectrum and Omega One are good brands to check out. Hikari is ok, but their ingredients are not as quality as they used to be, and if you read the ingredients on their current “Betta Bio-Gold” you’ll see what I mean. Foods with fillers/freeze-dried foods don’t have a lot of nutritional value, and while a freeze-dried food may make a tasty treat, it shouldn’t be your fish’s staple diet. You can also feed frozen/live blood worms, mysis shrimp, etc. Bettas are insectivores, and cannot digest plant matter, so they should not be given any type of algae wafer or vegetables (this includes peas; an alternative to feeding peas for bloat is to feed daphnia!!).

***Tankmates***
I’ll preface this section by stating that bettas don’t need tankmates! :) Tankmates are more for you than for your fish, and should be chosen carefully.

Tankmates in General:
-please remember to make sure that your tank is suitable for the tank mates you wish to house; you wouldn’t keep your betta in a 1 gallon unfiltered/unheated tank, so don’t do the equivalent to your betta’s tankmates  your fish are all equal, so please, please, please make sure that you put in the same amount of research and care for the tankmates that you do for your betta! make sure your tank mates have the same requirements are your betta, and their temperament won’t put your betta at risk.
-ALWAYS DO RESEARCH ON THE SPECIES YOURE CONSIDERING BEFORE PURCHASING!! :)
-always have a backup plan in case your tankmates don’t get along with your betta, or your betta doesn’t get along with his tankmates 
-a 20 gallon is the best minimum choice for a community-style betta tank, as it opens up more options and gives your betta and his/her tankmates plenty of space!
-be prepared to separate/rehome/etc. “problem fish” or a “problem betta”. if your betta isn’t really the community type, don’t try to force him/her to be; it won’t work out well for anyone. Get that betta an individual setup as soon as possible, or if your tank is large enough, divide it so that your betta has his/her own space. 

Good Tank Mates:

 Corydoras:
shoaling, 6+ to a group - keeping them in groups smaller than this will stress them to death…literally sometimes
10+ gallons (dwarf/pygmy), 20+ gallons (regular)
tropical, lots of species to choose from
sand/barebottom is a MUST - p they have soft bellies and sensitive barbels, and gravel can scratch up their bellies (which leads to stress or infection) or damage their barbels o.o also, they sift through sand to find little bits of food naturally, so sand lets them display this natural behavior and you get to see it too!

Rasboras:
schooling, 6+ to a school – keeping them in schools smaller than this will stress out the fish
10-15+ gallons – depending on the species
tropical, lots of species to choose from
note: “galaxy rasboras” are NOT rasboras (rasboras belong to the boraras genus). Galaxy rasboras are actually a species of danio (other common name: celestial pearl danio) and are not tropical.

Snails:
under 10 gallons: nerites, ramshorns, horned nerites, and other small snails
10+ gallons: mystery snails & other snails listed above – mystery snails get quite large and have a bioload as large, if not larger, than your betta’s, so a mystery snail is more suited to living in a 10 gallon tank than in something smaller

shrimp:
not all bettas are “shrimp-safe”, meaning that if you want to try shrimp, you should be prepared for the worst case scenario: your betta eats them! if youre okay with the possibility that you may lose some shrimp, then i suggest starting out with a few shrimp.
Amano shrimp are larger, great for algae, should be kept in groups of at least 3-5
cherry shrimp (and other neocardinia sp.) are hardy, but small (most likely to be a tasty snack), colorful/many variations to choose from!
ghost shrimp can actually be nippy, so I’d recommend against them, even though they’re pretty cheap~
putting shrimp in a 2.5 gallon tank is doable, but a 5 gallon tank would be much better

otocinclus:
do best in groups, 3+ - they’re not traditional shoaling or schooling fish, but are still social
20+ gallons - otos are sensitive to water quality
if your tank doesn’t have a ton of algae for them to eat, then I suggest supplementing their diet with cucumbers/zucchini/algae wafers/etc.  

plecos:
tank size depends completely on the species your considering, there are a ton!!
I suggest supplementing their diet with cucumbers/zucchini/algae wafers/etc. 

ember tetras:
schooling, 6+ to a school – keeping the in schools smaller than this will stress out the fish
10+ gallons – they do ok in a 10, but would prefer a 15 (long) or a 20 gallon! 😊

Bad Tank Mates:
danios:
NOT tropical (max temp is like 74F), they’re schooling (6+ fish in a group), and are insanely active! this means they need at least a 20 gallon, and need to be with other cooler/temperate water fish like other danios and minnows :) Also, even if they could do ok in a heated 10 gallon, their active nature tends to stress bettas out :/

White Cloud Mountain Minnows (or any other minnows):
NOT tropical (max temp is around 74F), they’re schooling (6+ fish in a group), and are insanely active! They’re smaller, around 1”, but they need at least a 10 gallon, and should only be housed with other cooler/temperate water fish such as other danios and minnows :) Also, even if they could do ok in a heated 10 gallon, their active nature tends to stress bettas out :/

Neon Tetras:
they’re tropical, could do ok in a 10 (but would do better in a 20). Enough people have had fin-nipping/aggression issues that they’ve made this list. Not everyone who houses bettas with neon tetras will have these issues, but if there’s a possibility of putting your fish’s health and wellbeing at risk, why take the risk? There are plenty of other safer, more suitable tank mates out there 😊

all other tetras not mentioned:
tetras tend to be nippy in general (black skirt tetras, for example) and there are safer options out there; dont risk it! <3

mollies:
get too large to be housed safely with bettas
can be aggressive/attack/bully your betta

platies:
some peoples bettas seem to do ok, some do not, as they can be nippy or aggressive towards your betta

Guppies/endlers:
their flowing tails and bright colors also tend to bring out aggression, and since they have such pretty tails, they may be nipped at by your betta, or vice versa

/*Thanks for giving that book a read! If you feel as though I’ve provided inaccurate information, could make an improement, or have an addition to suggest, feel free to let me know! :3*/

HAPPY FISHKEEPING

In honor of the holiday, I bring you: 4/20 headcanons. For the sake of getting everyone together assume it’s a college AU (or at least something where they can meet without a gang war). In the words of illustrious former president Barack Obama: “Pass the reefer, Joe.”

ADA

Dazai Osamu:

  • Shows up to work blasted out of his mind but handling his high rather well. He invites everyone to chill at his place after they’re all off the clock, and although he doesn’t outright say what for, his ‘you know what day it is’ comments whenever someone points out his firetruck red eyes make it perfectly clear just what’s happening at in Dazai’s apartment tonight. In honor of the holiday he swears to stick to only marijuana but ends up sneaking out his window to a next door 7/11′s bathroom so that he can secretly chew a few mushies.

Nakajima Atsushi: 

  • has no idea that 420 is anything besides a normal unit of measurement, and is completely appalled when he shows up to Dazai’s prepared for a laid back evening with his friends only to find smoke pouring out of the windows and no less than three gallon-sized Ziploc bags bursting with marijuana sitting on Dazai’s kitchen counter. Despite his initial shock, Atsushi eventually warms up to this marijuana extravaganza and somehow winds up in a ‘how many hits can you take before you can’t feel your face’ contest with Tachihara (right after he wins he curls up on the floor for a ‘five minute nap’ which morphs into him spending the whole next day asleep on Dazai’s bedroom floorboards.).

Kunikida Doppo: 

  • Insists he is not, under any circumstances, attending Dazai’s get-together. He shows up anyway and smokes about two blunts’ worth before throwing in the towel. Unsurprisingly, he’s the least affected and ends up being the one running around stopping Tachihara from trying to backflip out of a second story window “because Dazai dared him to”. Despite the fact that he’s the worst out of literally every single licensed driver at the party, he takes everyone home because he’s at least composed enough to not shout “STOP LIGHTS ARE ONLY A SUGGESTION” as he blows through every other intersection and drive 55 in a strictly 30mph zone.

Edogawa Ranpo:

  • Refuses to take his weed in anything but infused gummy bears. Ends up passing out in the middle of the living room floor an hour into the party because he liked the way the candy tasted and downed the entire bag within five minutes. Understandably, he doesn’t show up to work for the next three days.

Akiko Yosano:

  • Has the tolerance of a native Californian. Yosano insists on edibles because she doesn’t want to wreck her lungs and ends up downing about three brownies, all of which are slathered in cookie butter that’s way too potent to be storebought. When she finally gets properly high she’s incredibly horny and is sending bedroom eyes at every single legal female in a ten mile radius. Disappears from Dazai’s place early (probably to take a pretty little thing home for some private fun).

Tanizaki Junichirou: 

  • Waits until everyone else has taken what they want before he takes a hit because he wants to be doubly sure everyone gets enough. He plans on getting incredibly high but ends up only smoking one joint because he has to keep Naomi from breaking Dazai’s table lamp and crying.

Tanizaki Naomi:

  • Gets ridiculously high after only about two inhales. Tries to convince Tanizaki to shotgun a few breaths with her. After Kunikida demands that the weed party stays an incest-free zone she considers slapping him but decides to lay down on the couch and get scarily invested in reality TV shows instead. Tanizaki’s forced to bring her home after she sneaks some of Ranpo’s gummies and starts tweeting at RuPaul.

Fukuzawa Yukichi:

  • Is not invited because he’s the boss, but is still completely aware everyone’s going crazy at Dazai’s apartment. Texts Kunikida to tell him to make sure nobody ends up waking up in a holding cell the next morning, but otherwise doesn’t say anything about the whole thing. Considers smoking a bowl full before bed to reminisce about the ‘good old days’ when he went a bit overboard himself, but decides it’s not worth the effort.

Izumi Kyouka:

  • Tagged along with Atsushi because she’s exponentially more aware of the fact that the party’s just one giant community bong and like any middle-schooler, is curious. Tries to sneak a blunt but keeps getting thwarted by Kunikida who always manages to snatch it away from her and mumble something about teenage delinquents being out of control. Eventually gets ahold of a brownie, has two bites, and dumps it behind Dazai’s TV stand because it tastes nasty. Still, she manages to get a pretty solid high and gets Atsushi nearly in tears because bringing her to this party ‘destroyed her innocence’.

Port Mafia

Akutagawa Ryunosuke:

  • Was not invited because the place is going to be smoggier than a cheap strip club with new smoke generators and his lungs would disintegrate if he got within five miles of Dazai’s apartment. Naturally, though, since Dazai’s the host he’s not going to pass up this chance and sneaks in through an open second story window. Downs about four brownies so he doesn’t have to smoke and then wanders around, trying to find Dazai until the weed kicks in. Then he just sits on the floor, spacing out with a blank expression on his face until a ‘philosophical’ thought crosses his mind (”Why do they market trash bags as trash bags? Really, they’re only normal bags until you put trash in them.)

Nakahara Chuuya:

  • Also was not invited, but specifically told to stay away (by Dazai, naturally). He sneaks in anyway because this is a perfect opportunity to wreck some of Dazai’s shit; everyone’s going too stoned to keep him from Levi-kicking Dazai’s TV stand, he figures. After noticing some mutual friends he ends up getting sidetracked with a few bong hits, and before long he’s covered in chicks wanting to shotgun a few breaths. Decides to take a girl to bed in Dazai’s room because he knows Dazai’s going to flip his lid (and be forced to buy a new mattress) when he finds Chuuya rolling around naked in his sheets.

Higuchi Ichiyou:

  • Only showed up because she noticed Akutagawa climbing in through the window. Smokes about two blunts before she gets more relaxed than she’s ever been in her entire life and starts gossiping to Naomi about Akutagawa’s surprisingly shapely abs. When asked how she’s seen Akutagawa at least partially naked she turns red as a fire truck and immediately drives home to recover her dignity.

Tachihara Michizou

  • Loses control the second he steps through Dazai’s doorway. At one point was sighted with three entire blunts in his mouth and wearing Kenji’s hat (a strange garment option considering Kenji wasn’t even invited to the weed party). 

Akutagawa Gin

  • Chainsmokes for the majority of the time. Nobody knows how long she’s been sitting there on Dazai’s couch but the ashtray next to her has no less than five blunts in it. Eventually she stands up just long enough to say “Suck me off, you rust-headed band-aid fucker,” to Tachihara and then just leaves.

Motojirou Kaiji

  • Nobody can tell if he’s just smoked the entire medical marijuana population out of their prescription for three months or if he hasn’t touched a leaf. He’s just being… well, himself.

Mori Ougai

  • Definitely not invited; not only is he the less-nice boss out of the two uninvited bosses, but an out of control Mori is something no one wants to see. Considering the fact that even when he’s sober he likes his girls how he likes his memorized multiplication tables (twelve and under), there’s obviously a few screws loose and nobody wants to discover the effects of a drug-induced party craze.
The Experiment

“Hello everyone, if you’d please take your seats…”  The professor waited for the room of about forty college aged Alphas, Betas, and Omegas to stop their chatter and pay attention to her.  “Yes.  Thank you all for coming to tonight’s informational meeting.  I’m Dr. Mills and I hope you all will be interested enough in tonight’s proposed experiment to participate.  And, yes, you will all be paid fifty dollars for participating, so now you can actually pay attention to what the experiment is rather than wondering about money.”

The group chuckled and Dean flicked his eyes up from his cell phone for a moment, but then returned to his game.  He didn’t care what they wanted him to do: pee in a cup, give blood, take weird experimental medications—he just wanted to get paid.  He would have signed up blind if he could have, but Charlie (a classmate in his Fluid Thermodynamics class and one of the students assisting with the project), who had told him about it said he had to attend the informational session.  Attend, not pay attention.  He’d confirmed there wouldn’t be a quiz at the end.

“Now, this experiment is about trying to identify if certain genetic markers affect what pheromones we find attractive and which ones we don’t.”

“Trying to crack the True Mates code?” someone called out.

The audience chuckled and the professor smiled.

“Now, we all know true mates are a fairy tale and sentimental movie fodder, but you have to admit that there are some scents you find attractive, some you have little reaction to, and some that can be repellant.  It’s kind of like there are people you scent and don’t mind hooking up with, but you can’t picture mating.  Right?”

“That’s just because all Alphas are commitment-phobes,” a voice said provocatively.

There was a mixture of laughing and grumbling.

“Hey,” someone replied.  “Betas are the coldest bitches I’ve ever interacted with.”

Argumentative conversation broke out in the room.  The professor waved her hands in the air.

“Settle down, settle down.  Behavioral science is run by Dr. Hanscum.  I’m sure she’ll be conducting an experiment in the spring and you all can go argue about which gender and sex combination are the biggest assholes with her.”

Everyone laughed and Dean cracked a smile.

“But tonight, we’re talking about attraction people.  What attracts you and what doesn’t.  What makes you picture a house and kids and what doesn’t.”  Dr. Mills smirked.  “What turns you on and what doesn’t.”

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Clarifications & A Care Sheet.

First, this is not directed at any particular follower; my keeper gets messages like this on a very, very frequent basis, usually 4-5 per day either in asks or through the Tumblr IM system.

He is happy to help with advice on husbandry, tank setup, and things like that, however, if you message him with a description of an obviously sick or injured leopard gecko and ask what you should do, his response is always going to be, “You need to take your gecko to the vet.”

That aside, he’s put together a very basic leopard gecko care sheet to hopefully cut down on the many messages he also gets about basic husbandry.

The very, very basics for husbandry for a leopard gecko:

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your not-so-average pleco

Over the years the chain stores have begun offering a wider assortment of plecos to the every day public, each with different needs, but have the same info slapped onto them at the store. Commons, rubberlips, bristlenoses and clowns all have different care and come from different environments. Plecos are not algae eaters; they may eat it if they wish, but only with they are not provided with other options. A starving pleco is a pleco that eats algae. These are fish that have lifespans of nearly 20 years, that’s two whole decades of your life, that’s longer than most dogs. If kept properly, you will have your plec friend for a long time.

Keep reading

pet peeve

“what size is this tank you guys??”
[picture of empty tank, no size reference]

I DONT KNOW. MEASURE IT KAREN.
USE THAT 5TH GRADE GEOMETRY:HxWxL
OR STICK IT INTO GOOGLE’S VOLUME CALCULATOR
OR GET A GALLON OR PINT JUG AND COUNT IT TF OUT HOMIE

7 Tips for Building a Simple Betta Tank

Making your tank beautiful (and keeping the fish healthy and thriving) does not have to be hard!

I absolutely love bettas, and chances are that if you’re reading this, you love bettas, too.

Bettas are known for their vibrant colours and feisty personalities. Because they are so hardy, many people get them as first-time pets. However, to keep things simple while also ensuring that your betta is healthy and thriving, it is important to do your research beforehand. With my experience and research, I’d like to pass along 7 tips for building a simple betta tank:

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Slim down detox water
This great detox water not only rids your body of toxins but helps to flush fat from your body as well. Cucumbers are diuretics can help you to avoid water retention. Lemons and limes help to flush out toxins from your digestive tract and grapefruits help you to burn fat. Just add ½ gallon of spring water, ½ of a medium grapefruit (sliced), ½ a cucumber (sliced), ½ each of a sliced lemon and lime and a couple of mint leaves. Allow the ingredients to sit in the fridge for a couple of hours before serving and drink at least ½ gallon per day for optimal results

Fruity detox water
This delicious detox water has strawberries and kiwis and is the perfect summer drink. You will need 2 liters of water, a couple of strawberries and a couple of kiwis. Just chop your kiwis and strawberries, add to your water and sit in the fridge for a couple of hours to let it seep. The kiwi has vitamins A and E which will help you to rid your body of free radicals and they help to flush toxins from your colon. Strawberries are great for your skin and then contain anti-aging properties and help to fight carcinogens. You can add more or less fruit depending on your taste preferences or add different fruits or a mint sprig for a completely new taste.

Day spa apple cinnamon detox water
Not only does this delicious water not have any calories, it’s great for slimming down and ridding your body of harmful toxins. It also helps to boost your metabolism. You will need a gallon sized pitcher filled with spring water and you can refill the pitcher three or four times using the same apples and cinnamon sticks. You need a thinly sliced apple (whatever your favorite type) and a cinnamon stick. Just add those to your water and cover about ½ of the pitcher with ice before filling with water. It’s best if you let them sit in the fridge for an hour or so before serving. You can add additional apple slices or cinnamon if you prefer a stronger taste.

New year detox water
Ok, so it’s not even close to the New Year so you can just call this one the New You Detox Water. You need a gallon pitcher of spring water and a few raspberries along with sliced grapefruit, cucumbers, and pears and a sprig of fresh mint. You can also add lemons, limes, blueberries and cranberries if you want. Just add all of the ingredients into the pitcher and allow it to sit for a couple of hours so that the flavors combine. Make a new pitcher every day to keep it fresh. This one will boost your metabolism, help you to burn fat, and flush out all those nasty toxins that make you feel sluggish.

Strawberry infused vitamin water
This detox water not only keeps you hydrated but it helps you to enjoy beautiful skin. It’s chocked full of vitamins and anti-inflammatory ingredients and it looks beautiful in the glass, too. You will need about a cup of strawberries, 2 cups of cubed watermelon, a couple of sprigs of fresh rosemary, filtered water and just a dash of course salt. Just muddle the strawberries and rosemary together in a bowl and then add them with the cubed watermelon to your pitcher. Pour filtered water over it, give it just a light stir and then refrigerate for a couple of hours.

Fat burning detox water
This recipe gives you a detox water that flushes out nasty toxins and really does help you to drop a few pounds, too. It’s got apple cider vinegar which has so many benefits that it’s impossible to list them all. There are also apples which are great for fiber, lemons that have cleansing properties and cinnamon which helps to curb your appetite. You’ll need about 12 ounces of filtered water, 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar, 1 tablespoon of fresh lemon juice, a teaspoon of ground cinnamon and about half a medium apple, sliced. You can also add a bit of sweetener if you want. You simply put everything except the apples into your blender and blend for about ten seconds. Then just add your apples and drink.

Cucumber lemon detox water
The lemon in this water recipe is great for boosting your immune system and cleaning out harmful toxins. Cucumber is an anti-inflammatory and helps you to stay hydrated. Mint sweetens your drink without adding sugar and aids in digestion. To make this one, just mix about eight cups of water with a medium cucumber (wedged or sliced), a whole lemon (wedged or sliced) and about ten mint leaves (or however many you prefer). Mix in a large pitcher and allow it to steep in the fridge overnight. This is a really tasty drink and one that offers many wonderful detoxing benefits.

Aloe water
You have surely heard of (or experienced for yourself) the wonderful benefits of aloe. Did you know that you can add it to your water? When you take aloe internally, it can help with circulation and digestion and increase your energy and eliminate fatigue. Making aloe infused detox water is easy. You need to split the leaf down the center and remove the gel. Mix the gel with some water and lemon in the blender and process for about a minute. You will need about a cup of water, 2 tablespoons of lemon juice and about 2 tablespoons of aloe gel.

Lemon and ginger detox water

Ginger is a natural pain reliever and adding it to your water can give you wonderful detox properties. For this recipe, you need about 12 ounces of water at room temperature as well as the juice of ½ a lemon and ½ inch knob of fresh ginger root. Just add your lemon juice to the water and then grate the ginger into it using a zester or cheese grater. This is a great drink for first thing in the morning. Not only will it help to relieve pain all day, it will cleanse toxins from your body throughout the day and the lemon juice helps to release those nasty toxins so they’ll flush out better.

Simple morning detox water
The easiest way to get detox water every day is to simply squeeze the juice from half a lemon into a tall glass of water each morning. Drinking at least eight ounces of lemon water every morning will flush out those toxins and keep them from building up. If you’re drinking it every day, you are certainly going to feel better because you will be constantly releasing toxins that can make you feel sluggish and sick. There’s no recipe aside from squeezing that fresh lemon juice into a glass of spring or filtered water and you can add ice if you want.

Master cleanse detox water
This master cleanse detox water recipe is designed to flush every bad toxin out of your body. You will need about twelve ounces of filtered water, 2 tablespoons of lemon juice, 2 tablespoons of organic maple syrup, 1/10 of a teaspoon of cayenne pepper and a dash of sea salt. Just mix the ingredients together and drink. There are also optional ingredients like green tea and laxatives that you can add but the detox water in itself is great for ridding your body of free radicals and leaving you feeling and looking much healthier

Peppermint grapefruit detox water
This detox water has ingredients that will clean out your kidneys, eliminate bloating and help you to enjoy much healthier skin. It also aids in digestion. You need about ½ gallon of purified water, ½ lemon sliced, ½ lime sliced, ½ grapefruit sliced (note that you can also substitute or add oranges if you want), 1 cup of sliced cucumber with peels, 1 teaspoon of freshly grated ginger and a handful of fresh peppermint leaves. Just add all of the ingredients into a pitcher and cover with ice. Refrigerate for at least a couple of hours before serving and discard after 24 hours as the citrus fruits tend to get a little mushy.

Pineapple sugarcane spa water
If you prefer a bit of a tropical taste in your detox water, this pineapple and sugarcane water is perfect. The pineapple helps to rid your body of free radicals and this recipe is so easy that you can make it in about five minutes. You need a couple of liters of purified water, 2 sticks of sugar cane and a few chunks of fresh pineapple. Note, fresh works much better than canned. Just mix all of the ingredients in a pitcher and add ice. Let it steep in the fridge for a couple of hours before drinking. The longer it sits, the better it tastes.

Jillian Michaels detox water
Jillian Michaels detox water has dandelion tea which has a great reputation for breaking down fats and removing them (along with harmful toxins) from your body. Note that you may experience increased bowel movements when you drink this one regularly but that really just means that it’s working. To make Jillian’s detox water, you will need about 60 ounces of purified water, 2 tablespoons of diet cranberry juice, 2 tablespoons of lemon juice and a bag of dandelion tea (you’ll need to stew the tea in a cup of water).

Stress relieving detox water
Imagine clearing out those harmful toxins and relieving stress at the same time. This detox water recipe includes pineapple and basil. Pineapple has bromelain that cleanses the bloodstream and breaks down harmful enzymes so that they can be flushed from your body. Basil fights free radicals and is an excellent source of magnesium so it’s really good for your heart. Using spring or filtered water, mix together in a pitcher five strawberries, about ½ cup of chunked pineapple, 2 teaspoons of apple cider vinegar, four or five fresh basil leaves and some ice. Allow it to steep in the fridge for at least an hour and enjoy.

Blueberry orange water
Imagine clearing out those harmful toxins and relieving stress at the same time. This detox water recipe includes pineapple and basil. Pineapple has bromelain that cleanses the bloodstream and breaks down harmful enzymes so that they can be flushed from your body. Basil fights free radicals and is an excellent source of magnesium so it’s really good for your heart. Using spring or filtered water, mix together in a pitcher five strawberries, about ½ cup of chunked pineapple, 2 teaspoons of apple cider vinegar, four or five fresh basil leaves and some ice. Allow it to steep in the fridge for at least an hour and enjoy.

Rasberry and mint water
Mint is great for aiding in digestion and raspberries have great antioxidant properties. Add them both to water and you have a very tasty detox water to help flush those toxins from your kidneys, liver and colon. You will need about half a gallon of spring or purified water, 2 tablespoons of raspberries – these can be fresh or frozen – and two tablespoons of fresh mint leaves. You also need a medium sized lime. Just slice the lime and add it along with the mint leaves and raspberries to your water in a large pitcher. Muddle the raspberries just a bit if you want more flavor and you can microwave the lime for a couple of seconds to get more juice from it.

Watermelon detox water
What better fruit to add to your water than watermelon? Not only does watermelon contain vitamins and minerals, it helps to flush out your system. Instead of eating it and making that juicy and sticky mess, just add a bit to your water to enjoy the full detoxing benefits. You need a couple of cups of chunked watermelon (seedless is best) and about four cups of water. Place the watermelon in a large pitcher and cover with water. Allow it to steep in the fridge for a couple of hours before enjoying so that the flavor can infuse your water.

Day spa mango ginger water
Ginger and mango are both great for boosting your metabolism and ginger is a natural pain reliever as well. Mango aids in digestion and can help to flush a number of free radicals out of your body. To make this day spa detox water, you need about an inch of ginger root and a cup of fresh or frozen mango. Just peel the ginger and cut it into three or four slices. Drop into a pitcher, add your cup of cubed or sliced mango and then top with about three cups of ice before filling with purified water. This needs to sit in the fridge for about three hours to allow the flavors to come out.

Blackberry peach detox water
Ginger and mango are both great for boosting your metabolism and ginger is a natural pain reliever as well. Mango aids in digestion and can help to flush a number of free radicals out of your body. To make this day spa detox water, you need about an inch of ginger root and a cup of fresh or frozen mango. Just peel the ginger and cut it into three or four slices. Drop into a pitcher, add your cup of cubed or sliced mango and then top with about three cups of ice before filling with purified water. This needs to sit in the fridge for about three hours to allow the flavors to come out.

TIPS AND WHAT NOT :)

Hello everyone!!
Band camp is literally right around the corner and i always make a list of things that we carry around in our little handy dandy utility box. && it really really helps us out while were on the field. We literally take it everywhere we go. And it is a pretty good size box and it has like 5 compartments.

We usually keep in the box
•extra sunscreen
•bug spray
•gold bond (to prevent chafing) (aka chub rub)
•electrical tape
•hair ties
•bobby pins
•tampons
•pads
•IBUPROFEN!!
•pencils (bc every single flip hecking time someone doesnt have one for their dot book.)
•yarn (for dot book)
•granola bars
•sharpies (to label equipment)
•band-aids
•a poncho (for our sound system lol in case it rains)

I think thats all for the box but i also have some tips

•Do N O T drink milk or anything containing dairy before camp!!You will THROW UP.

•i always check the weather when i wake up for camp and depending on what that is (usually its like hell outside) but if its raining i always bring an extra set of clothing bc i dont want to walk around in wet clothes during our afternoon block. (Which is usually inside & the janitors get pissed if there is water everywhere)

•dont be one of those idiots that DONT PUT ON SUNSCREEN.. you’ll be lookin like a LOBSTER.

•BRING FREAKING WATER! I CANT TELL YOU HOW MANY TIMES THERE HAVE BEEN GIRLS IN GUARD THAT DONT BRING WATER!!! i bring like a gallon sized jug. And if you can and are allowed to use a camel back go ahead!

•Do not back talk your band director, drum major(s), guard instructor.
Honestly this one was a hard one for me when i first joined color guard because i did NOT like to be told what to do but soon after i got a attitude i was running laps and i never did it again lmao.

•try your best to help out those freshman that may be struggling.

•i shouldn’t have to say this but WEAR DEODORANT and SOCKS.

•don’t wear dark colors. You’ll burn up.

•wear comfortable shoes!

Betta Splendens Care sheet

Basic stats:

Difficulty: Easy they make an excellent entry level fish!
Minimum tank size: 3 gallons (10 liters). 5 gallons (19 liters) is better and 10 gallons (40 liters) is ideal.
Size: 2-3″ 
PH: 6-8.2 (They’re not picky, you may get some ray bending in higher ph)
Temperature: Tropical 75-82′F (24-28′C)
Hardness: 4-10 (Can tolerate harder and softer)
Diet: Insectivore/carnivore 
Lifespan: 2-7 years though average is 5 when cared for.
Habitat: Asia

Housing:

Betta require at least 3 gallons+ of water with a low flow filter and a heater for long term health and growth. A typical setup can cost between 50 and 100 dollars on average not including any of the other fish keeping necessities. 

Checklist:

-Tank ranging from 3-10 gallons (more if desired)
-An appropriate sized heater. 5 watts per gallon.
-A low flow filter with permanent media (suggestions below) 
    -Sponge filter (requires air pump)
    -Aqua clear (the 20 model)
    -Fluval’s mini power filter
-Substrate 1 pound per gallon. Any substrate is fine, my betta have liked sand over gravel though.
-Decor and hides. PVC pipes are wonderful cheap options. Generally silk or live plants are good as are any hides that don’t have sharp edges. NAtural decor such as driftwood and rocks are loved too
-Lighting (Optional if you want to do plants. A clip on desk or chicken lamp with a daylight cfl bulb is a great cheap way of lighting a tank.

Other non optional supplies/perishables:

-A liquid master test kit (Nutrafin or api) 
-A water conditioner (prime, safe, stress coat are good brands)
-A bucket and syphon that hasn’t been used for anything else
-A log to help with cycling and recording things.
-Betta food (You want pellets, omega one has some good food as does xtream and new life spectrum. You probably won’t have to buy more until it expires)

Feeding:

Betta are obligated insectivores. They can be fed a good variety diet that includes dry foods such as pellets (flakes if they absolutely won’t touch them), frozen foods of all kinds, and live aquatic insects. They will also enjoy fruit flies and pinhead crickets as treats. They should be fed once a day or split the meal into two times a day. You may need to skip days and find a schudule that works for you. Remember their stomach is only about the size of their eye, so it doesn’t take much to fill them up!.

Tank mates:

They do fine, if not better solo. Appropriate tankmates include.

<5 gallons (Snails and shrimp. there really isn’t room for other fish in smaller tanks.)

5-10 gallons (Still recommended to be alone but in 10 gallons you can keep them with rasbora, and pygmy cories without too many issues.)

20+ gallons. (Really any non aggressive, not nippy fish from the same waters. Try to get dulled colours. Any of the above plus kuhli loaches, other cories or rice fish.

Do not house them with dwarf frogs, neon tetra, white cloud minnow or some of the other suggested animals, They really aren’t compatible and usually result in at least one of the animals getting the short end of the stick.

Medical issues:

Betta are prone to pretty much the whole line of issues. Parasites, bacteria infects, rot, pop eye and organ failure. Keep an eye on them and make sure to be aware of common symptoms and how to treat them.

Misconceptions

Cycling

The above are two great sources on both. Give them a read before you get a betta.

Sorority Tanks:

I’m going to mention this briefly. They’re advanced and require an absolute minimum of a 20 gallon, densely planted with 5 calm females. You will need a setup for each of those females in case something does happen. Treat it as if it will.

@elemental-kiss Has wonderful resources on sorority tanks.

Divided tanks:

I don’t recommend them unless you have to. Never divide anything smaller than a 10 gallon. Never divide it so there’s less than 5 gallons per section. Have stable non see through dividers that allow water to pass. It will cause some stress regardless of how you set it up. Never divide a male and a female you will severely stress them both out!. 

The mental gymnastics people go through to justify tiny enclosures for the ‘health’ of an animal is amazing.  ‘They feel vulnerable in large empty spaces!  Therefore, instead of providing adequate cover, they should be kept in a very tiny space - FOR THEIR HEALTH!’