Before I start this little spiel, I need you all to know: I’m not hating on people who don’t vaccinate their kids, and while I know for a fact BASED ON facts that vaccines don’t cause autism or other “defects”, I’m all for continuing research to make them even better and safer.
But you know what really, really scares me about the anti-vax movement? As a future Public Health Professional, the thing that scares me most about this is the fact that our cultural mindset has become so CHILL about vaccine-preventable/”childhood” diseases that there is even room for such a movement. Let me explain.
Do y’all know what an R0 is? The R-naught, as it is called, is the basic reproduction rate of a disease. It tells you how many new infections can come from one existing infection. For example, an R-naught of 3 (R3) means that, on average, one sick person will infect three other people. Every disease has an R-naught, some greater and some lesser.
Do you remember when everyone was freaking out about Ebola? Everyone was terrified of catching it, because it’s SOOOOO contagious and deadly, right? Ebola has an R-naught of 2. That’s it. R2. One person with Ebola, on average, will get 2 more people sick. And we were freaking out about that.
Well guess what? Measles is the most contagious disease known to mankind, and it has an R-naught of 18. 18.One person with measles will give it to 18 new people, and those people will give it to 18 new people EACH, and so on. That’s what happened with the Disneyland outbreak; it’s so ridiculously contagious that just ONE sick child was enough to start an epidemic.
And yet very few people are as scared of measles as they are of Ebola. Why is that? One reason could be the nature of the disease, sure; Ebola is terrifying in its progression and symptoms. But I would suggest that a major reason is that measles has been so well-contained by vaccination that people no longer fear it. It’s not a part of every-day life anymore; this disease is no big deal because nobody gets it, because so many people are vaccinated against it. Let’s put this another way.
What are the diseases that scare everyone the most: Ebola, HIV/AIDS, and SARS are pretty high on the list of terror diseases. But let’s look at the R0s, shall we: Ebola-R2. HIV/AIDS-R5. SARS-R5.
Now let’s look at diseases that people are voluntarily rejecting vaccinations against: Measles, Pertussis, and Diphtheria are the major ones. Their R0s? Measles-R18. Pertussis-R17. Diptheria-R7.
Everyone focuses on the former set of diseases– rightly so, I suppose– because they’re more dangerous at the present time. What makes them more dangerous? Not their R0; it’s the fact that there is no viable treatment, and NO VACCINE. Seriously, that’s why the medical community is worried about them. There’s no way to treat or PREVENT their spread biologically. Well guess what? There’s no viable treatment for Measles or Pertussis, and only limited treatment options for Diphtheria. That’s why the medical community doesn’t focus on them as much, because we can prevent them at the biological level, safely and effectively.
But now that the Anti-Vax movement has taken hold so firmly, the medical community is now being forced to once more worry about diseases it had almost eradicated. And not only that, it’s endangering herd immunity for the people who can’t receive their own vaccines due to compromised immune systems. I’m allergic to eggs, so I can’t receive the flu shot, but I’m also asthmatic so I can’t get the inhaled vaccine. I rely entirely on the people I associate with to keep me safe from the flu by getting their yearly shot. This made public school a living nightmare, because almost NOBODY got their shot. They caught it, and while it didn’t affect them TOO terribly because they were generally healthy, when I caught it, it was very dangerous because of my asthma. And then there’s that time when I caught the flu, and then right after because of my weakened immune system, I caught Whooping Cough from someone who hadn’t been vaccinated. I HAD been vaccinated, but my body was so fatigued from the flu that it couldn’t keep up with immune demands. And so I caught it.
Have you ever had Pertussis (whooping cough)? It’s hard enough on someone with full lung capacity; it can break ribs, it makes you cough so hard. You cough until there is literally no air in your lungs, and you have to inhale so forcefully it makes the “whooping” sound that gives it the name. It’s painful beyond belief, and it can last for weeks. Some people will survive it. But add that to asthma, or to a young child, or to an elderly person, and you are looking at either permanent damage or death, no exceptions. When I had it, I was about 6 years old, and asthmatic; I spent 81 hours awake because the coughing was so violent I physically couldn’t sleep. I tore abdominal muscles. I vomited during coughing fits and aspirated the vomit. I was actively dying. The doctors could barely suppress the cough enough for me to breathe at all. My inhaler wasn’t helping, none of the cough syrups or breathing treatments were helping; I was getting pneumonia on top of the virus. It was Hell. I was LUCKY that I didn’t die.
Who would wish that on their child? Nobody, I hope. And if you KNEW you could keep your child from ever experiencing that, wouldn’t you do whatever it took to ensure their safety?
Or would you look at the safeguard and say, “Nah. I’ll take my chances with my child’s life.”?
That is what the anti-vax movement is doing. Perhaps not purposefully, but that’s the end result. These aren’t just names on syringes designed to make a child cry; the diseases are real, and real threats to health and life, and the vaccines are how you prevent them. Yet we are so far removed from the impact and effects of these diseases BECAUSE of the peace brought to us BY vaccines that people now feel no qualm about refusing vaccines.
That’s what scares me about the anti-vax movement; people have become so complacent that they no longer worry about these very real, very deadly diseases. They’d rather risk their child’s life than get a shot? The side effects of vaccines are unproven (nonexistent), but the efficacy of vaccines are very much proven.
When the pertussis vaccine first came out, people jumped on it right away. They were so grateful to have it, and for a while everything was smooth sailing, and whooping cough was on the decline. Then, in the 70s, some groups started claiming the pertussis vaccine was causing brain injury in young children. Less than 50 in 15 million cases were reported, but it was enough to scare people away from the vaccine. And children began dying again. It was later discovered that it was NOT the vaccine, but the result of infantile epilepsy, that caused the brain damage. People began once more vaccinating their children, but not before hundreds if not thousands had died.
And that’s what’s happening now. A falsified claim scared just enough people that time-tested, lab-tested, fully-proven, totally safe vaccines are being rejected, and we’re already starting to pay with lives. And I’m scared it’s going to get worse. People don’t really grasp the full import of these diseases and the necessity of the vaccines until they have experienced the disease. I’m scared that it’s going to come down to new epidemics before people will realize the mistake of not vaccinating.
Right now we’re still in the semi-safe zone. Enough of the population is immunized that we could probably keep most pandemics of these diseases at bay. But if this movement keeps gaining momentum, there might come a day when measles and pertussis could once again destroy thousands of people yearly. Imagine if some terrorist group weaponized Ebola and used it against this country; so many people would die, because we have no vaccine for it, no way to prevent it. That is what could happen with diseases like mumps, rubella, measles, pertussis, Diphtheria, and polio. Except it wouldn’t be terrorists using a disease as a weapon; it would be some kid in your child’s class, or your neighbor across the street, or the guy who delivers the mail to your office. That’s how life used to be, and if someone from the pre-vaccine era could see us now, they’d weep for joy at the idea that we can prevent these horrific diseases; and then they’d weep in sorrow at the idea that people are voluntarily turning down that safeguard.
It’s true, vaccines aren’t always 100% effective; I was immunized, but still got Whooping Cough (lowered immune function, if you recall). But you know who didn’t get it? My baby sister. My big sister. My cousins. My mother and father. My classmates, the other kids at my doctor’s office. The nurses at the hospital. The pharmacy workers. Their children. The kids my mom taught at school. All those people were safe because of vaccines. And you know what else? When I was in India, I was exposed to polio. Didn’t get it. Know why? I was vaccinated. I was exposed to chicken pox in 5th grade. One unvaccinated kid got it, and the other 4 kids in our class who weren’t vaccinated got it. But you know who didn’t? The rest of us who WERE vaccinated.
Vaccination may not be perfect, and the only way we will improve them is by continuing research. But the fact remains that as they are now, vaccines cause no lasting side effects (injection site pain goes away), and are extremely effective at preventing dangerous, painful, debilitating, often deadly diseases. Let’s keep researching, yes, but in the mean time, PLEASE vaccinate. It’s not worth your life, or your child’s, or anyone else’s. Vaccines save lives, not destroy them.
Spotlight: The Tattoos (and other body works) of Special Collections
On Friday I reblogged and responded to former UWM Special Collections staff member Amelia Klem Osterud’s defense of those who sport visible tattoos in the professional workplace
(she is pictured at top). Amelia worked for me first as a graduate student assistant, and then as my full-time office manager for several years. After earning her MLIS, she became the Head of Access Services and Archives and later the Interim Library Director at Carroll University for another several years. She is currently a Branch Manager for the Milwaukee Public Library and is the author of the very popular book The Tattooed Lady: A History, now in its second edition. Amelia is a highly accomplished scholar and library administrator, and a consummate professional. Yet, for some reason, she still has to deal with the issue of being taken seriously because of her tattoos. She writes: “How do we change this? … . We continue to be professionals, we continue
to not let our tattoos define who we are. We continue to do what we need
to do, and also get tattoos.”
My own current staff take this call to action very seriously. Most are adorned with quite visible tattoos and piercings, and they all accomplish their work just as if – wouldn’t you know – they didn’t have tattoos. I present some of them here from top to bottom:
Cameron, Art History graduate student and SC fieldworker Tattoos on upper arm and both forearms
Alice, full-time SC Library Services Assistant (holds an MA and MFA in Creative Writing) Crow tattoo on lower forearm (she also wears a lovely silver nose ring)
Alex, SC undergraduate assistant Color tattoo on forearm
Kalani, Information Studies graduate student and SC intern Tooth tattoo on upper arm, nose ring, and ear plugs (also variously colored hair)
Elizabeth, Information Studies graduate student and SC intern White Rose tattoo on upper arm
These represent the next generation of professional leaders. They all have very visible tattoos. Probably long past time we got used to it.
The most challenging form of trading is day trading. It is extremely addictive but more interesting. With the advent of online day trading, retail traders constantly clash with professionals in the financial markets.
What are the foundations of day trading?
Image = A stock chart displaying a typical day
trading setup that adheres to the day trading
Day trading is entirely distinct from swing trading and scalping. Indeed, a day trader does not possess identical mindset like other traders. He is agile as a cat. Professional traders understand their genuine trade structures, risk threshold and the properties of the assets people are day trading. Furthermore, they master their entries. An intraday trader is a specialist who expertly adopt the ensuing four foundations.
1/ accurate timing, 2/ awareness of the time of the day, 3/ trade management, 4/ and the adherence to the three market patterns.
Accurate day trading timing
A day trader does not take unto himself the entire day to reach a decision. Therefore, the preparation for day trading will simplify one’s task. He or she must dodge quite a few day trading faults throughout the market session to stay away from depleting trading account.
The first hurdle is to time buy or sell orders on the edge of a trend line, support or resistance levels at a low-risk entry point. This passion with accuracy grants real time traders the the urge to engage in many trades within two to four hours per trading session.
The conventional time for day trading is the first two-hour-period just as soon as London, New York and Hong Kong stock markets open.
Day traders ought to bypass the gap space between the indicated period up to the subsequent opening bell. For illustration, if one is day trading during the earliest two hours when London opens (8AM to10AM), one will cease from 10Am until New York opens at 14.30PM.
The objective is to evade misleading trade setups that oftentimes emerge during such time as the market is readjusting itself for the NY session. One is further managing frequent rush in volatility that matches high impact economic news between 13.30PM and 14.30PM (London time).
Indeed, most retail day traders are oblivious of those market protocols. The Indicated traders routinely take on high-risks that wash out their earlier winnings.
After the gap period, one can additionally trade during the closing hour.
Day Trading management
Day trading necessitates a comprehensive attention, but also discipline. Disciplined day traders are always ready to close bullish trade in the first and the nearest support. That which is the minimum profit; one would secure or take. Others likewise, agree that the least target for bearish trades is at that earliest and imminent support level. Those sharp market players hastily submit their stop loss to the breakeven spot to avoid that a successful trade becomes negative.
Aside from those easy day trading rules, intelligent day traders usually implement the 5% money management rule. For instance, people will stay away from speculating more than $10000 if their trading account is $200000. The present tactic habitually safeguards them against undesirable market events that can clean out trading account without prior signs.
Furthermore, one of some pitfalls of day trading is large losses. Accordingly, professional day traders sliced wastes before all mature into monstrous ones. The purpose is to subdue losing trades as soon as possible.
In this attempt, day traders also avail themselves of adequate stop losses between ten to thirty pips for low volatile stocks. Nevertheless, they will use bigger stop losses for major volatile stocks, merely only for trade setups that allow highly rewarding risk-reward ratio. It is imperative to remember that their trade management significantly enrich their overall survival as profitable market members.
Day trading and three market patterns
The most well-guarded code to a thriving day trading is the market patterns. Key point one ought to grasp:
1/ a day trader must identify the market pattern on the setup, signal and entry time frames, 2/ he or she should not infringe it on any time frame, 3/ he or she must arrange the entry time frame with the signals.
Here are the three market patterns: 1/ the rising channel, 2/ declining channel, 3/ and the horizontal channel.
Suppose the trade setup is price retested the edge of the lower band of a soaring channel after exhibiting a higher high on the four-hour chart.
Wherever, one adopts the thirty-minute chart as the signal time frame, a bullish signal will be the retest of the current bearish channel after the price breakout of that declining channel.
To finish the top down trading strategy, a day trader may use the five-minute chart as an accurate entry. In that instance, the entry will be the price retesting a declining channel on the edge after cracking out (including the common sense trend line is also broken).
To improve day trading, one must gradually learn to master day trading’s foundations. They are easy, but one requires disciple and patience to reach maturity. Surely, one will start improving as
soon as one begin to implement the foundations of day trading.
Here’s the first installment in a series that’s been in the works for months - How To Understand Zoos.
WADTT gets a lot of questions about the quality/credentials of difference zoological facilities, aquariums, rescues, and sanctuaries. Rather than answering all of those questions on a case-by-case basis, we’re creating a resource to teach people who aren’t in the field of animal management what they need to know to accurate access the facilities they visit.
This installment deals with accreditations and what they tell you about a facility’s mission, goals, quality of animal are, education, conservation involvement, and professional ethics.
Future installments will cover topics such as the history of zoo design, facility layout and evolution, animal management practices, training, enrichment, breeding programs and conservation projects, “shows” and animal presentations, and more.
An updated version of a plushie I did a few years ago. :D Marty McFly from Back to the Future, complete with his own hoverboard. ;D Hope you guys dig him! <3
Taking commissions! Just message me on my Facebook Page
or Email at usakochan.com[at]gmail.com if interested! (I don’t take
commissions through tumblr since their message system is whack/hard to