Indigenous women in the fur trade have often played a very silent role in terms of the historic narrative. They often go nameless, with their main contributions being said to essentially be: -Marrying fur traders and granting them access to kinship networks. -Being the mothers and grandmothers to the Metis peoples. But this is not a good view of their important role in the fur trade, because it completely neglects a very distinct and important part of it: Agency. Indigenous women in the fur trade displayed in multiple ways their agency, which can be seen through the primary and secondary documents about this fur trade history.
Milo and Diogee are dressed for the Festival du Voyageur, western Canada’s largest winter festival. It celebreates the fur trades. They usually celebrate it during February, around Valentine’s. Everyone gets dressed up and learns of the history and learns dances, activities and foods that are all French Canadian. I meant to finish this in February but I got so busy with work. (Milo is wearing a Sash, btw, not a scarf. In french they’re called ceinture Fleshée.
Thanks for coming to the stream guys! It was fun!!
Unfortunately, the sea otter’s remarkable fur has also been the main source of its troubles. Once known as the “sea beaver” because of the value and economic importance of its pelt, sea otters were hunted throughout their range by multiple nations beginning in the 18th century when a crew of Russian sailors discovered sea otters while shipwrecked in the Commander Islands. By the beginning of the 20th century, a single sea otter pelt was worth over a thousand dollars. By that same time, perhaps only 1000 to 2000 otters remained in the wild, and fear of their extinction led Russian, Canada, the US, and Japan, to sign a treaty outlawing the trade in otter fur. Now, only indigenous peoples of the United States are allowed to hunt sea otters, and the resulting rebound of the population has been considered one of the greatest successes in the history of marine conservation.
PSA - be extra cautious when buying items which you believe to be faux-fur. It seems that some illegal cat fur has been slipping on to the market. Humane Society investigating and has identified cat fur on Missguided shoes sold in House of Fraser. This does not appear to be a conscious deception by these brands but that real fur is coming through the supply chain either unlabelled or mislabelled.
The Humane Society advises that we should not assume cheap = faux and to check that the fibres are fabric mounted.
NB: in case it comes up - yes I have as much of an issue with other types of fur being used as with cat fur. It’s not just because we keep cats as pets.
content note - article contains pictures of caged animals on fur farms.
So faux fur items in well loved shops across the U.K. (And probably America) have now been tested and many contain real fur!!!! Rabbit, raccoon fur and even cat fur in some cases.
Miss Guided is one of the shops. Their Pom Pom style shoes tested positive for CAT fur!!! Fur farms are banned in the U.K. but… illegal fur trade probably still continues. 😔
I am an aboriginal person who lived and was raised in Nunavut Canada. I currently went to ottawa and witness propaganda created by PETA at the parliament hill. They claimed that we had the fur trade going on yet it has not happened since the 1940s when the white men came and forced us inuit to adapt to their culture RAPING and KILLING innocent aboriginals for their land and FUR. Please go to straight facts before creating ridiculous things that arent actually happening. Please reblog and share. If you have questions about our culture and want a better understanding about the truth from someone who actually LIVES in the north then send me a message. Stop trying to kill cultures because you dont have one.
“I think we are still digging and cutting and extracting every natural resource we can. But I don’t know when we will understand that until we kill the last animal, and we eat the last fish, and we cut the last tree. We will [then] understand that we are not able to eat money.” - Alejandro González Iñárritu
Did Europeans “civilize” the Americas? Actually, anthropologists tell us that “hunters and gatherers were relatively peaceful, compared to agriculturalists, and that modern societies were more warlike still. Thus violence increases with civilization.
[…] Textbooks cannot resist contrasting "primitive” Americans with modern Europeans.
[…] Europeans persuaded Natives to specialize in the fur and slave trades. Native Americans were better hunters and trappers than Europeans, and with the guns the Europeans sold them, they became better still. Other Native skills began to atrophy.
[…] because whites “demanded institutions reflective of their own with which to relate,” many Native groups strengthened their tribal governments… New confederations and nations developed.. The tribes also became more male- dominated, in imitation of Europeans.. [there was] an escalation of Indian warfare… [the slave trade helped] to deagriculturize Native Americans. To avoid being targets for capture, Indians abandoned their cornfields and their villages.
[…] "Europeans did not “civilize” or “settle” roaming Indians, but had the opposite impact.
[…] According to Benjamin Franklin, “All their government is by Counsel of the Sages. There is no Force; there are no Prisons, no officers to compel Obedience, or inflict Punishment.” Probably foremost, the lack of hierarchy in the Native socieites in the eastern United States attracted the admiration of European observers. Frontiersmen were taken with the extent to which Native Americans enjoyed freedom as individuals. Women were also accorded more status and power.. than in white societies of the time.
[…] "Indeed, Native American ideas may be partly responsible for our democratic institutions. We have seen how Native ideas of liberty, fraternity, and equality found their way to Europe to influence social philosophers such as Thomas More, Locke, Montaigne, Montesquieu, and Rousseau… Through 150 years of colonial contact, the Iroquois League stood before the colonies as an object lesson in how to govern a large domain democratically.
[…] John Mohawk has argued that American Indians are directly or indirectly responsible for the public-meeting tradition, free speech, democracy, and “all those things which got attached to the Bill of Rights.” Without the Native example, “do you really believe that all those ideas would have found birth among a people who had spent a millennium butchering other people because of intolerance of questions of religion?”
[…] Indian warfare absorbed 80 percent of the entire federal budget during George Washington’s administration and dogged his successors for a century as a major issue and expense… [in many cases] the settlers were Native American, the scalpers white.
[…] All the textbooks tell how Jefferson “doubled the size of the United States by buying Louisiana from France.” Not one points out that it was not France’s land to sell–it was Indian land… Indeed, France did not really sell Louisiana for $15,000,000. France merely sold its claim to the territory… Equally Eurocentric are the maps textbooks use to show the Lewis and Clark expedition. They make Native American invisible, implying that the United States bought vacant land from the French… [Textbooks imply that the Indians were naive about land ownership, but] the problem lay in whites’ not abiding by accepted concepts of land ownership.
[…] The most important cause of the War of 1812.. was land– Indian land… The United States fought five of the seven major land battles of the War of 1812 primarily against Native Americans… [a] result of the War of 1812 was the loss of part of our history. A century of learning [from Native Americans] was coming to a close… until 1815 the word Americans had generally been used to refer to Native Americans; after 1815 it meant European Americans… Carleton Beals has written that “our acquiescence in Indian dispossession has molded the American character.” … destroyed our national idealism. From 1815 on, instead of spreading democracy, we exported the ideology of white supremacy. Gradually we sought American hegemony over Mexico, the Philippines, much of the Caribbean basin, and, indirectly, over other nations… We also have to admit that Adolf Hitler displayed more knowledge of how we treated Native Americans than American high schoolers who rely on their textbooks. Hitler admired our concentration camps for Indians in the west “and often praised to his inner circle the efficiency of America’s extermination–by starvation and uneven combat” as the model for his extermination of Jews and Gypsies.
[…] Yet we “still stereotype Native Americans as roaming primitive hunting folk, unfortunate victims of progress.
Lies My Teacher Told Me:Everything Your American History Textbook Got Wrong
Brilliant news – your Sugar Daddy wants to take you shopping
for some new designer gear -but wait – how do you know which designers are
It’s a complete myth that every Sugar Baby dreams of
owning a fur stole and python skin handbag; there are plenty of Sugar Babies
that don’t support the fur trade or cosmetic testing on animals, many more are
concerned about environmental factors and the issue of child sweat shops.
With this in mind this article will provide you with a list
of cutting edge and luxury designers, who won’t put a blot on your conscious.
Stella McCartney – A lifelong vegetarian, Stella
McCartney doesn’t use any fur or leather in her designs.
Leanne Mai-ly Hilgart (Vaute Couture) – the former Ford
Model’s brand Vaute Couture (the v stands for vegan!) aims to create high-end
fashion that is vegan, created from recycled fibres and produced locally. The
brand is favoured by the likes of Emily Deschanel and Alicia Silverstone.
Vivienne Westwood – Doesn’t use real fur in any of her
Tommy Hilfiger – Stopped using real fur in 2007.
Calvin Klein – One of the early adopters of animal
friendly designs, Calvin Klein has opted for fake fur since 1994.
Shrimps – The zany London brand uses bright colours and
faux fur to create a bold statement. A coat will cost around £600
Huit - an ethical swimwear brand committed to
transporting goods by sea rather than air thus reducing
their carbon footprint. Celebrity fans include; Kate Moss, Keira Knightley and
Olsenhaus – Brainchild of Elizabeth Olsen, Olsenhouse creates
shoes that are animal product free. Shoes range from £100 - £250.
Beyond Skin – Brighton based company selling vegan
footwear. There’s a wide range of styles available. Prices start from £80 – £250.
Natalie Portman has also been spotted wearing them.
Noah – Italian vegan leather - sounds like a dream come
true! Noah offers a range of hand-made Italian shoes that are 100% vegan.
Prices start from £100 - £250.
Cult of Coquette – Vegan shoes that are made out of the
most environmentally friendly materials available. The brand states its
handmade shoes are for women who aren’t afraid to rock a heel.
Stella McCartney – A lifelong vegetarian, Stella
McCartney doesn’t use any fur or leather in her designs.
Matt & Nat – The name Matt & Nat stands for Mat(t)erial
and Nature, which is the ethos of the company. Patrons of the brand include
Charlize Theron and Natalie Portman.
Melie Bianco – An affordable, chic, animal friendly range
of handbags for every occasion; think Balenciaga, Celine and Miu Miu styles,
but without the cruelty.
Wilby – All products are animal friendly and the
brand is well known for being eco, and environmentally friendly. Prices Range
from £40 - £120.
Mirabelle - Worn by the likes of Kate Middleton, Mirabelle
makes handmade fair trade jewellery. Think pretty pendants at reasonable
Helen Moore –brightly coloured, patterned and innovative
designs. She creates faux-fur clutches, muffs, collars and scarves. One of
these fun accessories will cost £40 - £150.
Polly Wales - Polly uses vintage and rough jewels to
produce unique and imperfectly perfect rings, necklaces and earrings. Her designs use ethically sourced gems that shun the use of
child labour in diamond mines.
Please be aware that this guide is not exhaustive and is
subject to change at any time. If you’re in any doubt – it’s best to e-mail the
customer services department of the brand you are interested in and ask for their
policies and commitments to animal and human welfare.
I hope this guide was useful and you (or your Sugar
Daddy!) can enjoy shopping for some ethical high-end luxury!
We’re revisiting the fur trade for this week’s feature. This lead fur bale seal from Jones County is decorated with a Prince of Wales fluer de lis design and dates to the late 18th/early 19th century. This design reflects the British fur trading industry.
Bellarke Fic were Bellamy finds out when Clarke’s birthday is and makes her her a ring or bracelet or picks her a flower or something?? :) - cause she should still celebrate her birthday even if it’s the apocalypse :) THANKYOU
Wow, k, so I saved this ask in my drafts and now it won’t post which is super cute. Sorry, anon. Anyway, I wrote this fairly quickly? It was just fun to write lmao. ALSO ty @bcnightsquad for inspiring me with the drinking game vignette you sent <3
Fandom: The 100 Pairing: Bellarke Rating: G Words: 1,381
Bellamy shouldn’t have expected to beat Clarke at pong. He saw her obliterate everyone at every alcohol fueled game during their time at the Dropship, but for some reason he still agreed to play against her tonight. He’s not bad, and she’s had to down a few of her own cups thanks to him, but Clarke has hardly missed a shot. Before he knows it, Bellamy is chugging his last cup in defeat.
“You know,” he says, wiping his mouth with the back of his hand, “seeing as I’m a member of the guard, the legal drinking age is twenty one, and you’re only seventeen, I could arrest you right now if I wanted to.”
With a roll of her eyes, Clarke aims the browned, bent ping pong ball they used to play at Bellamy’s head. “First of all, age restrictions stopped being enforced the day one hundred kids were sent to Earth without adult supervision,” Clarke reminds him. It’s not a written rule but Bellamy supposes it’s true. Age is obsolete when all that matters is survival. “Second,” Clarke continues, “I’m eighteen.”
“Still not of age,” counters Bellamy. He tosses the ping pong ball back to her.
“Must we revisit my first point?”
Clarke’s age has never been something Bellamy focused on. She’s wiser than the oldest Arkadian and more mature than most adults. If her youthful features didn’t play a factor in Bellamy’s perception of her, he would assume she’s the most ancient person on the planet. It’s easy to forget that in reality, the only reason Clarke is on Earth at all is because she was just a kid.
And now she’s not.
Age isn’t important on the ground, birthdays even less so, but people are important. Clarke is important. Especially to Bellamy.
How could he have possibly missed her birthday?
“Since when have you been eighteen?” Bellamy asks.
Clarke shrugs, walking over to the other end of the table to stand with him. “Since Mount Weather, I think. Could have been before that. The council forgot to supply us with calendars.”
“Not that Priamfaya would spare me if I were still seventeen.”
“You’re literally turning a conversation about your birthday into a discussion about the end of the world.”
“My birthday was months ago, Bellamy.” Any humor Clarke wears slips from her face as she steps into his space. She stares him dead in the eyes when she says “the apocalypse is now.”
Trying for comfort, Bellamy slides his knuckles along the path between her elbow and shoulder. “You really know how to lighten the mood, Princess.”
Frowning, Clarke conks her head against his shoulder and rests it there. Into his sleeve she mumbles a halfhearted “shut up.”
From the repository this week is another trade silver feature! This is a hollow-framed silver “trade beaver” dating to 1790-1820 during the Fur Trade. It is from the Mines of Spain complex of archaeological sites in Dubuque County, and is currently on loan from OSA to the Swiss Valley Nature Center. Check out their great archaeological exhibits!