funerary scenes

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New discovery in Luxor

A Spanish archaeological mission working in Draa Abul Naga necropolis on Luxor’s west bank has discovered a unique funerary garden almost 4000 years old. The discovery of the garden may shed light on the environment and gardening in ancient Thebes during the Middle Kingdom, around 2000 BC.

A unique discovery out of Egypt is the first of its kind. While scenes of funerary gardens have been witnessed in mosaic’s and paintings, this is the first one discovered in situ. It comes with the root and trunk of a 4,000 year old small tree. And a bowl with dates and fruit inside. on May 3, 2017

Photo Courtesy of Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities

“House of Eternity” of Nebamon and Ipuky, TT181 (the “tomb of the two sculptors”), ca. 1390–1349 BCE. (Facsimile painting by Charles K. Wilkinson)
Scene from funerary rituals:
a priest purifying and pouring water over the upright anthropoid coffin supported from behind by another priest. In front of the coffin, a floral bouquet and Henutneferet (wife of Ipuky) mourning

Signet ring with a scene of tree worship

This exquisite example of the minor arts was found where it had been placed on the chest of a deceased woman. It is a solid cast signet ring with a tiny bezel depicting a most important and expressive scene of Minoan worship. At the centre is a strong-looking female figure, possibly a goddess or priestess, wearing an opulent dress and raising her right hand in a gesture of benediction. This may be an epiphany of the Minoan goddess, also known from other similar representations. To her left is a young vigorous man who touches or pulls out a tree from within a walled tripartite shrine. At the other end of the composition is a second man who kneels in lamentation and holds an object, possibly a funerary pithos. This dramatic scene is interpreted as a representation of the human life cycle, a basic feature of Minoan worship. A chrysalis, two butterflies, a sacred eye and a column of the Egyptian god Osiris complete the composition.

Late Bronze Age, 1600 - 1500 BC

Place of discovery: Archanes, Phourni necropolis

Dimensions: length: 0,021 m

Material: Gold

Copyright: Hellenic Ministry of Culture

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Sarcophagus of Sennedjem

This sarcophagus was found among the grave goods in the intact Tomb of Sennedjem in Deir al Medina, the settlement of the builders and craftsmen that undertook the construction works on the royal tombs in the Valley of the Kings. Found in 1886, it was identified to date back to the Nineteenth Dynasty, during the reign of King Ramesses II (1279-1212 B.C.E.). This sarcophagus belongs to one of the members of the family of Sennedjem, one of the necropolis workers who were responsible for building and decorating royal underground tombs in the Valley of the Kings.

The man’s mummy was housed within two sarcophaguses. This outer anthropoid (mummy-shaped) sarcophagus pictures the man wrapped in bandages standing in the Osiride-form with his arms crossed and his left hand holding Knot of Isis (also known as the Tjet Tyet, Tet, Tit, Tat, That) and the right the Djed Pillar, the emblem of Osiris (now partly damaged). The body is decorated with various Hieroglyphic texts painted in intersected rows, between two of which appears a funerary scene involving the deceased and other protective deities , such as Anubis, Nut, Isis and Nephthys. The deceased is depicted with black hair on one side and white hair on the other. Over the head is a wig typical to the style of the Ramesside Period embellished with a frieze of leaves and fruits. Hanging down from the neck is a broad shoulder-to-shoulder necklace known as the ‘usekh collar’ decorated with multiple strings. It is fastened to the shoulders with clasps in the shape of the lotus flowers, symbol of rebirth.