Especially large kwottenai kanye are worn by Fulani women in the towns of Mopti and Jenné. They are received by a woman either on the death of her mother or as a gift from her husband who often has to sell cattle to be able to afford them. the top of each earing is bound with red wool or silk to protect the ear, and the blades are incised with patterns, some of flowers, others of cattle. They are usually made of 14-carat gold and today the largest are valued at between £1500 and £2000 according to the weight of gold, the craftmanship being of little monetary value. They are made by the local smiths: a bar of gold is chiselled and after heating in the fire is hammered into thin blades and twisted into shape. Small gold rings and earrings are sewn to the hair and used to decorate the ears.
| ©Angela Fisher, Africa Adorned, 1984