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One of the last color photos taken of Hitler or Himmler

Hitler, wearing sunglasses and carrying a cane, speaks with Himmler on the road to the Berghof in the early part of 1944

During these walks,  Hitler’s entourage would trail behind him, from those, he would choose whom he would speak with in the lead position with him. 

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GESTAPO

abbreviation of Geheime Staatspolizei, “Secret State Police”) was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and German-occupied Europe

GESTAPO warrant disk

As a citizen of the third reich, if, for whatever reason, there arose questions about you or your conduct, there was one ID that you would have feared being shown above all others:

It is the one shown in above photos:

The silver warrant disk of the GeStaPo 

It was carried as identification by all members of the gestapo.granting that person unlimited rights of access, examination, and arrest

GESTAPO uniform which was not worn

Contrary to EXTREMELY popular belief and over 60 years of misrepresentation in the media, the Gestapo did NOT wear the black SS uniform while on duty!  

Although individual Gestapo officers could and did join the Allgemeine-SS or other Party organizations, those uniforms would not have been worn on duty.”

The uniform which they were reputed to wear was mostly RETIRED, slightly before the outbreak of war in late 1939.

Allgemeine-SS reservists who continued to wear the black uniform after the outbreak of war, were ridiculed by german citizens for remaining safe behind lines doing office work, “…cowards wearing their fine black uniforms, while soldiers of the reich had gone off to fight in the war”.  

As time went on, the black SS uniforms grew more and more unpopular, Himmler in 1942 ordered them all recalled and insignia removed.

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The black service uniform of the Allgemeine-SS which was NOT worn by the Gestapo.

 

The grey SS uniform worn by members of the Gestapo 

 

Before their 1939 amalgamation into the RSHA, the Gestapo and Kripo were plainclothes police agencies and had no uniforms.

sub-office IV of the RHSA was the Gestapo

Beginning in 1940, the grey SS uniform was worn by Gestapo in occupied countries, even those who were not actually SS members, because agents in civilian clothes had been shot by members of the Wehrmacht thinking that they were partisans.

Unlike the rest of the SS, the right-side collar patch of the RSHA was plain black without insignia, as was the uniform cuffband.

Gestapo agents in uniform did not wear SS shoulderboards, but rather police-pattern shoulderboards piped or underlaid in “poison green” (giftgrün). 

 

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the grey SS uniform as worn by Gestapo agents in occupied countries.

Gestapo agents in uniform did not wear SS shoulderboards, but rather police-pattern shoulderboards piped or underlaid in “poison green” (giftgrün). 

 

 

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Sicherheitdienst sleeve diamond worn also by Gestapo

A diamond-shaped black patch with “SD” in white was worn on the lower left sleeve even by SiPo men who were not actually in the SD.

Sometimes this Raute was piped in white; there is some debate over whether this may or may not have indicated Gestapo personnel.

PANZERKAMPFWAGEN VIII MAUS

(1943-1945) 

PART TWO

 

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A report on the German Maus super-heavy tank, from the Intelligence Bulletin, March 1946.

 

The German Mouse Super-Heavy Tank Became Hitler’s White Elephant

 

One of the subjects of liveliest controversy during the Allied invasion of France was the heavy tank—the 50-ton Pershing, the 62-ton Tiger, the 75-ton Royal Tiger. Were these worth their weight? Did they gain—in protection and fire power—as much as they sacrificed in mobility? Adolf Hitler’s mind was presumably made up on this point. A pet project of his, which few were aware of, appears to have been a superheavy tank that would have dwarfed even the Royal Tiger. Dubbed the Mouse, this behemoth of doubtful military value was to weigh 207 tons, combat loaded. Two were actually built, although they were never equipped with their armament.

 

 German engineers, concerned over the effect of turns upon track performance, 

made this electric-powered, remote controlled, large-scale wooden replica.

 

 A head-on view of the Mouse model affords an idea of the formidable appearance of the original Mice. Note the exceptional width of the tracks.

 

The Mouse is an amazing vehicle, with spectacular characteristics. The glacis plate up front is approximately 8 inches (200 mm) thick. Since it is sloped at 35 degrees to the vertical, the armor basis is therefore 14 inches. Side armor is 7 inches (180 mm) thick, with the rear protected by plates 6 ¼ inches (160 mm) thick. The front of the turret is protected by 9 ½ inches (240 mm) of cast armor, while the 8-inch (200 mm) thick turret sides and rear were sloped so as to give the effect of 9 inches (230 mm) of armor.

 

ARMAMENT

 

For the main armament, a pea-shooter like an 88-mm gun was ignored. Selected instead was the powerful 128-mm tank and antitank gun, which was later to be replaced by a 150-mm piece 38 calibers in length. (The standard German medium field howitzer 15 cm s.F.H. 18 is only 29.5 calibers in length.) Instead of mounting a 7.9-mm machine gun coaxially, the Mouse was to have a 75-mm antitank gun 76 calibers in length next to the 128- or 150-mm gun. A machine cannon for antiaircraft was to be mounted in the turret roof, along with a smoke grenade projector.

 

In size, the Mouse was considerably larger than any German tank. Its length of 33 feet made it nearly 50 percent longer than the Royal Tiger. Because of rail transport considerations. its width was kept to 12 feet (that of the Royal Tiger and Tiger). A 12-foot height made it a considerable target.

 

In order to reduce the ground pressure so that the tank could have some mobility, the tracks had to be made very wide—all of 43.3 inches. With the tracks taking up over 7 of its 12 feet of width, the Mouse presents a very strange appearance indeed from either a front or rear view. With such a track width, and a ground contact of 19 feet 3 inches, the Mouse keeps its ground pressure down to about 20 pounds per square inch—about twice that of the original Tiger.

 

POWER PLANTS

 

Designing an engine sufficiently powerful to provide motive power for the mammoth fighting vehicle was a serious problem. Though the Germans tried two engines, both around 1,200 horsepower (as compared to the Royal Tiger’s 590), neither could be expected to provide a speed of more than 10 to 12 miles an hour. The Mouse can, however, cross a 14-foot trench and climb a 2-foot 4-inch step.

 

Whatever the military possibilities of the Mouse might be, it certainly gave designers space in which to run hog wild on various features which they had always been anxious to install in tanks. One of these gadgets was an auxiliary power plant. This plant permitted pressurizing of the crew compartment, which in turn meant better submersion qualities when fording, and good anti-gas protection. Auxiliary power also permitted heating and battery recharging.

 

One of the fancy installations was equipment designed for fording in water 45 feet deep—a characteristic made necessary by weight limits of bridges. Besides sealing of hatches and vents, aided by pressurizing, submersion was to be made possible by the installation of a giant cylindrical chimney or trunk, so large that it could serve as a crew escape passage if need be. The tanks were intended to ford in pairs, one powering the electric transmission of the other by cable.

 

The electric transmission was in itself an engineering experiment of some magnitude. This type of transmission had first been used on the big Elefant assault gun-tank destroyer in 1943, and was considered by some eminent German designers as the best type of transmission—if perfected—for heavy tanks.

 

Another interesting feature of the Mouse from the engineering point of view was the return from torsion bar suspension—such as was used in the Pz. Kpfw. III, the Panther, the Tiger, and the Royal Tiger—to a spring suspension. An improved torsion bar design had been considered for the Mouse, but was abandoned in favor of a volute spring type suspension.

 

 

WEHRMACHT FORMATION and MARCHING COMMANDS

Antreten! ——————————Fall In! (Not at attention) 

Angetreten! —————————Fall In! (At attention) 

Achtung!/Stillgestanden!/Still! —–Attention! 

Rührt Euch! ————————-   At Ease! 

Marsch! ———————————March! 

Vorwärts! ——————————-Forward! 

Vorwärts, Marsch! ——————-Forward, March! 

Im Gleichschritt, Marsch! ———-Forward, March! 

Ohne tritt Marsch! —————–Route Step March! 

Rechts Um! Right Face! ——-(When standing still), Right Flank March !(When Marching) 

Links Um! ———Left Face! (When standing still), Left Flank March! (When Marching) 

Rechts schwenkt, Marsch! ——–Column right, march!  

Links schwenkt, Marsch! ———  Column left, march! 

Halt! ————————————Halt! 

Wegtreten! —————————Fall Out! (Dismissed!) 

Heraustreten! ———————Fall out! (To men in barracks) 

Zu Mir! —————————–To me! (Front and Center) 

Das Gewehr Über! —————Shoulder Arms! 

Das Gewehr Ab! ——————Order Arms! 

Präsentiert Das Gewehr! ————Present Arms! 

Augen Rechts! ————————-Eyes Right! 

Augen Links! ————————-   Eyes Left! 

Augen, gerade aus! ——————-Ready, front! (Eyes straight ahead) 

Das Gewehr Umhängen! ———–  Sling Arms! 

Gewehr abnehmen! ——————Unsling arms! (go to order arms) 

Ganze Kehrt!/Ganze Abteilung, Kehrt! ———–About Face! 

Kommando Zurück! ——————-As You Were! (to revoke a command) 

Weitermachen! ————————Carry On! 

Abzählen! ——————————-Count off! 

Im Laufschritt, Marsch!  Marsch! ——Double-time, March! 

Im Gleichschritt! ————–Quick time, March! (from double-time) 

Richt Euch! ——————-Dress Right, Dress! 

Nach Links, Richt Euch! ———Dress Left, Dress! 

Seitengewehr, pflanzt auf! ———-Fix bayonets! 

Seitengewehr, an Ort! —————Unfix, bayonets! 

Setzt die, Gewehre!  Zusammen! —————-Stack arms! 

Gewehr in die, Hand! —————————Take arms! (Unstack arms)