1. Clean, fresh air
2. Pure water
3. Foods for which we are biologically designed
4. Sufficient sleep
5. Rest and relaxation
6. Vigorous activity
7. Emotional poise and stability
8. Sunshine and natural light
9. Comfortable temperature
10. Peace, harmony, serenity, and tranquility
11. Human touch
12. Thought, cognition, and meditation
13. Friendships and companionship
14. Gregariousness (social relationships, community)
15. Love and appreciation
16. Play and recreation
17. Pleasant environment
18. Amusement and entertainment
19. Sense of humor, mirth and merriment
20. Security of life and its means
21. Inspiration, motivation, purpose, and commitment
22. Creative, useful work (pursuit of interest)
23. Self-control and self-mastery
24. Individual sovereignty
25. Expression of reproductive instincts
26. Satisfaction of the aesthetic senses
27. Self-confidence
28. Positive self image
29. Internal and external cleanliness
30. Smiles
31. Music and all other arts
32. Biophilia (love of nature)
—  The 80/10/10 Diet, Dr. Douglas N. Graham

anonymous asked:

Dear Koryos: Can you imagine a universe wherein bats have become the ancestors of some kind of Highly Intelligent Life Form (not necessarily humanlike intelligence, but something as different from today-bats as humans are different from Ancient Primate Ancestor)? I originally just was thinking about what kind of Cultural Norms such beings would have, but then I realized I couldn't really imagine anything except bat-shaped things that more or less thought like humans.

I’ve sat on this question a while because it’s such an interesting one to me. The biggest issue here is that you’d have to specify which bats you’re making your theoretical ancient ancestor, because there’s such a vast diversity of behavior within the group. A vampire bat would be different from a sac-winged bat would be different from a hoary bat would be different from a flying fox ancestor, is what I’m saying. Any social or behavioral organization paradigm that you can think of, there’s a bat that has it.

So to think about what a sapient bat would look like, we first need to assess the intelligence and behavior of possible ancestral bats. And here I’m gonna stick a readmore, because this gets looooong.

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myotisx2  asked:

Do you know of any reptiles that don't eat worms? I have severe scoleciphobia (when I say severe I mean *severe*, I've had panic attacks so bad I started hallucinating before) but it seems like every time I research reptiles, that's like the best thing to feed them.... with the exception of the ones that eat rodents, which I used to breed + raise and subsequently am way too attached to >:'D

How do you feel about this face?

Do you like this face?

Because this face doesn’t need worms. Crested geckos are amazing pet reptiles for people who don’t like worms, bugs, insects, or other creepy crawlies. They are frugivores and will happily live their entire lives on a diet of this powder you mix up with water. They will eat bugs and it’s never a bad idea to supplement with bugs- but if you can’t deal, Pangea makes a powdered diet with insect protein that is really good. There’s other species of gecko that do really well without insects, but cresties are far and away the most handleable of them.  

Suggested Guidelines for Reptile Enrichment

AAZK, Enrichment Committee 2002

Note: This document is now 15 years old; I received it from the Herpdigest newsletter, and thought that it would be of interest/relevant to the herpetoculturalists on tumblr, who make up a large fraction of my followers. I present it here unaltered. Note that this is a recommendation for facilities that display reptiles, but I think it an important talking point for the herpetocultural community for ways to better improve the livelihoods of the animals they keep, particularly as tub keeping has become so widespread, especially in the US. Also this post does not necessarily reflect my own feelings on the subject; it is presented here without further comment on my part.

Reptiles in zoological institutions are often housed in areas displaying a variety of herpetological species in simulations of their diverse, natural habitats. Enrichment for reptiles may facilitate good exhibitry and husbandry, help to provide the appropriate environment for species-typical behaviors to occur and provide a level of stimulation and activity conducive to good health. The natural history of each species is important to keep in mind when developing a safe and effective enrichment program. Reptile care is highly specialized; resource materials and knowledgeable individuals should be consulted when possible and veterinary and supervisory approval sought prior to initiating enrichment that may lead to changes in animal care.

Keep reading

Best veggie soup you’ll ever taste!


3 cups nonfat vegetable broth

2 garlic cloves, minced

1 tablespoon tomato paste

2 cups chopped cabbage

½ yellow onion

½ cup chopped carrot

½ cup green beans

½ cup chopped zucchini

½ teaspoon basil

½ teaspoon oregano




Add broth, Tomato paste, cabbage, green beans, basil, oregano and Pepper to taste.

Simmer for a about 5-10 minutes until all vegetables are tender then add the zucchini and simmer for another 5 or so minutes.




The Bohemian Waxwing (Bombycilla garrulus) is a frugivore, so it eats fruits. It can be hard to find fruit growing in the winter, so Bohemian Waxwings eat mistletoe fruits! Mistletoe is poisonous to many animals, but when options are low, animals find a way.

To tell the Bohemian Waxwing apart from its other waxwing relatives, just look for the white stripes near the edges of the wings. A little extra flash is hiding on this species!

Photo credit: Ash Bourdrie

anonymous asked:

Hey Bluebell! I'm getting a baby gargoyle gecko in a few weeks and even tho I've done tons of research, I'm still not sure about a few things! How often/how much should you feed them? Is it better to feed crested gecko diet with bugs or something like bug Pangea? Also do you have a few thing you wish you would have known when you got yours? Thank you so so much!!

Ahhh! :D Preemptive congrats on the new baby!

So I feed baby gargs about ¼ teaspoon of pangea mixed with ½ teaspoon of water every other day.  This is probably too much, tbh, because it’s hard to see if they’ve actually eaten anything.  But I find gargs prefer it when there’s more food available.

I usually rotate between pangea flavors, but I offer either bug pangea or live bugs once a week.  It… took my gargs a while to get used to live bugs.  I think Pi was around 9 months old before he took his first live roach.  Their diet is mostly frugivorous (fruit-based) in the wild, so pangea should be their main meal.  (Or repashy, or Big Fat Gecko, or Black Panther Zoological; these are all crested gecko diets with good reputations).

Things I wish I knew:

baby geckos are faster than u think. 

It’s very common for them to not eat.  Look for poops to reassure yourself that they are eating

They grow much slower than you think

They eat better from  elevated cups