french-politics

AP Exam Tips

STUDYING:

  • Take a ton of practice tests to see what you remember and see what you got wrong
  • Study what you got wrong (look at your notes, crash course videos, online study guides, etc.) (I’m too tired right now to link study materials for you all, sorry, but you can find them, they’re not that hard)
  • Take more practice tests to see if you finally absorbed that information
  • ****take different practice tests just so you don’t get the right answer because the question looked familiar, that helps no one and it just tests how well you remember that specific question, NOT the information
  • If you still got things wrong, study them
  • Take more practice tests
  • Once you’re thinking “oh yeah, I have a good grasp of this,” then go back at some of the questions that you did get right and see if you got them right by chance (like you just randomly picked the right answer and hoped that it was the right one, because chances are, you might not get lucky again on the actual exam)
  • Ways to test to see if you have a good grasp on information:
  • ****try and explain the information to someone (a friend who’s willing (for some reason), a pet, a stuffed animal, etc.) 
    ****weird method I use is a connection map: write down 2 terms, events, etc., then from one of those terms, write down things you can connect to it, explain the connections, and eventually tie it to the second term you put down. This works for exams like history and psych especially. An example (from AP Psych because that’s what I have to study) in which I connect groupthink to PTSD:
  • Groupthink is when we have a tendency to seek concurrence among group members, or form similar attitudes and beliefs based on the whole group. This often leads to people wanting to conform more to the group’s expectations (or what they think those expectations are) so that they are a part of the “in-group.” People often recognize social distance when they are part of an in-group and can distinguish themselves from an out-group, which leads to a whole lotta prejudice, or negative attitude(s) toward and individual based solely on one’s membership in a particular group. Prejudice often leads to violence against another group. Such violence is a major stressor on individuals who are being attacked. If the even is traumatic enough, a person may never really get over the event. A person could develop PTSD, a delayed stress reaction in which an individual involuntarily re-experiences emotional, cognitive, and behavioral aspects of past trauma in the form of flashbacks (common traumas that lead to this include: death, injury, natural disaster, rape, etc.).
  • Practice FRQs because those are more recall than recognition and will help your memory get used to recalling things (just bullet ideas, though, don’t waste your time with paragraphs because:
  •  a) some scorers really don’t care if your paragraphs are the epitome of good writing (e.g. AP Psych), 
  • b) some of them don’t even involve writing (e.g. AP Calculus), 
  • c) content is more important than fluff, and you can worry about your writing style later ) 
  • Study things you still don’t get
  • Take more practice tests
  • Repeat until you make practice tests your master (and eventually FRQs)
  • If you have to speak during your exam, practice speaking. Just get used to it and fine-tune your pronunciation (mainly advice for foreign languages)

MOST IMPORTANTLY:

  • If you are overextending yourself, stop studying and take a break, you don’t deserve to be so stressed.
  • Remember to eat, drink, etc.
  • Go to bed at a good time 
  • ****use this here thing to calculate when to go to bed based on when you’re supposed to wake up

ON THE MORNING OF/DURING THE EXAM:

  • On the morning of the test do whatever you can to make you feel better, even if it means:
  • ****wearing a lucky shirt or any other superstition that might help you
  • ****reminding yourself that this is just a test and that college board is evil
  • ****just saying good things about yourself like “damn I am the best-looking test-taker in this entire room!” or about the situation “hey I get to get out of class to do this!”
  • Because if you feel like you’re gonna do well, you’ll do better than if you think that you’re going to fail. 
  • Read every question because ap tests like to mess with you and give you confusingly worded questions. Do not be fooled, you are better than that.

AND AFTER THE TEST (if you can):

  • Celebrate with a milkshake or whatever (I did that for my AP Euro exam two years ago and it was probably the best decision ever, but you do whatever makes you happy)
  • Take a nap, naps are great (especially if you’re the type of person that gets REALLY tense during the actual exam and gets really tired afterwards no matter how challenging the test was)
  • Just do at least one nice thing for yourself if you can, even if it’s something small like looking at a cat video on youtube

BUT IF YOU HAVE TO TAKE OTHER EXAMS AND STUDY FOR THEM:

  • Study, try not to overextend yourself as usual, and head to bed earlier
  • ****or calculate when you should go to bed again 
  • Use the same or similar methods depending on the importance and/or ease of the exam (like if one subject is really kicking your ass, study for that one over the one you’re pretty okay with)

Good luck!

Donald Trump Vocabulary List

The French love to talk politics so here’s a collection of words and phrases to use when the topic of Donald Trump comes up! Enjoy :)

Idiot- Idiot

Imbécile- Moron

Raciste- Racist

Non-qualifié- Unqualified

Carotte Trempée- Soggy carrot

Sectaire- Bigot

Tête de Merde- Shit head

Petites Mains- Tiny hands

Petite Bite- Tiny dick

“J’étais là le onze Septembre”- I was at 9/11

“Les latinos, ils m’aiment!” The latinos, they love me!

Mur bête- Dumb wall

“Quand je parle, il y a de la merde qui tombe de ma bouche”- When I talk, shit falls out of my mouth

Antisémite- antisemite

Sexiste- Sexist

l’Homme le moins séduisant du monde- The least attractive man in the world

Je démenage au Canada- I’m moving to Canada

Je ne suis pas Américain(e), s’il vous plaît ne me parlez pas de Trump- I’m not American, please don’t talk to me about Trump

Je fais pleurer les bébés- I make babies cry

Fait les États-Unis un pays gay à nouveau- Make America Gay Again



Feel free to add your own! I’m sure there’s plenty I’m missing!

salon.com
Is France going fascist? Extreme-right National Front is now the most popular party
By Ben Norton

In the first round of the regional elections on December 6, the extreme-right National Front (FN) came out on top, with 28 percent of the vote. Following closely in second place, with 27 percent, were The Republicans (LR) — the center-right party, formerly known as the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP), led by ex-President Nicolas Sarkozy. The ruling Socialist Party (PS) came in third, with 23 percent.

FN leader Marine Le Pen said the results proved the far-right party was “without contest the first party of France.”

The National Front runs on a harshly anti-immigrant and anti-Muslim platform. Le Pen, who vociferously opposes France providing asylum to Middle Eastern refugees, wants to reduce immigration by 2,000 percent and make it much more difficult for migrants already in the country to attain citizenship. The FN says it has zero tolerance for undocumented immigrants, and hopes to ban dual nationality for non-Europeans. The far-right party also wants priority to be given to French citizens over foreigners for jobs and social programs.

France’s popular anti-immigrant party was founded by fascist Holocaust denier whose daughter may be next president

To understand the treatment of the French Muslims in today’s French society, we need to look at the colonial legacy, which I believe continues to shape, influence the way France deals with Islam and Muslims. … France has the largest Muslim population in western Europe — and the history of the Muslim presence in France is deeply connected with the history of French colonialism. Most of the Muslims come from the countries which have been colonized by France, namely North African and West African countries.
—  Muhammad El Khaoua, a graduate student in international relations at the Paris Institute for Political Science. He grew up in the outskirts of Paris where he was involved with Salaam, a student association dedicated to promoting interfaith dialogue and a better understanding of Islam. Watch the discussion on Democracy Now! today.

La raison pour laquelle les attentats de Paris ont eu lieu en novembre et non pas en juin, c'est parce qu'ISIS savait très bien que tout cela se traduirait par une poussée de l'extrême droite aux bureaux de vote en ce mois de décembre ; en retour, l'islamophobie qu'apporte avec lui le Front National va conduire des gens au bord du précipice intégriste à franchir le cap, et les rangs de Daesh vont encore s'agrandir. C’était ça, le plan de Daesh, et je peux vous assurer qu’en ce moment ils se réjouissent autant que Marine du succès de son parti.

La France vient littéralement de manger à la petite cuillère du terrorisme. Les votants FN ont tenté de faire en sorte que des attentats comme ceux de Paris ne se reproduisent plus, mais voilà qu'ils ont ouvert la porte aux attentats jusque dans les villes les plus perdues de France.

Congrats, idiots.

huffingtonpost.fr
Le Sénat ignore un problème touchant plus de la moitié de la population française
POLITIQUE - Le Sénat vient d'ignorer un problème touchant plus de la moitié de la population française. En effet, les élus du Palais du Luxembourg ont décid&e

The French Senate just removed the law article which was meant to protect people (and especially women) from harassment in public transports.

This is absolutely disgusting and shows how little consideration they have for us - we’re literally regarded as second-class citizens. We’re not worth investing money into infrastructures to protect us. FANTASTIC!

I’m so ashamed of the people at the head of our government.

Please, signal boost!

Hey AP kids!

So apparently there’s this phrase going around to kind of mess with the AP graders. In your essays, write “TURN DOWN FOR WHAT” and then cross it out but make it still visible. That way, the grader can still see it but won’t grade it. I dunno; it sounds pretty funny.

Strikes on ISIS are a trap. The winner of this war will not be the parties that have the newest, most expensive, most sophisticated weaponry, but the party that manages to have the people on its side. At the moment, with the bombings, we are more likely pushing the people into the hands of ISIS. What we have to do, and this is really key, we have to engage the local people…Why are we making so many mistakes? Why are people so much misunderstanding the region? We are just fuelling our enemies, and fuelling the misery and disaster for the local people. And that is why they probably tried to manipulate the public during the Paris attack, to make us close our borders and maybe, even more importantly, to close our minds.
—  Nicolas Hénin
Former Daesh hostage 
State Department: No immunity for Dominique Strauss-Kahn
  • what The U.S. State Department declined to give diplomatic immunity to now-former IMF head Dominique Strauss-Kahn, who faces sexual assault charges in New York.
  • why According to the State Department, he wasn’t on official business with the IMF when he was arrested. If he were in another country, he would probably have immunity. source
10

#100days100women Recap: Days 21-30

Stagecoach Mary
Benizir Bhutto
Hypatia
Sybil Ludington
Tammy Duckworth
Wilma Mankiller
Ida B. Wells
Olympe de Gouges
Dolores Huerta
Alice Guy-Blaché

6

Time for FRIDAY FASHION FACT! Today’s topic is a bit more conceptual than the Facts I’ve done in the past, but I think it is very important to recognize the over-arching factors that influence fashion in order to fully understand how fashion has developed. This is a bit difficult to explain in such a small space, so bear with me, and remember that this is all much more complex than I lay it out to be.

Throughout history, the biggest influence on fashion has clearly been technology. The next biggest influence, though, has been war. War causes huge divisions between people. It drains resources. It pits agenda versus agenda, ideology versus ideology. It has the ability to effect every aspect of life. It can change the world, so it should come as no surprise that it changes fashion.

In several of my past posts, I have mentioned specific wars being an influence on fashion- most commonly the French Revolution, World War I, and World War II. While most wars have an impact on fashion, these three have had a significantly bigger impact that the rest. The reason for the World War’s having such a large impact is obvious- it’s right there in the name. These wars spanned the globe, and wider geography means wider impact.

The French Revolution, however, theoretically seems as though it would effect only France. Yet the effect of war is rarely contained only to the country in which the war takes place. In terms of fashion, during the era of the French Revolution, France was the epicenter of fashion. There are still many people who would debate that France is still the fashion capitol of the world, but in the 18th and 19th centuries, there was no debate. France reigned supreme on the style front. If the French wore a style, the rest of the western world quickly followed suit.

So why do wars have such a strong impact on fashion? Well, every war is different, so it varies from war to war. Overall, though, is due to two factors. One is because war tends to be a huge strain on resources, with vast amounts of funds and materials donated to the military effort. Secondly, war pits (at least) two groups against each other, groups with different values and goals. A person’s value system, lifestyle, etc. is often reflected in their clothing. The values of the prevailing side often seeps into the fashion of the people. Between these two factors, war often means a dramatic lifestyle change not only for the soldiers off fighting, but for those they leave at home. A change in lifestyle results in a change of dress. This is why changes in fashion that may take decades or more during peaceful times can occur over the course of just a few years during wartime.

An important thing to keep in mind, though, is that fashion does not change overnight, just like the wars that influence it do not happen overnight. As the world starts to shift, conflict rises, and war is imminent, fashion reflects the changing world. People often think that women went straight from wearing elaborate rococo gowns, complete with wide panniers, to simple cylindrical muslin dresses. Or they seem to ignore the era between structured Edwardian dresses and the untailored flapper look (though to be fair, Downton Abby has had a huge impact in changing that.) The reality is that aspects of the new styles are evident in fashion in the years leading up to the wars.

Of course, there are countless factors which have contributed to the development of fashion throughout the centuries (and don’t worry, I will cover as many as possible in upcoming Facts! Plus I’ll be sure to go into more detail about the wars I talked about in this post.) Just remember, the next time you’re looking at historical fashion and see a dramatic shift, take a look at what was happening in the world at that time!

Want to learn more about war and fashion? Check out these books:

Costume and Fashion: A Concise History, by Laver, de la Haye, and Tucker

History of World Costume and Fashion, by Daniel Delis Hill

Have a question about fashion history that you want answered in the next FRIDAY FASHION FACT? Just click the ASK button at the top of the page!

 Jean paul Sartre (21st june 1905 - 15th April 1980)

I’ve already covered Kierkegaard, nietzsche and dostoyevsky it would be a disgrace not to cover Sartre. A French commie with a wandering eye. Who became a household name in the US and his native France and embedding himself in history. 

Born in Paris, in 1905 his father died when he was very young and he grew up attached to his mother. They moved back to his mothers home in Meudon where he was raised by his grandfather. His mother remarried much to his regret and they relocated to La rochelle where he was bullied for his strabismus and his thick heavy glasses. He was very short and when he reached adulthood he only stood at 5′3 inches. He frequently described himself as “ugly”. 

Sartre met his lifelong friend and ocasionally sexual partner. Simone de Beauvoir while studying at the École Normale Supérieure. After he graduated he was drafted into the French army to fight in world war 2. His forced conscription would contribute to sartres feeling of freedom and purpose. 

When he returned to paris in May 1941 he and ecole founded an underground socialist group called Socialisme et liberté (Socialism and liberty) which was anything but dangerous in Nazi occupied France. During this time he wrote the book that made his name. Being and nothingness. 

He became famous not becuase people could logically decipher what he was saying. But because they couldn’t quite. His book was based on the idea of existentialism and revolved around 4 main principles. 

1. Things are weirder than we think. Pay close attention to the world around you and things appear more strange. Realising that a chair is just a piece of wood and wondering what use does it have, suddenly the word chair becomes loose from your tounge, as only a string of letters. Sartre described this as peering into the “Absurdity of the world”.

2. We are free. Sartre described the anguish of life. Life is scary because nothing has any premade purpose. A chair is made to be sat on. But humans have no such design. Realising that every eventuallity in your head is possible. Terrifies us. 

3. We shouldn’t live in bad faith. Sartre believed nothing is out of our limits. We shouldn’t live in just accepting the fact that “Things have to be this way”. In being and nothingness satre describes a waiter. Every step is quick. Every movement is too precise. Every word is too devoid of emotion. As if he was firstly a waiter and secondly a human being.

4. We are free to dismantle capitalism. Sartre believed the one thing stopping from us being free is money. Most of us want to experience the world and its wonders. But we don’t make enough money. Capitalism enraged satre he thought it was a machine that created nessecity that didn’t really exist. It was because of these views Sartre became heavily involved in marxism because it removed the value of material gains. 

Becuase of his some would say “Radical” philosophy the CIA kept a large file on Sartre and he was arrested in 1968. But was pardoned by the president of France charles de Gaulle who said “You don’t arrest voltaire”. He was offered the nobel prize for literature but refused it stating “a writer should not allow himself to be turned into an institution”

Sartre still inspires to this today urging us to tap into our unfufilled potential as free human beings. 

“Better to die on ones feet than to live on ones knees”