french mannerism

Hugo Simberg, The Garden of Death, 1896.

how to sound more like a french native speaker 🌿

The following points are 5 classic French conversational techniques and mannerisms to help you sound just a bit more truly français:

1. The tactical use of bah

Fairly difficult to translate, the French bah is used rather regularly and can make your speech pattern sound very authentic.

In answer to an obvious question perhaps:

“Tu aimes bien la pizza?” (Do you like pizza?)

“Bah oui, bien sur!” (Well, yes, of course!)

Or something like the following:

“Tu adores le brocoli?” (Do you love broccoli?)

“Bah non! Je déteste!” (No, I hate it!)

Or as a deep, elongated syllable to fill gaps while you think:

“Qu’est-ce que tu fais le weekend?” (What are you doing on the weekend?)

“Baaaaaahh, en fait je ne sais pas encore.” (Well…actually I don’t know yet)

2. Add quoi to the ends of sentences

This one is also not easy to translate, but it would be the French equivalent of “whatever” or “innit.” So, you might imagine that it shouldn’t be used when talking formally, but it’s used often in casual conversation and can perfectly round off a sentence.

“C’est quoi, ça?” (What is that?)

“Euuh, je ne sais pas exactement mais je pense que c’est une sorte de nourriture, quoi.” (Um, I’m not really sure but I think it’s a type of food or whatever.)

3. Using eh, ah and hein like there’s no tomorrow

Whether it’s to fill space while you think or to provoke a response, these elongated vowels are very useful when speaking French. They can be heard very often in conversation.

For example, in English we add “don’t you?”/ “aren’t you?”/ “isn’t it?” to the end of statements to toss the conversational ball back into the other person’s court. The French will simply say “hein?”

“Il fait beau aujourd’hui hein?” (It’s nice weather today isn’t it?)

Try it with raised eyebrows for added French effect.

4. Sufficient use of voilà here, there and everywhere

The slangy English phrases “so, yeah” or “so, there you go” would probably be best translated into French as “voilà.”

When you can’t think of anything else to say at the end of a sentence, you can’t go wrong with a voilà. Sometimes even two. Voilà voilà.

5. Not forgetting the classic French shrug

In response to a question to which you don’t know the answer, respond the French way with an exaggerated shrug, raised eyebrows and add a “baaah, je sais pas, moi!” for good measure.

headcanon: jack is one of those people whose personality changes based on the language they’re speaking
  • the first time bitty notices it is during his freshman year. he walks in on jack during a phone call and jack is speaking downright animatedly in french to whoever is on the other end of the line, his eyes rolling and his voice all bouncy with inflection. 
  • bitty’s a bit taken aback. like, jack hasn’t turned into a completely different person or anything (he’s still talking pretty softly, not using a lot of words to express what he means), but bitty’s just never seen jack talk with so much expression before
  • the other thing is, he talks with his hands when he’s like that. while on the phone. bitty has actually witnessed him gesture so hard while trying to hold his cell up to his ear that it flew out of his hand and across the room. bitty had to bite his tongue not to laugh.
  • bitty doesn’t really speak french so he has no idea who jack is even talking to, let alone what he’s saying. maybe it’s a girlfriend he keeps calling? that would explain the change, kinda. (he later finds out it’s usually his parents jack’s talking to)
  • then one day bitty hears jack speak french to ransom. ransom isn’t like a native speaker or anything (he grew up in toronto dude, not gaspésie or something), but he took french until the tenth grade, when he stopped cause he couldn’t fit it in his schedule anymore, and he likes to watch french tv to keep up his fluency. so they’re actually in the middle of watching a random episode sex and the city dubbed in french because there is A GRAND TOTAL OF ONE (1) CHANNEL THAT AIRS FRENCH TELEVISION IN SAMWELL MASSACHUSETTS AND EVEN IF IT SO HAPPENS TO BE BROADCASTING SEX AND THE CITY THEY ARE DAMN WELL GOING TO WATCH IT, THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR THE INSIGHTFUL OPINIONS FROM THE PEANUT GALLERY, MR. WILLIAM J. “DEX” POINDEXTER.
  • (rest is under the cut, jesus christ this got long)

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Culinary History (Part 15): European Table Knives

The practice of carrying your own knife around to use as both weapon and eating utensil began to disappear in the 1600’s.  First, knives started to be laid out on the table, along with forks (which were new).  Cases of identical knives were being sold, instead of personal, individual ones.

Second, knives stopped being sharp, thus taking power away from them physically, not just personally.  The purpose of a knife is to cut, and for a civilization to deliberately make knives blunter is because of extreme politeness (or passive-aggressiveness).

As the story goes, in 1637 Cardinal Richelieu (Louis XIII’s chief advisor) saw a dinner guest using the tip of a double-edged knife to pick his teeth.  The cardinal was horrified, and ordered all his own knives to be blunted.  It’s not known whether he was horrified at the guest’s manners, or the danger.  In 1669, Louis XIV forbade French cutlers to make pointed dinner-knives.  They used to be sharpened on both sides (like a dagger), but now this changed.

At this time, culture was undergoing some dramatic changes.  The Catholic Church was no longer as unified as it had been, and the chivalric codes of behaviour were long gone.  Things that were once normal now disgusted people – drinking soup straight from the bowl; using the fingers to take meat from a common dish; using a single, sharp knife to cut everything.  Table manners and table utensils were changing, and the Europeans, like the Chinese, began to distrust sharp knives at table.  But unlike the Chinese, they kept them at the table, blunted and less threatening.

In France, knives were often kept off the table in general (except for certain tasks such as peeling/cutting fruit, which personal knives were still used for as always).

But in England, knives stayed on the table and became blunter.  Table knives from the 1500’s and 1600’s look like miniature kitchen knives, with various blade shapes, from dagger-like to pen-knife, even scimitar-like.  The blade could be double-edged or single-edged.

Knives from the 1700’s are completely different.  The blade often curves gently to the right, ending in a rounded tip.

The way to hold a knife also changed.  Sharp knives were held with the whole hand, in a stabbing pose.  Blunt knives were held like we do now – with the index finger along the spine, and the palm wrapped around the handle.

The blunting of table knives, and the consequent new way to hold them, is why many people have bad knife skills in the kitchen. Holding a kitchen knife like that is actually dangerous – you should strongly grip the bottom of the blade between thumb and forefinger.

So the English in the 1700’s sat at table with their pretty, useless little table knives, trying to avoid any gesture that could suggest violence.  By the late 1700’s, the Sheffield table knives were really just about display – in high London society, people laid them out on the table to show off the host’s taste and wealth.  They were beautiful objects, but that was about it.

Carrying a knife with you was very bad manners, now.  In 1769, an Italian man called Joseph Baretti was charged for stabbing a man in self-defence in London, with a small folding fruit-knife.  Baretti defended himself by saying that on the Continent, it was normal to carry a sharp knife around for cutting fruit and sweetmeats.  A century ago, he wouldn’t have had to explain this.

The Sheffield cutlers used carbon steel for table knives, which was a better metal for forging than previous metals used.  But for taste, it was dreadful.  Non-stainless steel reacts badly with acid, turning black, and giving a gross metallic taste/aftertaste to the food. This is why even today, the French consider it bad manners to cut salad leaves – vinaigrette in particular reacted badly.

And fish.  For centuries, people had eaten fish with lemon – but until stainless steel was invented in the 1920’s, lemony fish would be ruined if you ate it with a knife.  In the 1800’s, silver fish knives were invented – silver is non-corrosive and doesn’t react with lemon juice.  Of course only the rich could afford them.  They had a scalloped shape, originally to distinguish them in the cutlery drawer, and because fish was soft and didn’t need strong/sharp cutting.  If you didn’t have silver fish knives, then you’d use two forks, or a fork & piece of bread – or put up with the gross taste.

Stainless steel is also called inox steel, or non-rusting steel.  It is a metal alloy with a high chromium content.  What happens is that the chromium forms an invisible layer of chromium oxide when exposed to the air.  This stops the knives from rusting, and keeps them lustrous.

In 1908, Friedrich Krupp built a 366-tonne yacht called Germania with a chrome steel hull.  Before WW1, Harry Brearley (of Thomas Firth and Sons, in Sheffield) was trying to find a metal for gun barrels that wouldn’t corrode.  This led to stainless steel cutlery.

At first, stainless steel was hard to work in all except the simplest of cutlery patterns.  But WW2’s industrial innovations meant that stainless steel knives could now be made cheaply and efficiently, in the shapes people wanted.

anonymous asked:

I saw the White queen for the first time two days ago and it strikes me that Janet McTeer would be a perfect Jocasta.. she is very tall, beautiful, magnificent blue eyes and she looks like Sam.. so even if I love Sophie and very curious about her works on S3 (Sam's mimetism and more), the cast département could have find an actress who looks really like Sam.. A tall redhead with blue eyes or even they could use contact for Sophie.. sometimes she looks like Sam but with her eyes it's hard to see

I’ll be interested to see more of Sophie. We really only saw her in one episode and she was playing a bit strong with the attitude of finding out who her father is and having that be life consuming to her.

Just took a quick peak at Janet McTeer. Wow! She’s only 55, but looking at some of the photos where she has played an older role, she would be perfect. She is very beautiful and has all the right qualities.

From Drums of Autumn here is a description of Jocasta.

I found her at once, among the people hurrying out of the house and down the walk. I would have known her for a MacKenzie, even if I hadn’t known who she was. She had the bold bones, the broad Viking cheekbones and high, smooth brow of her brothers, Colum and Dougal. And like her nephew, like her great-niece, she had the extraordinary height that marked them all as descendants of one blood. 

A head higher than the bevy of black servants who surrounded her, she floated down the path from the house, hand on the arm of her butler, though a woman less in need of support I had seldom seen. 

She was tall and she was quick, with a firm step at odds with the white of her hair. She might once have been as red as Jamie; her hair still held a tinge of ruddiness, having gone that rich soft white that redheads do, with the buttery patina of an old gold spoon. 

There was a cry from one of the little boys in the vanguard, and two of them broke loose, galloping down the path toward the mooring, where they circled us, yapping like puppies. At first I couldn’t make out a word— it was only as Ian replied jocularly to them that I realized they were shouting in Gaelic. 

I didn’t know whether Jamie had thought what to say or to do upon this first meeting, but in the event, he simply stepped forward, went up to Jocasta MacKenzie, and embraced her, saying, “Aunt— it’s Jamie.” 

It was only as he released her and stepped back that I saw his face, with an expression I had never seen before; something between eagerness, joy, and awe. It occurred to me, with a small jolt of shock, that Jocasta MacKenzie must look very much like her elder sister— Jamie’s mother. 

I thought she might have his deep blue eyes, though I couldn’t tell; they were blurred as she laughed through her tears, holding him by the sleeve, reaching up to touch his cheek, to smooth nonexistent strands of hair from his face. 

“Jamie!” she said, over and over. “Jamie, wee Jamie! Oh, I’m glad ye’ve come, lad!” She reached up once more, and touched his hair, a look of amazement on her face. 

“Blessed Bride, but he’s a giant! You’ll be as tall as my brother Dougal was, at least!” 

The expression of happiness on his face faded slightly at that, but he kept his smile, turning her with him so she faced me. 

“Auntie, may I present my wife? This is Claire.” 

She put out a hand at once, beaming, and I took it between my own, feeling a small pang of recognition at the long, strong fingers; though her knuckles were slightly knobbed with age, her skin was soft and the feel of her grip was unnervingly like Brianna’s. 

“I am so glad to meet ye, my dear,” she said, and drew me close to kiss my cheek. The scent of mint and verbena wafted strongly from her dress, and I felt oddly moved, as though I had suddenly come under the protection of some beneficent deity. 

“So beautiful!” she said admiringly, long fingers stroking the sleeve of my dress. 

“Thank you,” I said, but Ian and Fergus were coming up to be introduced in their turn. She greeted them both with embraces and endearments, laughing as Fergus kissed her hand in his best French manner. 

“Come,” she said, breaking away at last, and wiping at her wet cheeks with the back of a hand. “Do come in, my dearies, and take a dish of tea, and some food. Ye’ll be famished, no doubt, after such a journey. Ulysses!” She turned, seeking, and her butler stepped forward, bowing low.
This is Matisse

In the history of twentieth century modernism, Henri Matisse is a calm and unstoppable revolution of creative genius.

Trained originally in the French classical manner, he was inspired by the Impressionists and Cézanne to create in a style that brought out the beauty of colour, form and line by reducing them to their essentials. While considered a leader of the Fauves and an inspiration to most of the great figures in modern art, he wasn’t particularly interested in being associated with any particular school or trend. A family man who worked ‘office hours’ in his studio he defies the image of the artist as enfant terrible or tortured soul.

In a career spanning six decades, he produced masterpiece after masterpiece that constantly challenge how we perceive color and form.

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On a plane to France, after watching a video on french table manners...

Intj/Scorpio: Okay. I know I’m not supposed to butter my bread, but what if I just ate the butter.

Infj/Aquarius: Well, it’s not against the rules.

Intj/Scorpio:[eats the packet of butter]

(A few hours later, the two are drinking tea and have little packs of sugar)

Infj/Aquarius: Did you just down that packet of sugar?

Intj/Scorpio: Maybe… [sugar sprays from mouth]

I’m playing along

Word count: 2312

Pairing: Lafayette x Reader (finally!!!)

Summary: You fail to admit your feelings for your favourite fighting frenchman, and the subtle hints just won’t do it, so you use jealousy as your weapon.

Warning: Swearing, Light smut??? Actually not, idk. its very subtle i guess.

Note: Ya,I wanted to write a fic for Lafayette so long!!! But I had no ideas, so I asked my dear @fanfrickinhamiltasticimagines to help me for the plot, but I’m not sure how much of that is still left?
Also Laf turned out a lot more salty than he is??? Headcannon for laf btw: Him calling hamilton alexandre instead of alexander. because it sounds nice. also. good french!!! Shall i translate it?

“Bonjour Lafayette”, you greeted your french friend, giving him a sheepish smile as you sat down next to him, holding a steaming hot coffee in your hands. “Oh, mon amie.” He looked up from his phone to greet you with two kisses on your cheeks in the typical french manner, making you blush in almost an instant. As always, he was wearing his hair up, and you had to resist the urge to run your fingers through it. The bright smile he was flashing you was contagious, so you decided to return it.

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The Likeness by Tana French

  • Jessica Parker Kennedy as Cassie Maddox & Lexie Madison
  • Avan Jogia as Rafe Hyland
  • Lou de Laâge as Abby Stone
  • Max Minghella as Justin Mannering
  • Will Higginson as Daniel March
When people start asking me about why I haven’t register Athena to any school yet, isn’t it too late that she’s 4 now? This is what I thought: let kids be kids.
I want to prepare her the most important skills first: life skills. How to take turns, how to speak English and Bahasa (and along the time, French) in a good manner and grammar, how to treat people who’s different, how to have a critical mind and keep questioning things, how to express her anger and disappointment and do something about it, how to be honest even without no one is looking (it’s a thing called dignity) even how to negotiate.
Is that mean she can’t read and write yet? She can. But is it necessary? Not really. No need to be so obsessed about it. The most important thing is that she learn how to read and write while dancing ballet and painting the wall with her drawings.
We’re so focus thinking that school and homework is the only way for kids to learn, while I think it’s not really. And this video just justify my perspective.

♔ The  C H I L D H O O D  of  A N N E  B O L E Y N.

“Anne was the second of three surviving children born to the ambitious courtier Thomas Boleyn and his wife Elizabeth Howard. The date of Anne’s birth was not recorded, but it is estimated to be around 1501. Anne soon emerged as the more intelligent of the two girls, and her father noted that she was exceptionally toward, and resolved to take ‘all possible care for her good education’. Anne received a good deal of ‘virtuous instruction’, but it was in the more courtly accomplishments of singing and dancing that she really excelled. She played the lute and virginals with a skill beyond her years, and also became adept at poetry and verse. The more academic subjects of literature and languages completed her education, and by the age of eleven she could speak French extremely well.

In 1512, an opportunity arose that to set herself apart from her peers. It was in this year that her father was appointed ambassador to Margaret of Austria. Margaret’s court was renowned for being the most sophisticated and prestigious in Europe, an ideal training ground for young aristocratic women who wished to enhance their social standing. At the tender age of twelve, Anne set sail for the Netherlands. She was quick to absorb the skills expected of a court lady, and Margaret was delighted with her and wrote how ‘bright and pleasant’ she was for her young age. But it was in France that her education reached its zenith, and her experiences here would have a profound effect upon her character and demeanour. Thomas Boleyn used his political contacts to secure a place for Anne in the household of Mary Tudor. Margaret was sad to lose this lively and engaging addition to her court, but Anne shared her father’s ambition and was delighted at the prospect of serving Henry VIII’s sister. She travelled straight to France, arriving there in August 1513, but soon transferred her service to Queen Claude, wife of King Francis I. 

Anne was earning a reputation as one of the the most graceful and accomplished ladies of the Queen’s household. She thrived in the lively and intellectually stimulating French court, and developed a love of learning that continued throughout her life. Among her closest companions was Marguerite of Navarre, sister of Francis I, who was regarded as something of a radical for her views on women, and she encouraged Anne’s interest in literature and poetry. It was here that Anne also developed a love of lively conversation, a skill that would set her apart from the quieter, more placid ladies at the English court when she made her entrée there. So entirely did Anne embrace the French manners, language and customs that Lancelot de Carles observed she was: ‘so graceful that you would never have taken her for an Englishwoman, but for a French woman born’.”


New book recommendations 🌻
Bought these a week ago for less than £5 altogether

The French Art of Sex Manners - Dr. Georges Valensin

The Psychotic: Understanding Madness - Andrew Crowcroft

Female Desire: Women’s Sexuality Today - Rosalind Coward

Lip Service - MJ Rose

Any Woman Can - Reuben MD

Scarlet Friedman and Elizabeth Sarah - On the Problem of Men Two Feminist Conferences

Pupformance Unit (Puppy!Performance Unit)


  • he’s a Tibetan mastiff since they’re both tall, regal, agile, and mild
  • but it is a guard dog breed so if anything ever happens he’s always ready to fight
  • probably the sneakiest of the litter
  • doesn’t particularly care for shoes
  • but oh boy does he love eating bras! 
  • usually eats all the other puppies’ food
  • is already potty trained
  • like he can pee in a toilet hes a good boy
  • really excited when you say “WHO’S A GOOD BOY?!”
  • somehow the dumbest puppy you have ever met
  • if you block his face, he starts crying
  • ends up sleeping by puppy minghao, either on top or under him
  • always up to cuddle with his favorite human
  • and lick your face to no end
  • ok lets just say on top of being a koot pup he is also a gigantic troll
  • gets ticked off when there are a lot of strangers in the house
  • and that’s when you get to catch a glimpse of his favorite pastime!
  • pooping for no reason
  • now I just wanna reiterate that Jun is actually a v good boy
  • but he likes pooping
  • ¯\_(ツ)_/¯
  • please watch this video this would be you if Jun was your dog
  • and yes Jun would be the type to poop on a random stranger’s shoe when you’re tryna have a house party
  • he just wants you all to himself ngl
  • and he’s not into strangers all up in his grill
  • but with that being said he IS v into cuddle buddies up in his grill
  • he’s always down for a good cuddle/chill session
  • but if it’s another member of puppy!svt he will literally abandon cuddling and attack them no joke
  • he plays really roughly
  • like literally tackling other puppies and like carrying them in his mouth by the skin on their necks
  • and Jun also loves playing with that toy thats basically just a rope and a human pulls on one side and a dog bites on the other side
  • he’s really competitive so that game is his jam
  • he’s just really intense but also playful, smart, and loving
  • who’s a good boy?
  • Jun’s a good boy
  • :’)


  • cute mix between a border collie and something else
  • you honestly have no idea what
  • has floppy ears like puppy!dk
  • trips over his ears all the time
  • like ALL THE TIME
  • it’s v koot
  • loves to chase his tail
  • he’ll spin in circles for hours at a time if you let him
  • the only reason he really stops is he gets so dizzy he falls over
  • or he trips over his ears
  • one or the other
  • likes to bark at the squirrels with puppy!dk and do backflips when puppy!vernon breaks out the music
  • literally the most hyper puppy you will ever meet
  • tries to steal puppy!jeonghan’s spam
  • never succeeds bc puppy!jeonghan don’t need no puppy!hoshi taking away his precious spam aka the only true joy in his life
  • also gets very jealous of puppy!scoups when he gets a costume
  • especially if the costume has a cape
  • will try to take the cape so he can wear it himself
  • likes to play a game of “how many times can i touch pomsky!woozi before getting attacked” on a daily basis
  • this is quickly followed up by some tail chasing, then a round of “how many times will pomsky!woozi attack me before giving in and letting me cuddle”
  • when puppy!woozi gives in and lets him cuddle, he gets restless real fast
  • staying still isn’t his strong suit
  • gets up and brings you a frisbee bigger than his head for you to throw and plays with that with some of the other puppies
  • really likes cuddles, but can’t stay still for too long during the day so he only cuddles at night 
  • will waddle up to the other puppies when they’re sleeping and cuddle next to them 
  • other puppies place bets on who puppy!hoshi will cuddle with each night
  • favorite cuddle buddy is either shihtzu!jeonghan (bc of his soft fur) or sleeping pomsky!woozi (smol and floof + less scary than awake pomsky!woozi)
  • sometimes he’ll join beagle!scoups in your bed
  • it’s warm and makes him happy
  • you make him happy and he makes you happy! 
  • :D


  • literally the most graceful basenji pup that ever lived
  • he’s kinda medium-sized, calm, reserved, and loyal
  • when he’s inside it doesn’t seem like he has that much energy
  • but as soon as you let him go outside he’s like 💃🏻🏃🏻
  • “l8er human i’m tryna GOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO”
  • ok and get this: basenjis actually can’t bark like regular dogs
  • so that’s mainly the reason why he’s so quiet
  • but if he’s tryna tell you something
  • it’ll literally sound like this ok so don’t be alarmed
  • and that’s what happens every time he tries to bark literally
  • so rip your neighbors if Minghao gets like really annoyed
  • which he probably will if the other pups try to cuddle him or play really roughly
  • since Minghao is a really big fan of personal space
  • and he’s really tolerant of people and other animals but if he ever gets super mega annoyed he’ll literally give you this look like
  • “………………………………………..why”
  • also Minghao hates going to the vet
  • like no one could ever figure out why
  • but calm, mild Minghao will literally go berserk as soon as he sets foot in the vet’s office
  • maybe it’s because he hates that stainless steel smell?
  • but he’s perfectly fine with randomly licking/scratching the fence post in your backyard so…
  • anyway
  • he’s also v obedient and a fast learner
  • he’s literally the poster child for using pee pads in the house
  • and legitimately if you’re not busy he’ll literally go find you and tug on your pants a little bit to let you know he just used the pee pad
  • he’s such a good boy omg
  • his favorite treats are Jun’s treats lmao
  • he’s also a v competitive pup but he’ll only listen to you so entering him in contests in useless
  • basenjis typically only form emotional bonds with one human
  • so yeah you’re p much stuck with him forever
  • but he doesn’t mind
  • and you don’t mind
  • so have fun cuddling your fluffy puppy friend for eternity


  • he’s a shiba inu because they’re both fiery, bold, and good-natured!!
  • follows beagle!coups around often because Dino likes to look up to his alpha
  • shiba!dino would appreciate it if you put a hat on him
  • it’ll make the puppy happy, so just do it
  • shiba!dino is very well mannered unlike french-bulldog!vernon
  • this puppy isn’t that hyper tbh
  • but omg don’t let puppy!mingyu eat puppy!dino’s food
  • dino doesn’t care that mingyu is a lot stronger than he is
  • puppy!dino will yap mingyu’s ear off until you give puppy!dino more food
  • when puppy!jeonghan sees this happening he’ll just walk over to puppy!dino and places BOTH of his paws on dino’s head like
  • “puppy child, stop”
  • it’s really cute because shihtzu!jeonghan is actually smaller than puppy!dino so imagine that
  • chases pomsky!woozi around the house just because woozi is smaller than puppy!dino so woozi just kinda stumbles every few steps across the floor
  • when you reprimand dino for this, dino will give you the BIGGEST puppy eyes
  • because like he’s sorry??? he was just having fun??? he didn’t want to upset you :(
  • usually spends his time rubbing his back on the carpet or grass
  • the other half of the time he’s either using husky!wonwoo as a pillow, or hiding from shihtzu!jeonghan
  • awwww imagine him climbing into the sink because he’s just so ready for his shower
  • at first he’s like “WHAT IS THIS? I’M GONNA DROWN?”
  • *cue the doge meme*
  • so hes just paddling around in there with his small paws
  • and he’s enjoying the way you’re shampooing his fur BECAUSE THERE ARE SO MANY BUBBLES
  • so he tries to eat a bubble, the bubble popped and he found it very amusing
  • so when you were blowing bubbles for him the next day, he took note of the bubble bottle you were holding because he’s a smart dog like that
  • now he brings you the bubble bottle like everyday because he LOVES BUBBLES 
  • not as much as he loves you though :’)

-Written by Admins Chorizo, VK, Sea, and Cali

Check out the other units here!

Basic French Greetings, Introductions & Manners

Hello (also good morning / good afternoon) - Bonjour

Good evening / Good night - Bonsoir

Bon aprés-midi - Good afternoon [Formal]

Bonne soirée - Good evening [Formal]


My name is Nancy - Je m'appelle Nancy

What is your name? - Comment tu t'appelles?


How are you? - Comment ca va?

I am good (thank you) - Ca va bien (merci)

I am bad - Ca ne vas pas

I am so-so - Comme ci comme ca

And you? - Et toi?


Please - S'il vous plait

Thank you (very much) - Merci (beaucoup)

Excuse me - Excuzes-moi

Sorry - Je suis désoleé


Elizabeth Monroe (1768-1830) and Eliza Monroe Hay (1787-1840)

Art by Anna Chase-Roberts (tumblr, instagram)

The daughter of a wealthy New York merchant, Elizabeth Kortright married James Madison on February 16, 1786.  She was seventeen, he was twenty seven.

Before becoming President in 1817, James Madison served as a member of the Virginia House of Delegates, as a member of the US Congress, as Governor of Virginia, as United States Minister to Great Britain, and as United States Minister to France.  

Elizabeth’s time in France was among the most defining periods of her life. Elizabeth immersed herself in French culture, learning European manners and how to speak French.  The Monroes lived in France at the height of French Revolution and Elizabeth played a vital role in freeing Adrienne de Noailles, wife of Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette.  In May 1794, Adrienne was imprisoned by the French Committee of Public Safety. That July, her mother and sister were guillotined.  One day, Elizabeth Monroe showed up at the Collège du Plessis prison in a sumptuous carriage and asked to see Adrienne.  The attention that came from a wealthy foreigner visiting the prison directly led to Adrienne’s release on January 22, 1795.

Although Elizabeth had been a fashionable hostess earlier in James’s career, she was not a well liked First Lady.  After spending so much time in Europe, Elizabeth preferred more formal manners. Rigid and unpopular social rules were adopted to avoid favoritism, to make foreign diplomats feel more comfortable, and to elevate the presidency of this new upstart nation.  While First Lady of Virginia, Elizabeth began experiencing seizures which led her to curtail her social life.  Although Elizabeth attended social events as First Lady, her daughter Eliza took over much of social leadership.

Eliza Kortright Monroe was born in Virginia in 1786.  As a child, she attended Jeanne Campan’s school near Paris and became friends with Hortense de Beauharnais, step-daughter of Napoleon and the future Queen of Holland.   In 1808, Eliza married Virginia attorney George Hay.  Together they had a daughter named Hortense.

As First Daughter and White House hostess, Eliza believed that politicians and diplomats should pay their respects by making the first visit to the White House.  This followed contemporary European norms, but ran counter to Dolley Madison’s policy of making the first visit.  Eliza was seen as haughty and quickly alienated Washington society.  The situation got so bad, that in 1819 the women of Washington refused to attend parties hosted by Elizabeth, Eliza and future First Lady Louisa Adams.  A cabinet meeting was held and eventually the two sides reconciled.  As controversial as these more formal rules were at the time, they greatly influenced White House etiquette.  Modern presidential protocol has more in common with the rigid standards of the Monroe administration than with the outgoing informality that made Dolley Madison such a popular First Lady.

Elizabeth Monroe died on September 23, 1830.  Brokenhearted, James died less than a year later.  After the death of her husband and parents, Eliza returned to France, converted to Catholicism, and moved into a convent. She died in 1840 and is buried in France.

Past Cool Chicks from History posts about First Ladies can be found here.