In honour of Speak Your Language Day : 165 insults and other obscenities “à la française”
Abrutis Analphabète Andouille Âne baté Archéodendrite Arrière-faix de truie ladre ! Avorton Baltringue Barjot Bécasse Bélître Blaireau Bon sang (de bonsoir) Bordel Bougre d’âne / d’imbécile / de congre Branleur Branquignol / Branquignole Brise-burnes Butor Canaille / Canaillou Cancrelat Casse-pieds / couilles / bonbons Catin Charogne Cinglé Clampin Con / Conne Con comme un balai / un manche / une chaise / la lune / ses pieds… Conchieur Connard/ Connasse Coquebert ! Cornegidouille Couillon Crasspouillard Crétin (des Alpes) Crevard Crevure Croupion Cuistre Cul-terreux Décérébré Dépravé Diantre Don Juan de pissotière / en herbe / de pacotille Ducon Ecervelé Ecornifleur Ectoplasme (purulent) Emmanché Emmerdeur Emplâtre Enculé Enculeur de mouches Enflure Enfoiré Engeance débauchée Face de pet / de rat Faquin Félon Flagorneur Flute Fourbe Foutre Dieu Fripouille Fumier Garce Géménée de godinette Géopyge Gibier de potence Glandeur Gourde Gredin Grigou Grippeminaud Gueux Guignol Hérétique Hurluberlu Ironie de la création Ivrogne Je te conchie ! Jean-foutre Jocrisse Malandrin Malapris Malotru Manant Maquerelle Maraud Maroufle Mauviette Mécréant Merdeux Minable Mince Morbleu Mordious Mortecouille Mouton de Panurge Nodocéphale Nom de Dieu / d'un chien Oiseau de mauvaise augure Olibrius Orchidoclaste Ordure Ostréipyge Palsambleu Paltoquet Panoufle Parbleu Peau de vache Pendard Péquenaud Pervers Pétasse Philistin Pignouf Pimbêche Piqueniquedouille Pleutre Poivrot Pouf Poufiasse Putain (de bordel de merde) ! Pute Puterelle Raclure Rastaquouère Rat Résidu de basse fosse ! Ribaude Roi des cons Roublard Sac à vin / à foutre / à puce Sacrebleu Sagouin Salaud Sale trogne Salopiaud Saperlipopette Scélérat Schnok Sinoque Sous-merde Suppôt de Satan Ta gueule ! Tartempion Tartignole Tas de fumier / de merde Tocard Tonnerre de Brest Triple buse Triste sire Trou du cul / de balle Troufion Truand Va nu pieds Vaurien Ventre saint-gris Ventrebleu Vermine Vieille baderne / carne Vieux fossile Vipère Zélateur
J’ai un jour de retard je sais, mais j’y ai pensé que ce matin après coup (en même temps c’est French Friday aujourd’hui …). J’ai ce fichier qui traîne dans mon bazar depuis un bout de temps déjà et ce n’est que maintenant que je me dis que c’est une occasion rêvée de le partager et d’en faire profiter tout le monde. Amis francophones de tous les horizons, vous avez naturellement la permission d’ajouter votre contribution à cette liste.
I’m a day late I know, but it was an afterthought. I had this file somewhere for a while now. It was only this morning that I saw the opportunity to share it. Feel free to contribute to this list.
Time for FRIDAY FASHION FACT!
Today’s topic is a bit more conceptual than the Facts I’ve done in the
past, but I think it is very important to recognize the over-arching
factors that influence fashion in order to fully understand how fashion
has developed. This is a bit difficult to explain in such a small space, so bear with me, and remember that this is all much more complex than I lay it out to be.
Throughout history, the biggest influence on
fashion has clearly been technology. The next biggest influence, though,
has been war. War causes huge divisions between people. It drains
resources. It pits agenda versus agenda, ideology versus ideology. It
has the ability to
effect every aspect of life. It can change the world, so it should come
as no surprise that it changes fashion.
In several of
my past posts, I have mentioned specific wars being an influence on
fashion- most commonly the French Revolution, World War I, and World War
II. While most wars have an impact on fashion, these three have had a
significantly bigger impact that the rest. The reason for the World
War’s having such a large impact is obvious- it’s right there in the
name. These wars spanned the globe, and wider geography means wider
The French Revolution, however, theoretically seems as though it would effect only France. Yet the effect of war is
rarely contained only to the country in which the war takes place. In
terms of fashion, during the era of the French Revolution, France was
the epicenter of fashion. There are still many people who would debate
that France is still the fashion capitol of the world, but in the 18th
and 19th centuries, there was no debate. France reigned supreme on the
style front. If the French wore a style, the rest of the western world quickly followed suit.
why do wars have such a strong impact on fashion? Well, every war is
different, so it varies from war to war. Overall, though, is due to
two factors. One is because war tends to be a huge strain on resources,
with vast amounts of funds and materials donated to the military
effort. Secondly, war pits (at least) two groups against each other,
groups with different values and goals. A person’s value system,
lifestyle, etc. is often reflected in their clothing. The values of the
prevailing side often seeps into the fashion of the people. Between
these two factors, war often means a dramatic lifestyle change not only
soldiers off fighting, but for those they leave at home. A change
in lifestyle results in a change of dress. This is why changes in
fashion that may take decades or more during peaceful times can occur
over the course
of just a few years during wartime.
An important thing to keep in
mind, though, is that fashion does not
change overnight, just like the wars that influence it do not happen
overnight. As the world starts to shift, conflict rises, and war is
imminent, fashion reflects the changing world. People often think that
women went straight from
wearing elaborate rococo gowns, complete with wide panniers, to simple
cylindrical muslin dresses. Or they seem to ignore the era between
structured Edwardian dresses and the untailored flapper look (though to
be fair, Downton Abby has had a huge impact in changing that.) The
reality is that aspects of the new styles are evident in fashion in the years leading up to the wars.
there are countless factors which have contributed to thedevelopment
fashion throughout the centuries (and don’t worry, I will cover as many
as possible in upcoming Facts! Plus I’ll be sure to go into more detail
about the wars I talked about in this post.) Just remember, the next
time you’re looking at historical fashion and see a dramatic shift, take
a look at what was happening in the world at that time!
Want to learn more about war and fashion? Check out these books:
Costume and Fashion: A Concise History, by Laver, de la Haye, and Tucker
History of World Costume and Fashion, by Daniel Delis Hill
Have a question about fashion history that you want answered in the next FRIDAY FASHION FACT? Just click the ASK button at the top of the page!
Do you have any tips for balancing languages in a day😌
I’m sorry for taking ages to answer this… to be honest, I’ve been struggling with balancing two languages and didn’t really have any advice to give. However, I think I’m kind of starting to work out a system. Hopefully this helps you a bit!
1. Make a schedule
I know this sound so, so basic, but I think this was my biggest mistake. I just kind of did whatever, whenever and ended up favouring one language over the other or getting my languages mixed up (which is always a little awkward). This is what I’m working towards:
Monday: Norwegian & French | Tuesday: Chinese & French | Wednesday: Chinese only (lesson) | Thursday: Norwegian & French | Friday: French only (lesson) | Saturday: Norwegian & Chinese | Sunday: Chinese & French
On two language days, I do one in the morning and one in the afternoon
On days with a lesson, I only study that particular language and take a break from the others
Note: this schedule still heavily favours French, but it’s the language I want to improve the most so I’m okay with that
I’m still having a bit of difficulty integrating Norwegian into the mix, but I’m sure I’ll figure it out eventually.
2. Consistency is King
A 30 minute session every day is always going to be better than a 3 hour session once a week. The consistency will help you retain information and keep languages separate. At least for me it helps. Chinese rules are solidified as Chinese rules… same goes for French and Norwegian. I’m not having to refresh with each session. Rather, I build on what I learned the previous day.
You don’t have to do every language every day. Try picking one or two a day and rotate through them (see part one). However, if you need to take a day off, don’t worry about it! You see that schedule I wrote? That’s something I’m working towards - I certainly haven’t been doing that all the time. But that’s okay. I have a plan and if I stick to it 80% of the time I’m still guaranteed to be progressing in my target languages. Plus, moderation helps prevent burn out, which is never fun.
I hope that helps! If you have any other questions or want clarification feel free to ask :)