TL;DR Ancestor Timeline

(This has been requested, so now I’m making a TL;DR version of the Ancestor timeline with all the facts that we know of and that I can remember.

The whole thing is very long so I’m going to put a read more in there. I hope you find it helpful! :D)

  • The Condesce appears on Alternia and grows up to kill the previous Empress and becomes Empress herself.

  • Dualscar, The Grand Highblood, Darkleer, Mindfang and the Dolorosa appear as grubs on Alternia in no known order.
  • They grow up.

Keep reading

waffledogofficial  asked:

I hope I'm not bothering you but I'm kinda confused about when various events take place. I've been trying to find a good timeline for snk but there are none. Anyway, assuming that Levi is incorporated into the corps in the year 844 (according to No Regrets) would this mean he is recruited before or after the fall of Wall Maria? Also, apparently the year is currently 850? So Levi has been with the corps 6 years? Just trying to figure out the timeline here...

743 - Titans appear. Limit of known history.

745? - What’s left of humanity moves into the Walls. 

770-790 - Events of Before the Fall. Discovery of the nape as a weak point and invention and implementation of 3DMG.

785 - Ymir’s “long nightmare” as a Titan outside the walls begins.

prior to 835 - A plague is cured by Grisha Jaeger

835 - Our protagonists, Eren, Mikasa and Armin are born.

844 - Mikasa’s parents killed; Mikasa moves in with Eren in Shiganshina.  The events of A Choice With No Regrets begin. Recruitment of Levi into the Survey Corps.

845 - Fall of Wall Maria. The traitors enter the walls. Berick is eaten. Erwin is not yet Commander. Eren’s mother dies, and his father goes missing.

846 - Maria Reclamation Expedition used to sacrifice significant portion of population to curb famine concerns. Armin’s parental guardian(s) die in this expedition.

847 - Our protagonists and the traitors enter training as part of the 104th Trainee class. 

848 - Ilse Langer encounters a speaking Titan on the 34th Expedition Outside the Walls

849 - Ilse’s Notebook discovered by Hange and Levi. Annie begins teaching Eren to fight.

850 - The Invasion of Trost.

Roughly a week or so after that encompasses Trost cleanup/The courtroom scene/Sawney and Bean’s deaths.

One month (30 days) after that is the 57th Expedition Outside the Walls.

A few days(?) after that is when the battle in Stohess and the first appearance of the Beast Titan occurs.

The events relating to Stohess and the appearance of Titans within Wall Rose all take place over a span of 24 hours, starting with Annie waking up for morning call, and ending with Ymir revealing her true nature at sunrise.*

Subsequent events from Chapter 41 to the beginning of Chapter 51 cover another 24 hour period. 

The rest of the events in Chapter 51 occur roughly a week after that. 

*The times given in the revised version of the chapters in the tankobon were changed to fit a 24 hr period. This is why the times in the English scanlation won’t match.

Stan's Timeline as of Season 1 (WARNING: LONG READ)

Okay, so after 2 hours of working out all the math, I have concluded that Stan would have to be born in 1942 in order for all the ages and dates to cooperate.

Stan, aged 6 in this picture, lived in New Jersey (evidenced in the playground wall behind him), and was bullied badly. (1948)

By the time Stan turned 10, his father signed him up for boxing lessons. (1952)

6 years later, (1958, age 16) Stanford’s boxing lessons paid off when he saved Carla McCorkel’s purse at a theater showing of “Grandpa the Kid”. Carla possibly started dating Stan (as they are in the 70’s?)

In 1965, a 23-year-old Stan sells StanVacs. (Also he has cleaned up that late 50’s acne)

In 1969, Stan ends up in Columbian Prison for who knows what. (age 27)

35 year old Stan appears to be dating Carla now, in 1977. (Also buffed up some, ooh hunkle)

2002 (verified by Wax Holmes, 1x03), a now 60 year old Stan steals wax figures.

And finally, in 2012, the Grunkle we all know, age 70.

Thanks for reading through all that, if you did, let me know in my ask and i’ll give you a special thing!

Causes, Practices and Effects of War: WW1

WWI was a Total War: 
It involved Social, Economical Military and Political (SEMP) involvement 
Social: Soldiers and civilians were involved. Women also become involved.
Economical: Normal economy reconstructed to a war economy; focus of industry changes from consumer goods to war goods. 
Military: Conscription; Vast scale and intensity of war; Massive destruction; Aims to destroy other opponents
Political: Centralized power, use of propaganda to encourage and promote involvement in the war. 

West: The Schlieffen Plan was held up by unexpected and strong Belgian resistance. It took over two weeks for the Germans to capture Brussels. This allowed the British to interfere by leaving Channel ports free, enabling the British Expeditionary Force to land. The Germans made straight for Paris instead of approaching Paris from the West. The French backed into Bordeaux and the German impetus increasingly slowed down as it headed for Paris. There was trouble in keeping the army supplied and troops were exhausted. In September the Battle of Marne was launched by the French under Joffre against the Germans. The Germans were therefore driven back into the River Aisne. 
The Battle of Marne ruined the Schlieffen plan, ensured that Germans would have to face war on two fronts, terminated the war of movement (trench lines spread from the Alps to the Channel coast) and the British navy had time to bring its crippling blockade to bear on Germany’s ports. 
East: The Russians mobilized more quickly than Germans could have expected but made the mistake of attacking both Austria and Germany simultaneously. They were successful against Austria and occupied the Galician province, but the Germans used the previously retired Hindenburg to their advantage and defeated the Russians, once at Tannenburg in August and a second time at the Masurian Lakes a month later, in September. The Russians lost a huge amount of equipment through these battles and although they had a huge army of over 6 million men, they lacked in an amount of rifles. The German self-confidence was boosted from these successes. 
When Turkey entered the war this further threatened Russia since Turkey had the ability to cut off Russias main supply route through the Dardanelles. 
A success for the Allies in 1914 was the Serbs driving out an Austrian invasion. 

West: A stalemate continued in the west and there was not much development in the trench line due to various reasons. 
There was barbed wire which prevented attacks by slowing them down 
Reconnaissance aircrafts and observation balloons could follow action on the “no man’s land”
Trenches were difficult to capture because the continuous shooting from trenches made attacks suicidal 
Advance into the trench was difficult because the ground was churned up by artillery barrage
Any ground was difficult to defend due to “salients” - bulges in the trench lines which were vulnerable to attack. 
At Ypres Germans attempted to attack the French by poison gas but miscalculated the attack and when the direction of wind changed, the German’s themselves were poisoned. 
Russia had successes against Austria but continuous defeats with Germans, who captured Warsaw and the entirety of Poland. 
The Turkish blockade of the Dardanelles started having its effect on Russia. 
Gallipoli Campaign - partly to open up the vital supply line through the Black Sea. 
Winston Churchill supported the Gallipoli campaign in order to eliminate the Turks. 
The Campaign was a failure, since the Anglo-French naval attack failed when the ships ran into mines. After this no advance could be made. In December the entire force had to be withdrawn. 
The failure was a blow to the morale of the Allies. It was the last chance of helping Russia via the Black Sea. 

+ in May Italy declared war on Austria-Hungary 
Italy wanted to seize some Italian speaking provinces of Austria. In London a secret treaty was signed where the Allies promised provinces to italy. The Allies hoped that by keeping thousands of Austrians troops occupied Italians would be able to relieve the concentration on Russia. Italians did not get far with their goals and Russia headed for inevitable defeat. 

West: Two important battles: Verdun and The Somme 
Verdun: Germans launched a massive attack against the town of Verdun and hoped to draw all the best French troops to its defene, destroy them, and carry out a final offensive to win the war. This failed and the Germans had to abandon the attack. There were many casualties on both sides. 
The Somme: Series of attacks mainly by the British starting from July 1st to November. The aim was to relieve the pressure of the French in Verdun and take over more of the trench line, keeping German forces fully committed. The Allies only made limited advances but were able to lessen German morale. The Germans realized that Britain was capable of being a threat and was a military power. There were severe losses for all countries involved. Haig, the British Commander In-Chief received serious criticism and the Somme contributed to the fall of the British Prime Minister. 

David Lloyd George becomes Prime Minister: 
He improved the situation of the Allies through dynamic and decisive methods. He also encouraged the devleopment of new weapons. He set up a small war cabinet for quick decision-making. 

East: The Russians attacked Austrians in June to divert German attention away from Verdun. Austrians were demoralized but Germans were also left exhausteed. Romanians invaded Austria but Germans terminated this invasion and occupied entire Romania. 

West: The Battle of Cambrai - demonstrated that if tanks were used properly they might break the stalemate of the trench warfare. Cambrai became the model of successful allied attacks of 1918. 
Italians retreated after defeat by Germans and Austrians at Caporetto. 
East: Russia withdrew from the war. Two revolutions happened in Russia and the Bolsheviks rose to power. In 1918 the entire German focus could have been directed at the West had the USA not stepped into the picture 

USA: In april the USA entered the war partly due to a U-boat campaign of the Germans which they opposed as well as the German attempt to persuade Mexico to declare war on USA. The USA supplied the ALlies with food, merchant ships and credit. 

The Central Powers were Defeated: 

German spring offensive (1918) 
Launched by Lundendorff as a last desparate attempt. 
The Germans broke through on the Somme and were close to Paris. 
French Marshal Foch helped defeat Germans 

An Allied Counter-offensive begins on 8th August 
Near Amiens - forced Germans to withdraw their trench line. Germany was convinced it would be defeated by spring 1919. 
An armistice was signed on November 11th. 

The Central Powers lost the war because: 

  • The Schlieffen Plan failed -> war on two fronts
  • Allied sea power was decisive
  • German submarine campaign failed
  • USA brought vast resources to the allies 
  • Lloyd George and Clemenceau were more competent than Central Power leaders
  • Continuous strain of heavy losses demoralized Germans 
  • Germany was badly let down by allies (Italy) 
Chronology breakdown

So by productive procrastination I clearly meant ‘stay up all night breaking the timelines down’. This is not breaking down the stories into chronological order, sorry, however, it DOES give you the exact timeframe for each written story, in case you’re getting confused about the timelines, since some of these individual stories (not even to mention series) span YEARS. I’ll keep this updated as I write more. 

Keep reading

Joult Timeline - 2012 Part II

Here is the link to 2012 Part I

May 22: Pub with Mike Bailey, London (form Mike’s instagram)

May 23, 2012:  Walking by Jen’s Hotel and London’s West End, Duke of York’s Theater

May 24, 2012:  Night Club with Ms. Hoult

May 25, 2012: Red Carpet for Amber Lounge Fashion Show in Monaco.

May 25, 2012: Amber Lounge Fashion Show in Monaco,with Nick’s parents.

May 25, 2012:  Fashion Show after party + PDA and hanging out with Michael Fassbender.

May 26, 2012: Boat Ride to Grand Prix

May 26, 2012: Monaco Grand Prix qualifying

May 27, 2012: Nice airport playing around

May 31, 2012:  Nick took Jen and his sisters to meet Prince William at Audi Polo Challenge

June 2, 2012: Walking in London

June 3, 2012: Diamond Jubilee

July/August, 2012: Jen visited Nick in Africa for a month- Jen photographed with fans outside the hotel in Cape Town and here is Gossip Cop article on inside source confirmed (x)

Oct. 14, 2012, Nick and Jen were spotted at the movies in Atlanta

1911: Frederick Taylor publishes Principles of Scientific Management which describes time and motion studies and methods for improving industrial efficiency.

1916: Frank and Lillian Gilbreth reduce work motions into smaller steps and pioneer ways of making work faster and easier from bricklaying to clerical work. They applied this method during World War I by showing soldiers how to assemble and disassemble weapons in the dark.

1936: The Palm Beach Post publishes an advertisement for a new Frigidaire highlighting usability as one of its features.

1943: Alphonse Chapanis, a lieutenant in the U.S. Army, shows that “pilot error” can be greatly reduced through the more intuitive layout of airplane cockpits.

1947: John E Karlin at Bell Labs is named head of the newly-formed User Preference Department (later renamed the Human Factors department) where he would help perfect the modern numeric dialing system and keypad still in use today.

1954: Paul Fitts publishes a paper in the Journal of Experimental Psychology that describes a mathematical model used to predict the time it takes to move to a target based on its size and distance (which became known as Fitts’ Law).

1956: The psychologist George Miller coins the phrase “the magic number seven plus or minus two” from a variety of experimental results indicating that humans have trouble holding more than five to nine items (chunks) simultaneously in working memory.

1957: The Human Factors Society is formed.

1967: Micheal Scriven writes about formative and summative evaluations in the education literature as applied to student learning and assessment. These terms would later be applied to different types of usability evaluations.

1979: Permanent Labs at companies like IBM perform what we now would call Summative usability testing. The first scientific publication with usability in its title appears, The Commercial Impact of Usability in Interactive Systems by John Bennett.

1980: Ericson and Simon publish “Verbal Reports as Data” which focuses on using the Think Aloud Method that would later come to dominate usability tests.

Alphonse Chapanis’ student, Jeff Kelley, is credited with coining the term “Oz Paradigm” which we now refer to as the “Wizard of Oz” method.

1981: Alphonse Chapanis and colleagues publish Tutorials for the First-Time Computer User which describes usability as more of a formative than summative activity. They suggested that observing about five to six users using the software will reveal most of the problems in a usability test.

1982: Wanting a more precise estimate of a sample size than 5-6, Jim Lewis published the first paper describing how the binomial distribution can be used to model the sample size needed to find usability problems. It is based on the probability of discovering a problem with probability ‘p’ for a given set of tasks and user population given a sample size 'n’.

Clayton Lewis publishes an IBM technical report using Herb Simon’s Thinking Aloud" Method in Cognitive Interface Design.

1983: The Psychology of Human Computer Interaction is published by researchers at Carnegie Mell on and Xerox PARC (Stuart Card, Thomas Moran & Allen Newell). This seminal book explains GOMS and Keystroke Level Modeling based on the earlier work of Taylor, Fitts and Gilbreth.

The first CHI Conference was held in Boston as part of ACM’s SIGCHI subgroup.

1984: Apple introduces the Macintosh during the 1984 Super Bowl, making the case that ease of use sells.

Smith and Moser publish 997 guidelines for Designing User Interface Software.

The Human Factor, by Harry Hersh and Dick Rubinstein, both at Digital Equipment Corporation, is published. It is the first book-length description of human-computer interaction.

1985: J. Gould and Clayton Lewis publish the influential paper, “Designing for Usability: Key Principles and What Designers Think”. They discuss an early and continual focus on users as well as empirical measurement and iterative design.

Computer Usability Testing & Evaluation by Richard Spencer is published.

1986: John Brooke at Digital Equipment Corporation creates a “quick and dirty” questionnaire to assess the usability of software. The System Usability Scale (SUS) has gone on to become the mostly widely used questionnaire for evaluation perceptions of system usability.

The first local chapter of SIGCHI is started in Boston a few months after the annual SIGCHI conference is held there.

1987: Designing the User Interface (1st edition) by Ben Shneiderman is published. It is now in its fifth edition.

The Questionnaire For User Interaction Satisfaction (QUIS) is published based on the work at Ben Shneiderman’s HCI lab at the University of Maryland.

1988: John Whiteside at Digital Equipment Corporation and John Bennett at IBM published a number of chapters and papers on the topic of “usability engineering” (Whiteside, Bennett, & Holtzblatt,1988) which stressed early goal setting, prototyping and iterative evaluation. Joe Dumas, one of the godfathers of usability, attributes these papers and this period as the birth of usability as a profession.

Don Norman publishes the “Psychology of Everyday Things”, which later would be renamed the Design of Everyday Things.

1989: The Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), including a questionnaire to measure perceived usefulness and usability, is published by Fred Davis.

1990: Shackel publishes Human Factors and Usability which defined usability as a function of efficiency, effectiveness & satisfaction (the ISO 9241 pt 11 standard). Despite many proposed extensions, we still think of usability in terms of these three aspects.

Peter Polson & Clayton Lewis publish several papers on the Cognitive Walkthrough.

Jakob Nielsen & Rolf Molich publish the seminal paper “Heuristic Evaluation of User Interfaces,” in which they describe this influential discount usability method.

Robert Virzi details three experiments at the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Conference replicating earlier work from Nielsen using the binomial formula for deriving sample sizes for usability studies.

1991: The Usability Professionals Association is formed by a group of CHI attendees including Janice James who along with Ginny Redish would start the usability special interest group in the Society of Technical Communications.

1992: Robert Virzi’s paper “Refining the test phase of usability evaluation: How Many Subjects is Enough?” is published. This, along with his previous paper found that additional subjects are less and less likely to reveal new information in a usability test. The first 4-5 users find ~80% of problems in a usability test (avg. p of .32). Severe problems are more likely to be detected by the first few users.

Jim Lewis publishes the Post Study System Usability Questionnaire (PSSUQ).

1993: Usability Engineering by Jakob Nielsen is published.

A Practical Guide to Usability Testing by Joe Dumas & Ginny Redish is published.

Publication of the Software Usability Measurement Inventory (SUMI) questionnaire by Jurek Kirakowski at the University of Cork.

A listserve dedicated to usability is started by Tharon Howard and continues to be a popular discussion outlet to this day.

1994: Jeff Rubin publishes The Handbook of Usability Testing.

Cost Justifying Usability by Randolph Bias & Deborah Mayhew is published.

Jim Lewis reexamines Virzi’s claims in the paper “Sample sizes for usability studies: Additional considerations” and finds general support for the claim that additional users are less likely to reveal new information but the sample size is dependent on the problem occurrence. He also found that problem severity and frequency were independent.

1995: Jakob Nielsen publishes the first bi-weekly column on usability on which continues to this day.

The Usability Professionals’ Association holds its first annual meeting in Portland Maine.

1996: John Brooke publishes the System Usability Scale (SUS) after 10 years of use in industry.

WebEx is founded in California and goes on to develop screen sharing and conferencing software that will be used in moderated remote usability testing.

2000: Don’t Make me Think by Steve Krug is published which brings usability testing to the masses using the same Think Aloud method from Ericson and Simon from 20 years earlier.

2001: American National Standards Institute (ANSI) develops the Common Industry Format for Usability Test Reports (CIF).

2002: The first publications about remote usability testing emerge, including the one by Tom Tullis et al on “An Empirical Comparison of Lab and Remote Usability Testing of Web Sites”.

2003: Observing the User Experience is published.

2006: Methods of automating heretofore expensive and time consuming usability studies using software and crowdsourcing are published.

2008: Tom Tullis and Bill Albert publish Measuring the User Experience, the first book dedicated to measuring usability, which for the last decade had turned increasingly qualitative.

2010: Beyond the Usability Lab: Conducting Large-Scale User Experience Studies is published.

2012: UPA changes its name to the User Experience Professionals Association (UxPA).